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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Significantly, who gets ignored in Bacon's utopia?
(a) Plato and Socrates
(b) Hobbes, Locke, and Bentham
(c) Copernicus and other scientists
(d) proponents of the New Atlantis
2. What event makes the rival schools of Stoicism and Epicureanism split philosophically?
(a) the resurgance of Judaism
(b) the disintegration of public infrastructures
(c) the Romans' arrival in 46 B.C.
(d) the arrival of missionaries from the East
3. How does Spinoza explain references to God's halting the natural function of nature on several occasions in the Bible?
(a) God and the processes of nature are one
(b) those are allegories of God's power
(c) things like that spring from traditions
(d) the meaning is not clear in the scripture
4. What is Voltaire's literary output?
(a) hundreds of manuscripts
(b) fifty-four volumes of work
(c) ninety-nine volumes
(d) three plays, four novels, and 100 essays
5. What does Voltaire include in his histories?
(a) customs and not laws
(b) society, not just wars
(c) people and not dates
(d) art and not science
6. How does Voltaire think what is wrong with most recorded history could be corrected?
(a) only scholars should write history
(b) history should only be written by scientists
(c) only philosophers should write history
(d) history should be forgotten
7. Where do metaphysics and the nature of God fit into Aristotle's curriculum?
(a) his rhetoric
(b) his mathematics
(c) his biology
(d) his theology
8. What does Baruch Spinoza begin to feel about his traditional Jewish education?
(a) fulfilled educationally
(b) confused by different interpretations of the Torah
(c) tired with how long it takes
(d) unsatisfied with answers he gets in the synagogue
9. How old is Francis Bacon when he resolves to turn philosophy from scholastic arguments to illumination and increase of human good?
(a) age twenty-four
(b) age sixteen
(c) age fifty
(d) age thirty
10. What circumstance does Spinoza say keeps the racial existence of the Jews?
(a) 3,500 years of Jewish tradition
(b) having no land to call their own
(c) Jewish schools of higher education
(d) persecution by Christians
11. What becomes the unifying element in Plato's description of justice?
(a) the welfare of the group
(b) the quality of the laws
(c) the good of the children
(d) the sharing of the wealth
12. What does Spinoza say a literal interpretation of the Bible does?
(a) makes it easy to understand
(b) opens the Bible to errors
(c) gives no scientific evidence
(d) gives it broader meaning
13. Where does Voltaire write The Romances?
(a) in Bonn, Germany
(b) in Frankfurt, Germany
(c) in Cirey, France
(d) in London, England
14. What does Voltaire do when he is sentenced to the Bastille a second time?
(a) escapes to England
(b) goes to Switzerland
(c) appeals to the Regent
(d) changes his name
15. What is the first of four books written by Spinoza?
(a) The Philosophy of the Ages
(b) The History of War
(c) The Fall of the Roman Empire
(d) The Treatise on Religion and the State
Short Answer Questions
1. What are two theories from the Orient that gain acceptance in Greece?
2. Who are the students of Socrates?
3. At his birth in 384 B.C., into what kind of family is Aristotle born?
4. What are the only three things worthwhile in Plato's ethical solution?
5. What is the foundation of Plato's Republic?
This section contains 565 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)