|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who does the author quote as an expert on the subject of altered states?
(a) Anthropologist Margaret Mead.
(b) West African writer Malidoma Some.
(c) Author Carlos Castaneda.
(d) Shamanic scholar Mircea Eliade.
2. What does Harner speculate about the mandala?
(a) It may represent openings to the sky or the Lowerworld.
(b) It could represent the doorway to stars and entrance to spaceships.
(c) It could hold the keys to astral time travel.
(d) It may guard coded instructions reserved for the most advanced shamans.
3. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
(b) Spirit guides.
(d) Dietary needs.
4. While working, why must a shaman remain lightly connected to the material environment?
(a) Because of having to move between realities.
(b) Because of the shaman's physical requirements.
(c) To harness the power of nature.
(d) To incorporate the properties of the material world into the cure.
5. Harner writes that in non-ordinary reality, spirit helpers appear as what?
(a) Familiar plants and flowers.
(b) Animals, including jaguars, monkeys, and butterflies.
(c) People once known who have passed on.
(d) Religious deities.
6. What are guardian spirits known as in Australia?
(a) Totem angel.
(b) Spirit of assistance.
(c) Assistant totem.
(d) Angelic assistant.
7. Why does a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
(a) For clarity and balance.
(b) To practice astral travel.
(c) For a serious, specific purpose.
(d) To prove to the elders that he or she is a shaman.
8. Apprentice shamans sometimes report to Harner that they:
(a) Morph into other forms.
(b) Feel a sense of endless falling.
(c) Panic during the experience.
(d) See loved ones who have passed on.
9. What is the purpose of rapid drumming during the guided journey that Harner takes new students through?
(a) To help the person connect to his or her own heartbeat.
(b) To keep the student from falling asleep during the exercise.
(c) To move the student through stages of non-ordinary reality.
(d) To bring the person back to ordinary reality.
10. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
(a) To amplify the shaman's altered state.
(b) To guide the shaman towards acceptable portals.
(c) To keep the patient calm and relaxed.
(d) To attract beneficial healing spirit helpers.
11. Among other sensations in his experience with the Conibo, Harner experiences a sense of flying inside what?
(a) A zero-gravity orb.
(b) A water well.
(c) A spaceship.
(d) A mountain.
12. In his attempt to find spirit helpers with the assistance of a Jivaro shaman from Ecuador, what does the author do?
(a) He repeats an ancient chant Jivaro teaches him.
(b) He spiritually goes to a cave underneath a waterfall.
(c) He calls out to spirit helpers in the rainforest.
(d) He joins Jivaro in an out-of-body ritual.
13. Included in the reports from participants of Harner's first guided shamanic exercise are:
(a) Detailed conversations with star people and other extraterrestrials.
(b) Suggestions on what to do when encountering an impenetrable obstacle.
(c) Numerous cases of people experiencing nausea and vertigo.
(d) Accounts of disappearing momentarily and not being seen by others in the room.
14. The author shows that all religious traditions share:
(a) A mistrust of shamans and mysticism.
(b) Similarities in styles of worship.
(c) Mystical and symbolic similarities.
(d) One common origin.
15. A shaman might enter a shamanic state of consciousness to bring back messages for whom?
(a) A patient's loved ones.
(b) A patient in ordinary reality.
(c) Doctors treating a patient.
(d) Non-traditional doctors in ordinary reality.
Short Answer Questions
1. When drugs are involved in Shaman practices, who takes them?
2. Harner indicates that becoming a shaman involves pain, facing fears, and a willingness to:
3. In his guided, step-by-step instructions for a first journey, Harner instructs the aspiring shaman to eat:
4. Which of the following do reputable shamans NOT do?
5. What does the Jivaro shaman help Harner acquire?
This section contains 661 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)