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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Considering the relationship between personal and historical identity formation, how can this relationship be described?
(a) Ancestral relativity.
(b) Psychosomatic confusion.
(c) Genetic relativity.
(d) Psychosocial relativity.
2. In observing groups of people being reeducated by American civil servants, what reason does Erikson provide for why this group became frustrated and identity development?
(a) They did not understand the culture.
(b) They could not integrate the necessary steps for tangible future.
(c) They did not want to be educated.
(d) They did not speak the language.
3. What did Shaw convinced himself he was?
(a) A genius.
(b) A helper.
(c) A complete outsider.
(d) A leader.
4. According to Erikson, what is the third stage of development?
(a) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(b) Initiative vs. guilt.
(c) Trust vs. mistrust.
(d) Autonomy vs. shame.
5. What is one thing that Erikson states comes with each stage of identity development?
(a) Closing off of society.
(b) A widening social radius.
(c) Understanding of self.
(d) An emotional separation.
6. During the final stages of Erikson's stages of identity development, what type of feelings may individual experiencing stagnation feel?
(c) Hope for the future.
(d) Despair and hopelessness.
7. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(c) Natural disasters.
(d) Wartime trauma.
8. As discussed by Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when a system either biological or social malfunctions?
(a) Restart of identity formation.
(b) Identity loss.
9. Because of an individual's tendency to define self based on history, what does Erikson think this self-based history leave little room for the individual to create?
(a) New identity.
(b) New support systems.
(c) New understanding.
(d) New traditions.
10. Why was Erikson so impressed with Shaw?
(a) He did not care what others thought.
(b) He developed a good theory of development.
(c) He could integrate the complex elements of life.
(d) He was very intelligent.
11. What are two characteristics Erikson applies to the task of the ego in order to maintain and organize its existence?
(a) Ceaseless and essential.
(b) Weak and meaningless.
(c) Straightforward and never-ending.
(d) Demanding and authoritative.
12. What style of identity combines medieval conception of community with modern disobedience and nonviolence?
13. According to Erikson, what is the second stage of identity development?
(a) Autonomy vs. shame.
(b) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(c) Trust vs. mistrust.
(d) Initiative vs. Guilt.
14. Erikson notes that James' youth was full of emotional strains in struggles for what?
(d) Identity formation.
15. What may be gained as an individual enters Erikson's final stage of development when their overall development has been positive and healthy?
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the definition of "identity" subject to?
2. What does William James state is discernible in mental or moral attitudes?
3. How does Erikson feel adults eventually settle on an identity?
4. According to the discussion in Chapter 2, the process of the ego helps individuals maintain their personalities and what type of fashion?
5. According to Erikson in terms of active identity formation individual who now can say they know where they are going, what has occurred?
This section contains 521 words
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