The Way of the Shaman Test | Final Test - Hard

Michael Harner
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what form will an apprentice shaman see an animal upon entering Lowerworld during the power restoration exercise?

2. Harner presents one shaman's drawings of the tunnel to Lowerworld. What does it look like?

3. During the exercise for restoring power presented to the reader, what happens when the participant emerges from the tunnel into Lowerworld?

4. During their "dreamtime," Australian Aruntas often become what?

5. Among some Plains Indians tribes, it is believed that those who don't have a guardian animal spirit lack what?

Short Essay Questions

1. Explain what the author is saying when he speaks of Coyote and Raven as groups or species.

2. Describe what Harner refers to as the "Calling The Beasts" ritual.

3. Why should a shaman avoid trying to heal when he or she is feeling dis-spirited?

4. What does a shaman do upon successfully retrieving a power animal for a patient?

5. When was the book Natural Magick written, and what is it about?

6. What connection does a patient often have with a returned spirit animal?

7. How do the Jivaro know if a person has or doesn't have a guardian animal spirit?

8. What is a vision quest?

9. What is the bone game?

10. Why does a power animal need to be danced regularly?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Define, compare, and contrast the shamanic state of consciousness (SSC) and the ordinary state of consciousness (OSC).

Essay Topic 2

Harner states that whether the shaman is working in ordinary or non-ordinary reality, the experience is real and healing takes place in both realms. Explain what makes the non-ordinary experience real. Then, answer the following: how does healing occur when the shaman is working in non-ordinary reality?

Essay Topic 3

Describe similarities middle-class Americans who try shamanism report regarding the portal to Lowerworld and their firsthand experiences in non-ordinary reality. Why does the author emphasize these similarities? What do they convey regarding the nature of shamanism?

(see the answer keys)

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