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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who are Francis Bacon's relative that cause it to be said that his political career began at his birth in 1561?
(a) leaders of the Church of England
(b) aristocrats from Spain and the Netherlands
(c) pretenders to the English throne
(d) well-placed English aristocrats
2. What biological notion does Aristotle reject?
(a) evolution of species
(b) extinction of species
(c) survival of the fittest
3. What is Voltaire's literary output?
(a) hundreds of manuscripts
(b) three plays, four novels, and 100 essays
(c) ninety-nine volumes
(d) fifty-four volumes of work
4. What is said to change Plato's life?
(a) his meeting with Socrates
(b) his defection from the army
(c) his friendship with Philip of Macedon
(d) his time spent in Egypt
5. What motivates Voltaire to accept Prince Frederick's invitation and travel expenses to join him in his court in Potsdam?
(a) an opportunity to learn German
(b) his sorrow after the death of his mistress
(c) a warrant for his arrest in Paris
(d) his curiosity about German philosophy
6. What is lacking in Aristotle's philosophy that is so evident in Plato's?
(a) a clear objective
(b) a reforming zeal
(c) a good use of rhetoric
(d) a means of testing
7. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
(a) to attract the imagination of popular minds
(b) to compete with Greek mythology
(c) to conceal great mysteries
(d) to attract intellectuals
8. What philosophy does Bacon accept in his Essays?
(a) a tendency toward Romanticism
(b) a Platonic ideal
(c) an Epicurean ethic
(d) a Stoic position
9. What does Aristotle define as the entire vital principle of any being?
10. What does Spinoza say the language of the Bible is?
11. What drives the Jews out of their natural home?
(a) the conquest of the Crusaders
(b) the Holacaust
(c) the slave rebellion in Rome
(d) Roman capture of Jerusalem in 70 A.D
12. Reducing everything through the Socratic Method, what do Socrates and Cephalus agree to discuss?
(a) the meaning of happiness
(b) the meaning of war
(c) the meaning of justice
(d) the meaning of philosophy
13. What does not affect France like it does Germany and England?
(a) The Crusades
(b) The Renaissance
(c) The Reformation
(d) The Revolution
14. To answer Rousseau, what satirical story does Voltaire write about the best of all possible worlds?
(b) The Misanthrope
15. What student of Aristotle becomes a major historical figure?
(a) Philip of Macedon
(b) Alexander the Great
(c) Julius Caesar
Short Answer Questions
1. What is Aristotle's foundation of logic?
2. What question does Plato raise to lead into a discussion of Utopia?
3. What do the concepts of praise or blame indicate according to Aristotle?
4. What is a special element of soul in the human being according to Aristotle?
5. What comprises Plato's writing style?
This section contains 529 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)