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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does the publisher of Schopenhauer's book eventually tell him?
(a) the law refused the distribution of the book
(b) most of the edition is sold as waste paper
(c) they printed only the few copies they gave him
(d) the book is too dry to sell
2. What defines Spencer as a man who considers philosophy a generalization of all science?
(a) he in a trained biologist
(b) he comes from a family of thinkers
(c) he is a logical thinker
(d) he studies with Charles Darwin
3. What is Kant's critical analysis of the moral basis of religion?
(a) The Critique of Science
(b) The Critique of Practical Reason
(c) The Critique of Scriptures
(d) The Critique of Theology
4. As Russell visits China, he develops new perspectives and better understanding of a profounder culture to what effect?
(a) his philosophic systems loosen
(b) his mathematical formula is proven
(c) his curiosity grows
(d) his habits change
5. What is needed by a strong man who seeks intensity and experience at the cost of tragic woe?
6. How does the German Bismarck eliminate Europe's delusions, democracy, and ideals?
(a) recognizing that nations have different philosophies
(b) recognizing that nations are not autonimous.
(c) recognizing that nations now aid one another
(d) recognizing that nations do not share altruism
7. What does Spencer call a rationalizing myth for belief that defies conception?
8. What does Schopenhauer see as the cause of strife and misery?
(b) the will
9. What effect does Immanuel Kant's work have when it is published in 1781?
(a) does away with the need for philosophy
(b) shocks and upsets the philosophic world
(c) saves religion from extinction
(d) defies scientific logic
10. What does Spencer comment on long before Darwin's theory of natural selection becomes popular by the end of the 1800s?
(b) natural science
11. What does Nietzsche claim causes fulfillment of woman and narrowing of man?
(b) charitable deeds
12. Without what does Kant say sensations cannot become perceptions?
(a) time and energy
(b) space and time
(c) hot and cold
(d) action and reaction
13. What does Bertram Russell's Mysticism and Logic refute?
(b) socialism as a cause of disease
(c) mathematics for its rigid impersonality and objectivity
(d) the illogical nature of mysticism
14. Why does Nietzsche claim that morality and theology must be reconstructed?
(a) to give it more importance
(b) to fit the growth of evolutionary theory
(c) to upgrade the language
(d) to make it more appealing
15. What does Schopenhauer say the intellect does but the will does not?
(a) tires and needs sleep
(b) reads and needs instruction
(c) works and needs direction
(d) talks and needs listeners
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Nietzsche he write about in Thus Spake Zarathustra?
2. What does Bergson uphold that is distinct from the organism, but is limited by its characteristics?
3. What does Bergson see as active forces in evolution?
4. What method does Kant use to remind theology that substance, cause, and necessity are finite categories?
5. What causes Bergson to become a famous popular philosopher?
This section contains 520 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)