|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. A shaman will blow a spirit animal into a patient through:
2. What position does Harner recommend for a beginning shaman learning power restoration techniques?
3. Why does Harner state that it doesn't matter whether the animal that has appeared is fierce or gentle?
4. Among some Plains Indians tribes, it is believed that those who don't have a guardian animal spirit lack what?
5. Who wrote "Natural Magick" in 1562?
Short Essay Questions
1. Where do "big dreams" come from, and what purpose do they serve?
2. Why should a shaman avoid trying to heal when he or she is feeling dis-spirited?
3. How do power animals first show themselves to a shaman?
4. What does Harner recommend for novice shamans trying to communicate with guardian spirit animals?
5. Describe what the author says about being able to restore power to a patient from a distance.
6. How can a shaman tell whether or not an individual has a guardian spirit?
7. Why does a power animal need to be danced regularly?
8. What might a restless or shocked power animal do?
9. In the power restoration exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 5, what typically happens when the participant goes through the tunnel and reaches the Lowerworld?
10. What is the bone game?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Harner states that whether the shaman is working in ordinary or non-ordinary reality, the experience is real and healing takes place in both realms. Explain what makes the non-ordinary experience real. Then, answer the following: how does healing occur when the shaman is working in non-ordinary reality?
Essay Topic 2
Describe the journey the author takes with Akachu, the Jivaro shaman, detailed in Chapter 1. Can you tell which parts of the journey are literal and which are figurative? What clues reveal the literary portions? The figurative parts?
Essay Topic 3
Define, compare, and contrast the shamanic state of consciousness (SSC) and the ordinary state of consciousness (OSC).
This section contains 820 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)