The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What types of statements are scientific theories?
(a) Proven.
(b) Universal.
(c) Logical.
(d) Singular.

2. What does Popper fear philosophers will think about methodological investigations?
(a) They do not work.
(b) They do not belong to philosophy.
(c) There is no substance in them.
(d) They contradict years of thought.

3. What does Menger say about definitions?
(a) They are fruitful.
(b) They serve science well.
(c) They are dogmas.
(d) They are based on observations.

4. What type of reasoning does Popper deny exists?
(a) Inductive.
(b) Testable.
(c) Deductive.
(d) Scientific.

5. What is a precondition for rational consideration?
(a) Falsification.
(b) Justification.
(c) Objectivity.
(d) Subjectivity.

6. What does Popper give credit to conventionalism for doing?
(a) Offering differing opinions.
(b) Blind acceptance of logic.
(c) Adapting to varying conditions.
(d) Linking theory to experiment.

7. For what purpose are methodological rules developed?
(a) Protect demarcation.
(b) Wholly prove demarcation.
(c) Question demarcation.
(d) Falsity demarcation.

8. How does deductive reasoning begin?
(a) Premise of falsifiability.
(b) Premise of logic.
(c) Premise of induction.
(d) Premise of testability.

9. How many conditions must a statement satisfy in order to be falsifiable?
(a) 5.
(b) 2.
(c) 3.
(d) 4.

10. What does Popper states the "game of science" is?
(a) A farce.
(b) An ultimate truth.
(c) A concept.
(d) A principle.

11. What do the constructions of the laws of nature determine?
(a) The falsifiability of a theory.
(b) The truth of a theory.
(c) The value of science.
(d) The properties of the natural world.

12. What does Popper do if proof for a statement can not be found?
(a) Makes assumptions to better prove the statement.
(b) Retests.
(c) Suspends judgment.
(d) Denies the statement.

13. What must a philosopher do to accept Poppers proposed definition of science?
(a) Read his background theories.
(b) Understand empirical science.
(c) Agree with its constructs.
(d) Accept the consequences.

14. What type of approach do positivists use to investigate scientific statements?
(a) Inductive approach.
(b) Deductive approach.
(c) Logical approach.
(d) Theoretical approach.

15. What does Popper use to check his investigations?
(a) Testability.
(b) Mathematics.
(c) Universal statements.
(d) Assumptions.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to conventionalists, what will yields more complete results of science?

2. What must be identical to basic statements?

3. What is the theory of theories?

4. What should guide the methods of testing scientific statements?

5. The success of a theory is base on what comparison?

(see the answer keys)

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