|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What do most new generations confront as a result of scientific and technological changes?
(a) A repeat of the past.
(b) Increased identity confusion.
(c) Possibilities for artificial wisdom.
(d) Radically new possibilities and forms of thought.
2. During the process of Erikson's stages of identity development, what will depend on the total process of identity development?
(b) Psychosocial strength.
3. What is the core part of identity formation that cannot be separated from this formation?
(c) Peace of mind.
(d) Authority acceptance.
4. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(c) Natural disasters.
(d) Wartime trauma.
5. Erikson notes that James' youth was full of emotional strains in struggles for what?
(a) Identity formation.
6. What must occur for an individual to move from one stage of development to the next in Erikson's theory of development?
(a) He must mast the previous stage.
(b) He must feel safe.
(c) He must be invited.
(d) It is a natural process.
7. What is the definition of "identity" subject to?
(a) The individual.
(b) The researcher.
(c) The future.
(d) Changes in history.
8. Since there were few empirical studies, how did Erikson's study individuals?
(c) Through case study.
9. What style of identity combines medieval conception of community with modern disobedience and nonviolence?
10. At what stage in Erikson's theory of development may an individual begin to lose confidence or identity and enter period of listlessness?
(a) Industry vs. inferiority.
(b) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(c) Autonomy vs. shame.
(d) Generativity vs. stagnation.
11. In order to create a positive ego what does Erikson state must be tested?
(a) Ability for introspection.
(b) Current intelligence and identity.
(c) Mental acuity.
(d) Current reality against identity.
12. According to Erikson, what is the second stage of identity development?
(a) Trust vs. mistrust.
(b) Autonomy vs. shame.
(c) Intimacy vs. isolation.
(d) Initiative vs. Guilt.
13. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?
(a) Understanding of the past.
(b) Leadership that can be resistant.
(d) A set of guidelines for identity.
14. What does William James state is discernible in mental or moral attitudes?
15. What was William James obsessed with his entire life?
(a) Morbid psychology.
(c) Social dysfunction.
Short Answer Questions
1. Erikson states that we deal with the process located in the core of the individual and where else?
2. What does Erikson state is the first age of identity development involve in terms of conflict?
3. According to Erikson, in his review and observations of changes in culture, what does he suggest will become common values among today's youth?
4. What can reinforce the process of negative identity formation in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development?
5. What does Erikson suggest wholeness of the individual is associated with?
This section contains 493 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)