|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. When the shaman is in an altered state, how does healing take place?
2. How does a shaman typically travel into the Lowerworld?
3. A shaman might enter a shamanic state of consciousness to bring back messages for whom?
4. How old is shamanism estimated to be?
5. What is the purpose of rattles used during a shaman's work?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who is Akachu, and how does he help Harner?
2. Describe an environment that's conducive to the shaman being most effective while in a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC).
3. How does a shaman take care of his or her tsentak?
4. Summarize the first shamanic journey exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 2.
5. What is the participant of the exercise in Chapter 2 instructed regarding the end of the journey?
6. Harner compares rock-seeing to what Western practices?
7. How and why is a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC) achieved?
8. Describe the roles of drumming and rattling in a shaman's work.
9. How does Harner say that a shaman can be distinguished from other medicine men?
10. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Harner explains that in most shamanic cultures, it's important that people are woken up slowly. Explain why. Also, explain the connection between the belief that power animals travel and the reason for waking someone up gradually.
Essay Topic 2
Define, compare, and contrast the shamanic state of consciousness (SSC) and the ordinary state of consciousness (OSC).
Essay Topic 3
The author thoroughly explains numerous details of shamanism, but two areas he doesn't cover in as much detail are how and why shamanism works. Offer your own explanations to fill in the blanks. How do you think shamanism works? Why does it work?
This section contains 722 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)