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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Jivaro tradition, a shaman must seek out a guardian spirit how often?
2. In order for a shaman to restore power to someone from a distance, what does the author say is required?
3. What position does Harner recommend for a beginning shaman learning power restoration techniques?
4. Harner writes in Chapter 5 that power helps a person resist or dispel what?
5. When the Coastal Salish wear masks and dance their spirit guardians, what does Harner call this practice?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe what Harner refers to as the "Calling The Beasts" ritual.
2. In the power restoration exercise Harner presents for the reader, what is the participant told to avoid?
3. Describe what the author says about being able to restore power to a patient from a distance.
4. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?
5. Where do "big dreams" come from, and what purpose do they serve?
6. What connection does a patient often have with a returned spirit animal?
7. What is a vision quest?
8. What does Harner say about shamanism and synchronicity?
9. How do power animals first show themselves to a shaman?
10. In the power restoration exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 5, what typically happens when the participant goes through the tunnel and reaches the Lowerworld?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Harner states that whether the shaman is working in ordinary or non-ordinary reality, the experience is real and healing takes place in both realms. Explain what makes the non-ordinary experience real. Then, answer the following: how does healing occur when the shaman is working in non-ordinary reality?
Essay Topic 2
Describe similarities middle-class Americans who try shamanism report regarding the portal to Lowerworld and their firsthand experiences in non-ordinary reality. Why does the author emphasize these similarities? What do they convey regarding the nature of shamanism?
Essay Topic 3
Why would a Westerner with no prior experience with shamanistic practices develop an interest in them? How might he or she benefit from knowing and practicing some of these rituals? What precautions might he or she need to take?
This section contains 841 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)