|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In the cultures Harner studies, shamans are primarily:
2. What must the shaman feed his spirit helpers?
(a) Vanilla beans.
(b) Ground allspice.
(c) Coffee nectar.
(d) Tobacco water.
3. What are the tsentak?
(a) Guides who intervene in emergencies.
(b) Mischievous tree sprites.
(c) Helpers who cause or cure illness.
(d) Spirits who bridge the seen and the unseen.
4. Harner's personal observation is that people develop shamanism as a tool for using the power of the human mind for what?
(a) To address critical issues.
(b) For esoteric purposes.
(c) For entertainment and enlightenment.
(d) To control others.
5. Why is Harner afraid to take maikua?
(a) He's heard stories of death and madness that result from taking it.
(b) It is a poison that affects the liver and impairs eyesight.
(c) Nobody has ever taken maikua and lived to tell about it.
(d) Its bitterness leaves his mouth dry and burns his throat.
6. Harner writes that in non-ordinary reality, spirit helpers appear as what?
(a) Familiar plants and flowers.
(b) Religious deities.
(c) Animals, including jaguars, monkeys, and butterflies.
(d) People once known who have passed on.
7. How do the Conibo access the Lowerworld?
(a) By chanting and dancing all night in front of a fire.
(b) Using a giant catahua tree root system.
(c) Riding on the backs of patagonian capybaras.
(d) Through secret holes dug by their ancestors.
8. On his or her first guided journey, the shaman student is asked by Harner to visualize what?
(a) A quiet, tranquil scene that includes the element of water.
(b) An opening in the earth that feels acceptable.
(c) A starry sky and the patterns the stars form.
(d) A favorite animal or element of nature.
9. With the help of spirit helpers and two tsentak inside his mouth, the shaman can help the patient by:
(a) Frightening the intruder out.
(b) Vomiting out the intruder.
(c) Swallowing the intruder.
(d) Smoking out the intruder.
10. What do various cultures report noticing the shaman give off when in a shamanic state of consciousness?
(a) A highly directional beam of light, like a laser.
(b) Light in a halo effect.
(c) Rhythmic sounds.
(d) An unusually sweet aroma.
11. Harner's reports of the rituals, symbols, and visions of the different tribes he observes are what?
12. What does the author tell an aspiring shaman to do upon returning from his or her first journey?
(a) Immediately stand and walk around.
(b) Drink a glass of water.
(c) Describe the journey aloud.
(d) Go to sleep.
13. Shamans pass through what kind of planes?
14. What does the Jivaro shaman help Harner acquire?
(a) The ability to see beyond.
(b) Spirit helpers.
(c) Tree guides.
(d) Advanced intuition.
15. What does the Jivaro shaman give to Harner to drink?
(a) Water from a mystical underground spring.
(b) A substance made from the datura plant.
(c) The juice of the cacao plant.
(d) Fermented coconut milk.
Short Answer Questions
1. If SSC stands for shamanic state of consciousness, what does OSC stand for?
2. The author shows that all religious traditions share:
3. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
4. What is the purpose of rapid drumming during the guided journey that Harner takes new students through?
5. Why does Harner include the examples of the Lakota Sioux and Coast Salish tribes for Westerners in particular?
This section contains 661 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)