The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. With what does psychologism concern itself?
(a) Questions of justification.
(b) Questions of fact.
(c) Concept of demarcation.
(d) Logical analysis.

2. What term does Popper use of empirical science?
(a) Synthetic.
(b) Inductive.
(c) Artificial.
(d) Metaphysical.

3. Demarcation is based on what definition of Popper's?
(a) Theory.
(b) Logic.
(c) Empirical science.
(d) Metaphysics.

4. To what does Popper equate critical thinking?
(a) Inductive thinking.
(b) Rational attitude.
(c) Deductive thinking.
(d) Common sense.

5. What refers to a term that does not need a definition but is learned through experience?
(a) Epistemological term.
(b) Existential term.
(c) Primitive term.
(d) Advanced term.

6. What holds the fate of a theory?
(a) Decisions.
(b) Point of view.
(c) Other theories.
(d) Justifications.

7. What does Popper suggest is not psychological?
(a) Subjectivism.
(b) Observability.
(c) Objectivism.
(d) Existentialism.

8. What confuses the distinction between universal and individual names?
(a) Negative statements.
(b) Symbolic logic.
(c) Existential statements.
(d) Theoretical statements.

9. What is the reproducible effect which refutes a theory?
(a) Falsification.
(b) Contradiction.
(c) Convention.
(d) Falsifiability.

10. According to conventionalists, what will yields more complete results of science?
(a) Greater mastery.
(b) Inferences.
(c) Logical constructions of nature.
(d) Experimentation.

11. What happens if there is on falsifiable information?
(a) Conventionalism is proven.
(b) Experiments fail.
(c) Learning occurs.
(d) Learning does not occur.

12. What helps to realign or redefine accepted theory?
(a) Positive justification.
(b) Deductive consequences.
(c) Falsification feedback.
(d) Positive theory results.

13. Popper feels the principle of causality is not falsifiable and therefore regards it as what?
(a) Tautological.
(b) Metaphysical.
(c) Empirical.
(d) Physical.

14. What types of statements have no logical justification in which to draw conclusions?
(a) Inferential.
(b) Logical.
(c) Circular.
(d) Singular.

15. According to Popper, what can't universals be reduced to?
(a) Psychologism.
(b) Dogmatism.
(c) A class of experiences.
(d) Infinite regress.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who view natural science as a logical construction of nature?

2. What do the constructions of the laws of nature determine?

3. How does logic serve in determining if a statement is testable?

4. What does Popper think about statements in which individuals names do not occur?

5. What must a philosopher do to accept Poppers proposed definition of science?

(see the answer keys)

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