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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What question does Plato raise to lead into a discussion of Utopia?
(a) if an oligarchy is an appropriate government
(b) if it is better to be good or to be strong
(c) if everyone is satisfied
(d) if democracy in Athens is working
2. Where do metaphysics and the nature of God fit into Aristotle's curriculum?
(a) his biology
(b) his rhetoric
(c) his mathematics
(d) his theology
3. What is lacking in Aristotle's philosophy that is so evident in Plato's?
(a) a clear objective
(b) a means of testing
(c) a reforming zeal
(d) a good use of rhetoric
4. What does Aristotle devise to integrate the particular with the universal?
(b) metaphysical examination
(c) the syllogism
(d) the Aristotlean Method
5. What are two theories from the Orient that gain acceptance in Greece?
(a) Confucianism and communism
(b) Polytheism and atheism
(c) Stoicism and Epicureanism
(d) Buddhism and Hinduism
6. Where does the Jewish migration along the Danube and Rhine rivers take the Jews?
(a) Macedonia and Austria
(b) Italy and Armenia
(c) Poland and Russia
(d) Spain and Portugal
7. What motivates Voltaire to accept Prince Frederick's invitation and travel expenses to join him in his court in Potsdam?
(a) an opportunity to learn German
(b) his sorrow after the death of his mistress
(c) a warrant for his arrest in Paris
(d) his curiosity about German philosophy
8. What does Spinoza say a literal interpretation of the Bible does?
(a) makes it easy to understand
(b) opens the Bible to errors
(c) gives it broader meaning
(d) gives no scientific evidence
9. What biological notion does Aristotle reject?
(a) evolution of species
(b) extinction of species
(c) survival of the fittest
10. What does Voltaire include in his histories?
(a) people and not dates
(b) customs and not laws
(c) society, not just wars
(d) art and not science
11. What is the first of four books written by Spinoza?
(a) The Philosophy of the Ages
(b) The Treatise on Religion and the State
(c) The History of War
(d) The Fall of the Roman Empire
12. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
(a) make him a great author
(b) make him a bookworm
(c) make him useless to society
(d) make him indispensible to society
13. How does Spinoza explain references to God's halting the natural function of nature on several occasions in the Bible?
(a) things like that spring from traditions
(b) those are allegories of God's power
(c) God and the processes of nature are one
(d) the meaning is not clear in the scripture
14. What does Socrates ask Cephalus to define?
(a) the meaning of the word moral
(b) the greatest blessing he receives from wealth
(c) the best form of government
(d) the blessing he receives from education
15. What becomes the unifying element in Plato's description of justice?
(a) the sharing of the wealth
(b) the good of the children
(c) the quality of the laws
(d) the welfare of the group
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Bacon suggest should be observed similar to Machiavellian philosophy?
2. What event makes the rival schools of Stoicism and Epicureanism split philosophically?
3. What student of Aristotle becomes a major historical figure?
4. Who in Voltaire's life is the young wife of a French Marquis who is away with his regiment?
5. Why is Bacon often accused of being atheistic?
This section contains 593 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)