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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Aristotle define as the entire vital principle of any being?
2. What are the only three things worthwhile in Plato's ethical solution?
(a) philosophy, music, poetry
(b) beauty, athleticism, education
(c) justice, truth, beauty
(d) travel, study, rhetoric
3. What does Aristotle establish in Athens?
(a) a scientific museum
(b) a school of oratory
(c) a system of exchange
(d) a political party
4. What does Democritus claim that Aristotle disagrees with?
(a) the soul is temporary
(b) there is no such thing as soul
(c) the soul is material
(d) the soul is imaginary
5. What is the first of four books written by Spinoza?
(a) The Treatise on Religion and the State
(b) The Fall of the Roman Empire
(c) The Philosophy of the Ages
(d) The History of War
6. What becomes the unifying element in Plato's description of justice?
(a) the good of the children
(b) the quality of the laws
(c) the welfare of the group
(d) the sharing of the wealth
7. What motivates Voltaire to accept Prince Frederick's invitation and travel expenses to join him in his court in Potsdam?
(a) his curiosity about German philosophy
(b) his sorrow after the death of his mistress
(c) a warrant for his arrest in Paris
(d) an opportunity to learn German
8. What does Spinoza call the highest knowledge of universal unity?
(a) the intellectual equivalent of the love of God
(b) the lessons from philosophers of the past
(c) understanding the influence of the stars
(d) the educated answers to philosophical questions
9. What is a special element of soul in the human being according to Aristotle?
(a) a power to dream
(b) a power of reason and thought
(c) a power of understanding metaphysics
(d) a power to dominate
10. What does Voltaire include in his histories?
(a) customs and not laws
(b) art and not science
(c) people and not dates
(d) society, not just wars
11. What new philosophy uses faith and reason to force acceptance of untried assumptions and conclusions?
12. To answer Rousseau, what satirical story does Voltaire write about the best of all possible worlds?
(b) The Misanthrope
13. What does not affect France like it does Germany and England?
(a) The Renaissance
(b) The Revolution
(c) The Reformation
(d) The Crusades
14. In what way is Bacon's reconstruction thought superior to that of Aristotle?
(a) less detailed, evolving slowly
(b) less idealistic and more severe
(c) more flexible for the people
(d) more practical than theoretical
15. Significantly, who gets ignored in Bacon's utopia?
(a) Hobbes, Locke, and Bentham
(b) proponents of the New Atlantis
(c) Copernicus and other scientists
(d) Plato and Socrates
Short Answer Questions
1. Eventually what does Alexander's conquests in Asia open up to the Greeks?
2. What biological notion does Aristotle reject?
3. Where does the Jewish migration along the Danube and Rhine rivers take the Jews?
4. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
5. What does Aristotle devise to integrate the particular with the universal?
This section contains 514 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)