Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?
(a) He must mast the previous stage.
(b) He must be invited.
(c) It is a natural process.
(d) He must feel safe.

2. What does the success of identification during Erikson's stages of development depend on?
(a) It is society specific.
(b) Parental support.
(c) Nothing.
(d) Interacting with trustworthy models.

3. Considering Erikson's theory of groups identity development, what type of group demands does ego identity help balance?
(a) Conformity.
(b) Members passions and instincts.
(c) Negative identities.
(d) Leadership conflicts.

4. What type of self is clear when examining Freud's dreams?
(a) Open-minded self.
(b) Confident self.
(c) Suppressed self.
(d) Identified self.

5. According to Erikson, what is the second stage of identity development?
(a) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(b) Initiative vs. Guilt.
(c) Trust vs. mistrust.
(d) Autonomy vs. shame.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?

2. What did Shaw convinced himself he was?

3. What style of identity combines medieval conception of community with modern disobedience and nonviolence?

4. After James' long identity crisis, what did he decide to be?

5. Because of an individual's tendency to define self based on history, what does Erikson think this self-based history leave little room for the individual to create?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why did William James refer to psychology as morbid psychology?

2. What is the role of ideologies and identity development?

3. According to Erikson's discussion in Chapter 4, how might a culture contribute to identity confusion?

4. What does Erikson suggests will happen if the youth do not grow up?

5. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?

6. What is Erikson suggest it is a good thing that the term crisis no longer means solely a bad event?

7. Why might it be reasonable to think pathological and developmental aspects of identity?

8. How does introjection help the ego grow in Erikson's theory of identity development?

9. What does Erikson mean by the term psychosocial moratorium?

10. What are some unique characteristics discussed at the beginning of Chapter 4 concerning George Bernard Shaw?

(see the answer keys)

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