The Way of the Shaman Test | Final Test - Hard

Michael Harner
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Harner presents one shaman's drawings of the tunnel to Lowerworld. What does it look like?

2. In the exercise Harner gives the reader for dancing one's animal guardian spirit, what is the participant asked to do?

3. What do the Jivaro do so that newborns can see their guardians?

4. Why must a shaman not send power directly to the patient?

5. During their "dreamtime," Australian Aruntas often become what?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Describe similarities middle-class Americans who try shamanism report regarding the portal to Lowerworld and their firsthand experiences in non-ordinary reality. Why does the author emphasize these similarities? What do they convey regarding the nature of shamanism?

Essay Topic 2

An important job the shaman does is restore power to a sick individual by retrieving his or her power animal.

1. Define power in the context of shamanism. What is its importance or value?

2. How does the presence or absence of power affect the health and welfare of a person?

3. How does a power animal help an individual? What happens when the person "loses" his or her power animal?

4. How does a shaman's act of retrieving a power animal help a patient?

Essay Topic 3

In the past, and even today, some traditional world religions look unfavorably upon shamanism. Explain what some traditional religions believe about shamanistic practices. How might world cultures advance if greater tolerance and acceptance was practiced towards shamanic peoples? Explain and support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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