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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why must a shaman not send power directly to the patient?
2. According to Jivaro tradition, a shaman must seek out a guardian spirit how often?
3. Why does the author say dancing is an effective way to keep one's animal close?
4. Often, a patient already has the following with a returned power animal:
5. Why does Harner state that it doesn't matter whether the animal that has appeared is fierce or gentle?
Short Essay Questions
1. How can a shaman tell whether or not an individual has a guardian spirit?
2. What are power objects, and what are they for?
3. What connection does a patient often have with a returned spirit animal?
4. In the power restoration exercise Harner presents for the reader, what is the participant told to avoid?
5. How did Essie Parrish, a California Pomo Indian, acquire her first power song?
6. Explain what the author is saying when he speaks of Coyote and Raven as groups or species.
7. Describe what Harner writes about the mythical past link between humans and animals.
8. In the power restoration exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 5, what typically happens when the participant goes through the tunnel and reaches the Lowerworld?
9. What does Harner recommend for novice shamans trying to communicate with guardian spirit animals?
10. How do the Jivaro know if a person has or doesn't have a guardian animal spirit?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
When the shaman journeys to the Lowerworld, he or she passes through a portal that has a physical component and an imagined aspect. Both are significant to the shaman. Answer the following:
1. What might the Lowerworld portal look like in ordinary or physical reality?
2. How have different shamans seen the portal in non-ordinary reality?
3. What is the significance of passing through the portal into the Lowerworld?
Essay Topic 2
Describe similarities middle-class Americans who try shamanism report regarding the portal to Lowerworld and their firsthand experiences in non-ordinary reality. Why does the author emphasize these similarities? What do they convey regarding the nature of shamanism?
Essay Topic 3
Describe the deep connection between animals and a shaman.How do the special talents associated with a specific species assist a shaman? Offer examples. Can a shaman do his or her work effectively if this connection was not in place? Support your answer with examples from the book.
This section contains 957 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)