Mid-Book Test - Hard
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Harner compare his near-death experience with the Conibo to?
2. Harner asserts that shamanism has advanced in areas without technological innovations because:
3. In his attempt to find spirit helpers with the assistance of a Jivaro shaman from Ecuador, what does the author do?
4. When the shaman is in an altered state, how does healing take place?
5. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Harner say that a shaman can be distinguished from other medicine men?
2. Why does the author find it encouraging for Westerners that not all tribes use drugs in their shamanic practices?
3. Describe Harner's journey with Akachu.
4. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
5. In the power restoration exercise Harner presents for the reader, what is the participant told to avoid?
6. What does a shaman do upon successfully retrieving a power animal for a patient?
7. Harner compares rock-seeing to what Western practices?
8. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?
9. What does Akachu question when he and Harner are getting to know each other?
10. Give a brief summary of the exercise the author presents to the reader on how to dance one's animal guardian spirit.
Essay Topic 1
In the past, and even today, some traditional world religions look unfavorably upon shamanism. Explain what some traditional religions believe about shamanistic practices. How might world cultures advance if greater tolerance and acceptance was practiced towards shamanic peoples? Explain and support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
Describe similarities middle-class Americans who try shamanism report regarding the portal to Lowerworld and their firsthand experiences in non-ordinary reality. Why does the author emphasize these similarities? What do they convey regarding the nature of shamanism?
Essay Topic 3
Describe the journey the author takes with Akachu, the Jivaro shaman, detailed in Chapter 1. Can you tell which parts of the journey are literal and which are figurative? What clues reveal the literary portions? The figurative parts?
This section contains 931 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)