The Way of the Shaman Test | Final Test - Hard

Michael Harner
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. When the Coastal Salish wear masks and dance their spirit guardians, what does Harner call this practice?

2. What do the Jivaro see in someone who possesses a guardian?

3. What happens to a power object when it no longer moves a person emotionally?

4. Among some Plains Indians tribes, it is believed that those who don't have a guardian animal spirit lack what?

5. Shamans typically utilize crystals as:

Short Essay Questions

1. What are power objects, and what are they for?

2. Describe what Harner writes about the mythical past link between humans and animals.

3. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?

4. Explain what the author is saying when he speaks of Coyote and Raven as groups or species.

5. How did Essie Parrish, a California Pomo Indian, acquire her first power song?

6. How can a shaman tell whether or not an individual has a guardian spirit?

7. Give a brief summary of the exercise the author presents to the reader on how to dance one's animal guardian spirit.

8. How do the Jivaro know if a person has or doesn't have a guardian animal spirit?

9. What does Harner recommend for novice shamans trying to communicate with guardian spirit animals?

10. What might a restless or shocked power animal do?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Define, compare, and contrast the shamanic state of consciousness (SSC) and the ordinary state of consciousness (OSC).

Essay Topic 2

Explain the role of guardian spirits, spirit helpers, and power animals. Do you feel there is a significant difference between these entities? How do they differ? In what ways are they similar? Cite three separate instances showing when a shaman would call upon one particular entity over the other two.

Essay Topic 3

Describe the journey the author takes with Akachu, the Jivaro shaman, detailed in Chapter 1. Can you tell which parts of the journey are literal and which are figurative? What clues reveal the literary portions? The figurative parts?

(see the answer keys)

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