|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Because of an individual's tendency to define self based on history, what does Erikson think this self-based history leave little room for the individual to create?
(a) New support systems.
(b) New traditions.
(c) New understanding.
(d) New identity.
2. Concerning Erikson's theory, when identity development is negative, what type of personalities may occur during the second stage of development?
(d) Maladaptive behaviors.
3. During the fourth stage of Erikson's theory of development, what occurs when an individual is successful?
(a) Feelings of guilt.
(b) Feelings of superiority.
(c) Feelings of independence.
(d) Feelings of industry.
4. What do most new generations confront as a result of scientific and technological changes?
(a) A repeat of the past.
(b) Radically new possibilities and forms of thought.
(c) Increased identity confusion.
(d) Possibilities for artificial wisdom.
5. Erikson notes that James' youth was full of emotional strains in struggles for what?
(b) Identity formation.
6. As discussed by Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when a system either biological or social malfunctions?
(b) Identity loss.
(d) Restart of identity formation.
7. How does Erikson suggest men were able to end the adolescent process?
(a) Subordinate their childhood identities to a new identity.
(b) Get married.
(c) Get a job.
(d) Develop an adult identity.
8. What did Shaw care so much about being?
9. What aspects of Freud's theory of development does a functional ego integrate?
(a) Psychosocial and biological.
(b) Social and environmental.
(c) Psychosocial and psychosexual.
(d) Biological and psychosexual.
10. What does Erikson feel happens when a healthy personality deals with conflict?
(a) They actively master the situation.
(c) They lose their identity.
(d) Their identity becomes confused.
11. What does Erikson suggest wholeness of the individual is associated with?
(a) The earth.
(c) Positive psychology.
(d) Equilibrium and health.
12. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?
(c) Mental development.
(d) Confidence and control over himself.
13. According to Erikson, what is the third stage of development?
(a) Initiative vs. guilt.
(b) Autonomy vs. shame.
(c) Trust vs. mistrust.
(d) Intimacy vs. isolation.
14. What term does Erikson use to describe the fluctuation of ego strength and high growth potential?
(a) Ego crisis.
(b) Human crisis.
(c) Identity crisis.
(d) Normative crisis.
15. What does Erikson feel may have been lost to modernity?
(b) Cosmic wholeness.
Short Answer Questions
1. When does the normative crisis of identity formation occur?
2. What is the definition of "identity" subject to?
3. Considering Erikson's theory of groups identity development, what type of group demands does ego identity help balance?
4. How does Erikson feel adults eventually settle on an identity?
5. What does Shaw find his childhood exposures to have been?
This section contains 472 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)