|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Erikson, what stage is highly dependent on and individuals and ability to gain acceptance?
(a) Industry vs. inferiority.
(b) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(c) Trust vs. mistrust.
(d) Autonomy vs. shame.
2. According to the discussion in Chapter 2, the process of the ego helps individuals maintain their personalities and what type of fashion?
3. The ________ cannot coexist with the increase in advances in a technologically led culture?
(a) The combination of individuality and the community.
(b) The dislike of regimentation and military enthusiasm.
(c) True identity formation of ego.
(d) Conformity of one.
4. What is unique about each stage of Erikson's stages of identity development?
(b) The build on one another.
(c) They are flexible.
(d) They are concrete.
5. What is the core part of identity formation that cannot be separated from this formation?
(a) Peace of mind.
(b) Authority acceptance.
6. What is one example that Erikson provides for the notion of "evil ego identity"?
(a) Self loathing.
(c) Gender stereotypes.
(d) Ethnic stereotypes.
7. When does Erikson feel individuals develop trust?
(a) When they face a difficult situation.
(b) They are around good people.
(c) They trust themselves.
(d) Their needs are met.
8. What does Erikson feel happens when a healthy personality deals with conflict?
(b) Their identity becomes confused.
(c) They lose their identity.
(d) They actively master the situation.
9. What term does Erikson use to mean the factor that serves to integrate a person toward a common societal goal?
(a) Ego identity.
(b) Gender identity.
(c) Group identity.
(d) Sexual identity.
10. Where does the process of identity formation began?
(a) As an adolescent.
(b) As a young adult.
(c) As a toddler.
(d) With mother and baby.
11. In developing Erikson' theory of group identity, what two processes must the ego consist of that assist in defining both body in community membership?
(a) Spiritual and social.
(b) Social and mental.
(c) Spiritual and biological.
(d) Biological and social.
12. Erikson feels that Freud's intellect is a gift that stems from what?
(a) Good genes.
(b) A strong identity.
(c) A good education.
(d) A hostile limitation of opportunities.
13. Concerning Erikson's theory, when identity development is negative, what type of personalities may occur during the second stage of development?
(a) Maladaptive behaviors.
14. What term does Erikson use to describe the fluctuation of ego strength and high growth potential?
(a) Ego crisis.
(b) Normative crisis.
(c) Identity crisis.
(d) Human crisis.
15. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(b) Natural disasters.
(d) Wartime trauma.
Short Answer Questions
1. What might gaining a stronger self identity correspond to in relation to the majority of the population?
2. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?
3. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?
4. At what stage in Erikson's theory of development may an individual begin to lose confidence or identity and enter period of listlessness?
5. Why does Erikson warn the reader not to expect any solid development of mythology in terms of integrating the work on identity over the past two decades?
This section contains 559 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)