Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz B

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 2, Mathematics and the Exact Sciences.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Chapter 1 states that in 1700, ________ first talked about an "almost complete revolution in geometry" that had begun with the analytic geometry of Descartes.
(a) Cartesians.
(b) Leibniz.
(c) D'Alembert.
(d) Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle.

2. Madame du Chatelet supported the Leibnizian theory of ________ because it gave a better account of free will.
(a) Mechanics.
(b) Physics.
(c) Christianity.
(d) Religion.

3. What was the name of the philosopher who had a passion for humanity, a desire to "do good," and a penchant for reform, according to Chapter 1?
(a) Descartes.
(b) Newton.
(c) Condorcet.
(d) Maupertuis.

4. In a letter of September 21, 1781, who wrote to his mentor Jean d'Alembert that he feared mathematics had reached its limit?
(a) Joseph-Louis Lagrange.
(b) Diderot.
(c) Sylvestre-Francois Lacroix.
(d) Bernard Fontenelle.

5. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?
(a) Newton.
(b) Boyle.
(c) Swift.
(d) Fontenelle.

Short Answer Questions

1. In the early years of the Enlightenment, the strongest support on the Continent for Newton's philosophy came from ________.

2. What area of study in the Middle Ages had been the domain of those truths that could be found through the use of reason alone without the revelation of the Bible?

3. In Chapter 2, who was the greatest analyst of the Enlightenment and created mathematical theories to predict the buckling of columns and beams?

4. Chapter 1 states that the "geometric spirit" noted by ________ ensured that the same progress would occur in our knowledge about nature.

5. Which German metaphysician, when asked in 1785 if he believed he lived in an enlightened age, answered, "No, we are living in an age of enlightenment."

(see the answer key)

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