Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What may be gained as an individual enters Erikson's final stage of development when their overall development has been positive and healthy?
(a) Reflection.
(b) Hopelessness.
(c) Peace.
(d) Wisdom.

2. According to Erikson, in his review and observations of changes in culture, what does he suggest will become common values among today's youth?
(a) Choice and identity.
(b) Common identity.
(c) Dissonance.
(d) Leadership.

3. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?
(a) It is a natural process.
(b) He must feel safe.
(c) He must be invited.
(d) He must mast the previous stage.

4. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(a) Natural disasters.
(b) Wartime trauma.
(c) Adolescence.
(d) Homelessness.

5. What is present within each period of Erikson's theory of identity development?
(a) Inner and outer conflict.
(b) Social conflict.
(c) Identity confusion.
(d) Distinct processes.

Short Answer Questions

1. Since there were few empirical studies, how did Erikson's study individuals?

2. As discussed in Chapter 2, who is able to trigger transference of models of identity formation within younger members of society?

3. Considering Erikson's theory of groups identity development, what type of group demands does ego identity help balance?

4. According to Freud, what is the first stage of identity development called?

5. What does Erikson suggest offers simplified perspectives in order to avoid confusion of societal beliefs and goals?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Erikson suggest that the second stage of identity development is a period of letting go?

2. What was Freud's focus of theorizing?

3. What does Erikson suggest that historical periods usually offer a limited number of models in order to develop identity?

4. How do parents trigger transference in the formulation of evil ego identity as children move through Erikson's developmental stages?

5. When does Erikson state, concerning James and Shaw, that the adolescent process ended?

6. What does Erikson mean by the term psychosocial moratorium?

7. According to Erikson, what is our earliest undifferentiated sense of identity?

8. Why does Erikson suggest that understanding identity requires understanding the development of identity?

9. Why might it be reasonable to think pathological and developmental aspects of identity?

10. What is Erikson use personal communications by two prominent psychologists in his opening discussion of identity?

(see the answer keys)

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