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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Spinoza call the highest knowledge of universal unity?
(a) the educated answers to philosophical questions
(b) understanding the influence of the stars
(c) the lessons from philosophers of the past
(d) the intellectual equivalent of the love of God
2. What does Socrates ask Cephalus to define?
(a) the meaning of the word moral
(b) the greatest blessing he receives from wealth
(c) the blessing he receives from education
(d) the best form of government
3. What drives the Jews out of their natural home?
(a) the slave rebellion in Rome
(b) the Holacaust
(c) Roman capture of Jerusalem in 70 A.D
(d) the conquest of the Crusaders
4. Where does Voltaire write The Romances?
(a) in Frankfurt, Germany
(b) in Cirey, France
(c) in Bonn, Germany
(d) in London, England
5. Eventually what does Alexander's conquests in Asia open up to the Greeks?
(a) Eastern monotheism
(b) cults and superstitious faiths
(c) important trade routes
(d) lavish lifestyles
6. What does Aristotle teach at the Lyceum?
(a) the socratic Method
(b) athletics and mathematics
(c) physical and mental training
(d) biology and natural sciences
7. What method do all the fields of study--science, discipline, art and music--use in common?
(a) questions and answers
(b) repetition of basics
(c) the art of logic
(d) rote memorization
8. In what way is Bacon's reconstruction thought superior to that of Aristotle?
(a) more practical than theoretical
(b) less idealistic and more severe
(c) less detailed, evolving slowly
(d) more flexible for the people
9. What does not affect France like it does Germany and England?
(a) The Renaissance
(b) The Reformation
(c) The Crusades
(d) The Revolution
10. What does Spinoza's Ethic do with Buddhism and Christianity, the philosophy of Machiavelli and Nietzsche, and the democracy of the Greeks?
(a) throws them out in favor of his own ideas
(b) keeps them separate for different ethnic groups
(c) integrates and reconciles all three ethical systems
(d) takes only bits and pieces from each
11. At his birth in 384 B.C., into what kind of family is Aristotle born?
(a) a military family
(b) a family of philosophers
(c) a medical family
(d) a family of travelers
12. What question does Plato raise to lead into a discussion of Utopia?
(a) if an oligarchy is an appropriate government
(b) if everyone is satisfied
(c) if it is better to be good or to be strong
(d) if democracy in Athens is working
13. Why is Bacon often accused of being atheistic?
(a) because he seldom attends church
(b) because he denies the authority of the Church
(c) because he talks about natrue rather than God
(d) because his philosophy is secular and rationalistic
14. What is said to change Plato's life?
(a) his time spent in Egypt
(b) his friendship with Philip of Macedon
(c) his defection from the army
(d) his meeting with Socrates
15. What is a special element of soul in the human being according to Aristotle?
(a) a power to dream
(b) a power to dominate
(c) a power of reason and thought
(d) a power of understanding metaphysics
Short Answer Questions
1. How old is Francis Bacon when he resolves to turn philosophy from scholastic arguments to illumination and increase of human good?
2. Where is Francois Arouet when he starts using the pen name, Voltaire?
3. To answer Rousseau, what satirical story does Voltaire write about the best of all possible worlds?
4. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
5. What is Aristotle's foundation of logic?
This section contains 585 words
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