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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Erikson suggest offers simplified perspectives in order to avoid confusion of societal beliefs and goals?
(a) Social understanding.
(d) Community structure.
2. Because of an individual's tendency to define self based on history, what does Erikson think this self-based history leave little room for the individual to create?
(a) New support systems.
(b) New identity.
(c) New traditions.
(d) New understanding.
3. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(b) Natural disasters.
(d) Wartime trauma.
4. What does William James state is discernible in mental or moral attitudes?
5. What does the success of identification during Erikson's stages of development depend on?
(a) It is society specific.
(c) Interacting with trustworthy models.
(d) Parental support.
6. What term does Erikson use to describe the fluctuation of ego strength and high growth potential?
(a) Ego crisis.
(b) Identity crisis.
(c) Normative crisis.
(d) Human crisis.
7. Erikson feels that Freud's intellect is a gift that stems from what?
(a) Good genes.
(b) A strong identity.
(c) A hostile limitation of opportunities.
(d) A good education.
8. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?
(a) He must be invited.
(b) He must mast the previous stage.
(c) He must feel safe.
(d) It is a natural process.
9. Erikson states that we deal with the process located in the core of the individual and where else?
(a) Within himself.
(b) The core of his communal culture.
(c) Among his family.
(d) In his past.
10. What did Shaw convinced himself he was?
(a) A complete outsider.
(b) A helper.
(c) A genius.
(d) A leader.
11. During the fourth stage of Erikson's theory of development, what occurs when an individual is successful?
(a) Feelings of superiority.
(b) Feelings of guilt.
(c) Feelings of industry.
(d) Feelings of independence.
12. What does it mean when the author states, "to review the concept of identity"?
(a) Give a lecture.
(b) Disprove identity.
(c) Sketch its history.
(d) Write an outline.
13. What does Erikson believe is an intrinsic part of maturation?
(a) Identity crisis.
(b) Questioning one's identity.
(d) Identity formation.
14. Erikson notes that James' youth was full of emotional strains in struggles for what?
(b) Identity formation.
15. According to Erikson, what is the second stage of identity development?
(a) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(b) Autonomy vs. shame.
(c) Trust vs. mistrust.
(d) Initiative vs. Guilt.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does George Bernard Shaw despise?
2. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?
3. According to the discussion in Chapter 2, the process of the ego helps individuals maintain their personalities and what type of fashion?
4. In Chapter 2, Foundations and Observation, during his discussion on group identity, what group of people does Erikson observe group changes to make his point?
5. According to Erikson, how long does it take for identity to develop?
This section contains 494 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)