Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Erikson, what stage is highly dependent on and individuals and ability to gain acceptance?
(a) Industry vs. inferiority.
(b) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(c) Autonomy vs. shame.
(d) Trust vs. mistrust.

2. What term does Erikson use to mean the factor that serves to integrate a person toward a common societal goal?
(a) Ego identity.
(b) Gender identity.
(c) Group identity.
(d) Sexual identity.

3. During the third stage of Erikson's theory of development, what may occur if an individual's initiatives or attempts at something continually fail?
(a) Identity confusion.
(b) Sense of guilt.
(c) Sense of independence.
(d) Compulsions.

4. How the James decide he could strengthen his ego?
(a) By doing, suffering, and creating.
(b) Simply learning.
(c) Embracing positive experiences.
(d) Meditating and breathing.

5. What was William James obsessed with his entire life?
(a) Identity.
(b) Social dysfunction.
(c) Morbid psychology.
(d) Self.

Short Answer Questions

1. In the early 20th century, totalitarian disposition is best understood as what?

2. In Chapter 2, what does Erikson feel about how psychologists treat social dynamics and external social elements?

3. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?

4. What do most new generations confront as a result of scientific and technological changes?

5. What is one thing that Erikson states comes with each stage of identity development?

Short Essay Questions

1. According to Erikson, why is early adolescents signified by feelings of initiative or guilt?

2. What is Erikson use personal communications by two prominent psychologists in his opening discussion of identity?

3. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?

4. What does Erikson feel is significant about the adolescent identity crisis?

5. Considering group identity developing, in light of Erikson's stages of development, how do individuals make group decisions in order to ease the pressures of making difficult decisions?

6. What is Erikson state that he cannot accept Freud's notion that neurotic conflict is not different from normative conflict?

7. What is Erikson feel that the process of identity formation is the process of increasing differentiation?

8. How does introjection help the ego grow in Erikson's theory of identity development?

9. What does Erikson suggest is immune to the failure of ego synthesis?

10. What does Erikson suggest that historical periods usually offer a limited number of models in order to develop identity?

(see the answer keys)

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