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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
2. What must the shaman feed his spirit helpers?
3. What is a shaman able to do to restore health in a person with the assistance of appropriate spirit helpers?
4. What happens in the state a shaman reaches, known as a type of ecstasy?
5. How does a shaman typically travel into the Lowerworld?
Short Essay Questions
1. In the step-by-step instructions for going on a first shamanic journey that the author supplies for the reader in Chapter 2, how does he ask the participant to prepare?
2. When was the book Natural Magick written, and what is it about?
3. Where do "big dreams" come from, and what purpose do they serve?
4. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?
5. How do power animals first show themselves to a shaman?
6. Why does the shaman take the morphed non-plant forms into his body? How does this help the patient?
7. Why should a shaman avoid trying to heal when he or she is feeling dis-spirited?
8. After passing his or her hand over the patient and detecting the location of the intrusion, what does the shaman do to help the patient?
9. Why does a power animal need to be danced regularly?
10. Who is Akachu, and how does he help Harner?
Essay Topic 1
Explain the role of guardian spirits, spirit helpers, and power animals. Do you feel there is a significant difference between these entities? How do they differ? In what ways are they similar? Cite three separate instances showing when a shaman would call upon one particular entity over the other two.
Essay Topic 2
Find contemporary similarities to the following scenarios and, for each one, draw comparisons between the shamanic practice and its contemporary counterpart:
1. A shaman consults with his or her animal guardian.
2. A shaman refrains from healing when he or she feels dis-spirited.
3. A shaman relies on synchronicities to determine whether or not he or she is on the right track.
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast a shaman's power song with ONE of the following: a school fight song, a lullaby, or a love song.
This section contains 1,554 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)