|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The author emphasizes that not all tribes use what in their shamanic practices?
2. What does Harner compare his near-death experience with the Conibo to?
3. The author states that the humility in shamanism lies in what?
4. How do spirit helpers assist the shaman?
5. What similarity does Harner point out between shamanism and science?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the participant of the exercise in Chapter 2 instructed regarding the end of the journey?
2. Explain the connection between an individual and his or her guardian spirit.
3. What is the practice of rock-seeing?
4. Harner compares rock-seeing to what Western practices?
5. How old is shamanism, and what cultures have best preserved this practice?
6. In the step-by-step instructions for going on a first shamanic journey that the author supplies for the reader in Chapter 2, how does he ask the participant to prepare?
7. Describe the roles of drumming and rattling in a shaman's work.
8. Describe Harner's journey with Akachu.
9. What are other names the author mentions for guardian spirits, and what cultures call them by these alternate names?
10. How does a shaman take care of his or her tsentak?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Harner states that whether the shaman is working in ordinary or non-ordinary reality, the experience is real and healing takes place in both realms. Explain what makes the non-ordinary experience real. Then, answer the following: how does healing occur when the shaman is working in non-ordinary reality?
Essay Topic 2
Find contemporary similarities to the following scenarios and, for each one, draw comparisons between the shamanic practice and its contemporary counterpart:
1. A shaman consults with his or her animal guardian.
2. A shaman refrains from healing when he or she feels dis-spirited.
3. A shaman relies on synchronicities to determine whether or not he or she is on the right track.
Essay Topic 3
An important job the shaman does is restore power to a sick individual by retrieving his or her power animal.
1. Define power in the context of shamanism. What is its importance or value?
2. How does the presence or absence of power affect the health and welfare of a person?
3. How does a power animal help an individual? What happens when the person "loses" his or her power animal?
4. How does a shaman's act of retrieving a power animal help a patient?
This section contains 922 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)