|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Apprentice shamans sometimes report to Harner that they:
(a) See loved ones who have passed on.
(b) Feel a sense of endless falling.
(c) Panic during the experience.
(d) Morph into other forms.
2. To learn more about shamanism, what does Harner do?
(a) Enrolls in a class on shamanism at his community college.
(b) Lives among tribal people to learn their shamanic ways.
(c) Assembles a team of seven shamans from every corner of the world.
(d) Asks the oldest shaman in the world to mentor him.
3. What does Harner speculate about the mandala?
(a) It could represent the doorway to stars and entrance to spaceships.
(b) It could hold the keys to astral time travel.
(c) It may represent openings to the sky or the Lowerworld.
(d) It may guard coded instructions reserved for the most advanced shamans.
4. Why do individuals need the protection of a guardian spirit?
(a) To maintain a strong, steady heartbeat.
(b) They are weak.
(c) To counter chaotic spirits.
(d) To reach adulthood.
5. Why is Harner afraid to take maikua?
(a) It is a poison that affects the liver and impairs eyesight.
(b) He's heard stories of death and madness that result from taking it.
(c) Its bitterness leaves his mouth dry and burns his throat.
(d) Nobody has ever taken maikua and lived to tell about it.
6. It is typical for one or more spirits to help guide the shaman through what?
(a) A time-honored ritual.
(b) The ninth dimension.
(c) A hidden or non-ordinary reality.
(d) A series of questions only the shaman hears.
7. Harner asserts that shamanism transcends any particular what?
(d) Scholarly assessment.
8. In the cultures Harner studies, shamans are primarily:
9. When the shaman is in an altered state, how does healing take place?
(a) By restoring beneficial power or removing harmful power from the patient.
(b) By allowing ghost healers to work through the shaman.
(c) By merging the collective thoughts of everyone present.
(d) By enabling the shaman to spiritually enter the patient's body and physically fix the problem.
10. When drugs are involved in Shaman practices, who takes them?
(a) The shaman and the patient's family members.
(b) The shaman.
(c) The patient.
(d) The shaman and the patient.
11. How do shamans use their guardian spirits?
(a) In passing.
(c) In supplication.
(d) Through trickery.
12. What does Harner point out about the Lakota Sioux and the Coast Salish tribes?
(a) Were the first tribes known to practice shamanism.
(b) They achieve altered states of consciousness without using hallucinogenic substances.
(c) Are the best natural healers in the world.
(d) Shun the practice of shamanism and instead pass down stories from one generation to the next.
13. Included in the reports from participants of Harner's first guided shamanic exercise are:
(a) Detailed conversations with star people and other extraterrestrials.
(b) Accounts of disappearing momentarily and not being seen by others in the room.
(c) Suggestions on what to do when encountering an impenetrable obstacle.
(d) Numerous cases of people experiencing nausea and vertigo.
14. Which of the following does NOT help a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
15. Why might a shaman work in darkness?
(a) To hide from negative entities.
(b) To conceal his or her expressions.
(c) To achieve the most profound visions.
(d) To minimize interference from the sun's rays.
Short Answer Questions
1. In his guided, step-by-step instructions for a first journey, Harner instructs the aspiring shaman to eat:
2. Why does Harner say it's important that the shaman does not tell the patient's family that he already has the ordinary form of the spirit in his mouth?
3. What must the shaman feed his spirit helpers?
4. Why does a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
5. On his or her first guided journey, the shaman student is asked by Harner to visualize what?
This section contains 743 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)