Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. During Erikson's final stage of development, individuals having a sense of Generativity may engage in what type of activities?
(a) Listlessness.
(b) Finding a new job.
(c) Planing for the future.
(d) Leading future generations to succeed.

2. What may be gained as an individual enters Erikson's final stage of development when their overall development has been positive and healthy?
(a) Peace.
(b) Wisdom.
(c) Reflection.
(d) Hopelessness.

3. According to Erikson, what is the third stage of development?
(a) Initiative vs. guilt.
(b) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(c) Trust vs. mistrust.
(d) Autonomy vs. shame.

4. What can reinforce the process of negative identity formation in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development?
(a) Negative parental reactions.
(b) Arrogance.
(c) Weak ego.
(d) Biology.

5. During the final stages of Erikson's stages of identity development, what type of feelings may individual experiencing stagnation feel?
(a) Calmness.
(b) Despair and hopelessness.
(c) Reflection.
(d) Hope for the future.

6. What does Shaw find his childhood exposures to have been?
(a) Destructive.
(b) Intrusively noisy.
(c) Enlightening.
(d) Extraordinary.

7. During the process of Erikson's stages of identity development, what will depend on the total process of identity development?
(a) Psychosocial strength.
(b) Biology.
(c) Self.
(d) Environment.

8. What aspects of Freud's theory of development does a functional ego integrate?
(a) Social and environmental.
(b) Biological and psychosexual.
(c) Psychosocial and biological.
(d) Psychosocial and psychosexual.

9. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when the ego combines elements that result in an inability to form a positive self-image?
(a) Stereotyping.
(b) Ego synthesis fails.
(c) No identity formation.
(d) Negative identity formation.

10. In Chapter 2, Foundations and Observation, during his discussion on group identity, what group of people does Erikson observe group changes to make his point?
(a) The Sioux Indians.
(b) The Aztec Indians.
(c) Middle class Whites.
(d) Blacks.

11. What did Shaw care so much about being?
(a) Amoral.
(b) Smart.
(c) Moral.
(d) Happy.

12. What does Erikson state is the first age of identity development involve in terms of conflict?
(a) Autonomy vs. shame.
(b) Trust vs. mistrust.
(c) Initiative vs. Guilt.
(d) Intimacy vs. isolation.

13. In terms of Erikson's theory of individual development, what is required in order to transcend toward individuality?
(a) Family support.
(b) Identity.
(c) Meditation.
(d) Intelligence.

14. Considering Erikson's theory of groups identity development, what type of group demands does ego identity help balance?
(a) Conformity.
(b) Members passions and instincts.
(c) Leadership conflicts.
(d) Negative identities.

15. What does Freud suggest a fearless freedom of thinking is?
(a) Totalitarianism.
(b) Positive identity.
(c) Negative identity.
(d) Unattainable.

Short Answer Questions

1. What term does Erikson use to refer to the methods used throughout history to integrate identity?

2. According to the discussion in Chapter 2, the process of the ego helps individuals maintain their personalities and what type of fashion?

3. Where does the process of identity formation began?

4. In discussing Freud's views on group identity, what does Erikson state is a major cause in identity becoming frustrating and disintegrated?

5. Considering the relationship between personal and historical identity formation, how can this relationship be described?

(see the answer keys)

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