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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where is a meeting held to discuss the Republic?
(a) at the Acropolis
(b) at the Lyceum
(c) at the house of a wealthy aristocrat, Cephalus
(d) in the Parthenon
2. What does Spinoza suggest the aim of Biblical language is meant to do?
(a) to attract intellectuals
(b) to compete with Greek mythology
(c) to attract the imagination of popular minds
(d) to conceal great mysteries
3. What does Voltaire's father tell him will come from an education in literature?
(a) make him a great author
(b) make him a bookworm
(c) make him useless to society
(d) make him indispensible to society
4. What motivates Voltaire to accept Prince Frederick's invitation and travel expenses to join him in his court in Potsdam?
(a) a warrant for his arrest in Paris
(b) his curiosity about German philosophy
(c) his sorrow after the death of his mistress
(d) an opportunity to learn German
5. What new philosophy uses faith and reason to force acceptance of untried assumptions and conclusions?
6. Where is Francois Arouet when he starts using the pen name, Voltaire?
(a) studying at Oxford
(b) recuperatiing from cholera
(c) sailing to the Americas
(d) imprisoned in the Bastille
7. What, according to Spinoza, is scripture intended to promote?
(a) clarity rather than confusion
(b) devotion rather than to reason
(c) reason over superstition
(d) literature rather than science
8. What does Voltaire do when he is sentenced to the Bastille a second time?
(a) changes his name
(b) goes to Switzerland
(c) appeals to the Regent
(d) escapes to England
9. What drives the Jews out of their natural home?
(a) Roman capture of Jerusalem in 70 A.D
(b) the Holacaust
(c) the conquest of the Crusaders
(d) the slave rebellion in Rome
10. What does Plato say early education should do?
(a) form good habits
(b) teach logistics
(c) only amuse
11. Although science and philosophy exists in Greece before their times, who were the teachers who greatly advanced the fields?
(a) Socrates and Plato
(b) Aristotle and Socrates
(c) Aristotle and Onassis
(d) Playto and Prothagorus
12. Significantly, who gets ignored in Bacon's utopia?
(a) Plato and Socrates
(b) proponents of the New Atlantis
(c) Hobbes, Locke, and Bentham
(d) Copernicus and other scientists
13. What does Spinoza say a literal interpretation of the Bible does?
(a) makes it easy to understand
(b) gives no scientific evidence
(c) gives it broader meaning
(d) opens the Bible to errors
14. What does Bacon call for elimination in his philosophy?
(a) public education
(b) several errors he calls idols
(c) a private banking system
(d) the model of the philosopher king
15. What biological notion does Aristotle reject?
(b) survival of the fittest
(c) evolution of species
(d) extinction of species
Short Answer Questions
1. What does the King of Syracuse learn that causes him to cancel his invitation to Plato to organize Utopia?
2. What is Aristotle's foundation of logic?
3. What is Voltaire's literary output?
4. Who eventually dominates Greek philosophy and government?
5. At what age does Plato advocate taking children from their parents to avoid learning bad habits?
This section contains 540 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)