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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Freud's consciousness of inner identity include?
(d) Bitter pride.
2. What does Freud suggest a fearless freedom of thinking is?
(b) Negative identity.
(d) Positive identity.
3. What is unique about each stage of Erikson's stages of identity development?
(a) The build on one another.
(c) They are concrete.
(d) They are flexible.
4. In developing Erikson' theory of group identity, what two processes must the ego consist of that assist in defining both body in community membership?
(a) Spiritual and biological.
(b) Spiritual and social.
(c) Biological and social.
(d) Social and mental.
5. How the James decide he could strengthen his ego?
(a) Meditating and breathing.
(b) Embracing positive experiences.
(c) Simply learning.
(d) By doing, suffering, and creating.
Short Answer Questions
1. What aspects of Freud's theory of development does a functional ego integrate?
2. As discussed in Chapter 1, what first lead to the scientific mythology of the mind?
3. Erikson states that we deal with the process located in the core of the individual and where else?
4. What does Erikson feel happens when a healthy personality deals with conflict?
5. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when the ego combines elements that result in an inability to form a positive self-image?
Short Essay Questions
1. Considering Erikson's theory of identity development, how does the parent's tendency to remain stuck in adolescents affect youth's identity development?
2. What does Erikson feel is significant about the adolescent identity crisis?
3. What is Erikson suggest that the development of trust or mistrust in the first age and identity development is the cornerstone of an individual's personality?
4. According to Erikson, why is early adolescents signified by feelings of initiative or guilt?
5. What is Erikson suggest that the Western sense of identity has been weakened?
6. According to Erikson, what is our earliest undifferentiated sense of identity?
7. What are some unique characteristics discussed at the beginning of Chapter 4 concerning George Bernard Shaw?
8. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?
9. What is Erikson use personal communications by two prominent psychologists in his opening discussion of identity?
10. How does Erikson think acute identity confusion manifests?
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