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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?
2. Since there were few empirical studies, how did Erikson's study individuals?
3. What does Erikson suggest offers simplified perspectives in order to avoid confusion of societal beliefs and goals?
4. What type of self is clear when examining Freud's dreams?
5. As discussed in Chapter 1, what first lead to the scientific mythology of the mind?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is Erikson state that he cannot accept Freud's notion that neurotic conflict is not different from normative conflict?
2. What are some unique characteristics discussed at the beginning of Chapter 4 concerning George Bernard Shaw?
3. What does Erikson mean by the term psychosocial moratorium?
4. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?
5. According to Erikson, why is early adolescents signified by feelings of initiative or guilt?
6. How does introjection help the ego grow in Erikson's theory of identity development?
7. Considering Erikson's theory of identity development, how does the parent's tendency to remain stuck in adolescents affect youth's identity development?
8. What is Erikson suggest that the Western sense of identity has been weakened?
9. How do parents trigger transference in the formulation of evil ego identity as children move through Erikson's developmental stages?
10. What does Erikson feel is significant about the adolescent identity crisis?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Define the term "sense of basic trust" and discuss what this means to an infant in the beginning stages of identity development. How is stressed formed and what happens if trust is not formed? How are later stages affected by the successful or unsuccessful initiation of positive identity development? Use the book to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
The Erikson discusses that identity development of women. Outline the history of women's identity that has resulted in the current collective identity of women. Begin from that late 18th century and go to the present.
Essay Topic 3
Why does Erikson suggest that true intimacy can only occur after positive identity formation? What does this theory suggest about intimacy as a whole? What is the counterpart of intimacy and how does this play into the concept of intimacy and identity formation?
This section contains 948 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)