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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Because of an individual's tendency to define self based on history, what does Erikson think this self-based history leave little room for the individual to create?
(a) New understanding.
(b) New traditions.
(c) New identity.
(d) New support systems.
2. What type of self is clear when examining Freud's dreams?
(a) Identified self.
(b) Open-minded self.
(c) Suppressed self.
(d) Confident self.
3. As discussed by Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when a system either biological or social malfunctions?
(a) Restart of identity formation.
(d) Identity loss.
4. In terms of Erikson's theory of individual development, what is required in order to transcend toward individuality?
(b) Family support.
5. After James' long identity crisis, what did he decide to be?
(c) A psychologist.
(d) Dependant on society.
6. What might gaining a stronger self identity correspond to in relation to the majority of the population?
(c) A strong societal bond.
(d) Emancipation from society.
7. What does Erikson suggest offers simplified perspectives in order to avoid confusion of societal beliefs and goals?
(c) Community structure.
(d) Social understanding.
8. According to Erikson, what is the third stage of development?
(a) Trust vs. mistrust.
(b) Initiative vs. guilt.
(c) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(d) Autonomy vs. shame.
9. What is unique about each stage of Erikson's stages of identity development?
(a) They are concrete.
(b) The build on one another.
(c) They are flexible.
10. According to the discussion in Chapter 2, the process of the ego helps individuals maintain their personalities and what type of fashion?
11. When does Erikson feel individuals develop trust?
(a) Their needs are met.
(b) They trust themselves.
(c) They are around good people.
(d) When they face a difficult situation.
12. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what does personal identity focus on?
(a) Conscious feelings.
(b) Feelings of others.
(c) Unconscious feelings.
(d) Place in society.
13. In observing groups of people being reeducated by American civil servants, what reason does Erikson provide for why this group became frustrated and identity development?
(a) They did not understand the culture.
(b) They did not speak the language.
(c) They did not want to be educated.
(d) They could not integrate the necessary steps for tangible future.
14. When does the normative crisis of identity formation occur?
(b) As an adult.
(c) As a toddler.
(d) With mother and baby.
15. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
(a) Oral stage.
(b) Anal stage.
(c) Latent stage.
(d) The phallic stage.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Shaw convinced himself he was?
2. What term does Erikson use to refer to the methods used throughout history to integrate identity?
3. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
4. As discussed in Chapter 2, who is able to trigger transference of models of identity formation within younger members of society?
5. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?
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