Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Erikson, in his review and observations of changes in culture, what does he suggest will become common values among today's youth?
(a) Choice and identity.
(b) Leadership.
(c) Dissonance.
(d) Common identity.

2. During the final stages of Erikson's stages of identity development, what type of feelings may individual experiencing stagnation feel?
(a) Despair and hopelessness.
(b) Reflection.
(c) Calmness.
(d) Hope for the future.

3. What does William James state is discernible in mental or moral attitudes?
(a) History.
(b) Character.
(c) Family.
(d) Culture.

4. In observing groups of people being reeducated by American civil servants, what reason does Erikson provide for why this group became frustrated and identity development?
(a) They did not want to be educated.
(b) They could not integrate the necessary steps for tangible future.
(c) They did not speak the language.
(d) They did not understand the culture.

5. According to Freud, what is the first stage of identity development called?
(a) Oral stage.
(b) Anal stage.
(c) Latent stage.
(d) Phallic stage.

Short Answer Questions

1. In developing Erikson' theory of group identity, what two processes must the ego consist of that assist in defining both body in community membership?

2. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?

3. What does Erikson suggest society's child training systems does for the uniqueness of society?

4. As discussed by Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when a system either biological or social malfunctions?

5. What is one example that Erikson provides for the notion of "evil ego identity"?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the role of ideologies and identity development?

2. What is Erikson suggest that the Western sense of identity has been weakened?

3. According to Erikson's discussion in Chapter 4, how might a culture contribute to identity confusion?

4. What does Erikson suggest that historical periods usually offer a limited number of models in order to develop identity?

5. What is Erikson use personal communications by two prominent psychologists in his opening discussion of identity?

6. Considering Erikson's theory of identity development, how does the parent's tendency to remain stuck in adolescents affect youth's identity development?

7. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?

8. According to Erikson, why is early adolescents signified by feelings of initiative or guilt?

9. Why might it be reasonable to think pathological and developmental aspects of identity?

10. How do parents trigger transference in the formulation of evil ego identity as children move through Erikson's developmental stages?

(see the answer keys)

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