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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Erikson feel happens when a healthy personality deals with conflict?
(b) They lose their identity.
(c) Their identity becomes confused.
(d) They actively master the situation.
2. According to Erikson in terms of active identity formation individual who now can say they know where they are going, what has occurred?
(a) Identity completion.
(c) Psychological superiority.
(d) Psychosocial well-being.
3. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?
(a) Understanding of the past.
(b) Leadership that can be resistant.
(d) A set of guidelines for identity.
4. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?
(a) He must be invited.
(b) He must feel safe.
(c) It is a natural process.
(d) He must mast the previous stage.
5. What term does Erikson use to describe the fluctuation of ego strength and high growth potential?
(a) Human crisis.
(b) Ego crisis.
(c) Normative crisis.
(d) Identity crisis.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what does personal identity focus on?
2. In Chapter 2, what does Erikson feel about how psychologists treat social dynamics and external social elements?
3. What does Freud's consciousness of inner identity include?
4. According to the discussion in Chapter 2, the process of the ego helps individuals maintain their personalities and what type of fashion?
5. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Erikson suggest that historical periods usually offer a limited number of models in order to develop identity?
2. What is the role of ideologies and identity development?
3. How do social scientists attempt to narrow the term identity down?
4. According to Erikson, why might it be petty to attempt to define "identity" or "identity crisis"?
5. Why is a feeling of wholeness by the final stages of Erikson's identity development necessary in creating a positive identity?
6. What does Erikson suggest is immune to the failure of ego synthesis?
7. What does Erikson mean by the term psychosocial moratorium?
8. Considering group identity developing, in light of Erikson's stages of development, how do individuals make group decisions in order to ease the pressures of making difficult decisions?
9. According to Erikson, what is our earliest undifferentiated sense of identity?
10. Why does Erikson suggest that understanding identity requires understanding the development of identity?
This section contains 874 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)