|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Among the Coastal Salish, animals that become human are called what?
2. According to Jivaro tradition, a shaman must seek out a guardian spirit how often?
3. During the exercise for restoring power presented to the reader, what happens when the participant emerges from the tunnel into Lowerworld?
4. After a shaman successfully retrieves a patient's power animal from the Lowerworld, what's the next step?
5. While in the Lowerworld on a journey to restore power, how will the shaman know if a power animal is ready to accompany the seeker?
Short Essay Questions
1. What might a restless or shocked power animal do?
2. Describe what the author says about being able to restore power to a patient from a distance.
3. How do power animals first show themselves to a shaman?
4. In the power restoration exercise Harner presents for the reader, what is the participant told to avoid?
5. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?
6. What connection does a patient often have with a returned spirit animal?
7. How do the Jivaro know if a person has or doesn't have a guardian animal spirit?
8. Give a brief summary of the exercise the author presents to the reader on how to dance one's animal guardian spirit.
9. Why should a shaman avoid trying to heal when he or she is feeling dis-spirited?
10. Describe what Harner writes about the mythical past link between humans and animals.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Find contemporary similarities to the following scenarios and, for each one, draw comparisons between the shamanic practice and its contemporary counterpart:
1. A shaman consults with his or her animal guardian.
2. A shaman refrains from healing when he or she feels dis-spirited.
3. A shaman relies on synchronicities to determine whether or not he or she is on the right track.
Essay Topic 2
Describe similarities middle-class Americans who try shamanism report regarding the portal to Lowerworld and their firsthand experiences in non-ordinary reality. Why does the author emphasize these similarities? What do they convey regarding the nature of shamanism?
Essay Topic 3
Harner names humility, respect for nature, and the ability to honor an experience as three traits needed by a good shaman. Explain why each is important in shamanic practices. How do the three traits work together to help the shaman? the patient?
This section contains 968 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)