The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is considered only if one class includes the other?
(a) Sub-tests.
(b) Sub-classes.
(c) Sub-dimensions.
(d) Sub-justifications.

2. What does Popper feel about an axiom in relations of von Mises view of an axiom of randomness?
(a) It is a powerful construct.
(b) It is self-contradicting.
(c) It is a weak construct.
(d) Mathematical validity is high.

3. What type of content is considered valuable according to Popper?
(a) High empirical content.
(b) Low metaphysical content.
(c) High metaphysical content.
(d) Low empirical content.

4. What can be predicted using the statistical scatter principle?
(a) A particle's path.
(b) A particle's size.
(c) A particle's speed.
(d) A particle's mass.

5. What lies in the testability of simple systems?
(a) The flaw of simplicity.
(b) The justification of simplicity.
(c) The value of simplicity.
(d) The construct of simplicity.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the word simplicity dependent on?

2. How does Popper negate positivist notions regarding the meaninglessness of certain scientific statements?

3. What theory suggests that simplicity is expected to achieve a law-like regularity of events?

4. What theory does Heisenberg begin this investigation with?

5. What is used to make laws based on observations?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Popper believe regarding the logical proximity of a theory to empirical statements?

2. Why does Popper feel that intersubjective objectivity must be applied to statistical statements?

3. Why, according to Heisenberg, can measurement not be a basis for prediction?

4. What is the concern with using infinite sequences?

5. Using Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, what does Popper attempt to prove?

6. Why do falsifiable statements hold the greatest promise for science?

7. How is differentiation possible between theories whose differences are small and difficult to calculate?

8. What is the basic contribution that Popper makes to the logic of the theory of probability?

9. What role does simplicity play in theories of inductive logic?

10. Why does Popper prefer quantitative over qualitative methods?

(see the answer keys)

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