|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In the exercise Harner gives the reader for dancing one's animal guardian spirit, what is the participant asked to do?
(a) Shake rattles in six directions.
(b) Visualize the animal that is sought.
(c) Drum vigorously for six minutes.
(d) Wear a mask of the animal being summoned.
2. According to Harner, what are "big dreams?"
(a) Either recurring or extremely vivid dreams.
(b) Dreams that take the shaman to Starplanet.
(c) Dreams that take place in Lowerworld.
(d) Hopes and aspirations for a better life.
3. When the apprentice shaman emerges from the tunnel and enters Lowerworld, what animal does Harner say the participant will never see?
(a) A whale.
(b) An insect.
(c) A serpent.
(d) A robin.
4. Harner repeatedly emphasizes that not all shamanic experiences involve drugs and instead rely on what?
(a) Jumping, eating, and dreaming.
(b) Meditating, fasting, running, and self-deprivation.
(c) Drumming, chanting, singing, and symbolism.
(d) Storytelling, praying, and daydreaming.
5. What does Harner recommend to a shaman student if he or she meets frightening creatures, such as fanged serpents or fish with teeth?
(a) Sing a power song and ask for protection.
(b) Come back up the tunnel and try again later.
(c) Show no fear and proceed with caution.
(d) Close your eyes, count to three, and continue forward if the creature has disappeared.
6. After the power animal in the Lowerworld alerts the shaman that it is ready to accompany him or her, what is the shaman supposed to do?
(a) Charge at the animal and chase it up the tunnel.
(b) Clasp the animal to the chest and, with the other hand, rattle quickly.
(c) Close his or her eyes and float back up the tunnel with the animal right behind.
(d) Bow down humbly and respectfully request that the animal accompany him or her.
7. For the Jivaro, where do guardian spirits reside primarily?
(a) At the hips.
(b) Behind the eyes.
(c) In the chest.
(d) In each ear.
8. Harner presents one shaman's drawings of the tunnel to Lowerworld. What does it look like?
(a) A winding chute that's wide at the top and bottom but narrow in the middle.
(b) Brightly lit opening with benevolent animals protecting the entrance.
(c) Concentric circles with crystals and humans falling through a hole.
(d) A cavern with steps leading straight down.
9. After a novice receives an answer from a guardian spirit animal, what does Harner recommend he or she do?
(a) Test the spirit to make sure the answer is correct.
(b) Move on to the next question.
(c) Spend fifteen minutes meditating on the answer's meaning.
(d) Write down the answer as soon as possible.
10. A shocked power animal may do what?
(a) Attack its person.
(b) Grow ill and die.
(c) Leave the person permanently.
(d) Shut down and refuse to communicate.
11. Does a guardian spirit have the freedom to leave or stay at will?
(c) Only at night.
(d) It depends on the type of spirit.
12. In stories of Coyote or Raven, for example, the shaman's connection with the guardian spirit is with what?
(a) A mythical character that does not exist.
(b) The entire species.
(c) A representative individual of the species.
(d) An angelic being posing as an animal.
13. What element is often reported in many successful guardian spirit journeys?
14. When the Coastal Salish wear masks and dance their spirit guardians, what does Harner call this practice?
(a) Dancing with the Beasts.
(b) Calling the Beasts.
(c) Calling the Spirits.
(d) Dancing with the Spirits.
15. What happens to a power object when it no longer moves a person emotionally?
(a) It is placed inside a rattle.
(b) It is buried three feet underground.
(c) It is returned to nature.
(d) It is incorporated into a necklace.
Short Answer Questions
1. The shamans among Scandinavian Laps often become what?
2. In what form will an apprentice shaman see an animal upon entering Lowerworld during the power restoration exercise?
3. While in the Lowerworld on a journey to restore power, how will the shaman know if a power animal is ready to accompany the seeker?
4. Who wrote "Natural Magick" in 1562?
5. What do anthropologists refer to as divination?
This section contains 763 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)