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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
2. When drugs are involved in Shaman practices, who takes them?
3. In rock-seeing, a shaman takes two rocks, sits with them, poses a question, and then examines the stones for what?
4. Why might a shaman work in darkness?
5. Harner asks aspiring shamans to refrain from:
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe an environment that's conducive to the shaman being most effective while in a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC).
2. What is the practice of rock-seeing?
3. Discuss what Harner says about the humility of shamanism?
4. Why does a power animal need to be danced regularly?
5. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
6. How can a shaman tell whether or not an individual has a guardian spirit?
7. Where do "big dreams" come from, and what purpose do they serve?
8. What might a restless or shocked power animal do?
9. What connection does Harner see between shamanistic practices and Western medicine?
10. What does the author say shamans feel about what they see in the non-ordinary reality or shamanic state of consciousness (SSC)?
Essay Topic 1
Harner names humility, respect for nature, and the ability to honor an experience as three traits needed by a good shaman. Explain why each is important in shamanic practices. How do the three traits work together to help the shaman? the patient?
Essay Topic 2
Describe the journey the author takes with Akachu, the Jivaro shaman, detailed in Chapter 1. Can you tell which parts of the journey are literal and which are figurative? What clues reveal the literary portions? The figurative parts?
Essay Topic 3
Find contemporary similarities to the following scenarios and, for each one, draw comparisons between the shamanic practice and its contemporary counterpart:
1. A shaman consults with his or her animal guardian.
2. A shaman refrains from healing when he or she feels dis-spirited.
3. A shaman relies on synchronicities to determine whether or not he or she is on the right track.
This section contains 1,572 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)