|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Harner recommend that the aspiring shaman listen to?
(b) Birds singing.
(c) Flowing water.
2. What happens in the state a shaman reaches, known as a type of ecstasy?
(a) The soul leaves the body, either ascending or descending.
(b) The shaman taps into perfect bliss.
(c) A higher entity takes over and controls the shaman's body.
(d) The shaman's spirit goes on a type of auto-pilot mode.
3. Why does Harner include the examples of the Lakota Sioux and Coast Salish tribes for Westerners in particular?
(a) So that they can see that shamanism can be accessed without the use of drugs.
(b) To give them examples of shamanism that might be more familiar to them.
(c) Because more than anyone else, Westerners need to understand the nuances of shamanism.
(d) To illustrate the universal nature of shamanism.
4. What are guardian spirits known as in Australia?
(a) Angelic assistant.
(b) Assistant totem.
(c) Totem angel.
(d) Spirit of assistance.
5. It is typical for one or more spirits to help guide the shaman through what?
(a) A hidden or non-ordinary reality.
(b) A series of questions only the shaman hears.
(c) The ninth dimension.
(d) A time-honored ritual.
6. What are the tsentak?
(a) Mischievous tree sprites.
(b) Spirits who bridge the seen and the unseen.
(c) Helpers who cause or cure illness.
(d) Guides who intervene in emergencies.
7. According to the author, who has a guardian spirit, whether recognized or not?
8. During the Lakota practice of rock-seeing, a shaman considers a problem while walking through what?
(a) A rocky stream.
(b) A field of boulders.
(c) A bed of heated rocks.
(d) A wild area.
9. Which of the following is NOT a purpose for entering a shamanic state of consciousness?
(a) Healing illnesses.
(c) Retrieving power animals.
10. What is the purpose of rattles used during a shaman's work?
(a) To open up tightly closed portals.
(b) To purify the air surrounding the patient.
(c) To reinforce drumming for a greater sonic effect.
(d) To ward off evil spirits.
11. How old is shamanism estimated to be?
(a) Less than 3,000 years old.
(b) Approximately 12,000 years old.
(c) At least 20,000 to 30,000 years old.
(d) No one can even guess.
12. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
(a) To amplify the shaman's altered state.
(b) To guide the shaman towards acceptable portals.
(c) To attract beneficial healing spirit helpers.
(d) To keep the patient calm and relaxed.
13. What is the role of amnesia in a shaman's rituals?
(a) It's always used on patients who've experienced trauma.
(b) It's an essential tool.
(c) It's shunned and never used.
(d) It's rarely involved.
14. Apprentice shamans sometimes report to Harner that they:
(a) Morph into other forms.
(b) Panic during the experience.
(c) See loved ones who have passed on.
(d) Feel a sense of endless falling.
15. How do the Conibo access the Lowerworld?
(a) Riding on the backs of patagonian capybaras.
(b) By chanting and dancing all night in front of a fire.
(c) Using a giant catahua tree root system.
(d) Through secret holes dug by their ancestors.
Short Answer Questions
1. Harner explains that some shamanic students report using caves as:
2. At the conclusion of the rock-seeing process, after the shaman turns the stones around and examines all sides, what does the shaman do?
3. To learn more about shamanism, what does Harner do?
4. Why is Harner afraid to take maikua?
5. When the shaman is in an altered state, how does healing take place?
This section contains 710 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)