|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Erikson state are not constantly bolstered, an idea that is contrary to popular belief?
(a) Weak egos.
(b) Self conscious.
(c) The arrogant.
(d) Strong egos.
2. After James' long identity crisis, what did he decide to be?
(b) A psychologist.
(c) Dependant on society.
3. Why was Erikson so impressed with Shaw?
(a) He did not care what others thought.
(b) He could integrate the complex elements of life.
(c) He was very intelligent.
(d) He developed a good theory of development.
4. Erikson states that we deal with the process located in the core of the individual and where else?
(a) Among his family.
(b) In his past.
(c) Within himself.
(d) The core of his communal culture.
5. What aspects of Freud's theory of development does a functional ego integrate?
(a) Biological and psychosexual.
(b) Social and environmental.
(c) Psychosocial and biological.
(d) Psychosocial and psychosexual.
6. According to Erikson, what is the second stage of identity development?
(a) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(b) Initiative vs. Guilt.
(c) Autonomy vs. shame.
(d) Trust vs. mistrust.
7. In discussing Freud's views on group identity, what does Erikson state is a major cause in identity becoming frustrating and disintegrated?
(a) When the role of identity in a group changes.
(b) When there are too many leaders.
(c) When groups members do not have their own identity.
(d) When the group disbands.
8. How does Erikson feel adults eventually settle on an identity?
(a) Through the mechanisms of identification.
(b) Based on their place in society.
(c) Based on childhood experiences.
(d) Based on their parents identity.
9. That does introjection mean in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development for groups other than the majority?
(a) Think about the future.
(b) Incorporating another's image.
(c) Explore your identity.
(d) Think about the past.
10. According to Erikson, what is the third stage of development?
(a) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(b) Initiative vs. guilt.
(c) Trust vs. mistrust.
(d) Autonomy vs. shame.
11. What is one thing that Erikson states comes with each stage of identity development?
(a) Understanding of self.
(b) A widening social radius.
(c) An emotional separation.
(d) Closing off of society.
12. In observing groups of people being reeducated by American civil servants, what reason does Erikson provide for why this group became frustrated and identity development?
(a) They did not want to be educated.
(b) They did not understand the culture.
(c) They could not integrate the necessary steps for tangible future.
(d) They did not speak the language.
13. Since there were few empirical studies, how did Erikson's study individuals?
(c) Through case study.
14. During the third stage of Erikson's theory of development, what may occur if an individual's initiatives or attempts at something continually fail?
(a) Sense of independence.
(b) Sense of guilt.
(c) Identity confusion.
15. What does the success of identification during Erikson's stages of development depend on?
(b) Interacting with trustworthy models.
(c) Parental support.
(d) It is society specific.
Short Answer Questions
1. At what stage in Erikson's theory of development may an individual begin to lose confidence or identity and enter period of listlessness?
2. What was Shaw exposed to as a child?
3. Because the terms "identity" and "identity crisis" are used in such a variety of situations, what have these terms become?
4. According to Erikson, how long does it take for identity to develop?
5. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
This section contains 556 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)