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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How is a shamanic state of consciousness, or SSC, achieved?
2. Harner's reports of the rituals, symbols, and visions of the different tribes he observes are what?
3. In his guided, step-by-step instructions for a first journey, Harner instructs the aspiring shaman to eat:
4. Which of the following is NOT a purpose for entering a shamanic state of consciousness?
5. What do various cultures report noticing the shaman give off when in a shamanic state of consciousness?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does a shaman take care of his or her tsentak?
2. What are the main functions and activities of a shaman, as described in Chapter 3?
3. What does the author say shamans feel about what they see in the non-ordinary reality or shamanic state of consciousness (SSC)?
4. Discuss what Harner says about the humility of shamanism?
5. What are some of the similarities Harner notes in first-hand shamanic experiences reported by middle-class Americans?
6. In the step-by-step instructions for going on a first shamanic journey that the author supplies for the reader in Chapter 2, how does he ask the participant to prepare?
7. Summarize the first shamanic journey exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 2.
8. Describe Harner's experience of spiritually going to a cave beneath a waterfall with a Jivaro shaman.
9. What are other names the author mentions for guardian spirits, and what cultures call them by these alternate names?
10. Harner compares rock-seeing to what Western practices?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Harner names humility, respect for nature, and the ability to honor an experience as three traits needed by a good shaman. Explain why each is important in shamanic practices. How do the three traits work together to help the shaman? the patient?
Essay Topic 2
Describe the journey the author takes with Akachu, the Jivaro shaman, detailed in Chapter 1. Can you tell which parts of the journey are literal and which are figurative? What clues reveal the literary portions? The figurative parts?
Essay Topic 3
Find contemporary similarities to the following scenarios and, for each one, draw comparisons between the shamanic practice and its contemporary counterpart:
1. A shaman consults with his or her animal guardian.
2. A shaman refrains from healing when he or she feels dis-spirited.
3. A shaman relies on synchronicities to determine whether or not he or she is on the right track.
This section contains 862 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)