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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. During the third stage of Erikson's theory of development, what may occur if an individual's initiatives or attempts at something continually fail?
(a) Sense of independence.
(b) Identity confusion.
(d) Sense of guilt.
2. How does Erikson suggest men were able to end the adolescent process?
(a) Develop an adult identity.
(b) Get married.
(c) Subordinate their childhood identities to a new identity.
(d) Get a job.
3. What is present within each period of Erikson's theory of identity development?
(a) Identity confusion.
(b) Distinct processes.
(c) Social conflict.
(d) Inner and outer conflict.
4. Concerning Erikson's theory, when identity development is negative, what type of personalities may occur during the second stage of development?
(d) Maladaptive behaviors.
5. What are two characteristics Erikson applies to the task of the ego in order to maintain and organize its existence?
(a) Demanding and authoritative.
(b) Straightforward and never-ending.
(c) Weak and meaningless.
(d) Ceaseless and essential.
6. What does Erikson state are not constantly bolstered, an idea that is contrary to popular belief?
(a) Weak egos.
(b) Self conscious.
(c) The arrogant.
(d) Strong egos.
7. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what does personal identity focus on?
(a) Conscious feelings.
(b) Feelings of others.
(c) Place in society.
(d) Unconscious feelings.
8. What was Shaw exposed to as a child?
(a) Music making.
(b) Mental illness.
9. As discussed by Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when a system either biological or social malfunctions?
(a) Identity loss.
(b) Restart of identity formation.
10. Erikson feels that Freud's intellect is a gift that stems from what?
(a) A strong identity.
(b) A hostile limitation of opportunities.
(c) Good genes.
(d) A good education.
11. Erikson states that we deal with the process located in the core of the individual and where else?
(a) The core of his communal culture.
(b) Among his family.
(c) In his past.
(d) Within himself.
12. What does Erikson's theory suggest concerning how children gain a sense of what their adult identities should be?
(a) By looking to community members.
(b) Watching TV.
(c) Learning about being an adult.
(d) It comes natural.
13. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
(a) Anal stage.
(b) The phallic stage.
(c) Latent stage.
(d) Oral stage.
14. In Chapter 2, what does Erikson feel about how psychologists treat social dynamics and external social elements?
(a) The coexist.
(b) As deep rooted elements of social identity.
(c) As surface events.
(d) As keys to social competence.
15. According to Erikson, what does totalitarianism require of society?
(a) A sense of legitimacy of state power.
(d) A combination of identities.
Short Answer Questions
1. In discussing Freud's views on group identity, what does Erikson state is a major cause in identity becoming frustrating and disintegrated?
2. After James' long identity crisis, what did he decide to be?
3. Where does the process of identity formation began?
4. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?
5. According to Freud, what is the first stage of identity development called?
This section contains 536 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)