Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Erikson, in his review and observations of changes in culture, what does he suggest will become common values among today's youth?
(a) Choice and identity.
(b) Common identity.
(c) Dissonance.
(d) Leadership.

2. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?
(a) Wisdom.
(b) A set of guidelines for identity.
(c) Leadership that can be resistant.
(d) Understanding of the past.

3. What does Erikson state that childhood and youth predispose men to?
(a) Totalitarianism.
(b) Childlike wonder.
(c) Structure.
(d) Confused identities.

4. How does Erikson feel adults eventually settle on an identity?
(a) Based on childhood experiences.
(b) Through the mechanisms of identification.
(c) Based on their place in society.
(d) Based on their parents identity.

5. What does Erikson feel may have been lost to modernity?
(a) Ideologies.
(b) Self-preservation.
(c) Self-identity.
(d) Cosmic wholeness.

Short Answer Questions

1. Concerning Erikson's theory, when identity development is negative, what type of personalities may occur during the second stage of development?

2. During the process of Erikson's stages of identity development, what will depend on the total process of identity development?

3. Why was Erikson so impressed with Shaw?

4. As discussed by Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when a system either biological or social malfunctions?

5. During the fourth stage of Erikson's theory of development, what occurs when an individual is successful?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Erikson suggest that the second stage of identity development is a period of letting go?

2. Why is a feeling of wholeness by the final stages of Erikson's identity development necessary in creating a positive identity?

3. What does Erikson suggest that historical periods usually offer a limited number of models in order to develop identity?

4. According to Erikson, what is our earliest undifferentiated sense of identity?

5. How do social scientists attempt to narrow the term identity down?

6. Why did William James refer to psychology as morbid psychology?

7. What does Erikson suggest is immune to the failure of ego synthesis?

8. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?

9. What is Erikson state that he cannot accept Freud's notion that neurotic conflict is not different from normative conflict?

10. According to Erikson, why is early adolescents signified by feelings of initiative or guilt?

(see the answer keys)

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