Identity, Youth, and Crisis Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(a) Homelessness.
(b) Natural disasters.
(c) Adolescence.
(d) Wartime trauma.

2. What does Erikson feel happens when a healthy personality deals with conflict?
(a) They lose their identity.
(b) Their identity becomes confused.
(c) They actively master the situation.
(d) Nothing.

3. What does Erikson state that childhood and youth predispose men to?
(a) Structure.
(b) Totalitarianism.
(c) Confused identities.
(d) Childlike wonder.

4. Erikson states that we deal with the process located in the core of the individual and where else?
(a) Within himself.
(b) Among his family.
(c) In his past.
(d) The core of his communal culture.

5. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
(a) Anal stage.
(b) Oral stage.
(c) Latent stage.
(d) The phallic stage.

6. What aspects of Freud's theory of development does a functional ego integrate?
(a) Social and environmental.
(b) Psychosocial and psychosexual.
(c) Psychosocial and biological.
(d) Biological and psychosexual.

7. According to Erikson, how long does it take for identity to develop?
(a) A lifetime.
(b) Identity if formed at birth.
(c) 30 years.
(d) 5 years.

8. When does the normative crisis of identity formation occur?
(a) As an adult.
(b) Adolescence.
(c) With mother and baby.
(d) As a toddler.

9. What might gaining a stronger self identity correspond to in relation to the majority of the population?
(a) Totalitarianism.
(b) Emancipation from society.
(c) Anarchy.
(d) A strong societal bond.

10. Erikson notes that James' youth was full of emotional strains in struggles for what?
(a) Sanity.
(b) Love.
(c) Identity formation.
(d) Happiness.

11. At what stage in Erikson's theory of development may an individual begin to lose confidence or identity and enter period of listlessness?
(a) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(b) Autonomy vs. shame.
(c) Generativity vs. stagnation.
(d) Industry vs. inferiority.

12. In developing Erikson' theory of group identity, what two processes must the ego consist of that assist in defining both body in community membership?
(a) Spiritual and biological.
(b) Biological and social.
(c) Social and mental.
(d) Spiritual and social.

13. What does Erikson suggest wholeness of the individual is associated with?
(a) The earth.
(b) Equilibrium and health.
(c) Totalitarianism.
(d) Positive psychology.

14. After James' long identity crisis, what did he decide to be?
(a) Antisocial.
(b) A psychologist.
(c) Self-governing.
(d) Dependant on society.

15. As discussed in Chapter 2, who is able to trigger transference of models of identity formation within younger members of society?
(a) Parents.
(b) Peers.
(c) Church leaders.
(d) Self.

Short Answer Questions

1. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?

2. During Erikson's final stage of development, individuals having a sense of Generativity may engage in what type of activities?

3. What does Erikson believe is an intrinsic part of maturation?

4. Concerning Erikson's theory, when identity development is negative, what type of personalities may occur during the second stage of development?

5. Why was Erikson so impressed with Shaw?

(see the answer keys)

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