The Way of the Shaman Test | Final Test - Medium

Michael Harner
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What element is often reported in many successful guardian spirit journeys?
(a) Satisfaction.
(b) Confusion.
(c) Bliss.
(d) Synchronicity.

2. When first communicating with a guardian spirit animal, what does the author recommend novices do before engaging in detailed conversations?
(a) Avoid eye contact so that the animal doesn't flee.
(b) Listen to make sure the animal is ready to talk.
(c) Ask the spirit for permission to speak.
(d) Master simple yes-no questions.

3. How do power animals reveal themselves and their special powers?
(a) Either by speaking or by appearing in an abnormal way.
(b) Either by a ghostly apparition or through blinding light.
(c) By playing on the recipient's childhood fears.
(d) By singing a coded song understandable only to shamans.

4. What position does Harner recommend for a beginning shaman learning power restoration techniques?
(a) Standing up.
(b) Sitting down.
(c) Kneeling.
(d) Lying down.

5. How does a guardian spirit animal encountered in Lowerworld often communicate with the shaman?
(a) By moving its body in an unusual way.
(b) Through a language spoken only in Lowerworld.
(c) By singing a song.
(d) Through the spirit of a deceased loved one of the shaman.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does the author say dancing is an effective way to keep one's animal close?

2. Where can a shaman go to retrieve a lost power animal?

3. When a power animal becomes human through a magical transformation, the animal becomes what for the shaman?

4. What do anthropologists refer to as divination?

5. What is the most famous method of acquiring a guardian animal spirit?

Short Essay Questions

1. How do the Jivaro know if a person has or doesn't have a guardian animal spirit?

2. Describe what Harner writes about the mythical past link between humans and animals.

3. Why does a power animal need to be danced regularly?

4. How can a shaman tell whether or not an individual has a guardian spirit?

5. What are power objects, and what are they for?

6. What does a shaman do upon successfully retrieving a power animal for a patient?

7. Why should a shaman avoid trying to heal when he or she is feeling dis-spirited?

8. When was the book Natural Magick written, and what is it about?

9. In the power restoration exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 5, what typically happens when the participant goes through the tunnel and reaches the Lowerworld?

10. Where do "big dreams" come from, and what purpose do they serve?

(see the answer keys)

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