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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What biological notion does Aristotle reject?
(a) evolution of species
(c) extinction of species
(d) survival of the fittest
2. To what end does Socrates develop his Socratic Method?
(a) to open a private university
(b) to perfom biological experiments
(c) to impress the multitudes
(d) to test the assumptions of his pupils
3. What motivates Voltaire to accept Prince Frederick's invitation and travel expenses to join him in his court in Potsdam?
(a) an opportunity to learn German
(b) his curiosity about German philosophy
(c) a warrant for his arrest in Paris
(d) his sorrow after the death of his mistress
4. By the thirteenth century A. D., how does the Church unite the European continent?
(a) by common faith and supernatural sanctions
(b) by persecution of heresy
(c) by common language and desires
(d) by millitancy and fear
5. What is Voltaire's literary output?
(a) three plays, four novels, and 100 essays
(b) ninety-nine volumes
(c) hundreds of manuscripts
(d) fifty-four volumes of work
6. Who are the students of Socrates?
(a) a mixed group of young learned men
(b) the sons of the Athenian elite
(c) the leaders of the athenian democracy
(d) misfits of society
7. Who are Francis Bacon's relative that cause it to be said that his political career began at his birth in 1561?
(a) aristocrats from Spain and the Netherlands
(b) well-placed English aristocrats
(c) leaders of the Church of England
(d) pretenders to the English throne
8. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
(a) make him useless to society
(b) make him indispensible to society
(c) make him a great author
(d) make him a bookworm
9. What becomes the unifying element in Plato's description of justice?
(a) the welfare of the group
(b) the sharing of the wealth
(c) the good of the children
(d) the quality of the laws
10. What does Socrates ask Cephalus to define?
(a) the meaning of the word moral
(b) the best form of government
(c) the blessing he receives from education
(d) the greatest blessing he receives from wealth
11. Like Aristotle, what does Bacon see needs to be removed to avoid revolution?
(a) the ownership of private property
(b) the right to bear arms
(c) issues that cause poverty and discontent
(d) the right to vote
12. What does Plato say early education should do?
(a) only amuse
(b) teach logistics
(c) form good habits
13. Where is Francois Arouet when he starts using the pen name, Voltaire?
(a) sailing to the Americas
(b) recuperatiing from cholera
(c) studying at Oxford
(d) imprisoned in the Bastille
14. What happened after Spinoza dispensed with faith?
(a) the faithful were devastated
(b) the faithful dispensed with him
(c) new religions sprang up
(d) religion died
15. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
(a) to attract intellectuals
(b) to attract the imagination of popular minds
(c) to conceal great mysteries
(d) to compete with Greek mythology
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Spinoza do to support himself?
2. What circumstance does Spinoza say keeps the racial existence of the Jews?
3. In what work does Voltaire discuss the morals and spirit of the nations from Charlemagne to Louis XIII?
4. What philosopher and statesman does Francis Bacon aspire to be like?
5. Reducing everything through the Socratic Method, what do Socrates and Cephalus agree to discuss?
This section contains 559 words
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