|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
(b) Dietary needs.
(d) Spirit guides.
2. In early experiences with the Conibo, Harner hears rushing:
3. How is a shamanic state of consciousness, or SSC, achieved?
(a) By calling upon spirit guides to pull the shaman's spirit out of the body and hurl it to the heavens.
(b) By drinking nettle tea and fasting for five days.
(c) By entering a trance state and using methods of cosmic geography and nonordinary reality.
(d) By chanting songs passed down by tribal peoples and drinking fermented coffee.
4. In his guided, step-by-step instructions for a first journey, Harner instructs the aspiring shaman to eat:
(a) Only seeds and fruit.
5. Harner indicates that becoming a shaman involves pain, facing fears, and a willingness to:
(a) Cross dangerous jungles.
(b) Leave behind all that one holds near and dear.
(c) Consume exotic foods.
(d) Confront the unknown.
6. What is the purpose of rapid drumming during the guided journey that Harner takes new students through?
(a) To move the student through stages of non-ordinary reality.
(b) To keep the student from falling asleep during the exercise.
(c) To bring the person back to ordinary reality.
(d) To help the person connect to his or her own heartbeat.
7. When drugs are involved in Shaman practices, who takes them?
(a) The shaman and the patient's family members.
(b) The patient.
(c) The shaman and the patient.
(d) The shaman.
8. Shamans pass through what kind of planes?
9. Harner explains that some shamanic students report using caves as:
(a) Sensory deprivation stations.
(b) Hiding places.
10. What do various cultures report noticing the shaman give off when in a shamanic state of consciousness?
(a) A highly directional beam of light, like a laser.
(b) An unusually sweet aroma.
(c) Light in a halo effect.
(d) Rhythmic sounds.
11. One person who tried Harner's step-by-step guided journey exercise reported bringing back what by accident?
(a) A monkey spirit guide.
(b) A message for a friend.
(c) A healing code.
(d) A beneficial being.
12. Which of the following is NOT a purpose for entering a shamanic state of consciousness?
(b) Retrieving power animals.
(d) Healing illnesses.
13. Why does Harner say it's important that the shaman does not tell the patient's family that he already has the ordinary form of the spirit in his mouth?
(a) The symbolic act of expelling the ordinary form is part of the ritual rather than the actual act that removes the intruder spirit.
(b) It will frighten the family, and this fear will work against the energies applied by the shaman.
(c) The physical manifestation that has infected the patient will read the family's thoughts, rendering the cure useless.
(d) The family should not know what is happening to the patient without the patient's explicit permission.
14. How does Harner end his first shamanic journey exercise for the reader?
(a) Sound of a bell.
(b) Wolf howl.
(c) Prolonged string vibration.
(d) Four sharp strikes.
15. During the Lakota practice of rock-seeing, a shaman considers a problem while walking through what?
(a) A wild area.
(b) A rocky stream.
(c) A bed of heated rocks.
(d) A field of boulders.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does a shaman typically travel into the Lowerworld?
2. Who does the author quote as an expert on the subject of altered states?
3. Harner claims that when he shared his vision of dragon-like creatures that appeared from outer space with another shaman, that person:
4. What is the name of the Jivaro shaman Harner works with?
5. Which of the following does NOT help a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
This section contains 642 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)