|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What diversifies the meaning of a painting?
2. Most of the images on pages 40 and 41 are of what content?
3. How does a woman see herself, according to Berger et al.?
4. What do Berger et al. mean by the phrase "holy relic"?
5. What could be stated as the theme of pages 40 and 41?
Short Essay Questions
1. What happens to the meaning of a painting when many reproductions are made?
2. What objects are common subjects for traditional oil paintings, and how are they conventionally depicted?
3. Explain how the authors view glamour as the modern day substitute for European oil paintings.
4. According to Berger et al., how do traditional oil paintings perpetuate the wealth and power of the ruling class?
5. Describe the consequences of a society that generates feelings and assurances of the right to pursue happiness, but without its guarantee, as explained by Berger et al.
6. Describe how the single eye of perspective changes with the invention of the camera.
7. Describe Couture's eighteenth century painting "A Roman Feast", and explain how it plays into the other images on the facing page.
8. Describe how men and women are different social presences, according to Berger et al.
9. What do you think is the overall mood of the collection of images in Chapter 2 on pages 38 and 39?
10. In Chapter 6, explain how facing pages 116 and 117 return to Blake's theme of Africa and America supporting Europe.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Woman nudes are a common subject in traditional European oil paintings. Write the following three-part essay to describe the portrayal of women in these paintings.
Part 1 - Describe how female nudes are positioned and situated in paintings that are tailored to the male viewer.
Part 2 - Explain some of the various ways that artists manipulate the depiction of female nudes to shape the viewer's way of seeing.
Part 3 - Contrast the assumed humanism in European oil paintings with the portrayal of women nudes in traditional European oil paintings.
Essay Topic 2
Family and other social groupings of ordinary daily life are depicted in the six reproductions on facing pages 120 to123. Write an essay to: 1. describe the significance of the paintings, 2. specifically explain their meaning and value to the viewer, and 3. explain their significance and value to the owner.
Essay Topic 3
What is the meaning and significance of the portraits in the Knoll Ball Room? How does the location of these paintings influence their meaning? What do the portraits convey to the viewer about the subjects?
This section contains 2,118 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)