|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following do reputable shamans NOT do?
2. How do spirit helpers assist the shaman?
3. Why do individuals need the protection of a guardian spirit?
4. Harner asserts that shamanism has advanced in areas without technological innovations because:
5. Why is the Jivaro shaman who helps Harner worried that the author may not be able to find tsentak?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the practice of rock-seeing?
2. What are some of the similarities Harner notes in first-hand shamanic experiences reported by middle-class Americans?
3. How old is shamanism, and what cultures have best preserved this practice?
4. Explain the connection between an individual and his or her guardian spirit.
5. What does the author say shamans feel about what they see in the non-ordinary reality or shamanic state of consciousness (SSC)?
6. In the step-by-step instructions for going on a first shamanic journey that the author supplies for the reader in Chapter 2, how does he ask the participant to prepare?
7. What does a shaman do with the tsentak to help a patient?
8. What are other names the author mentions for guardian spirits, and what cultures call them by these alternate names?
9. Describe an environment that's conducive to the shaman being most effective while in a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC).
10. How does Harner say that a shaman can be distinguished from other medicine men?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Harner asserts that the less technologically advanced a society is, the more advanced it is in its shamanic practices. Do you feel his assessment is accurate? Why or why not? Supply examples to support your argument.
Essay Topic 2
Compare and contrast a shaman's power song with ONE of the following: a school fight song, a lullaby, or a love song.
Essay Topic 3
When the shaman journeys to the Lowerworld, he or she passes through a portal that has a physical component and an imagined aspect. Both are significant to the shaman. Answer the following:
1. What might the Lowerworld portal look like in ordinary or physical reality?
2. How have different shamans seen the portal in non-ordinary reality?
3. What is the significance of passing through the portal into the Lowerworld?
This section contains 932 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)