Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When does Erikson feel individuals develop trust?
(a) Their needs are met.
(b) They trust themselves.
(c) When they face a difficult situation.
(d) They are around good people.

2. According to Freud, what is the second stage of identity development called?
(a) Oral stage.
(b) Anal stage.
(c) Phallic stage.
(d) Latent stage.

3. In terms of Erikson's theory of individual development, what is required in order to transcend toward individuality?
(a) Meditation.
(b) Identity.
(c) Family support.
(d) Intelligence.

4. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
(a) The phallic stage.
(b) Anal stage.
(c) Oral stage.
(d) Latent stage.

5. What are two characteristics Erikson applies to the task of the ego in order to maintain and organize its existence?
(a) Straightforward and never-ending.
(b) Weak and meaningless.
(c) Ceaseless and essential.
(d) Demanding and authoritative.

Short Answer Questions

1. When does the normative crisis of identity formation occur?

2. According to Erikson, what is the second stage of identity development?

3. What was Shaw exposed to as a child?

4. During the final stages of Erikson's stages of identity development, what type of feelings may individual experiencing stagnation feel?

5. In Chapter 2, what does Erikson feel about how psychologists treat social dynamics and external social elements?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is Erikson suggest that the Western sense of identity has been weakened?

2. When does Erikson state, concerning James and Shaw, that the adolescent process ended?

3. What is Erikson state that he cannot accept Freud's notion that neurotic conflict is not different from normative conflict?

4. What is Erikson suggest that the development of trust or mistrust in the first age and identity development is the cornerstone of an individual's personality?

5. According to Erikson, why is early adolescents signified by feelings of initiative or guilt?

6. Why might it be reasonable to think pathological and developmental aspects of identity?

7. What is the role of ideologies and identity development?

8. What does Erikson feel is significant about the adolescent identity crisis?

9. What is Erikson suggest it is a good thing that the term crisis no longer means solely a bad event?

10. What does Erikson suggest is immune to the failure of ego synthesis?

(see the answer keys)

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