|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In his attempt to find spirit helpers with the assistance of a Jivaro shaman from Ecuador, what does the author do?
2. What are guardian spirits called in Siberia?
3. How do shamans use their guardian spirits?
4. Harner's personal observation is that people develop shamanism as a tool for using the power of the human mind for what?
5. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
Short Essay Questions
1. Harner emphasizes in Chapter 1 that becoming a shaman involves what?
2. Explain the connection between an individual and his or her guardian spirit.
3. How old is shamanism, and what cultures have best preserved this practice?
4. Describe an environment that's conducive to the shaman being most effective while in a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC).
5. Describe the roles of drumming and rattling in a shaman's work.
6. What is the participant of the exercise in Chapter 2 instructed regarding the end of the journey?
7. What are other names the author mentions for guardian spirits, and what cultures call them by these alternate names?
8. What does a shaman do with the tsentak to help a patient?
9. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
10. Why does the author find it encouraging for Westerners that not all tribes use drugs in their shamanic practices?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Find contemporary similarities to the following scenarios and, for each one, draw comparisons between the shamanic practice and its contemporary counterpart:
1. A shaman consults with his or her animal guardian.
2. A shaman refrains from healing when he or she feels dis-spirited.
3. A shaman relies on synchronicities to determine whether or not he or she is on the right track.
Essay Topic 2
Explain the purpose of the shaman working with the following conditions or tools:
1. In total or partial darkness.
2. With drumming, chanting, and rattles.
3. Using plants.
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast a shaman's power song with ONE of the following: a school fight song, a lullaby, or a love song.
This section contains 802 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)