|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How old is shamanism estimated to be?
(a) No one can even guess.
(b) Less than 3,000 years old.
(c) At least 20,000 to 30,000 years old.
(d) Approximately 12,000 years old.
2. What is the role of amnesia in a shaman's rituals?
(a) It's rarely involved.
(b) It's shunned and never used.
(c) It's an essential tool.
(d) It's always used on patients who've experienced trauma.
3. What does Harner say that middle-class Americans report experiencing on their shamanic attempts?
(c) Temperature changes.
4. Harner explains that some shamanic students report using caves as:
(a) Sensory deprivation stations.
(d) Hiding places.
5. What does the author encounter when he drinks maikua?
(a) A frightening emptiness.
(b) Beloved pets he knew as a child.
(c) Dangerous creatures.
(d) Winged benevolent beings.
6. How do shamans use their guardian spirits?
(a) In supplication.
(b) In passing.
(c) Through trickery.
7. What happens in the state a shaman reaches, known as a type of ecstasy?
(a) The soul leaves the body, either ascending or descending.
(b) The shaman taps into perfect bliss.
(c) The shaman's spirit goes on a type of auto-pilot mode.
(d) A higher entity takes over and controls the shaman's body.
8. Among other sensations in his experience with the Conibo, Harner experiences a sense of flying inside what?
(a) A zero-gravity orb.
(b) A spaceship.
(c) A mountain.
(d) A water well.
9. Apprentice shamans sometimes report to Harner that they:
(a) See loved ones who have passed on.
(b) Panic during the experience.
(c) Feel a sense of endless falling.
(d) Morph into other forms.
10. What are guardian spirits called in Siberia?
(a) Guardian angels.
(b) Angelic beings.
(c) Tutelary spirits.
(d) Warning spirits.
11. One person who tried Harner's step-by-step guided journey exercise reported bringing back what by accident?
(a) A healing code.
(b) A monkey spirit guide.
(c) A message for a friend.
(d) A beneficial being.
12. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
(a) To attract beneficial healing spirit helpers.
(b) To amplify the shaman's altered state.
(c) To guide the shaman towards acceptable portals.
(d) To keep the patient calm and relaxed.
13. In early experiences with the Conibo, Harner hears rushing:
14. Why might a shaman work in darkness?
(a) To minimize interference from the sun's rays.
(b) To hide from negative entities.
(c) To conceal his or her expressions.
(d) To achieve the most profound visions.
15. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
(b) Dietary needs.
(c) Spirit guides.
Short Answer Questions
1. Harner's reports of the rituals, symbols, and visions of the different tribes he observes are what?
2. What must the shaman feed his spirit helpers?
3. Harner writes that in non-ordinary reality, spirit helpers appear as what?
4. Why is the Jivaro shaman who helps Harner worried that the author may not be able to find tsentak?
5. Why does Harner include the examples of the Lakota Sioux and Coast Salish tribes for Westerners in particular?
This section contains 556 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)