Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What may be gained as an individual enters Erikson's final stage of development when their overall development has been positive and healthy?
(a) Wisdom.
(b) Hopelessness.
(c) Peace.
(d) Reflection.

2. Why does Erikson state that ideologies have been given a bad name?
(a) Because they are only a set of principles.
(b) They are open to interpretation.
(c) They have no baring on identity.
(d) They are false.

3. What term does Erikson use to describe the fluctuation of ego strength and high growth potential?
(a) Normative crisis.
(b) Human crisis.
(c) Ego crisis.
(d) Identity crisis.

4. What might gaining a stronger self identity correspond to in relation to the majority of the population?
(a) A strong societal bond.
(b) Totalitarianism.
(c) Emancipation from society.
(d) Anarchy.

5. Why does Erikson warn the reader not to expect any solid development of mythology in terms of integrating the work on identity over the past two decades?
(a) It is too complex to understand.
(b) They cannot be integrated.
(c) The world changes too quickly.
(d) It will only cause more identity confusion.

6. What can reinforce the process of negative identity formation in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development?
(a) Biology.
(b) Weak ego.
(c) Arrogance.
(d) Negative parental reactions.

7. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?
(a) Understanding of the past.
(b) Leadership that can be resistant.
(c) Wisdom.
(d) A set of guidelines for identity.

8. After James' long identity crisis, what did he decide to be?
(a) A psychologist.
(b) Antisocial.
(c) Dependant on society.
(d) Self-governing.

9. Why was Erikson so impressed with Shaw?
(a) He was very intelligent.
(b) He developed a good theory of development.
(c) He could integrate the complex elements of life.
(d) He did not care what others thought.

10. How the James decide he could strengthen his ego?
(a) By doing, suffering, and creating.
(b) Meditating and breathing.
(c) Simply learning.
(d) Embracing positive experiences.

11. What term does Erikson use to mean the factor that serves to integrate a person toward a common societal goal?
(a) Sexual identity.
(b) Ego identity.
(c) Group identity.
(d) Gender identity.

12. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when the ego combines elements that result in an inability to form a positive self-image?
(a) Stereotyping.
(b) Ego synthesis fails.
(c) No identity formation.
(d) Negative identity formation.

13. What do most new generations confront as a result of scientific and technological changes?
(a) Increased identity confusion.
(b) A repeat of the past.
(c) Possibilities for artificial wisdom.
(d) Radically new possibilities and forms of thought.

14. What does Erikson believe is an intrinsic part of maturation?
(a) Identity formation.
(b) Questioning one's identity.
(c) Growth.
(d) Identity crisis.

15. In terms of Erikson's theory of individual development, what is required in order to transcend toward individuality?
(a) Intelligence.
(b) Family support.
(c) Identity.
(d) Meditation.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Shaw care so much about being?

2. What does Erikson's theory suggest concerning how children gain a sense of what their adult identities should be?

3. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?

4. During the third stage of Erikson's theory of development, what may occur if an individual's initiatives or attempts at something continually fail?

5. How does Erikson feel adults eventually settle on an identity?

(see the answer keys)

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