|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Harner notes that in modern technology, quartz crystals are used in what?
2. When a power animal becomes human through a magical transformation, the animal becomes what for the shaman?
3. When first communicating with a guardian spirit animal, what does the author recommend novices do before engaging in detailed conversations?
4. Most cultures believe that a shaman can have how many guardian animals at a time?
5. Where can a shaman go to retrieve a lost power animal?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Harner recommend for novice shamans trying to communicate with guardian spirit animals?
2. In the power restoration exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 5, what typically happens when the participant goes through the tunnel and reaches the Lowerworld?
3. When was the book Natural Magick written, and what is it about?
4. Describe what the author says about being able to restore power to a patient from a distance.
5. How do power animals first show themselves to a shaman?
6. Why should a shaman avoid trying to heal when he or she is feeling dis-spirited?
7. What does Harner say about shamanism and synchronicity?
8. How do the Jivaro know if a person has or doesn't have a guardian animal spirit?
9. What are power objects, and what are they for?
10. What connection does a patient often have with a returned spirit animal?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The author strives to show commonalities between the world's various shamanic traditions and systems.
Part 1) Describe spiritual and practical commonalities Harner describes between different shamanic traditions.
Part 2) Why do you think there are similarities in shamanism even between cultures that are geographically separated and have had no contact with each other?
Essay Topic 2
Explain the role of guardian spirits, spirit helpers, and power animals. Do you feel there is a significant difference between these entities? How do they differ? In what ways are they similar? Cite three separate instances showing when a shaman would call upon one particular entity over the other two.
Essay Topic 3
Describe the journey the author takes with Akachu, the Jivaro shaman, detailed in Chapter 1. Can you tell which parts of the journey are literal and which are figurative? What clues reveal the literary portions? The figurative parts?
This section contains 890 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)