|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. While working, why must a shaman remain lightly connected to the material environment?
(a) Because of having to move between realities.
(b) To incorporate the properties of the material world into the cure.
(c) Because of the shaman's physical requirements.
(d) To harness the power of nature.
2. What are the tsentak?
(a) Guides who intervene in emergencies.
(b) Helpers who cause or cure illness.
(c) Mischievous tree sprites.
(d) Spirits who bridge the seen and the unseen.
3. When drugs are involved in Shaman practices, who takes them?
(a) The shaman and the patient.
(b) The shaman and the patient's family members.
(c) The patient.
(d) The shaman.
4. What does Harner speculate about the mandala?
(a) It may represent openings to the sky or the Lowerworld.
(b) It could hold the keys to astral time travel.
(c) It could represent the doorway to stars and entrance to spaceships.
(d) It may guard coded instructions reserved for the most advanced shamans.
5. Harner's reports of the rituals, symbols, and visions of the different tribes he observes are what?
6. How does Harner end his first shamanic journey exercise for the reader?
(a) Wolf howl.
(b) Prolonged string vibration.
(c) Sound of a bell.
(d) Four sharp strikes.
7. It is typical for one or more spirits to help guide the shaman through what?
(a) The ninth dimension.
(b) A series of questions only the shaman hears.
(c) A hidden or non-ordinary reality.
(d) A time-honored ritual.
8. How do shamans use their guardian spirits?
(b) In supplication.
(c) In passing.
(d) Through trickery.
9. In "The Way of the Shaman," the author shows similarities between:
(a) Real and fake shamans.
(b) Once dominant spiritual belief systems.
(c) Various shamanic spiritual belief systems.
(d) Younger and older shamans.
10. What does the Jivaro shaman help Harner acquire?
(a) Spirit helpers.
(b) Tree guides.
(c) Advanced intuition.
(d) The ability to see beyond.
11. Through numerous examples, the author shows the commonality of experiences by shamans regardless of what?
(a) Their state of mind.
(b) Their schooling.
(c) Their locations or traditions.
(d) Their authenticity.
12. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
(a) To amplify the shaman's altered state.
(b) To attract beneficial healing spirit helpers.
(c) To guide the shaman towards acceptable portals.
(d) To keep the patient calm and relaxed.
13. How do the Conibo access the Lowerworld?
(a) Riding on the backs of patagonian capybaras.
(b) By chanting and dancing all night in front of a fire.
(c) Through secret holes dug by their ancestors.
(d) Using a giant catahua tree root system.
14. What do various cultures report noticing the shaman give off when in a shamanic state of consciousness?
(a) Rhythmic sounds.
(b) An unusually sweet aroma.
(c) A highly directional beam of light, like a laser.
(d) Light in a halo effect.
15. In early experiences with the Conibo, Harner hears rushing:
Short Answer Questions
1. With the help of spirit helpers and two tsentak inside his mouth, the shaman can help the patient by:
2. What happens in the state a shaman reaches, known as a type of ecstasy?
3. Which of the following is NOT a purpose for entering a shamanic state of consciousness?
4. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
5. Harner asks aspiring shamans to refrain from:
This section contains 579 words
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