The Way of the Shaman Test | Final Test - Hard

Michael Harner
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Many traditions speak of the mythical past when animals could:

2. Some creation myths show with the passage of time, only shamans could:

3. On the guided power restoration journey that involves descending down a tunnel, the author cautions against encountering:

4. What do the Jivaro do so that newborns can see their guardians?

5. Why does the author say dancing is an effective way to keep one's animal close?

Short Essay Questions

1. Where do "big dreams" come from, and what purpose do they serve?

2. What is the bone game?

3. How do the Jivaro know if a person has or doesn't have a guardian animal spirit?

4. How can a shaman tell whether or not an individual has a guardian spirit?

5. What does a shaman do upon successfully retrieving a power animal for a patient?

6. Describe what Harner writes about the mythical past link between humans and animals.

7. Give a brief summary of the exercise the author presents to the reader on how to dance one's animal guardian spirit.

8. Why does a power animal need to be danced regularly?

9. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?

10. What does Harner say about shamanism and synchronicity?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

When the shaman journeys to the Lowerworld, he or she passes through a portal that has a physical component and an imagined aspect. Both are significant to the shaman. Answer the following:

1. What might the Lowerworld portal look like in ordinary or physical reality?

2. How have different shamans seen the portal in non-ordinary reality?

3. What is the significance of passing through the portal into the Lowerworld?

Essay Topic 2

Explain the purpose of the shaman working with the following conditions or tools:

1. In total or partial darkness.

2. With drumming, chanting, and rattles.

3. Using plants.

Essay Topic 3

Why would a Westerner with no prior experience with shamanistic practices develop an interest in them? How might he or she benefit from knowing and practicing some of these rituals? What precautions might he or she need to take?

(see the answer keys)

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