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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Voltaire do when he is sentenced to the Bastille a second time?
(a) escapes to England
(b) changes his name
(c) appeals to the Regent
(d) goes to Switzerland
2. What does Aristotle define as the entire vital principle of any being?
3. What method do all the fields of study--science, discipline, art and music--use in common?
(a) questions and answers
(b) rote memorization
(c) the art of logic
(d) repetition of basics
4. What becomes the unifying element in Plato's description of justice?
(a) the good of the children
(b) the quality of the laws
(c) the sharing of the wealth
(d) the welfare of the group
5. What is lacking in Aristotle's philosophy that is so evident in Plato's?
(a) a means of testing
(b) a good use of rhetoric
(c) a reforming zeal
(d) a clear objective
6. What question does Plato raise to lead into a discussion of Utopia?
(a) if it is better to be good or to be strong
(b) if everyone is satisfied
(c) if an oligarchy is an appropriate government
(d) if democracy in Athens is working
7. Where do metaphysics and the nature of God fit into Aristotle's curriculum?
(a) his mathematics
(b) his biology
(c) his theology
(d) his rhetoric
8. What does Aristotle devise to integrate the particular with the universal?
(a) the Aristotlean Method
(c) metaphysical examination
(d) the syllogism
9. What is a special element of soul in the human being according to Aristotle?
(a) a power to dominate
(b) a power of understanding metaphysics
(c) a power of reason and thought
(d) a power to dream
10. Who suggests that men are at fault because they chose to live in houses in cities?
11. What does the Roman empire eventually become?
(a) the Roman Papacy
(b) the European Union
(c) the world's trade union
(d) the Roman Federation
12. Who are the students of Socrates?
(a) a mixed group of young learned men
(b) misfits of society
(c) the sons of the Athenian elite
(d) the leaders of the athenian democracy
13. What do Voltaire's letter criticizing France formulate in the French people?
(a) the theoretical groundwork for Revolution
(b) the strongest of French nationalism
(c) a refusal to perform his plays
(d) a distaste for Voltaire's writing
14. What are the only three things worthwhile in Plato's ethical solution?
(a) justice, truth, beauty
(b) beauty, athleticism, education
(c) travel, study, rhetoric
(d) philosophy, music, poetry
15. How does every society and government ruins itself?
(a) by growing tired
(b) by letting down their guard
(c) by enabling excess in principle
(d) by being too constrictive
Short Answer Questions
1. What is Spinoza's second book?
2. What does the King of Syracuse learn that causes him to cancel his invitation to Plato to organize Utopia?
3. At first, what medium does Voltaire use to give humorous expression to his ideas?
4. What do the concepts of praise or blame indicate according to Aristotle?
5. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
This section contains 536 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)