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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(a) Natural disasters.
(c) Wartime trauma.
2. During the final stages of Erikson's stages of identity development, what type of feelings may individual experiencing stagnation feel?
(a) Hope for the future.
(b) Despair and hopelessness.
3. What does Erikson suggest wholeness of the individual is associated with?
(a) Equilibrium and health.
(b) The earth.
(c) Positive psychology.
4. How does Erikson suggest men were able to end the adolescent process?
(a) Get a job.
(b) Get married.
(c) Subordinate their childhood identities to a new identity.
(d) Develop an adult identity.
5. According to Erikson, what does totalitarianism require of society?
(a) A sense of legitimacy of state power.
(b) A combination of identities.
6. As discussed in Chapter 1, what first lead to the scientific mythology of the mind?
(a) The mentally ill.
(b) Understanding of neurons.
(c) Interest in technology.
(d) The newness of man's self awareness.
7. As noted in Chapter 2, how can false or inaccurate ego identity formations be corrected after being developed by parents in terms of group identity development?
(a) By reworking associations.
(b) They cannot be corrected.
(c) Through psychotherapy.
(d) By immersion.
8. When does the normative crisis of identity formation occur?
(a) With mother and baby.
(b) As an adult.
(c) As a toddler.
9. In Chapter 2, what does Erikson feel about how psychologists treat social dynamics and external social elements?
(a) As keys to social competence.
(b) As surface events.
(c) The coexist.
(d) As deep rooted elements of social identity.
10. The ________ cannot coexist with the increase in advances in a technologically led culture?
(a) Conformity of one.
(b) True identity formation of ego.
(c) The combination of individuality and the community.
(d) The dislike of regimentation and military enthusiasm.
11. Considering the relationship between personal and historical identity formation, how can this relationship be described?
(a) Genetic relativity.
(b) Psychosomatic confusion.
(c) Ancestral relativity.
(d) Psychosocial relativity.
12. Where does the process of identity formation began?
(a) As an adolescent.
(b) With mother and baby.
(c) As a young adult.
(d) As a toddler.
13. What does the success of identification during Erikson's stages of development depend on?
(b) Interacting with trustworthy models.
(c) It is society specific.
(d) Parental support.
14. What does Freud's consciousness of inner identity include?
(c) Bitter pride.
15. In the beginning of the 20th century, what demonstrated the possibility to destroy human kind?
(b) Negative identity formation.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Erikson, how long does it take for identity to develop?
2. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what does personal identity focus on?
3. In discussing Freud's views on group identity, what does Erikson state is a major cause in identity becoming frustrating and disintegrated?
4. When does Erikson feel individuals develop trust?
5. Why was Erikson so impressed with Shaw?
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