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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Since there were few empirical studies, how did Erikson's study individuals?
(b) Through case study.
2. As discussed by Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when a system either biological or social malfunctions?
(c) Restart of identity formation.
(d) Identity loss.
3. Because the terms "identity" and "identity crisis" are used in such a variety of situations, what have these terms become?
(c) Embedded in society.
4. What is one example that Erikson provides for the notion of "evil ego identity"?
(b) Ethnic stereotypes.
(c) Gender stereotypes.
(d) Self loathing.
5. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(b) Natural disasters.
(c) Wartime trauma.
6. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?
(a) He must feel safe.
(b) He must mast the previous stage.
(c) It is a natural process.
(d) He must be invited.
7. Concerning Erikson's theory, when identity development is negative, what type of personalities may occur during the second stage of development?
(a) Maladaptive behaviors.
8. What is one thing that Erikson states comes with each stage of identity development?
(a) An emotional separation.
(b) A widening social radius.
(c) Closing off of society.
(d) Understanding of self.
9. What does Shaw find his childhood exposures to have been?
(a) Intrusively noisy.
10. In discussing Freud's views on group identity, what does Erikson state is a major cause in identity becoming frustrating and disintegrated?
(a) When there are too many leaders.
(b) When the role of identity in a group changes.
(c) When groups members do not have their own identity.
(d) When the group disbands.
11. As noted in Chapter 2, how can false or inaccurate ego identity formations be corrected after being developed by parents in terms of group identity development?
(a) They cannot be corrected.
(b) By immersion.
(c) Through psychotherapy.
(d) By reworking associations.
12. What type of self is clear when examining Freud's dreams?
(a) Open-minded self.
(b) Identified self.
(c) Suppressed self.
(d) Confident self.
13. When does Erikson feel individuals develop trust?
(a) They trust themselves.
(b) They are around good people.
(c) When they face a difficult situation.
(d) Their needs are met.
14. What does Erikson feel happens when a healthy personality deals with conflict?
(a) Their identity becomes confused.
(b) They actively master the situation.
(c) They lose their identity.
15. During Erikson's final stage of development, individuals having a sense of Generativity may engage in what type of activities?
(a) Leading future generations to succeed.
(c) Finding a new job.
(d) Planing for the future.
Short Answer Questions
1. What can reinforce the process of negative identity formation in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development?
2. When does the normative crisis of identity formation occur?
3. What aspects of Freud's theory of development does a functional ego integrate?
4. What term does Erikson use to mean the factor that serves to integrate a person toward a common societal goal?
5. Why was Erikson so impressed with Shaw?
This section contains 534 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)