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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Erikson state youth need so they do not languish in a strictly episodical conscious expansion?
(b) Leadership that can be resistant.
(c) A set of guidelines for identity.
(d) Understanding of the past.
2. What example does Erikson use in Foundations of Observation to clarify the disintegration of ego synthesis?
(c) Natural disasters.
(d) Wartime trauma.
3. What is the definition of "identity" subject to?
(a) The researcher.
(b) The future.
(c) The individual.
(d) Changes in history.
4. Because of an individual's tendency to define self based on history, what does Erikson think this self-based history leave little room for the individual to create?
(a) New understanding.
(b) New traditions.
(c) New support systems.
(d) New identity.
5. During the third stage of Erikson's theory of development, what may occur if an individual's initiatives or attempts at something continually fail?
(b) Sense of independence.
(c) Sense of guilt.
(d) Identity confusion.
6. During Erikson's final stage of development, individuals having a sense of Generativity may engage in what type of activities?
(a) Planing for the future.
(b) Finding a new job.
(d) Leading future generations to succeed.
7. Why does Erikson state that ideologies have been given a bad name?
(a) They are open to interpretation.
(b) They have no baring on identity.
(c) Because they are only a set of principles.
(d) They are false.
8. During the Erikson's second stage of development, what does the individual gain when identity has developed in a healthy manner?
(a) Mental development.
(b) Confidence and control over himself.
9. According to Erikson in Chapter 2, what occurs when the ego combines elements that result in an inability to form a positive self-image?
(b) Negative identity formation.
(c) Ego synthesis fails.
(d) No identity formation.
10. As discussed in Chapter 1, what first lead to the scientific mythology of the mind?
(a) The mentally ill.
(b) Interest in technology.
(c) The newness of man's self awareness.
(d) Understanding of neurons.
11. What do most new generations confront as a result of scientific and technological changes?
(a) Radically new possibilities and forms of thought.
(b) Possibilities for artificial wisdom.
(c) Increased identity confusion.
(d) A repeat of the past.
12. During the fourth stage of Erikson's theory of development, what occurs when an individual is successful?
(a) Feelings of guilt.
(b) Feelings of superiority.
(c) Feelings of industry.
(d) Feelings of independence.
13. What aspects of Freud's theory of development does a functional ego integrate?
(a) Psychosocial and psychosexual.
(b) Social and environmental.
(c) Psychosocial and biological.
(d) Biological and psychosexual.
14. What does Erikson's theory suggest concerning how children gain a sense of what their adult identities should be?
(a) Learning about being an adult.
(b) It comes natural.
(c) Watching TV.
(d) By looking to community members.
15. According to Erikson, in his review and observations of changes in culture, what does he suggest will become common values among today's youth?
(b) Choice and identity.
(c) Common identity.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Erikson, what is the second stage of identity development?
2. How does Erikson feel adults eventually settle on an identity?
3. Erikson feels that Freud's intellect is a gift that stems from what?
4. What can reinforce the process of negative identity formation in terms of Erikson's stages of identity development?
5. In terms of Erikson's theory of individual development, what is required in order to transcend toward individuality?
This section contains 567 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)