|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Spinoza find himself after asking questions about Jewish and Christian beliefs?
(a) excommunicated from the synagogue
(b) left without a source of income
(c) promoted to head philosopher
(d) honored as a great thinker
2. How does Voltaire think what is wrong with most recorded history could be corrected?
(a) only philosophers should write history
(b) history should only be written by scientists
(c) history should be forgotten
(d) only scholars should write history
3. What does Baruch Spinoza begin to feel about his traditional Jewish education?
(a) unsatisfied with answers he gets in the synagogue
(b) tired with how long it takes
(c) confused by different interpretations of the Torah
(d) fulfilled educationally
4. What does the King of Syracuse learn that causes him to cancel his invitation to Plato to organize Utopia?
(a) that Plato is unpopular in Athens
(b) that he must leave his throne
(c) that he must share his wealth
(d) that he will have to work for a living
5. What does Spinoza do to support himself?
(a) gives violin lessons
(b) grinds optical lenses
(c) tutors students
(d) writes for a newspaper
6. When does Plato return to Athens and begin to write?
(a) at the age of forty in 387 B.C.
(b) at the age of thirty while touring the middle east
(c) at the age of twenty-eight when Socrates dies
(d) at the age of fifty in 397 B. C.
7. What circumstance does Spinoza say keeps the racial existence of the Jews?
(a) having no land to call their own
(b) persecution by Christians
(c) 3,500 years of Jewish tradition
(d) Jewish schools of higher education
8. What philosopher and statesman does Francis Bacon aspire to be like?
9. What does Voltaire's Essay on Morals become?
(a) the last of his great works
(b) a template for how to do research
(c) a book banned by every nations
(d) the basis of modern historical science
10. Why does Spinoza say an allegorical interpretation of the Bible allows it to be?
(a) not a book of rules and regulations
(b) not difficult to understand
(c) not contrary to reason
(d) not a great mystery
11. What is the first of four books written by Spinoza?
(a) The Fall of the Roman Empire
(b) The Treatise on Religion and the State
(c) The Philosophy of the Ages
(d) The History of War
12. What is the foundation of Plato's Republic?
(a) destroying individuality for an idealized state
(b) creating contributing classes of people
(c) putting the state in a subservient position
(d) allowing individuality to flourish
13. Where do metaphysics and the nature of God fit into Aristotle's curriculum?
(a) his mathematics
(b) his rhetoric
(c) his theology
(d) his biology
14. What student of Aristotle becomes a major historical figure?
(a) Philip of Macedon
(b) Julius Caesar
(c) Alexander the Great
15. Where is a meeting held to discuss the Republic?
(a) at the Acropolis
(b) at the Lyceum
(c) in the Parthenon
(d) at the house of a wealthy aristocrat, Cephalus
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Plato say is a science and art one must live and prepare for?
2. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
3. Although science and philosophy exists in Greece before their times, who were the teachers who greatly advanced the fields?
4. What does Plato say early education should do?
5. What new philosophy uses faith and reason to force acceptance of untried assumptions and conclusions?
This section contains 567 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)