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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What natural calamity do European religious leaders label as the punishment of God?
(a) a fire in Rome
(b) an earthquake in Lisbon
(c) a volcano in Italy
(d) a flood in Germany
2. Where do metaphysics and the nature of God fit into Aristotle's curriculum?
(a) his mathematics
(b) his rhetoric
(c) his theology
(d) his biology
3. What is the foundation of Plato's Republic?
(a) allowing individuality to flourish
(b) destroying individuality for an idealized state
(c) creating contributing classes of people
(d) putting the state in a subservient position
4. What does Spinoza's Ethic do with Buddhism and Christianity, the philosophy of Machiavelli and Nietzsche, and the democracy of the Greeks?
(a) keeps them separate for different ethnic groups
(b) takes only bits and pieces from each
(c) throws them out in favor of his own ideas
(d) integrates and reconciles all three ethical systems
5. What are two theories from the Orient that gain acceptance in Greece?
(a) Polytheism and atheism
(b) Confucianism and communism
(c) Stoicism and Epicureanism
(d) Buddhism and Hinduism
6. What do Voltaire's letter criticizing France formulate in the French people?
(a) the theoretical groundwork for Revolution
(b) a refusal to perform his plays
(c) the strongest of French nationalism
(d) a distaste for Voltaire's writing
7. In what way is Bacon's reconstruction thought superior to that of Aristotle?
(a) less idealistic and more severe
(b) more practical than theoretical
(c) more flexible for the people
(d) less detailed, evolving slowly
8. Where is a meeting held to discuss the Republic?
(a) at the house of a wealthy aristocrat, Cephalus
(b) in the Parthenon
(c) at the Acropolis
(d) at the Lyceum
9. What is Spinoza's second book?
(a) The Treatise on Religion and the State
(c) The Improvement of the Intellect
(d) The Political Treatise
10. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
(a) to attract intellectuals
(b) to attract the imagination of popular minds
(c) to compete with Greek mythology
(d) to conceal great mysteries
11. What does Voltaire do when he is sentenced to the Bastille a second time?
(a) goes to Switzerland
(b) escapes to England
(c) changes his name
(d) appeals to the Regent
12. What is Voltaire's literary output?
(a) hundreds of manuscripts
(b) three plays, four novels, and 100 essays
(c) fifty-four volumes of work
(d) ninety-nine volumes
13. What does Aristotle establish in Athens?
(a) a political party
(b) a school of oratory
(c) a scientific museum
(d) a system of exchange
14. How does Spinoza find himself after asking questions about Jewish and Christian beliefs?
(a) promoted to head philosopher
(b) excommunicated from the synagogue
(c) honored as a great thinker
(d) left without a source of income
15. How far is Alexander able to spread Greek culture?
(a) all over the world
(b) into Egypt
(c) into Asia Minor
(d) into Persia
Short Answer Questions
1. What comprises Plato's writing style?
2. What happened after Spinoza dispensed with faith?
3. What is a special element of soul in the human being according to Aristotle?
4. What biological notion does Aristotle reject?
5. Where is Francois Arouet when he starts using the pen name, Voltaire?
This section contains 534 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)