The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What happens if there is on falsifiable information?
(a) Conventionalism is proven.
(b) Learning does not occur.
(c) Experiments fail.
(d) Learning occurs.

2. What does Popper fear philosophers will think about methodological investigations?
(a) They contradict years of thought.
(b) They do not belong to philosophy.
(c) There is no substance in them.
(d) They do not work.

3. What type of rule do positivists and reductionists adhere to, according to Popper?
(a) Non-logical rules.
(b) Rules of Psychology.
(c) Logical rules.
(d) Dogmatic rules.

4. Statements that rule things out rather than include more things are considered what type of statements?
(a) Falsifiable.
(b) Tautological.
(c) Singular.
(d) Universal.

5. What is important to Popper's argument for a logic of science?
(a) Potential falsifiers.
(b) Singular statements.
(c) Universal statements.
(d) Theories.

6. How must scientific statements be tested?
(a) Logically.
(b) By their deductive consequences.
(c) By their inductive consequences.
(d) Systematically.

7. How many conditions must a statement satisfy in order to be falsifiable?
(a) 3.
(b) 4.
(c) 5.
(d) 2.

8. What does Popper do if proof for a statement can not be found?
(a) Suspends judgment.
(b) Makes assumptions to better prove the statement.
(c) Retests.
(d) Denies the statement.

9. What challenges Poppers use of falsification as criteria in deciding is a theoretical system is empirical?
(a) Conventionalism.
(b) Competence.
(c) Theoretical experiments.
(d) Construction of Nature.

10. For a theory to be falsifiable, what must it prohibit?
(a) Logic.
(b) Conventionalism.
(c) Previous theories.
(d) At least one occurrence.

11. What must be identical to basic statements?
(a) Potential falsifiers.
(b) Singular statements.
(c) Universal statements.
(d) Theories.

12. What should guide the methods of testing scientific statements?
(a) Physics.
(b) Logic.
(c) Epistemology.
(d) Psychology.

13. What is a precondition for rational consideration?
(a) Justification.
(b) Falsification.
(c) Objectivity.
(d) Subjectivity.

14. What do the constructions of the laws of nature determine?
(a) The falsifiability of a theory.
(b) The value of science.
(c) The properties of the natural world.
(d) The truth of a theory.

15. For what purpose are methodological rules developed?
(a) Wholly prove demarcation.
(b) Question demarcation.
(c) Protect demarcation.
(d) Falsity demarcation.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does the first rule of logic do?

2. From what does a theoretical system arise?

3. How does deductive reasoning begin?

4. To what does Popper equate critical thinking?

5. What is the concept of simplicity a part of according to Popper?

(see the answer keys)

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