|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is typically the focus in a work of art displaying a nude?
2. According to the authors, how is the focus of a man's power different than a female's?
3. When do artists begin to use the concept of singular perspective?
4. What is similar about the images on pages 42 and 43?
5. What does the traditional depiction of Adam and Eve project as the perception of being naked?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe how Bronzino's painting of Cupid kissing the lips of Venus shows that nudity is created with a spectator in mind.
2. In Chapter 2, pages 42 and 43, how do the women in the images appear to men in the images?
3. Describe the general mood of the collection of images on pages 42 and 43.
4. Describe how Berger et al. interpret the image of a nude women gazing in a mirror.
5. Explain how, according to the authors, a woman continually sees and is seen by herself as two parts of one female identity.
6. How is a work of art from the past mystifying to the modern viewer?
7. What is the purpose of mixing images of foodstuffs with images of females in various stages of undress?
8. What happens to the meaning of a painting when many reproductions are made?
9. Describe how Magritte's painting "The Key of Dreams" is a commentary on the gap between words and image.
10. Explain how the commission by Frans Hals could easily be misunderstood by the modern viewer.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Write an essay to compare the techniques of traditional oil painting and early photographic techniques. In your writing, cover the following questions. Which techniques are better at exposing details in the subject? Which technique gives more life to a subject? What affect does early photography have on oil painting? Give an example from the text that compares an oil painting to early photography, and describe the obvious differences that appear to the viewer.
Essay Topic 2
Explain the psychology of publicity images and modern consumerism according to Berger et al. and compare that to the authors' explanation of the spectator-owner versus the spectator-buyer psychology associated with European oil paintings.
Essay Topic 3
Write an essay to explain and compare how both traditional oil painting and modern publicity images stimulate consumerism and shape cultural ideals. Complete the following parts to the essay.
Part 1 - Describe how traditional oil painting is the basis for modern consumer culture.
Part 2 - Explain how publicity images carry the same ingredients for consumerism as European oil paintings.
Part 3 - Compare how color photographs are more effective publicity images than black and white photographs, and how this is similar to the techniques of European oil painting.
This section contains 1,142 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)