Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz B

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 2, Mathematics and the Exact Sciences.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Chapter 2, for Newton, ________ consisted in "making experiments and observations and in drawing general Conclusion from them by Induction."
(a) Analysis.
(b) Calculus.
(c) Religion.
(d) Reason.

2. What was the name of the problem of finding the shape of a surface of maximum area for a perimeter of given length as found in Chapter 2?
(a) Involute.
(b) Brachistachrone.
(c) Isoperimeters.
(d) Cycloid.

3. Who believed that the universe would run down if it were not for God's intervention to renew his creation?
(a) Eddison.
(b) Johnson.
(c) Franklin.
(d) Newton.

4. By what name did natural philosophers want to be known as, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?
(a) Professors.
(b) Men of Letters.
(c) Masters.
(d) Men of Honor.

5. According to Chapter 1, the noble Houyhnhnm in Jonathan Swift's ________ "thought Nature and Reason were sufficient guides for a reasonable animal, as we pretended to be, in showing us what we ought to do, and what to avoid."
(a) A Modest Proposal.
(b) Twelve Articles.
(c) The Day of Judgement.
(d) Gulliver's Travels.

Short Answer Questions

1. The eighteenth century was called by the French the ________ because of its emphasis on reason as a path to knowledge.

2. What was the name of the priest of the Congregation of the Oratory, who was also a philosopher, mathematician, and member of the French Academy of Sciences?

3. What term did Toland invent for the belief that God and nature were one and the same, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

4. According to Chapter 1, ________, in 1747, attributed the cause of a "great revolution in physics" to Newton's "Principia."

5. Chapter 1 states that the "geometric spirit" noted by ________ ensured that the same progress would occur in our knowledge about nature.

(see the answer key)

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