Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does William James state is discernible in mental or moral attitudes?
(a) Culture.
(b) Character.
(c) Family.
(d) History.

2. What does the success of identification during Erikson's stages of development depend on?
(a) Parental support.
(b) Nothing.
(c) It is society specific.
(d) Interacting with trustworthy models.

3. According to Erikson, what does totalitarianism require of society?
(a) Conformity.
(b) A combination of identities.
(c) A sense of legitimacy of state power.
(d) Nothing.

4. When does the normative crisis of identity formation occur?
(a) As an adult.
(b) As a toddler.
(c) Adolescence.
(d) With mother and baby.

5. What does Shaw find his childhood exposures to have been?
(a) Intrusively noisy.
(b) Destructive.
(c) Extraordinary.
(d) Enlightening.

6. As discussed in Chapter 1, what first lead to the scientific mythology of the mind?
(a) Interest in technology.
(b) Understanding of neurons.
(c) The mentally ill.
(d) The newness of man's self awareness.

7. What is the definition of "identity" subject to?
(a) The individual.
(b) The researcher.
(c) Changes in history.
(d) The future.

8. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
(a) Latent stage.
(b) Anal stage.
(c) The phallic stage.
(d) Oral stage.

9. Why does Erikson warn the reader not to expect any solid development of mythology in terms of integrating the work on identity over the past two decades?
(a) They cannot be integrated.
(b) It will only cause more identity confusion.
(c) It is too complex to understand.
(d) The world changes too quickly.

10. According to Freud, what is the first stage of identity development called?
(a) Oral stage.
(b) Latent stage.
(c) Phallic stage.
(d) Anal stage.

11. What does George Bernard Shaw despise?
(a) His adolescence.
(b) His family's snobbery.
(c) His family history.
(d) Psychology.

12. What was Shaw exposed to as a child?
(a) Fighting.
(b) Mental illness.
(c) Music making.
(d) Alcoholism.

13. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?
(a) Confidence and control over himself.
(b) Wisdom.
(c) Independence.
(d) Mental development.

14. In Chapter 2, what does Erikson feel about how psychologists treat social dynamics and external social elements?
(a) As surface events.
(b) As keys to social competence.
(c) The coexist.
(d) As deep rooted elements of social identity.

15. Where does the process of identity formation began?
(a) As a young adult.
(b) With mother and baby.
(c) As a toddler.
(d) As an adolescent.

Short Answer Questions

1. In discussing Freud's views on group identity, what does Erikson state is a major cause in identity becoming frustrating and disintegrated?

2. At what stage in Erikson's theory of development may an individual begin to lose confidence or identity and enter period of listlessness?

3. Since there were few empirical studies, how did Erikson's study individuals?

4. What did Shaw convinced himself he was?

5. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?

(see the answer keys)

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