Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, The Character of the Enlightenment.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Madame du Chatelet supported the Leibnizian theory of ________ because it gave a better account of free will.
(a) Religion.
(b) Christianity.
(c) Mechanics.
(d) Physics.

2. According to Chapter 1, ________, in 1747, attributed the cause of a "great revolution in physics" to Newton's "Principia."
(a) Malebranche.
(b) Maupertuis.
(c) Alexis-Claude Clairaut.
(d) Descartes.

3. What was the name of the priest of the Congregation of the Oratory, who was also a philosopher, mathematician, and member of the French Academy of Sciences?
(a) Newton.
(b) Descartes.
(c) Chatelet.
(d) Nicolas Malebranche.

4. Chapter 1 states that the "geometric spirit" noted by ________ ensured that the same progress would occur in our knowledge about nature.
(a) Fontenelle.
(b) Newton.
(c) Locke.
(d) Boyle.

5. What was the name of the revolution that was a cultural event associated with Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, Rene Descartes, and Isaac Newton?
(a) Scientific Revolution.
(b) American Revolution.
(c) Enlightenment Revolution.
(d) French Revolution.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the name of the philosopher who had a passion for humanity, a desire to "do good," and a penchant for reform, according to Chapter 1?

2. What area of science included astronomy, optics, statics, hydraulics, gnomonics, geography, horology, navigation, surveying, and fortification?

3. Which German metaphysician, when asked in 1785 if he believed he lived in an enlightened age, answered, "No, we are living in an age of enlightenment."

4. Chapter 1 states that in 1700, ________ first talked about an "almost complete revolution in geometry" that had begun with the analytic geometry of Descartes.

5. According to Chapter 1, the noble Houyhnhnm in Jonathan Swift's ________ "thought Nature and Reason were sufficient guides for a reasonable animal, as we pretended to be, in showing us what we ought to do, and what to avoid."

(see the answer key)

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