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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What new philosophy uses faith and reason to force acceptance of untried assumptions and conclusions?
2. To what end does Socrates develop his Socratic Method?
(a) to perfom biological experiments
(b) to impress the multitudes
(c) to open a private university
(d) to test the assumptions of his pupils
3. How does Spinoza find himself after asking questions about Jewish and Christian beliefs?
(a) honored as a great thinker
(b) promoted to head philosopher
(c) left without a source of income
(d) excommunicated from the synagogue
4. What does Voltaire include in his histories?
(a) customs and not laws
(b) art and not science
(c) society, not just wars
(d) people and not dates
5. In what way is Bacon's reconstruction thought superior to that of Aristotle?
(a) less idealistic and more severe
(b) more practical than theoretical
(c) more flexible for the people
(d) less detailed, evolving slowly
6. What does Aristotle establish in Athens?
(a) a system of exchange
(b) a school of oratory
(c) a scientific museum
(d) a political party
7. In what work does Voltaire discuss the morals and spirit of the nations from Charlemagne to Louis XIII?
(a) The History of Morals
(b) The Essay on Morals
(c) The Short Novels
(d) The Romances
8. How far is Alexander able to spread Greek culture?
(a) into Persia
(b) into Asia Minor
(c) into Egypt
(d) all over the world
9. What does Spinoza call the highest knowledge of universal unity?
(a) the intellectual equivalent of the love of God
(b) the educated answers to philosophical questions
(c) understanding the influence of the stars
(d) the lessons from philosophers of the past
10. What is the first of four books written by Spinoza?
(a) The History of War
(b) The Fall of the Roman Empire
(c) The Philosophy of the Ages
(d) The Treatise on Religion and the State
11. What does the King of Syracuse learn that causes him to cancel his invitation to Plato to organize Utopia?
(a) that he must share his wealth
(b) that he will have to work for a living
(c) that Plato is unpopular in Athens
(d) that he must leave his throne
12. How does Spinoza explain references to God's halting the natural function of nature on several occasions in the Bible?
(a) the meaning is not clear in the scripture
(b) things like that spring from traditions
(c) God and the processes of nature are one
(d) those are allegories of God's power
13. What is said to change Plato's life?
(a) his defection from the army
(b) his time spent in Egypt
(c) his friendship with Philip of Macedon
(d) his meeting with Socrates
14. By the thirteenth century A. D., how does the Church unite the European continent?
(a) by common language and desires
(b) by common faith and supernatural sanctions
(c) by millitancy and fear
(d) by persecution of heresy
15. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
(a) to compete with Greek mythology
(b) to attract the imagination of popular minds
(c) to attract intellectuals
(d) to conceal great mysteries
Short Answer Questions
1. At his birth in 384 B.C., into what kind of family is Aristotle born?
2. Where is Francois Arouet when he starts using the pen name, Voltaire?
3. How is Plato's early life best described?
4. What do the concepts of praise or blame indicate according to Aristotle?
5. How old is Francis Bacon when he resolves to turn philosophy from scholastic arguments to illumination and increase of human good?
This section contains 607 words
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