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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What circumstance does Spinoza say keeps the racial existence of the Jews?
(a) Jewish schools of higher education
(b) persecution by Christians
(c) having no land to call their own
(d) 3,500 years of Jewish tradition
2. What does Spinoza say a literal interpretation of the Bible does?
(a) makes it easy to understand
(b) gives no scientific evidence
(c) gives it broader meaning
(d) opens the Bible to errors
3. What are the only three things worthwhile in Plato's ethical solution?
(a) philosophy, music, poetry
(b) travel, study, rhetoric
(c) justice, truth, beauty
(d) beauty, athleticism, education
4. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
(a) to compete with Greek mythology
(b) to conceal great mysteries
(c) to attract the imagination of popular minds
(d) to attract intellectuals
5. What is the foundation of Plato's Republic?
(a) creating contributing classes of people
(b) destroying individuality for an idealized state
(c) allowing individuality to flourish
(d) putting the state in a subservient position
6. What question does Plato raise to lead into a discussion of Utopia?
(a) if an oligarchy is an appropriate government
(b) if everyone is satisfied
(c) if democracy in Athens is working
(d) if it is better to be good or to be strong
7. Reducing everything through the Socratic Method, what do Socrates and Cephalus agree to discuss?
(a) the meaning of philosophy
(b) the meaning of war
(c) the meaning of happiness
(d) the meaning of justice
8. What does Spinoza call the highest knowledge of universal unity?
(a) the lessons from philosophers of the past
(b) the intellectual equivalent of the love of God
(c) understanding the influence of the stars
(d) the educated answers to philosophical questions
9. What does the Roman empire eventually become?
(a) the world's trade union
(b) the European Union
(c) the Roman Papacy
(d) the Roman Federation
10. What does Spinoza do to support himself?
(a) writes for a newspaper
(b) gives violin lessons
(c) tutors students
(d) grinds optical lenses
11. Who in Voltaire's life is the young wife of a French Marquis who is away with his regiment?
(a) his neice
(b) his muse
(c) his mistress
(d) his secretary
12. What do Voltaire's letter criticizing France formulate in the French people?
(a) a refusal to perform his plays
(b) a distaste for Voltaire's writing
(c) the theoretical groundwork for Revolution
(d) the strongest of French nationalism
13. What does Voltaire include in his histories?
(a) art and not science
(b) people and not dates
(c) society, not just wars
(d) customs and not laws
14. What are two theories from the Orient that gain acceptance in Greece?
(a) Buddhism and Hinduism
(b) Stoicism and Epicureanism
(c) Confucianism and communism
(d) Polytheism and atheism
15. How is Plato's early life best described?
(a) a comfortable athletic youth and a successful soldier
(b) an idle life and a failure as a soldier
(c) a playboy and a religious fanatic
(d) a life of poverty and destitution
Short Answer Questions
1. What do the concepts of praise or blame indicate according to Aristotle?
2. In what way is Bacon's reconstruction thought superior to that of Aristotle?
3. What does Aristotle teach at the Lyceum?
4. What method do all the fields of study--science, discipline, art and music--use in common?
5. Eventually what does Alexander's conquests in Asia open up to the Greeks?
This section contains 561 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)