|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Harner asserts that shamanism transcends any particular what?
2. What is the name of the Jivaro shaman Harner works with?
3. On his or her first guided journey, the shaman student is asked by Harner to visualize what?
4. What does Harner speculate about the mandala?
5. In the cultures Harner studies, shamans are primarily:
Short Essay Questions
1. What are other names the author mentions for guardian spirits, and what cultures call them by these alternate names?
2. Harner emphasizes in Chapter 1 that becoming a shaman involves what?
3. Explain the connection between an individual and his or her guardian spirit.
4. Describe Harner's experience of spiritually going to a cave beneath a waterfall with a Jivaro shaman.
5. Prompted by similarities he found in books and accounts about shamanic experiences, what did Harner decide to do in order to learn more about shamanism?
6. Harner compares rock-seeing to what Western practices?
7. What does Akachu question when he and Harner are getting to know each other?
8. Describe an environment that's conducive to the shaman being most effective while in a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC).
9. In the step-by-step instructions for going on a first shamanic journey that the author supplies for the reader in Chapter 2, how does he ask the participant to prepare?
10. How old is shamanism, and what cultures have best preserved this practice?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Harner states that whether the shaman is working in ordinary or non-ordinary reality, the experience is real and healing takes place in both realms. Explain what makes the non-ordinary experience real. Then, answer the following: how does healing occur when the shaman is working in non-ordinary reality?
Essay Topic 2
Compare and contrast shamanistic techniques for healing with traditional Western medicine practices. In our current society, is there room for both modalities to complement each other? Explain why or why not.
Essay Topic 3
Describe the journey the author takes with Akachu, the Jivaro shaman, detailed in Chapter 1. Can you tell which parts of the journey are literal and which are figurative? What clues reveal the literary portions? The figurative parts?
This section contains 771 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)