|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Myths and stories that have been passed down typically refer to:
(a) Animal groups possessing supernatural strength.
(b) Individual animals instead of animal groups.
(c) Individual hero animals.
(d) Animal groups instead of individual animals.
2. What element is often reported in many successful guardian spirit journeys?
3. In order for a shaman to restore power to someone from a distance, what does the author say is required?
(a) Advanced intuition and much courage.
(b) Expert skills and advanced confidence.
(c) Great expectations and focused desire.
(d) Great concentration and expert sight.
4. Harner presents one shaman's drawings of the tunnel to Lowerworld. What does it look like?
(a) Concentric circles with crystals and humans falling through a hole.
(b) A cavern with steps leading straight down.
(c) Brightly lit opening with benevolent animals protecting the entrance.
(d) A winding chute that's wide at the top and bottom but narrow in the middle.
5. What happens to a power object when it no longer moves a person emotionally?
(a) It is buried three feet underground.
(b) It is placed inside a rattle.
(c) It is incorporated into a necklace.
(d) It is returned to nature.
6. Particularly during the Inquisition, many Christian church leaders considered animal transformation to be what?
7. Where can a shaman go to retrieve a lost power animal?
(a) The Otherworld.
(b) The Higherworld.
(c) The Powerworld.
(d) The Lowerworld.
8. How do power animals reveal themselves and their special powers?
(a) Either by speaking or by appearing in an abnormal way.
(b) Either by a ghostly apparition or through blinding light.
(c) By singing a coded song understandable only to shamans.
(d) By playing on the recipient's childhood fears.
9. In the Jivaro tradition, the identity of a power animal is what?
(a) Strictly hidden from others.
(b) Revealed freely to everyone.
(c) Told to the patient's parents and siblings.
(d) Shared with the patient's spouse and children.
10. Harner repeatedly emphasizes that not all shamanic experiences involve drugs and instead rely on what?
(a) Storytelling, praying, and daydreaming.
(b) Jumping, eating, and dreaming.
(c) Drumming, chanting, singing, and symbolism.
(d) Meditating, fasting, running, and self-deprivation.
11. According to Jivaro tradition, a shaman must seek out a guardian spirit how often?
(a) No more than once a month.
(b) On an empty stomach.
(c) At least every two weeks.
(d) During a full moon.
12. Most cultures believe that a shaman can have how many guardian animals at a time?
13. The shamans among Scandinavian Laps often become what?
(a) Reindeer, elk, rabbits, and foxes.
(b) Moose, caribou, bears, and rabbits.
(c) Whales, fish, polar bears, and elk.
(d) Bears, reindeer, wolves, and fish.
14. How does a guardian spirit animal encountered in Lowerworld often communicate with the shaman?
(a) By moving its body in an unusual way.
(b) Through the spirit of a deceased loved one of the shaman.
(c) By singing a song.
(d) Through a language spoken only in Lowerworld.
15. When the shaman has a question, the guardian spirit animal may answer it by:
(a) Tapping with its foot or fin once for no and twice for yes.
(b) Shaking a rattle at different rates depending on the answer.
(c) Entering the shaman's mind and communicating answers telepathically.
(d) Leading the shaman on a journey of experiences that ultimately answer that question.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do the Jivaro see in someone who possesses a guardian?
2. Harner notes that in modern technology, quartz crystals are used in what?
3. During their "dreamtime," Australian Aruntas often become what?
4. Why does Harner state that it doesn't matter whether the animal that has appeared is fierce or gentle?
5. Why does the author say dancing is an effective way to keep one's animal close?
This section contains 683 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)