|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
2. What is the purpose of rattles used during a shaman's work?
3. Master shamans focus on a triumvirate which is composed of what?
4. What is a shaman able to do to restore health in a person with the assistance of appropriate spirit helpers?
5. On his or her first guided journey, the shaman student is asked by Harner to visualize what?
Short Essay Questions
1. Prompted by similarities he found in books and accounts about shamanic experiences, what did Harner decide to do in order to learn more about shamanism?
2. Describe the roles of drumming and rattling in a shaman's work.
3. What are other names the author mentions for guardian spirits, and what cultures call them by these alternate names?
4. Harner compares rock-seeing to what Western practices?
5. What does the author say shamans feel about what they see in the non-ordinary reality or shamanic state of consciousness (SSC)?
6. Describe the tunnel a shaman utilizes to journey into the Lowerworld.
7. What does Akachu question when he and Harner are getting to know each other?
8. What does a shaman do with the tsentak to help a patient?
9. Who is Akachu, and how does he help Harner?
10. Harner emphasizes in Chapter 1 that becoming a shaman involves what?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The author thoroughly explains numerous details of shamanism, but two areas he doesn't cover in as much detail are how and why shamanism works. Offer your own explanations to fill in the blanks. How do you think shamanism works? Why does it work?
Essay Topic 2
Explain the process and procedure of extracting an intrusion and the role plants play. Why is intrusion extraction considered an advanced shamanic practice?
Essay Topic 3
An important job the shaman does is restore power to a sick individual by retrieving his or her power animal.
1. Define power in the context of shamanism. What is its importance or value?
2. How does the presence or absence of power affect the health and welfare of a person?
3. How does a power animal help an individual? What happens when the person "loses" his or her power animal?
4. How does a shaman's act of retrieving a power animal help a patient?
This section contains 846 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)