|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the name of the Jivaro shaman Harner works with?
2. During the Lakota practice of rock-seeing, a shaman considers a problem while walking through what?
(a) A rocky stream.
(b) A wild area.
(c) A bed of heated rocks.
(d) A field of boulders.
3. Among other sensations in his experience with the Conibo, Harner experiences a sense of flying inside what?
(a) A spaceship.
(b) A water well.
(c) A mountain.
(d) A zero-gravity orb.
4. Harner asserts that shamanism transcends any particular what?
(c) Scholarly assessment.
5. Which of the following does NOT help a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
6. According to the author, who has a guardian spirit, whether recognized or not?
7. What are guardian spirits called in Siberia?
(a) Angelic beings.
(b) Tutelary spirits.
(c) Guardian angels.
(d) Warning spirits.
8. What does the author encounter when he drinks maikua?
(a) Winged benevolent beings.
(b) A frightening emptiness.
(c) Dangerous creatures.
(d) Beloved pets he knew as a child.
9. Why is the Jivaro shaman who helps Harner worried that the author may not be able to find tsentak?
(a) The tsentak are extremely elusive.
(b) Harner is not an Indian.
(c) Finding tsentak is an advanced shamanic practice.
(d) Harner has not gone through the necessary rituals.
10. Harner's reports of the rituals, symbols, and visions of the different tribes he observes are what?
11. A shaman might enter a shamanic state of consciousness to bring back messages for whom?
(a) Non-traditional doctors in ordinary reality.
(b) Doctors treating a patient.
(c) A patient's loved ones.
(d) A patient in ordinary reality.
12. Harner claims that when he shared his vision of dragon-like creatures that appeared from outer space with another shaman, that person:
(a) Warned Harner to stay away from the creatures.
(b) Explained the creatures represent suppressed desires.
(c) Immediately recognized the creatures.
(d) Did not understand the significance of the creatures.
13. Who does the author quote as an expert on the subject of altered states?
(a) Anthropologist Margaret Mead.
(b) Shamanic scholar Mircea Eliade.
(c) West African writer Malidoma Some.
(d) Author Carlos Castaneda.
14. How might a shaman be distinguished from other medicine men?
(a) By the animal tokens they carry in a pouch.
(b) By the tattoo markings given him or her by a mentor.
(c) By the ability to handle poisonous substances without incurring harm.
(d) By the ability to enter altered states of consciousness at will.
15. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
(a) To attract beneficial healing spirit helpers.
(b) To keep the patient calm and relaxed.
(c) To amplify the shaman's altered state.
(d) To guide the shaman towards acceptable portals.
Short Answer Questions
1. What must the shaman feed his spirit helpers?
2. In his guided, step-by-step instructions for a first journey, Harner instructs the aspiring shaman to eat:
3. Why does Harner say it's important that the shaman does not tell the patient's family that he already has the ordinary form of the spirit in his mouth?
4. How do the Conibo access the Lowerworld?
5. Shaman's do not challenge the validity of someone else's what?
This section contains 624 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)