The Way of the Shaman Test | Final Test - Hard

Michael Harner
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Harner presents one shaman's drawings of the tunnel to Lowerworld. What does it look like?

2. On the guided power restoration journey that involves descending down a tunnel, the author cautions against encountering:

3. What do negative big dreams carry, according to the author?

4. Why does the author say dancing is an effective way to keep one's animal close?

5. Harner notes that in modern technology, quartz crystals are used in what?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is a vision quest?

2. What is the bone game?

3. Why should a shaman avoid trying to heal when he or she is feeling dis-spirited?

4. What does a shaman do upon successfully retrieving a power animal for a patient?

5. What are power objects, and what are they for?

6. What does Harner recommend for novice shamans trying to communicate with guardian spirit animals?

7. Give a brief summary of the exercise the author presents to the reader on how to dance one's animal guardian spirit.

8. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?

9. How did Essie Parrish, a California Pomo Indian, acquire her first power song?

10. Why does a power animal need to be danced regularly?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Compare and contrast a shaman's power song with ONE of the following: a school fight song, a lullaby, or a love song.

Essay Topic 2

Harner explains that in most shamanic cultures, it's important that people are woken up slowly. Explain why. Also, explain the connection between the belief that power animals travel and the reason for waking someone up gradually.

Essay Topic 3

Describe similarities middle-class Americans who try shamanism report regarding the portal to Lowerworld and their firsthand experiences in non-ordinary reality. Why does the author emphasize these similarities? What do they convey regarding the nature of shamanism?

(see the answer keys)

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