|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In developing Erikson' theory of group identity, what two processes must the ego consist of that assist in defining both body in community membership?
2. What does Erikson's theory suggest concerning how children gain a sense of what their adult identities should be?
3. Because the terms "identity" and "identity crisis" are used in such a variety of situations, what have these terms become?
4. According to Erikson, what is the third stage of development?
5. In order to create a positive ego what does Erikson state must be tested?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why is a feeling of wholeness by the final stages of Erikson's identity development necessary in creating a positive identity?
2. How does introjection help the ego grow in Erikson's theory of identity development?
3. What does Erikson suggest should our implicit scheme include in addition to growth?
4. What was Freud's focus of theorizing?
5. What is Erikson use personal communications by two prominent psychologists in his opening discussion of identity?
6. How does Erikson use child training to describe group identity formation?
7. What is Erikson suggest it is a good thing that the term crisis no longer means solely a bad event?
8. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?
9. Why does Erikson suggest that understanding identity requires understanding the development of identity?
10. According to Erikson, why is early adolescents signified by feelings of initiative or guilt?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In Freud's letter, he makes a comparison between positive identity and negative character traits. Why is this comparison significant? What does this suggest about identity? And do you think it applies today? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 2
Explain how the ego, the Id, the superego and environment are counterweights of each other and how they work together in identity formation. Include in your discussion the notion of "I" and what effect "I" has on these elements of identity.
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the importance of using case history to develop a theory of identity. Is this method valid? Why or why not? What other methods could be used in developing valid theory of identity development?
This section contains 866 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)