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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Because the terms "identity" and "identity crisis" are used in such a variety of situations, what have these terms become?
(c) Embedded in society.
2. When does Erikson feel individuals develop trust?
(a) When they face a difficult situation.
(b) Their needs are met.
(c) They trust themselves.
(d) They are around good people.
3. What term does Erikson use to describe the fluctuation of ego strength and high growth potential?
(a) Identity crisis.
(b) Ego crisis.
(c) Human crisis.
(d) Normative crisis.
4. What does Erikson state that childhood and youth predispose men to?
(b) Confused identities.
(d) Childlike wonder.
5. What does Freud's consciousness of inner identity include?
(b) Bitter pride.
6. What is one example that Erikson provides for the notion of "evil ego identity"?
(a) Gender stereotypes.
(b) Ethnic stereotypes.
(c) Self loathing.
7. According to Freud, what is the second stage of identity development called?
(a) Oral stage.
(b) Anal stage.
(c) Phallic stage.
(d) Latent stage.
8. Considering Erikson's stages of identity development, how long does a six stage of identity development last?
(a) Only throughout late adulthood.
(b) A lifetime.
(c) Into adulthood.
(d) Throughout adolescence.
9. After James' long identity crisis, what did he decide to be?
(b) Dependant on society.
(d) A psychologist.
10. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?
(b) A set of guidelines for identity.
(c) Leadership that can be resistant.
(d) Understanding of the past.
11. What style of identity combines medieval conception of community with modern disobedience and nonviolence?
12. What does Erikson believe is an intrinsic part of maturation?
(b) Identity crisis.
(c) Identity formation.
(d) Questioning one's identity.
13. According to Erikson, what is the third stage of development?
(a) Trust vs. mistrust.
(b) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(c) Initiative vs. guilt.
(d) Autonomy vs. shame.
14. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?
(a) Confidence and control over himself.
(c) Mental development.
15. What is the core part of identity formation that cannot be separated from this formation?
(a) Peace of mind.
(c) Authority acceptance.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does Erikson warn the reader not to expect any solid development of mythology in terms of integrating the work on identity over the past two decades?
2. Erikson notes that James' youth was full of emotional strains in struggles for what?
3. What term does Erikson use to mean the factor that serves to integrate a person toward a common societal goal?
4. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
5. What does Erikson state are not constantly bolstered, an idea that is contrary to popular belief?
This section contains 472 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)