The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How are theories used to explain the world?
(a) As guides.
(b) By questioning everything.
(c) As concrete fact.
(d) As abstract thought.

2. What does Popper admit is a problem with scientific investigations?
(a) Subjectivity.
(b) Logical decisions.
(c) Abstract nature of philosophy.
(d) Objectivity.

3. What does Popper give credit to conventionalism for doing?
(a) Adapting to varying conditions.
(b) Linking theory to experiment.
(c) Blind acceptance of logic.
(d) Offering differing opinions.

4. In order to be true statements of science, what characteristic must these statements have?
(a) They are objectively testable.
(b) They have been tested.
(c) They are logical.
(d) They are proven.

5. What ties down fundamental ideas?
(a) Conventions.
(b) Rules.
(c) Constructs.
(d) Contradictions.

6. What happens if there is on falsifiable information?
(a) Learning occurs.
(b) Experiments fail.
(c) Conventionalism is proven.
(d) Learning does not occur.

7. What are the boundaries of conditions?
(a) Logic and non-logic.
(b) Physical and metaphysical.
(c) Truth and falsehood.
(d) Theory and proof.

8. What is one approach to knowledge considered by Popper?
(a) Accidental.
(b) Inductive.
(c) Purposive.
(d) Common sense.

9. What happens when theories are refined?
(a) They become better explanatory tools.
(b) They become obsolete.
(c) Science prevails.
(d) They become proven fact.

10. How must scientific statements be tested?
(a) By their deductive consequences.
(b) Systematically.
(c) By their inductive consequences.
(d) Logically.

11. What type of reasoning, according to Popper, is not rational?
(a) Testable.
(b) Inductive.
(c) Scientific.
(d) Deductive.

12. What is the reproducible effect which refutes a theory?
(a) Falsification.
(b) Convention.
(c) Falsifiability.
(d) Contradiction.

13. Also referred to as singular statements, what are subsets of events?
(a) Situations.
(b) Sub-events.
(c) Occurrences.
(d) Post events.

14. What does Popper consider to contribute to the cosmology of empirical science?
(a) Linguistic puzzles.
(b) Questions of fact.
(c) Metaphysical and philosophical ideas.
(d) Inductive frameworks.

15. What does Popper feel is the result of adopting conditions to a hypothesis?
(a) It will lead to positive outcomes.
(b) It guards against conventionalism.
(c) It will verify any phenomena under investigation.
(d) It supports conventionalism.

Short Answer Questions

1. How do conventionalists view Poppers beliefs on the underpinnings of new discoveries?

2. What is used to capture and explain the world?

3. What challenges Poppers use of falsification as criteria in deciding is a theoretical system is empirical?

4. What must be identical to basic statements?

5. What type of rule do positivists and reductionists adhere to, according to Popper?

(see the answer keys)

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