The Way of the Shaman Test | Final Test - Hard

Michael Harner
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Among the Coastal Salish, animals that become human are called what?

2. According to Jivaro tradition, a shaman must seek out a guardian spirit how often?

3. During the exercise for restoring power presented to the reader, what happens when the participant emerges from the tunnel into Lowerworld?

4. After a shaman successfully retrieves a patient's power animal from the Lowerworld, what's the next step?

5. While in the Lowerworld on a journey to restore power, how will the shaman know if a power animal is ready to accompany the seeker?

Short Essay Questions

1. What might a restless or shocked power animal do?

2. Describe what the author says about being able to restore power to a patient from a distance.

3. How do power animals first show themselves to a shaman?

4. In the power restoration exercise Harner presents for the reader, what is the participant told to avoid?

5. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?

6. What connection does a patient often have with a returned spirit animal?

7. How do the Jivaro know if a person has or doesn't have a guardian animal spirit?

8. Give a brief summary of the exercise the author presents to the reader on how to dance one's animal guardian spirit.

9. Why should a shaman avoid trying to heal when he or she is feeling dis-spirited?

10. Describe what Harner writes about the mythical past link between humans and animals.

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Find contemporary similarities to the following scenarios and, for each one, draw comparisons between the shamanic practice and its contemporary counterpart:

1. A shaman consults with his or her animal guardian.

2. A shaman refrains from healing when he or she feels dis-spirited.

3. A shaman relies on synchronicities to determine whether or not he or she is on the right track.

Essay Topic 2

Describe similarities middle-class Americans who try shamanism report regarding the portal to Lowerworld and their firsthand experiences in non-ordinary reality. Why does the author emphasize these similarities? What do they convey regarding the nature of shamanism?

Essay Topic 3

Harner names humility, respect for nature, and the ability to honor an experience as three traits needed by a good shaman. Explain why each is important in shamanic practices. How do the three traits work together to help the shaman? the patient?

(see the answer keys)

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