The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What type of classes are singled out and can not be subject to the rigors of scientific empirical scrutiny?
(a) Sub-classes.
(b) Unified classes.
(c) Empty classes.
(d) Unique classes.

2. Who does Popper suggest works in probabilistic logic to determine the probability of a hypothesis?
(a) Metaphysicists.
(b) Conventionalists.
(c) Inductivists.
(d) Positivist.

3. What does Popper feel about normally attained simplicity?
(a) It serves to provide a justification.
(b) It is untenable.
(c) It is too subjective.
(d) It is logical.

4. What relationships does Popper explore in chapter 8?
(a) Probability and experience.
(b) Probability and simplicity.
(c) Probability and assumptions.
(d) Probability and scientific fact.

5. What key component of Popper's view does not equate to truth?
(a) Logic.
(b) Universal statements.
(c) Falsifiability.
(d) Corroboration.

Short Answer Questions

1. What scientific thought suggests that probability can be regarded as a generalization of the concept of a singular truth?

2. What can be predicted using the statistical scatter principle?

3. How does Popper negate positivist notions regarding the meaninglessness of certain scientific statements?

4. What is determined by obscuring a logical connection between statistical and non-statistical interpretations, with regard to uncertainty theory?

5. What does Popper state cannot be applied to a sequence of events?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why do falsifiable statements hold the greatest promise for science?

2. What does Popper believe regarding the logical proximity of a theory to empirical statements?

3. What does Popper states determines corroboration?

4. What is the concern with using infinite sequences?

5. What is the position taken to make the argument for sample selection in research?

6. What does Popper say about simplicity and the philosophers who emphasize its importance?

7. Why does Popper dismiss cardinality in terms of giving meaning to a class of events?

8. What does Popper suggest about corroborations?

9. What are the two main sources for hypothetical estimates of frequencies with regard to infinite empirical sequences?

10. How is logical probability represented?

(see the answer keys)

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