Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, The Character of the Enlightenment.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The eighteenth century was called by the French the ________ because of its emphasis on reason as a path to knowledge.
(a) Century of life.
(b) Century of science.
(c) Century of light.
(d) Century of reason.

2. Which German metaphysician, when asked in 1785 if he believed he lived in an enlightened age, answered, "No, we are living in an age of enlightenment."
(a) Immanuel Kant.
(b) Maupertuis.
(c) Diderot.
(d) Chatelet.

3. The names "biology" and "sociology" were names and fields that were created in what century, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?
(a) 18th.
(b) 17th.
(c) 19th.
(d) 15th.

4. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?
(a) Fontenelle.
(b) Marquis de l'Hopital.
(c) Roberts.
(d) Maupertuis.

5. What was the name of the philosopher who was the leading scientific experimenter in seventeenth-century England, who had agreed that he had never seen any "inanimate production of nature, or of chance, whose contrivance was comparable to that of the meanest limb of the despicabilist animal"?
(a) Swift.
(b) Galileo.
(c) Robert Boyle.
(d) Locke.

Short Answer Questions

1. In Chapter 1, who claimed that his "principle of least action" proved the existence of God?

2. In the hands of ________, history led not to an understanding of God's will but rather to an understanding of human nature.

3. What was the name of the philosopher who had a passion for humanity, a desire to "do good," and a penchant for reform, according to Chapter 1?

4. Who claimed a community of atheists could live a completely moral existence, according to Chapter 1 of the book "Science and the Enlightenment"?

5. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?

(see the answer key)

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