|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Harner presents one shaman's drawings of the tunnel to Lowerworld. What does it look like?
(a) A cavern with steps leading straight down.
(b) A winding chute that's wide at the top and bottom but narrow in the middle.
(c) Concentric circles with crystals and humans falling through a hole.
(d) Brightly lit opening with benevolent animals protecting the entrance.
2. Particularly during the Inquisition, many Christian church leaders considered animal transformation to be what?
3. Often, a patient already has the following with a returned power animal:
(a) An agreement.
(b) A pre-determined destiny.
(c) An unusual connection.
(d) A spiritual bridge.
4. How many guardian animals does a person have in a lifetime?
(a) Only one.
(c) A different one each year.
(d) Two or three.
5. Many traditions speak of the mythical past when animals could:
(a) Talk to people.
(b) Walk upright.
(c) Transform into other beings.
(d) Travel between worlds.
6. In Harner's power restoration exercise for apprentice shamans, he instructs the participant to use the drumbeat as what?
(a) The simulated heartbeat.
(b) The spirit guide.
(c) The lifeline to reality.
(d) The spiritual canoe.
7. Why does Harner state that it doesn't matter whether the animal that has appeared is fierce or gentle?
(a) Guardians are bound by oath to never harm humans.
(b) The animal is merely a projection of the participant's imagination.
(c) As sources of power, guardians do not harm the possessor.
(d) The animal's qualities reflect the inner needs of the shaman.
8. What element is often reported in many successful guardian spirit journeys?
9. Why do the Jivaro and other shamanic tribes believe in waking up a person gently?
(a) To preserve the guardian spirit visions he or she received while sleeping.
(b) So that the person's power animal has the chance to return.
(c) So that the person can remember his or her lucid dreams.
(d) To avoid scaring the person to death.
10. For the Jivaro, where do guardian spirits reside primarily?
(a) In the chest.
(b) At the hips.
(c) In each ear.
(d) Behind the eyes.
11. A shocked power animal may do what?
(a) Leave the person permanently.
(b) Attack its person.
(c) Shut down and refuse to communicate.
(d) Grow ill and die.
12. What do the Jivaro see in someone who possesses a guardian?
(a) Sparks of pink light from the fingertips.
(b) An inverted rainbow in the chest.
(c) A colorful aura around the head.
(d) A golden circle surrounding the person.
13. While in the Lowerworld on a journey to restore power, how will the shaman know if a power animal is ready to accompany the seeker?
(a) The animal will smile.
(b) The animal will begin walking up the tunnel.
(c) The animal will give off a faint glow.
(d) The animal will give signs that it is ready.
14. In the Jivaro tradition, the identity of a power animal is what?
(a) Strictly hidden from others.
(b) Revealed freely to everyone.
(c) Shared with the patient's spouse and children.
(d) Told to the patient's parents and siblings.
15. What do the Jivaro do so that newborns can see their guardians?
(a) They sing songs about guardian animal spirits.
(b) They take the babies on a journey through the wilderness.
(c) They prick an infant's left thumb.
(d) They give the infants a light hallucinogen.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Harner recommend to a shaman student if he or she meets frightening creatures, such as fanged serpents or fish with teeth?
2. When the apprentice shaman emerges from the tunnel and enters Lowerworld, what animal does Harner say the participant will never see?
3. When the Coastal Salish wear masks and dance their spirit guardians, what does Harner call this practice?
4. Power practice involves the use of power objects, which almost always are:
5. A shaman can be open to attacks when what is not present?
This section contains 684 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)