|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Spinoza say the language of the Bible is?
2. Where does the Jewish migration along the Danube and Rhine rivers take the Jews?
(a) Macedonia and Austria
(b) Poland and Russia
(c) Spain and Portugal
(d) Italy and Armenia
3. What does Aristotle define as the entire vital principle of any being?
4. Although science and philosophy exists in Greece before their times, who were the teachers who greatly advanced the fields?
(a) Socrates and Plato
(b) Playto and Prothagorus
(c) Aristotle and Onassis
(d) Aristotle and Socrates
5. When does Plato return to Athens and begin to write?
(a) at the age of thirty while touring the middle east
(b) at the age of twenty-eight when Socrates dies
(c) at the age of fifty in 397 B. C.
(d) at the age of forty in 387 B.C.
6. How far is Alexander able to spread Greek culture?
(a) into Persia
(b) into Asia Minor
(c) all over the world
(d) into Egypt
7. How is Plato's early life best described?
(a) a playboy and a religious fanatic
(b) a comfortable athletic youth and a successful soldier
(c) a life of poverty and destitution
(d) an idle life and a failure as a soldier
8. What does Aristotle establish in Athens?
(a) a system of exchange
(b) a scientific museum
(c) a school of oratory
(d) a political party
9. At his birth in 384 B.C., into what kind of family is Aristotle born?
(a) a family of travelers
(b) a medical family
(c) a family of philosophers
(d) a military family
10. What new philosophy uses faith and reason to force acceptance of untried assumptions and conclusions?
11. Eventually what does Alexander's conquests in Asia open up to the Greeks?
(a) lavish lifestyles
(b) important trade routes
(c) cults and superstitious faiths
(d) Eastern monotheism
12. What method do all the fields of study--science, discipline, art and music--use in common?
(a) repetition of basics
(b) rote memorization
(c) questions and answers
(d) the art of logic
13. Who eventually dominates Greek philosophy and government?
(a) the invading Persians
(b) the fierce Spartans
(c) the libertarians
(d) the Macedonians Aristotle and Alexander
14. What circumstance does Spinoza say keeps the racial existence of the Jews?
(a) having no land to call their own
(b) 3,500 years of Jewish tradition
(c) Jewish schools of higher education
(d) persecution by Christians
15. Reducing everything through the Socratic Method, what do Socrates and Cephalus agree to discuss?
(a) the meaning of happiness
(b) the meaning of philosophy
(c) the meaning of justice
(d) the meaning of war
Short Answer Questions
1. What do Voltaire's letter criticizing France formulate in the French people?
2. What motivates Voltaire to accept Prince Frederick's invitation and travel expenses to join him in his court in Potsdam?
3. What does the Roman empire eventually become?
4. What, according to Spinoza, is scripture intended to promote?
5. What does Spinoza call the highest knowledge of universal unity?
This section contains 542 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)