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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is Aristotle's foundation of logic?
(a) the way to ask Socratic questions
(b) the art of listening
(c) the way to make a syllogysm
(d) the art and method of correct thinking
2. Why is Bacon often accused of being atheistic?
(a) because he denies the authority of the Church
(b) because he talks about natrue rather than God
(c) because he seldom attends church
(d) because his philosophy is secular and rationalistic
3. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
(a) to compete with Greek mythology
(b) to attract the imagination of popular minds
(c) to conceal great mysteries
(d) to attract intellectuals
4. What is said to change Plato's life?
(a) his time spent in Egypt
(b) his defection from the army
(c) his meeting with Socrates
(d) his friendship with Philip of Macedon
5. What does not affect France like it does Germany and England?
(a) The Renaissance
(b) The Revolution
(c) The Reformation
(d) The Crusades
6. What does Aristotle devise to integrate the particular with the universal?
(a) the Aristotlean Method
(b) metaphysical examination
(c) the syllogism
7. What does Spinoza say a literal interpretation of the Bible does?
(a) makes it easy to understand
(b) opens the Bible to errors
(c) gives no scientific evidence
(d) gives it broader meaning
8. Why does Spinoza say an allegorical interpretation of the Bible allows it to be?
(a) not difficult to understand
(b) not contrary to reason
(c) not a great mystery
(d) not a book of rules and regulations
9. What does Bacon call for elimination in his philosophy?
(a) public education
(b) the model of the philosopher king
(c) several errors he calls idols
(d) a private banking system
10. When is Plato born?
(a) in the second century B. C.
(b) Ca 400 B. C.
(c) in the first century B. C.
(d) in the fourth century B.C.
11. What is the first of four books written by Spinoza?
(a) The Philosophy of the Ages
(b) The History of War
(c) The Fall of the Roman Empire
(d) The Treatise on Religion and the State
12. What is a special element of soul in the human being according to Aristotle?
(a) a power of understanding metaphysics
(b) a power to dominate
(c) a power to dream
(d) a power of reason and thought
13. What becomes the unifying element in Plato's description of justice?
(a) the good of the children
(b) the quality of the laws
(c) the sharing of the wealth
(d) the welfare of the group
14. What happened after Spinoza dispensed with faith?
(a) religion died
(b) new religions sprang up
(c) the faithful dispensed with him
(d) the faithful were devastated
15. What does Spinoza call the highest knowledge of universal unity?
(a) the lessons from philosophers of the past
(b) the educated answers to philosophical questions
(c) understanding the influence of the stars
(d) the intellectual equivalent of the love of God
Short Answer Questions
1. Where does the Jewish migration along the Danube and Rhine rivers take the Jews?
2. Who are the students of Socrates?
3. At his birth in 384 B.C., into what kind of family is Aristotle born?
4. At first, what medium does Voltaire use to give humorous expression to his ideas?
5. How does Voltaire think what is wrong with most recorded history could be corrected?
This section contains 567 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)