Science and the Enlightenment Test | Final Test - Hard

Thomas L. Hankins
This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 129 pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and other teaching materials.

Science and the Enlightenment Test | Final Test - Hard

Thomas L. Hankins
This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 129 pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and other teaching materials.
Buy the Science and the Enlightenment Lesson Plans
Name: _________________________ Period: ___________________

This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Electricians in the following countries concluded from their experiments that electrified seeds germinated faster, that electrified plants sent out shoots earlier, and that electrified animals were slightly lighter than non-electrified ones, except for which country?

2. Before 1740, the standard authorities in physiology were all of the following individuals except for whom?

3. Lavoisier, along with the chemists Macquer, Cadet, and Brisson, performed experiments on ________ at the highest temperature available.

4. According to the narrator at the beginning of Chapter 5, this chapter is about the world of living things and could be called ________, except as a word and as a discipline, it did not appear until the very end of the eighteenth century.

5. The first mortality tables from which life insurance premiums could be calculated were constructed just at the end of the ________ century.

Short Essay Questions

1. Explain how probability as human judgment was important in law and in commercial transactions.

2. Discuss the three social classes in France as described in Chapter 6.

3. Briefly discuss Georg Stahl and his impact on living matter.

4. What was Turgot's theory of expansibility?

5. What were a couple ways to promote the science of man according to Chapter 6?

6. Discuss Abraham Trembley's discovery of generation.

7. Discuss Montesquieu's fourteenth book of the "Spirit of the Laws."

8. Briefly discuss Jean Senebier's interpretation of Ingen-Housz's explanation of how plants produced oxygen.

9. Briefly explain John Mayow's experiment with a vacuum pump as described in chapter 4.

10. What was the "Encyclopedie"?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Thoroughly explain why Newton was so important to the Enlightenment.

Essay Topic 2

Identify, analyze, and discuss the three tests of Universal Gravitation.

Essay Topic 3

Explain the difference between the ideology of the Enlightenment and Aristotelian theories of science.

(see the answer keys)

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