Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | One Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 5, Natural History and Physiology.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Chapter 5 states that ________ means an inquiry or investigation into nature.
(a) Physiology.
(b) Naturology.
(c) Natural history.
(d) Neurology.

2. What was the name of the leader of the natural history revival in England and the best naturalist of his age, according to the narrator in Chapter 5?
(a) Ray.
(b) Darwin.
(c) Newton.
(d) Foucault.

3. Who argued in the "Preliminary discourse" to the "Encyclopedie" that mathematics was basic to all of physics, according to the narrator in Chapter 3?
(a) Boerhaave.
(b) Jean d'Alembert.
(c) Bacon.
(d) Locke.

4. What was the name of the curve traced by the end of a string as it is unwrapped from another curve found in Chapter 2?
(a) Cycloid.
(b) Involute.
(c) Tractrix.
(d) Isoperimeters.

5. From ________'s law of falling bodies, it was known that the heights would be proportional to the squares of the velocities at impact.
(a) Voltaire.
(b) Descartes.
(c) Poleni.
(d) Galileo.

Short Answer Questions

1. ________, "curator of experiments" at the Royal Society, began research on the luminosity of phosphorus in 1705, under instruction from members of the society.

2. Harvey followed the Aristotelian notion that the embryo began as a homogeneous mass and that the organs formed one after another from this homogeneous substance in a process called ________.

3. Saussure found that plants grow better in an atmosphere rich in fixed air, up to a concentration of approximately ________ percent.

4. Who believed that the universe would run down if it were not for God's intervention to renew his creation?

5. According to the narrator in Chapter 2, the only machine employed by rational mechanics was ________.

(see the answer key)

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