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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. At his birth in 384 B.C., into what kind of family is Aristotle born?
(a) a medical family
(b) a military family
(c) a family of philosophers
(d) a family of travelers
2. What does Spinoza say a literal interpretation of the Bible does?
(a) gives it broader meaning
(b) gives no scientific evidence
(c) makes it easy to understand
(d) opens the Bible to errors
3. In what work does Voltaire discuss the morals and spirit of the nations from Charlemagne to Louis XIII?
(a) The Short Novels
(b) The History of Morals
(c) The Essay on Morals
(d) The Romances
4. What is one result of Aristotle's prolific output of writing?
(a) a definitive answer to all philosophical questions
(b) a need to build larger libraries
(c) a large amount of errors
(d) an error free reference library
5. What does Plato say early education should do?
(a) form good habits
(b) teach logistics
(d) only amuse
6. Who eventually dominates Greek philosophy and government?
(a) the Macedonians Aristotle and Alexander
(b) the fierce Spartans
(c) the libertarians
(d) the invading Persians
7. Who are the students of Socrates?
(a) misfits of society
(b) a mixed group of young learned men
(c) the leaders of the athenian democracy
(d) the sons of the Athenian elite
8. Why is Bacon often accused of being atheistic?
(a) because he seldom attends church
(b) because his philosophy is secular and rationalistic
(c) because he denies the authority of the Church
(d) because he talks about natrue rather than God
9. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
(a) make him a great author
(b) make him indispensible to society
(c) make him a bookworm
(d) make him useless to society
10. What does Aristotle define as the entire vital principle of any being?
11. How far is Alexander able to spread Greek culture?
(a) into Egypt
(b) into Persia
(c) all over the world
(d) into Asia Minor
12. To what does Spinoza change his Jewish given name?
(a) the gentile name, Benedict
(b) the English name, John
(c) the Russian name, Igor
(d) the German name, Hans
13. Where does Voltaire write The Romances?
(a) in Cirey, France
(b) in Frankfurt, Germany
(c) in London, England
(d) in Bonn, Germany
14. What comprises Plato's writing style?
(a) mathematics, rhetoric, and music
(b) drama, science, and sophistry
(c) philosophy and poetry, science and art
(d) philosophy, rhetoric, and mathematics
15. What does Voltaire's Essay on Morals become?
(a) the basis of modern historical science
(b) a book banned by every nations
(c) a template for how to do research
(d) the last of his great works
Short Answer Questions
1. What philosopher and statesman does Francis Bacon aspire to be like?
2. What question does Plato raise to lead into a discussion of Utopia?
3. How does Spinoza explain references to God's halting the natural function of nature on several occasions in the Bible?
4. Where is a meeting held to discuss the Republic?
5. When does Plato return to Athens and begin to write?
This section contains 559 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)