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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. During the fourth stage of Erikson's theory of development, what occurs when an individual is successful?
2. What term does Erikson use to refer to the methods used throughout history to integrate identity?
3. What do most new generations confront as a result of scientific and technological changes?
4. How the James decide he could strengthen his ego?
5. Why does Erikson warn the reader not to expect any solid development of mythology in terms of integrating the work on identity over the past two decades?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Erikson suggest that the second stage of identity development is a period of letting go?
2. What does Erikson suggest that historical periods usually offer a limited number of models in order to develop identity?
3. How do social scientists attempt to narrow the term identity down?
4. Considering group identity developing, in light of Erikson's stages of development, how do individuals make group decisions in order to ease the pressures of making difficult decisions?
5. Considering Erikson's theory of identity development, how does the parent's tendency to remain stuck in adolescents affect youth's identity development?
6. Why did William James refer to psychology as morbid psychology?
7. What is Erikson suggest it is a good thing that the term crisis no longer means solely a bad event?
8. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?
9. What does Erikson feel is significant about the adolescent identity crisis?
10. What is the role of ideologies and identity development?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Define the term "sense of basic trust" and discuss what this means to an infant in the beginning stages of identity development. How is stressed formed and what happens if trust is not formed? How are later stages affected by the successful or unsuccessful initiation of positive identity development? Use the book to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
In Chapter 6, Erikson and presents a case in a judge and a "smart alecky" adolescent. Describe the possible identities of each player, the judge and adolescent, based on their actions and according to Erikson stereotype and the development.
Essay Topic 3
Why does Erikson suggest that true intimacy can only occur after positive identity formation? What does this theory suggest about intimacy as a whole? What is the counterpart of intimacy and how does this play into the concept of intimacy and identity formation?
This section contains 934 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)