|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
(a) For clarity and balance.
(b) To practice astral travel.
(c) To prove to the elders that he or she is a shaman.
(d) For a serious, specific purpose.
2. How do shamans use their guardian spirits?
(a) In passing.
(b) In supplication.
(c) Through trickery.
3. What are guardian spirits known as in Australia?
(a) Angelic assistant.
(b) Spirit of assistance.
(c) Totem angel.
(d) Assistant totem.
4. In "The Way of the Shaman," the author shows similarities between:
(a) Younger and older shamans.
(b) Once dominant spiritual belief systems.
(c) Real and fake shamans.
(d) Various shamanic spiritual belief systems.
5. What does Harner recommend that the aspiring shaman listen to?
(a) Birds singing.
(c) Flowing water.
6. What does the Jivaro shaman help Harner acquire?
(a) Tree guides.
(b) Advanced intuition.
(c) The ability to see beyond.
(d) Spirit helpers.
7. Why does Harner include the examples of the Lakota Sioux and Coast Salish tribes for Westerners in particular?
(a) To illustrate the universal nature of shamanism.
(b) Because more than anyone else, Westerners need to understand the nuances of shamanism.
(c) So that they can see that shamanism can be accessed without the use of drugs.
(d) To give them examples of shamanism that might be more familiar to them.
8. What does Harner speculate about the mandala?
(a) It may guard coded instructions reserved for the most advanced shamans.
(b) It may represent openings to the sky or the Lowerworld.
(c) It could hold the keys to astral time travel.
(d) It could represent the doorway to stars and entrance to spaceships.
9. How old is shamanism estimated to be?
(a) Approximately 12,000 years old.
(b) No one can even guess.
(c) Less than 3,000 years old.
(d) At least 20,000 to 30,000 years old.
10. What does Harner say that middle-class Americans report experiencing on their shamanic attempts?
(b) Temperature changes.
11. Harner claims that when he shared his vision of dragon-like creatures that appeared from outer space with another shaman, that person:
(a) Did not understand the significance of the creatures.
(b) Explained the creatures represent suppressed desires.
(c) Warned Harner to stay away from the creatures.
(d) Immediately recognized the creatures.
12. On his or her first guided journey, the shaman student is asked by Harner to visualize what?
(a) A quiet, tranquil scene that includes the element of water.
(b) An opening in the earth that feels acceptable.
(c) A starry sky and the patterns the stars form.
(d) A favorite animal or element of nature.
13. In his attempt to find spirit helpers with the assistance of a Jivaro shaman from Ecuador, what does the author do?
(a) He joins Jivaro in an out-of-body ritual.
(b) He calls out to spirit helpers in the rainforest.
(c) He spiritually goes to a cave underneath a waterfall.
(d) He repeats an ancient chant Jivaro teaches him.
14. In a drug-induced vision, Harner sees demons as:
(b) Faceless ghosts.
(c) Fish with teeth.
15. What are guardian spirits called in Siberia?
(a) Tutelary spirits.
(b) Angelic beings.
(c) Warning spirits.
(d) Guardian angels.
Short Answer Questions
1. Harner explains that some shamanic students report using caves as:
2. What do various cultures report noticing the shaman give off when in a shamanic state of consciousness?
3. Harner indicates that becoming a shaman involves pain, facing fears, and a willingness to:
4. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
5. What is a shaman able to do to restore health in a person with the assistance of appropriate spirit helpers?
This section contains 649 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)