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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How far is Alexander able to spread Greek culture?
(a) into Egypt
(b) into Persia
(c) into Asia Minor
(d) all over the world
2. What does Voltaire include in his histories?
(a) society, not just wars
(b) people and not dates
(c) customs and not laws
(d) art and not science
3. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
(a) make him a bookworm
(b) make him useless to society
(c) make him indispensible to society
(d) make him a great author
4. What does Aristotle define as the entire vital principle of any being?
5. What do the concepts of praise or blame indicate according to Aristotle?
(a) the need for athletic contests
(b) moral responsibility and free will
(c) disagreements in society
(d) a way of avoiding responsibility
6. Although science and philosophy exists in Greece before their times, who were the teachers who greatly advanced the fields?
(a) Playto and Prothagorus
(b) Socrates and Plato
(c) Aristotle and Socrates
(d) Aristotle and Onassis
7. Like Aristotle, what does Bacon see needs to be removed to avoid revolution?
(a) the right to vote
(b) issues that cause poverty and discontent
(c) the right to bear arms
(d) the ownership of private property
8. How does Voltaire think what is wrong with most recorded history could be corrected?
(a) only scholars should write history
(b) history should be forgotten
(c) only philosophers should write history
(d) history should only be written by scientists
9. When is Plato born?
(a) in the second century B. C.
(b) in the fourth century B.C.
(c) in the first century B. C.
(d) Ca 400 B. C.
10. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
(a) to attract the imagination of popular minds
(b) to conceal great mysteries
(c) to attract intellectuals
(d) to compete with Greek mythology
11. Eventually what does Alexander's conquests in Asia open up to the Greeks?
(a) lavish lifestyles
(b) cults and superstitious faiths
(c) important trade routes
(d) Eastern monotheism
12. What does Spinoza call the highest knowledge of universal unity?
(a) the educated answers to philosophical questions
(b) understanding the influence of the stars
(c) the intellectual equivalent of the love of God
(d) the lessons from philosophers of the past
13. What does Bacon call for elimination in his philosophy?
(a) public education
(b) the model of the philosopher king
(c) a private banking system
(d) several errors he calls idols
14. What does Aristotle teach at the Lyceum?
(a) the socratic Method
(b) physical and mental training
(c) athletics and mathematics
(d) biology and natural sciences
15. In what work does Voltaire discuss the morals and spirit of the nations from Charlemagne to Louis XIII?
(a) The Short Novels
(b) The Essay on Morals
(c) The Romances
(d) The History of Morals
Short Answer Questions
1. Where is a meeting held to discuss the Republic?
2. To answer Rousseau, what satirical story does Voltaire write about the best of all possible worlds?
3. What do Voltaire's letter criticizing France formulate in the French people?
4. What does Socrates ask Cephalus to define?
5. What is Spinoza's second book?
This section contains 546 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)