|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happens in the state a shaman reaches, known as a type of ecstasy?
2. What does Harner say that middle-class Americans report experiencing on their shamanic attempts?
3. Apprentice shamans sometimes report to Harner that they:
4. How does a shaman typically travel into the Lowerworld?
5. What must the shaman feed his spirit helpers?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe Harner's experience of spiritually going to a cave beneath a waterfall with a Jivaro shaman.
2. Who is Akachu, and how does he help Harner?
3. Describe Harner's journey with Akachu.
4. What does a shaman do with the tsentak to help a patient?
5. How does a shaman take care of his or her tsentak?
6. Summarize the first shamanic journey exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 2.
7. What does Akachu question when he and Harner are getting to know each other?
8. In the step-by-step instructions for going on a first shamanic journey that the author supplies for the reader in Chapter 2, how does he ask the participant to prepare?
9. Discuss what Harner says about the humility of shamanism?
10. What is the participant of the exercise in Chapter 2 instructed regarding the end of the journey?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Harner explains that in most shamanic cultures, it's important that people are woken up slowly. Explain why. Also, explain the connection between the belief that power animals travel and the reason for waking someone up gradually.
Essay Topic 2
In the past, and even today, some traditional world religions look unfavorably upon shamanism. Explain what some traditional religions believe about shamanistic practices. How might world cultures advance if greater tolerance and acceptance was practiced towards shamanic peoples? Explain and support your answer.
Essay Topic 3
Explain the role of guardian spirits, spirit helpers, and power animals. Do you feel there is a significant difference between these entities? How do they differ? In what ways are they similar? Cite three separate instances showing when a shaman would call upon one particular entity over the other two.
This section contains 858 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)