Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, The Character of the Enlightenment.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who coined the expression "Scientific Revolution," according to the narrator in Chapter 1?
(a) Malebranche.
(b) Jean Lerond d'Alembert.
(c) Newton.
(d) Descartes.

2. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?
(a) Boyle.
(b) Swift.
(c) Fontenelle.
(d) Newton.

3. In the preface to his "Histoire" of the Paris Academy of Science, who argued in 1699 that the new "geometric spirit" could also improve works on politics, morals, literary criticism, and even public speaking?
(a) Newton.
(b) Leibniz.
(c) Varignon.
(d) Fontenelle.

4. According to the narrator in Chapter 1, who was one of the originators of the mechanical philosophy who believed there were no forces or powers in matter?
(a) Descartes.
(b) Leibniz.
(c) Carnot.
(d) Bernoulli.

5. What area of science included astronomy, optics, statics, hydraulics, gnomonics, geography, horology, navigation, surveying, and fortification?
(a) Meteorology.
(b) Botany.
(c) Geology.
(d) Mixed mathematics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Throughout the Enlightenment, reason was usually extolled in the same breath with ________, the other key word of the Enlightenment.

2. What was the name of the revolution that was a cultural event associated with Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, Rene Descartes, and Isaac Newton?

3. What term did Toland invent for the belief that God and nature were one and the same, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

4. The names "biology" and "sociology" were names and fields that were created in what century, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

5. In 1688, Fontenelle wrote a treatise on the nature of the eclogue or ________.

(see the answer key)

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