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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Erikson believe is an intrinsic part of maturation?
(b) Questioning one's identity.
(c) Identity crisis.
(d) Identity formation.
2. According to Erikson in terms of active identity formation individual who now can say they know where they are going, what has occurred?
(a) Psychological superiority.
(c) Psychosocial well-being.
(d) Identity completion.
3. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what does personal identity focus on?
(a) Conscious feelings.
(b) Place in society.
(c) Unconscious feelings.
(d) Feelings of others.
4. According to Erikson, how long does it take for identity to develop?
(a) Identity if formed at birth.
(b) 30 years.
(c) 5 years.
(d) A lifetime.
5. According to the discussion in Chapter 2, the process of the ego helps individuals maintain their personalities and what type of fashion?
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Freud's consciousness of inner identity include?
2. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when the ego combines elements that result in an inability to form a positive self-image?
3. Because of an individual's tendency to define self based on history, what does Erikson think this self-based history leave little room for the individual to create?
4. What aspects of Freud's theory of development does a functional ego integrate?
5. During the process of Erikson's stages of identity development, what will depend on the total process of identity development?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Erikson suggest that the second stage of identity development is a period of letting go?
2. Why is a feeling of wholeness by the final stages of Erikson's identity development necessary in creating a positive identity?
3. How does Erikson use child training to describe group identity formation?
4. What was Freud's focus of theorizing?
5. According to Erikson, what is our earliest undifferentiated sense of identity?
6. What is Erikson use personal communications by two prominent psychologists in his opening discussion of identity?
7. What is Erikson suggest that the Western sense of identity has been weakened?
8. What are some unique characteristics discussed at the beginning of Chapter 4 concerning George Bernard Shaw?
9. What does Erikson mean by the term psychosocial moratorium?
10. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?
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