The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What type of content is considered valuable according to Popper?
(a) High empirical content.
(b) Low metaphysical content.
(c) Low empirical content.
(d) High metaphysical content.

2. According to von Mises, what occurs to the frequencies of events when event sequences become longer?
(a) They become equal.
(b) They increase at the same rate.
(c) They develop an inverse relationship.
(d) They decrease at the same rate.

3. What increases with the increase of the degrees of falsifiability?
(a) Degrees of singular statements.
(b) Degrees of universality and precision.
(c) Degrees of justification.
(d) Degrees of testability.

4. What does Popper thinks about Wittgenstein, Schlick, and Feigl's thoughts on simplicity as a basic law?
(a) It misses crucial points.
(b) It should include probability.
(c) It fully explains the law.
(d) It cannot be tested.

5. How do conventionalists define simplicity?
(a) Unpractical.
(b) As a unified practice.
(c) As a means to an end.
(d) Aesthetic and practical.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is shown to be equal in issues relating to power of classes?

2. What formula, developed by Popper, suggests that no aggregate of particles is more homogeneous than a pure case?

3. What are hypothetical estimates of frequency?

4. What does Popper suggest uncertainty statements are derived from?

5. What does Popper say degrees of simplicity can be identified with in the 1972 addendum in Chapter 7?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Popper feel the view of Wittgenstein, Schlick, and Feigl regarding simplicity misses crucial points?

2. Why, according to Heisenberg, can measurement not be a basis for prediction?

3. How does Popper feel traditional inductivists work?

4. According to Popper, where does the value of simplicity lay?

5. What is the basic contribution that Popper makes to the logic of the theory of probability?

6. What does Popper say about simple statements in science?

7. What does Popper suggest about corroborations?

8. Why does Popper feel that intersubjective objectivity must be applied to statistical statements?

9. What is the position taken to make the argument for sample selection in research?

10. What does Popper believe regarding the logical proximity of a theory to empirical statements?

(see the answer keys)

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