|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Voltaire's Essay on Morals become?
(a) the last of his great works
(b) a template for how to do research
(c) a book banned by every nations
(d) the basis of modern historical science
2. Where is Francois Arouet when he starts using the pen name, Voltaire?
(a) studying at Oxford
(b) imprisoned in the Bastille
(c) recuperatiing from cholera
(d) sailing to the Americas
3. How does Voltaire think what is wrong with most recorded history could be corrected?
(a) only scholars should write history
(b) history should only be written by scientists
(c) only philosophers should write history
(d) history should be forgotten
4. What are two theories from the Orient that gain acceptance in Greece?
(a) Polytheism and atheism
(b) Buddhism and Hinduism
(c) Stoicism and Epicureanism
(d) Confucianism and communism
5. What does Spinoza say a literal interpretation of the Bible does?
(a) makes it easy to understand
(b) gives it broader meaning
(c) gives no scientific evidence
(d) opens the Bible to errors
6. What, according to Spinoza, is scripture intended to promote?
(a) literature rather than science
(b) reason over superstition
(c) devotion rather than to reason
(d) clarity rather than confusion
7. Where is a meeting held to discuss the Republic?
(a) in the Parthenon
(b) at the Lyceum
(c) at the Acropolis
(d) at the house of a wealthy aristocrat, Cephalus
8. What circumstance does Spinoza say keeps the racial existence of the Jews?
(a) having no land to call their own
(b) Jewish schools of higher education
(c) 3,500 years of Jewish tradition
(d) persecution by Christians
9. What does the Roman empire eventually become?
(a) the Roman Federation
(b) the world's trade union
(c) the European Union
(d) the Roman Papacy
10. What does Aristotle say is the need of Motion?
(b) a place to happen
(c) a reason
(d) a source
11. What natural calamity do European religious leaders label as the punishment of God?
(a) a fire in Rome
(b) a flood in Germany
(c) a volcano in Italy
(d) an earthquake in Lisbon
12. How is Plato's early life best described?
(a) an idle life and a failure as a soldier
(b) a comfortable athletic youth and a successful soldier
(c) a playboy and a religious fanatic
(d) a life of poverty and destitution
13. Eventually what does Alexander's conquests in Asia open up to the Greeks?
(a) cults and superstitious faiths
(b) Eastern monotheism
(c) important trade routes
(d) lavish lifestyles
14. What is a special element of soul in the human being according to Aristotle?
(a) a power of reason and thought
(b) a power of understanding metaphysics
(c) a power to dream
(d) a power to dominate
15. What does Socrates ask Cephalus to define?
(a) the meaning of the word moral
(b) the best form of government
(c) the greatest blessing he receives from wealth
(d) the blessing he receives from education
Short Answer Questions
1. What is Aristotle's foundation of logic?
2. What do Voltaire's letter criticizing France formulate in the French people?
3. At first, what medium does Voltaire use to give humorous expression to his ideas?
4. What does Voltaire include in his histories?
5. Who eventually dominates Greek philosophy and government?
This section contains 543 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)