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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Spinoza say an allegorical interpretation of the Bible allows it to be?
(a) not a book of rules and regulations
(b) not a great mystery
(c) not difficult to understand
(d) not contrary to reason
2. What question does Plato raise to lead into a discussion of Utopia?
(a) if democracy in Athens is working
(b) if it is better to be good or to be strong
(c) if everyone is satisfied
(d) if an oligarchy is an appropriate government
3. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
(a) make him indispensible to society
(b) make him a bookworm
(c) make him a great author
(d) make him useless to society
4. What philosophy does Bacon accept in his Essays?
(a) a Platonic ideal
(b) a tendency toward Romanticism
(c) an Epicurean ethic
(d) a Stoic position
5. What does Voltaire include in his histories?
(a) customs and not laws
(b) people and not dates
(c) society, not just wars
(d) art and not science
6. What does Aristotle establish in Athens?
(a) a political party
(b) a school of oratory
(c) a system of exchange
(d) a scientific museum
7. What does Voltaire's Essay on Morals become?
(a) a template for how to do research
(b) the last of his great works
(c) the basis of modern historical science
(d) a book banned by every nations
8. What does Bacon call for elimination in his philosophy?
(a) several errors he calls idols
(b) public education
(c) the model of the philosopher king
(d) a private banking system
9. What is the first of four books written by Spinoza?
(a) The Fall of the Roman Empire
(b) The History of War
(c) The Philosophy of the Ages
(d) The Treatise on Religion and the State
10. Eventually what does Alexander's conquests in Asia open up to the Greeks?
(a) important trade routes
(b) lavish lifestyles
(c) cults and superstitious faiths
(d) Eastern monotheism
11. What does Spinoza's Ethic do with Buddhism and Christianity, the philosophy of Machiavelli and Nietzsche, and the democracy of the Greeks?
(a) throws them out in favor of his own ideas
(b) takes only bits and pieces from each
(c) keeps them separate for different ethnic groups
(d) integrates and reconciles all three ethical systems
12. What is the foundation of Plato's Republic?
(a) creating contributing classes of people
(b) destroying individuality for an idealized state
(c) allowing individuality to flourish
(d) putting the state in a subservient position
13. At first, what medium does Voltaire use to give humorous expression to his ideas?
(b) short novels
(c) short plays
(d) anonymous letters
14. What philosopher and statesman does Francis Bacon aspire to be like?
15. What is said to change Plato's life?
(a) his defection from the army
(b) his friendship with Philip of Macedon
(c) his time spent in Egypt
(d) his meeting with Socrates
Short Answer Questions
1. In what way is Bacon's reconstruction thought superior to that of Aristotle?
2. What does Aristotle define as the entire vital principle of any being?
3. What is a special element of soul in the human being according to Aristotle?
4. Although science and philosophy exists in Greece before their times, who were the teachers who greatly advanced the fields?
5. What natural calamity do European religious leaders label as the punishment of God?
This section contains 564 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)