|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Erikson, how are oppressed groups' negative identities confirmed?
(a) When majorities recognize their oppression.
(b) When minorities recognize they are oppressed.
(c) By their actions.
(d) When majorities deny their oppression.
2. What type of feelings does Erikson proposed are experienced by those in oppressed groups?
(a) Superiority and self-love.
(b) Interest in other groups.
(c) Indifference and loathing.
(d) Inferiority and self-hate.
3. What does Erikson say must not happen with strong black mothers?
(a) They must not be so overbearing.
(b) They must not be positively stereotyped.
(c) They must continue their struggles.
(d) They must not be negatively stereotyped.
4. What dose Erikson say psychoanalysts' fail to recognize about the ego?
(a) It is based solely on environment.
(b) It can exist without human social organization.
(c) It depends on the individual.
(d) It cannot exist without human social organization.
5. What does Erikson indicate many psychoanalysts think humans are predisposed to do?
(a) Change the environment.
(b) Interact with the environment.
(c) Accept their environment.
(d) Be passive actors in their environment.
6. How does feminists often react during times of identity development and social change, as proposed in Erikson's theory?
(b) With indifference.
(d) Revert to old ways.
7. What do youth desire as they go through Erikson's stages of identity development?
(a) Acceptance from society.
(b) Similar identities.
(c) Unique identities.
8. What does Erikson wish youth would search for?
(a) Something not sanctioned by society.
(c) Truth based on society.
(d) Common ground with society.
9. What two components within Erikson's theory are important for youth to base their identities on?
(a) Morals and community structure.
(b) Childhood and ideologies.
(c) Future and childhood.
(d) Ideologies and the future.
10. What does Erikson state is difficult for black mothers in terms of their children?
(a) Keep them educated.
(b) Teach them about identity.
(c) Let them go through the stages of development.
(d) Allow them to search for their own identity.
11. What does Erikson resist characterizing modern youth as?
(a) Lacking identity.
(c) Ready for adulthood.
(d) Lacking virtue.
12. Based on Erikson's studies, what directly influences the egos process of self integration?
(d) Historical reality and context.
13. What does Erikson suggest might save blacks from having to integrate their identities based on their own decision to do so?
(a) Public policy.
14. What does Erikson state youth often experience, which is evidence of identity diffusion?
15. What does Erikson state that the self-concept of self esteem is tied to?
Short Answer Questions
1. What do many youth move back and forth between in terms of dysfunctional modes of Erikson's theory of identity development?
2. What might the older generation, as suggested by Erikson, use youth's need for joining to satisfy?
3. What often occurs when youth are isolated according to Erikson's theory of identity development?
4. What, according to Erikson, is destructive for blacks?
5. How is identity diffusion manifested during the adolescent stages of Erikson's theory of identity development?
This section contains 529 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)