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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Freud suggest a fearless freedom of thinking is?
(b) Positive identity.
(c) Negative identity.
2. That does introjection mean in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development for groups other than the majority?
(a) Explore your identity.
(b) Think about the past.
(c) Incorporating another's image.
(d) Think about the future.
3. What are two characteristics Erikson applies to the task of the ego in order to maintain and organize its existence?
(a) Ceaseless and essential.
(b) Straightforward and never-ending.
(c) Demanding and authoritative.
(d) Weak and meaningless.
4. What does George Bernard Shaw despise?
(a) His family history.
(b) His adolescence.
(c) His family's snobbery.
5. How does Erikson feel adults eventually settle on an identity?
(a) Based on their parents identity.
(b) Through the mechanisms of identification.
(c) Based on their place in society.
(d) Based on childhood experiences.
6. What term does Erikson use to mean the factor that serves to integrate a person toward a common societal goal?
(a) Group identity.
(b) Sexual identity.
(c) Gender identity.
(d) Ego identity.
7. What does Erikson feel happens when a healthy personality deals with conflict?
(a) Their identity becomes confused.
(c) They lose their identity.
(d) They actively master the situation.
8. What term does Erikson use to refer to the methods used throughout history to integrate identity?
(a) Methods of group formation.
(b) Methods of conformity.
(c) Methods of identity.
(d) Methods of acquisition.
9. Because of an individual's tendency to define self based on history, what does Erikson think this self-based history leave little room for the individual to create?
(a) New identity.
(b) New traditions.
(c) New support systems.
(d) New understanding.
10. According to Erikson in terms of active identity formation individual who now can say they know where they are going, what has occurred?
(b) Psychological superiority.
(c) Identity completion.
(d) Psychosocial well-being.
11. In Chapter 2, what does Erikson feel about how psychologists treat social dynamics and external social elements?
(a) As keys to social competence.
(b) As surface events.
(c) As deep rooted elements of social identity.
(d) The coexist.
12. In terms of Erikson's theory of individual development, what is required in order to transcend toward individuality?
(b) Family support.
13. During the final stages of Erikson's stages of identity development, what type of feelings may individual experiencing stagnation feel?
(b) Despair and hopelessness.
(d) Hope for the future.
14. In observing groups of people being reeducated by American civil servants, what reason does Erikson provide for why this group became frustrated and identity development?
(a) They did not want to be educated.
(b) They did not understand the culture.
(c) They did not speak the language.
(d) They could not integrate the necessary steps for tangible future.
15. According to Freud, what is the first stage of identity development called?
(a) Anal stage.
(b) Latent stage.
(c) Phallic stage.
(d) Oral stage.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Shaw convinced himself he was?
2. According to Freud, what is the third stage of development called?
3. When does the normative crisis of identity formation occur?
4. In order to create a positive ego what does Erikson state must be tested?
5. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when the ego combines elements that result in an inability to form a positive self-image?
This section contains 545 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)