Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, The Character of the Enlightenment.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the name of the philosopher who could enthusiastically claim that "the works of Nature everywhere sufficiently evidence a Diety"?
(a) D' Alembert.
(b) Aristotle.
(c) John Locke.
(d) Kant.

2. What area of science included astronomy, optics, statics, hydraulics, gnomonics, geography, horology, navigation, surveying, and fortification?
(a) Mixed mathematics.
(b) Botany.
(c) Geology.
(d) Meteorology.

3. According to the beginning of Chapter 1, in 1759 the French mathematician ________ described a revolution that he saw taking place in natural philosophy.
(a) Jean Lerond d'Alembert.
(b) Newton.
(c) Carnot.
(d) Euler.

4. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?
(a) Newton.
(b) Boyle.
(c) Fontenelle.
(d) Swift.

5. Madame du Chatelet supported the Leibnizian theory of ________ because it gave a better account of free will.
(a) Mechanics.
(b) Christianity.
(c) Physics.
(d) Religion.

Short Answer Questions

1. By what name did natural philosophers want to be known as, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

2. The names "biology" and "sociology" were names and fields that were created in what century, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

3. Throughout the Enlightenment, reason was usually extolled in the same breath with ________, the other key word of the Enlightenment.

4. In Chapter 1, who claimed that his "principle of least action" proved the existence of God?

5. In the hands of ________, history led not to an understanding of God's will but rather to an understanding of human nature.

(see the answer key)

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