The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Popper state many philosophers do not recognize when emphasizing the importance of simplicity?
(a) Relationships that arise because of this emphasis.
(b) Justifications that arise from this emphasis.
(c) Difficulties that arise because of this emphasis.
(d) Probabilities of this emphasis.

2. What is the result, according to Popper, when inductive logic is used?
(a) Falsifiable theories.
(b) Infinite regress.
(c) Finite regress.
(d) Statistical significance.

3. Where does information about precision come from?
(a) Examining assumed information.
(b) Examining ranges.
(c) Examining concrete information.
(d) Examining objective information.

4. Who does Popper suggest works in probabilistic logic to determine the probability of a hypothesis?
(a) Inductivists.
(b) Metaphysicists.
(c) Conventionalists.
(d) Positivist.

5. What plays a vitally important role in empirical science?
(a) Inferences.
(b) Simplicity.
(c) Research.
(d) Probability.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Popper equate simplicity with?

2. What does Popper thinks about Wittgenstein, Schlick, and Feigl's thoughts on simplicity as a basic law?

3. What is the most significant factor when selecting a theory?

4. What does Popper say degrees of simplicity can be identified with in the 1972 addendum in Chapter 7?

5. What are hypothetical estimates of frequency?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Popper suggest about corroborations?

2. What does Popper say about simplicity and the philosophers who emphasize its importance?

3. What does Popper demonstrate by using probability theory?

4. What is the basic contribution that Popper makes to the logic of the theory of probability?

5. Why do falsifiable statements hold the greatest promise for science?

6. Why does Popper prefer quantitative over qualitative methods?

7. How is differentiation possible between theories whose differences are small and difficult to calculate?

8. What is the basis of the wave theory used by Schrödinger?

9. What does Popper believe regarding the logical proximity of a theory to empirical statements?

10. What does Popper say about simple statements in science?

(see the answer keys)

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