|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In early experiences with the Conibo, Harner hears rushing:
2. After a journey that lasts several days in the jungle with his companions, Harner is taken where?
(a) To a ledge overlooking an enchanted valley.
(b) Beneath a waterfall for a mystical experience.
(c) On another journey to experience higher levels of reality.
(d) To the source of the Amazon to meet the highest shaman.
3. Why is the Jivaro shaman who helps Harner worried that the author may not be able to find tsentak?
(a) Harner has not gone through the necessary rituals.
(b) The tsentak are extremely elusive.
(c) Harner is not an Indian.
(d) Finding tsentak is an advanced shamanic practice.
4. The author shows that all religious traditions share:
(a) A mistrust of shamans and mysticism.
(b) Mystical and symbolic similarities.
(c) Similarities in styles of worship.
(d) One common origin.
5. Apprentice shamans sometimes report to Harner that they:
(a) See loved ones who have passed on.
(b) Feel a sense of endless falling.
(c) Panic during the experience.
(d) Morph into other forms.
6. How old is shamanism estimated to be?
(a) Less than 3,000 years old.
(b) Approximately 12,000 years old.
(c) At least 20,000 to 30,000 years old.
(d) No one can even guess.
7. What does Harner compare his near-death experience with the Conibo to?
(a) Ancient Daoism stories.
(b) Descriptions in the Bible.
(c) The concept of reincarnation.
(d) Teachings of Confucius.
8. The author states that the humility in shamanism lies in what?
(a) The shaman-patient relationship.
(b) The manner in which shamans speak to new and old souls.
(c) The number of spirit guides who choose a particular shaman.
(d) The reverence shamans feel towards nature.
9. Harner's personal observation is that people develop shamanism as a tool for using the power of the human mind for what?
(a) To address critical issues.
(b) For esoteric purposes.
(c) For entertainment and enlightenment.
(d) To control others.
10. In "The Way of the Shaman," the author shows similarities between:
(a) Various shamanic spiritual belief systems.
(b) Younger and older shamans.
(c) Once dominant spiritual belief systems.
(d) Real and fake shamans.
11. How do shamans use their guardian spirits?
(b) Through trickery.
(c) In supplication.
(d) In passing.
12. How is a shamanic state of consciousness, or SSC, achieved?
(a) By entering a trance state and using methods of cosmic geography and nonordinary reality.
(b) By drinking nettle tea and fasting for five days.
(c) By chanting songs passed down by tribal peoples and drinking fermented coffee.
(d) By calling upon spirit guides to pull the shaman's spirit out of the body and hurl it to the heavens.
13. If SSC stands for shamanic state of consciousness, what does OSC stand for?
(a) Ordinary shamanic consciousness.
(b) Orthogonal state of consciousness.
(c) Ordinary state of consciousness.
(d) Other-worldly shamanic consciousness.
14. Harner asserts that shamanism has advanced in areas without technological innovations because:
(a) These people are neither distracted nor electromagnetically impaired by electronic interference.
(b) Of the need by these people to find ways to deal with survival and health issues.
(c) Technology hasn't erased these people's ability to tap into their intuition.
(d) The plant world communicates better with people when there is no technological interference.
15. Harner writes that in non-ordinary reality, spirit helpers appear as what?
(a) Animals, including jaguars, monkeys, and butterflies.
(b) Religious deities.
(c) People once known who have passed on.
(d) Familiar plants and flowers.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does the author encounter when he drinks maikua?
2. During the Lakota practice of rock-seeing, a shaman considers a problem while walking through what?
3. What is the purpose of rattles used during a shaman's work?
4. Why does Harner include the examples of the Lakota Sioux and Coast Salish tribes for Westerners in particular?
5. Why might a shaman work in darkness?
This section contains 704 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)