|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. When a shaman delivers the spirit of a power animal into the patient, he or she also:
(a) Blesses the patient.
(b) Blesses the animal.
(c) Tells the animal to cure the patient.
(d) Tells the patient what the animal is.
2. According to the author, restoring power requires restoring or acquiring what?
(a) Power animal.
(b) Power rock.
(c) Guardian water spirit.
(d) Guardian tree sprite.
3. What element is often reported in many successful guardian spirit journeys?
4. Some creation myths show with the passage of time, only shamans could:
(a) Communicate with animals.
(b) Gain acceptance by the animal kingdom.
(c) Transform into animals.
(d) Read animals' minds.
5. When the apprentice shaman emerges from the tunnel and enters Lowerworld, what animal does Harner say the participant will never see?
(a) An insect.
(b) A serpent.
(c) A robin.
(d) A whale.
6. When a power animal becomes human through a magical transformation, the animal becomes what for the shaman?
(a) The alter ego.
(b) The messenger.
(c) The deliverer.
(d) The truth.
7. Harner notes that in modern technology, quartz crystals are used in what?
(a) Radio transmitters and computers.
(b) Atomic reactors.
(c) Children's electronic toys.
(d) Solar-powered panels and electric cars.
8. After a shaman successfully retrieves a patient's power animal from the Lowerworld, what's the next step?
(a) Asking the power animal to swallow the patient.
(b) Having the patient swallow the animal.
(c) Waiting for the animal to befriend the patient.
(d) Placing the animal on the patient's chest.
9. In the Jivaro tradition, the identity of a power animal is what?
(a) Shared with the patient's spouse and children.
(b) Revealed freely to everyone.
(c) Strictly hidden from others.
(d) Told to the patient's parents and siblings.
10. On the guided power restoration journey that involves descending down a tunnel, the author cautions against encountering:
(a) Ominously voracious non-mammals.
(b) Male spirits with weapons.
(c) Large predators with exposed teeth.
(d) Weeping female spirits.
11. What position does Harner recommend for a beginning shaman learning power restoration techniques?
(b) Sitting down.
(c) Standing up.
(d) Lying down.
12. In what form will an apprentice shaman see an animal upon entering Lowerworld during the power restoration exercise?
(a) Either living or made of stone, wood, or another substance.
(b) Always as a totem or charm.
(c) In a hunting stance.
(d) A nearly transparent form.
13. Why must a shaman not send power directly to the patient?
(a) It will exhaust the shaman's energy.
(b) The guardian spirit animals will feel useless and disappear.
(c) It can contaminate the patient's energy.
(d) The extra power can shock a weakened patient's system.
14. For the Jivaro, where do guardian spirits reside primarily?
(a) At the hips.
(b) In the chest.
(c) Behind the eyes.
(d) In each ear.
15. Frequently, a patient has bonded with his or her power animal in:
(b) Early adulthood.
(c) The spirit world.
(d) A previous lifetime.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do anthropologists refer to as divination?
2. Many traditions speak of the mythical past when animals could:
3. According to Jivaro tradition, a shaman must seek out a guardian spirit how often?
4. Why do the Jivaro and other shamanic tribes believe in waking up a person gently?
5. What do the Jivaro see in someone who possesses a guardian?
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