|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What are guardian spirits known as in Australia?
(a) Spirit of assistance.
(b) Totem angel.
(c) Assistant totem.
(d) Angelic assistant.
2. How does Harner end his first shamanic journey exercise for the reader?
(a) Sound of a bell.
(b) Wolf howl.
(c) Prolonged string vibration.
(d) Four sharp strikes.
3. What does the author tell an aspiring shaman to do upon returning from his or her first journey?
(a) Go to sleep.
(b) Describe the journey aloud.
(c) Immediately stand and walk around.
(d) Drink a glass of water.
4. Harner indicates that becoming a shaman involves pain, facing fears, and a willingness to:
(a) Consume exotic foods.
(b) Leave behind all that one holds near and dear.
(c) Cross dangerous jungles.
(d) Confront the unknown.
5. How old is shamanism estimated to be?
(a) Less than 3,000 years old.
(b) No one can even guess.
(c) At least 20,000 to 30,000 years old.
(d) Approximately 12,000 years old.
6. According to the author, who has a guardian spirit, whether recognized or not?
7. In "The Way of the Shaman," the author shows similarities between:
(a) Younger and older shamans.
(b) Various shamanic spiritual belief systems.
(c) Once dominant spiritual belief systems.
(d) Real and fake shamans.
8. What is the purpose of rattles used during a shaman's work?
(a) To purify the air surrounding the patient.
(b) To ward off evil spirits.
(c) To open up tightly closed portals.
(d) To reinforce drumming for a greater sonic effect.
9. What are the tsentak?
(a) Spirits who bridge the seen and the unseen.
(b) Mischievous tree sprites.
(c) Guides who intervene in emergencies.
(d) Helpers who cause or cure illness.
10. If SSC stands for shamanic state of consciousness, what does OSC stand for?
(a) Ordinary state of consciousness.
(b) Ordinary shamanic consciousness.
(c) Orthogonal state of consciousness.
(d) Other-worldly shamanic consciousness.
11. To learn more about shamanism, what does Harner do?
(a) Enrolls in a class on shamanism at his community college.
(b) Lives among tribal people to learn their shamanic ways.
(c) Asks the oldest shaman in the world to mentor him.
(d) Assembles a team of seven shamans from every corner of the world.
12. Which of the following is NOT a purpose for entering a shamanic state of consciousness?
(a) Retrieving power animals.
(c) Healing illnesses.
13. Why is the Jivaro shaman who helps Harner worried that the author may not be able to find tsentak?
(a) The tsentak are extremely elusive.
(b) Harner is not an Indian.
(c) Harner has not gone through the necessary rituals.
(d) Finding tsentak is an advanced shamanic practice.
14. After a journey that lasts several days in the jungle with his companions, Harner is taken where?
(a) To a ledge overlooking an enchanted valley.
(b) On another journey to experience higher levels of reality.
(c) Beneath a waterfall for a mystical experience.
(d) To the source of the Amazon to meet the highest shaman.
15. Harner asserts that shamanism has advanced in areas without technological innovations because:
(a) The plant world communicates better with people when there is no technological interference.
(b) Of the need by these people to find ways to deal with survival and health issues.
(c) These people are neither distracted nor electromagnetically impaired by electronic interference.
(d) Technology hasn't erased these people's ability to tap into their intuition.
Short Answer Questions
1. Harner asks aspiring shamans to refrain from:
2. Why do individuals need the protection of a guardian spirit?
3. What happens in the state a shaman reaches, known as a type of ecstasy?
4. Why does Harner include the examples of the Lakota Sioux and Coast Salish tribes for Westerners in particular?
5. What does the Jivaro shaman help Harner acquire?
This section contains 674 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)