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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Erikson, what does totalitarianism require of society?
(b) A combination of identities.
(d) A sense of legitimacy of state power.
2. What does Erikson state that childhood and youth predispose men to?
(b) Confused identities.
(d) Childlike wonder.
3. What style of identity combines medieval conception of community with modern disobedience and nonviolence?
4. What does Erikson's theory suggest concerning how children gain a sense of what their adult identities should be?
(a) Watching TV.
(b) Learning about being an adult.
(c) It comes natural.
(d) By looking to community members.
5. During Erikson's final stage of development, individuals having a sense of Generativity may engage in what type of activities?
(a) Leading future generations to succeed.
(b) Finding a new job.
(d) Planing for the future.
6. During the third stage of Erikson's theory of development, what may occur if an individual's initiatives or attempts at something continually fail?
(a) Sense of guilt.
(c) Sense of independence.
(d) Identity confusion.
7. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what does personal identity focus on?
(a) Feelings of others.
(b) Conscious feelings.
(c) Place in society.
(d) Unconscious feelings.
8. As noted in Chapter 2, how can false or inaccurate ego identity formations be corrected after being developed by parents in terms of group identity development?
(a) By immersion.
(b) By reworking associations.
(c) They cannot be corrected.
(d) Through psychotherapy.
9. What type of self is clear when examining Freud's dreams?
(a) Confident self.
(b) Identified self.
(c) Open-minded self.
(d) Suppressed self.
10. According to Freud, what is the first stage of identity development called?
(a) Anal stage.
(b) Phallic stage.
(c) Oral stage.
(d) Latent stage.
11. According to Erikson, how long does it take for identity to develop?
(a) Identity if formed at birth.
(b) 30 years.
(c) 5 years.
(d) A lifetime.
12. How does Erikson suggest men were able to end the adolescent process?
(a) Get married.
(b) Subordinate their childhood identities to a new identity.
(c) Develop an adult identity.
(d) Get a job.
13. In terms of Erikson's theory of individual development, what is required in order to transcend toward individuality?
(b) Family support.
14. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when the ego combines elements that result in an inability to form a positive self-image?
(a) Ego synthesis fails.
(c) No identity formation.
(d) Negative identity formation.
15. What does Erikson believe is an intrinsic part of maturation?
(a) Identity formation.
(c) Identity crisis.
(d) Questioning one's identity.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Freud suggest a fearless freedom of thinking is?
2. What does Freud's consciousness of inner identity include?
3. What is unique about each stage of Erikson's stages of identity development?
4. Erikson feels that Freud's intellect is a gift that stems from what?
5. What does Erikson state is the first age of identity development involve in terms of conflict?
This section contains 477 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)