|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who is one of the first artists to break the tradition of objectifying women nudes?
2. Which of the following is a detail of Gauguin's painting "Nevermore"?
3. What do Berger et al. mean by the phrase "holy relic"?
4. In pages 36 and 37, how is the female figure presented?
5. In general, what are words used to do?
Short Essay Questions
1. What do you think is the overall mood of the collection of images in Chapter 2 on pages 38 and 39?
2. What is the purpose of mixing images of foodstuffs with images of females in various stages of undress?
3. What is Berger's explanation for the difference between naked and nude?
4. Describe how Berger et al. interpret the image of a nude women gazing in a mirror.
5. Describe how Magritte's painting "The Key of Dreams" is a commentary on the gap between words and image.
6. Describe how men and women are different social presences, according to Berger et al.
7. Describe how the single eye of perspective changes with the invention of the camera.
8. Describe how Bronzino's painting of Cupid kissing the lips of Venus shows that nudity is created with a spectator in mind.
9. Explain how, according to the authors, a woman continually sees and is seen by herself as two parts of one female identity.
10. Explain how Cubism contradicts the single eye of perspective.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare the qualities of European oil paintings with publicity images. Cover the following questions in your writing. What do both European oil paintings and publicity images depict? How are these subjects depicted in a way that is similar? How do both of these types of images make their subjects appear attainable and desirable?
Essay Topic 2
Explain the development of the singular eye of perspective with the following three-part essay.
Part 1 - Explain Berger et al.'s metaphor of the lighthouse beacon.
Part 2 - Describe how the singular eye of perspective shapes the way viewers can see a sight.
Part 3 - Explain how the invention of the camera changed the singular eye of perspective, and describe its consequences on the art world.
Essay Topic 3
Explain the psychology of publicity images and modern consumerism according to Berger et al. and compare that to the authors' explanation of the spectator-owner versus the spectator-buyer psychology associated with European oil paintings.
This section contains 993 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)