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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does it mean when the author states, "to review the concept of identity"?
(a) Write an outline.
(b) Give a lecture.
(c) Sketch its history.
(d) Disprove identity.
2. What did Shaw convinced himself he was?
(a) A complete outsider.
(b) A genius.
(c) A helper.
(d) A leader.
3. According to Erikson, what is the third stage of development?
(a) Trust vs. mistrust.
(b) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(c) Initiative vs. guilt.
(d) Autonomy vs. shame.
4. In developing Erikson' theory of group identity, what two processes must the ego consist of that assist in defining both body in community membership?
(a) Spiritual and biological.
(b) Biological and social.
(c) Spiritual and social.
(d) Social and mental.
5. What style of identity combines medieval conception of community with modern disobedience and nonviolence?
6. What does Freud suggest a fearless freedom of thinking is?
(a) Negative identity.
(d) Positive identity.
7. Concerning Erikson's theory, when identity development is negative, what type of personalities may occur during the second stage of development?
(a) Maladaptive behaviors.
8. What does George Bernard Shaw despise?
(a) His family's snobbery.
(b) His family history.
(d) His adolescence.
9. What can reinforce the process of negative identity formation in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development?
(c) Weak ego.
(d) Negative parental reactions.
10. What is the core part of identity formation that cannot be separated from this formation?
(a) Peace of mind.
(b) Authority acceptance.
11. In terms of Erikson's theory of individual development, what is required in order to transcend toward individuality?
(c) Family support.
12. What does Shaw find his childhood exposures to have been?
(c) Intrusively noisy.
13. During the final stages of Erikson's stages of identity development, what type of feelings may individual experiencing stagnation feel?
(c) Despair and hopelessness.
(d) Hope for the future.
14. According to the discussion in Chapter 2, the process of the ego helps individuals maintain their personalities and what type of fashion?
15. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?
(a) Mental development.
(c) Confidence and control over himself.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Erikson believe is an intrinsic part of maturation?
2. What might gaining a stronger self identity correspond to in relation to the majority of the population?
3. What may be gained as an individual enters Erikson's final stage of development when their overall development has been positive and healthy?
4. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?
5. Because the terms "identity" and "identity crisis" are used in such a variety of situations, what have these terms become?
This section contains 467 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)