Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when the ego combines elements that result in an inability to form a positive self-image?

2. How does Erikson feel adults eventually settle on an identity?

3. What does Erikson feel happens when a healthy personality deals with conflict?

4. Considering the relationship between personal and historical identity formation, how can this relationship be described?

5. What can reinforce the process of negative identity formation in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development?

Short Essay Questions

1. According to post-Freudian theory, how is culture developed around women?

2. Rather than suggesting modern youth pathological what does Erikson youth to understand?

3. Why did William James refer to psychology as morbid psychology?

4. What is Erikson state that he cannot accept Freud's notion that neurotic conflict is not different from normative conflict?

5. What does Erikson think is different about the male and female focus of identity?

6. How does Erikson use child training to describe group identity formation?

7. How does Erikson propose a sketch of psychopathology can help make sense of a new identity?

8. What resulted from Marx-Freud polarization?

9. What is Erikson suggest it is a good thing that the term crisis no longer means solely a bad event?

10. How do parents trigger transference in the formulation of evil ego identity as children move through Erikson's developmental stages?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

What role has psychology played throughout history in defining identity in developing theories of identity development? How are past theories concerning identity development still relevant today?

Essay Topic 2

Erikson's discussion on the differences of identity between youth today and those of 20 years ago focuses on the fact that today's youth may suffer more identity crisis than those of the past. Provide evidence from the reading that support this theory. Based on the reading, what factors do you feel play a major role in today's youth being unable to effectively form a positive self identity? Explain your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Define the term "sense of basic trust" and discuss what this means to an infant in the beginning stages of identity development. How is stressed formed and what happens if trust is not formed? How are later stages affected by the successful or unsuccessful initiation of positive identity development? Use the book to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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