|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. While working, why must a shaman remain lightly connected to the material environment?
(a) Because of having to move between realities.
(b) To harness the power of nature.
(c) To incorporate the properties of the material world into the cure.
(d) Because of the shaman's physical requirements.
2. After Harner is awakened from his maikua trance, what is he given?
(a) Warm oolong tea and papaya seeds.
(b) Peaches and grubs.
(c) Warm beer and monkey meat.
(d) Pork and mango chutney.
3. With the help of spirit helpers and two tsentak inside his mouth, the shaman can help the patient by:
(a) Smoking out the intruder.
(b) Vomiting out the intruder.
(c) Swallowing the intruder.
(d) Frightening the intruder out.
4. Through numerous examples, the author shows the commonality of experiences by shamans regardless of what?
(a) Their schooling.
(b) Their authenticity.
(c) Their state of mind.
(d) Their locations or traditions.
5. What happens in the state a shaman reaches, known as a type of ecstasy?
(a) A higher entity takes over and controls the shaman's body.
(b) The soul leaves the body, either ascending or descending.
(c) The shaman taps into perfect bliss.
(d) The shaman's spirit goes on a type of auto-pilot mode.
6. Which of the following is NOT a purpose for entering a shamanic state of consciousness?
(c) Retrieving power animals.
(d) Healing illnesses.
7. Harner's personal observation is that people develop shamanism as a tool for using the power of the human mind for what?
(a) For esoteric purposes.
(b) To control others.
(c) To address critical issues.
(d) For entertainment and enlightenment.
8. Who does the author quote as an expert on the subject of altered states?
(a) Shamanic scholar Mircea Eliade.
(b) Anthropologist Margaret Mead.
(c) Author Carlos Castaneda.
(d) West African writer Malidoma Some.
9. To learn more about shamanism, what does Harner do?
(a) Assembles a team of seven shamans from every corner of the world.
(b) Lives among tribal people to learn their shamanic ways.
(c) Enrolls in a class on shamanism at his community college.
(d) Asks the oldest shaman in the world to mentor him.
10. Why might a shaman work in darkness?
(a) To achieve the most profound visions.
(b) To hide from negative entities.
(c) To conceal his or her expressions.
(d) To minimize interference from the sun's rays.
11. What must the shaman feed his spirit helpers?
(a) Ground allspice.
(b) Coffee nectar.
(c) Tobacco water.
(d) Vanilla beans.
12. What similarity does Harner point out between shamanism and science?
(a) Both require much training and discipline.
(b) Both require a curious mind, an open heart, and a sense of adventure.
(c) Both are in awe of complexity and the magnificence of nature.
(d) Both are available to the serious student of reality.
13. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
(a) To keep the patient calm and relaxed.
(b) To amplify the shaman's altered state.
(c) To attract beneficial healing spirit helpers.
(d) To guide the shaman towards acceptable portals.
14. What is the role of amnesia in a shaman's rituals?
(a) It's an essential tool.
(b) It's always used on patients who've experienced trauma.
(c) It's shunned and never used.
(d) It's rarely involved.
15. How does Harner end his first shamanic journey exercise for the reader?
(a) Four sharp strikes.
(b) Prolonged string vibration.
(c) Wolf howl.
(d) Sound of a bell.
Short Answer Questions
1. How do spirit helpers assist the shaman?
2. Harner asserts that shamanism transcends any particular what?
3. According to the author, who has a guardian spirit, whether recognized or not?
4. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
5. Harner asks aspiring shamans to refrain from:
This section contains 626 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)