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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to the author, what happened to the bourgeoisie after the French Revolution?
(a) They became entrepreneurs.
(b) They retained their power.
(c) They were reduced to workers.
(d) They became the capitalist owners.
2. Where did Michelet begin his work on the French Revolution?
(a) With the American Revolution.
(b) With the Rights of Man.
(c) With feudalism.
(d) With Locke and Rousseau.
3. What did Fourier and Owen believe about the relationship between groups and society?
(a) There should be absolute rule by an all-powerful monarch.
(b) There should be small, limited societies within the greater society.
(c) There should be small communes, then larger communities, then regional societies, then a loosely-affiliated confederacy. There should be absolute rule by an all-powerful monarch.
(d) There should be perfect freedom of mobility throughout a society, no matter how large.
4. How were Fourier and Owen representative of early nineteenth century thinkers?
(a) They wanted a return to law and order.
(b) They did not subscribe to liberal politics.
(c) They espoused liberal political views.
(d) They supported totalitarian leaders.
5. What was Michelet's relationship with socialism?
(a) He did not endorse it.
(b) He preached it in poor neighborhoods.
(c) He condemned it.
(d) He prophesied it.
6. What did Michelet write after he had become the Conservator of the French Archives?
(a) History of the Middle Ages.
(b) The Insect.
(c) Roman History.
(d) Introduction to Universal History.
7. Where were most French artists and thinkers living in the early 1850s?
(a) In Paris.
(b) In exile.
(c) In London.
(d) In Munich.
8. Which university did Marx attend?
9. How did Taine examine works of literature?
(a) As historical way posts.
(b) As living experiences.
(c) As specimens.
(d) As living spiritual events.
10. What did Fourier and Owen believe about the role of government?
(a) It should focus on industry.
(b) It should be based on its ability to maintain order.
(c) It should be founded in church doctrine.
(d) It should be concerned with public morality.
11. What was the subject of Renan's The Future of Science?
(a) Conflict in scientific communities.
(b) Philosophy in economics.
(c) Morality and faith in society.
(d) Technology and science in religion.
12. What did Babeuf do when he got out of prison?
(a) Went into exile.
(b) Began to use violence as a political tool.
(c) Joined the underground.
(d) Wrote incendiary political tracts.
13. What did La Scienza Nuova examine?
(a) The factors that led to the development of societies.
(b) The inevitable lifecycle of imperial cultures.
(c) The factors that allowed republican nations to turn into empires.
(d) The factors that determined which species would survive.
14. According to the the author, what did Babeuf want for the people?
(a) More self-sacrifice.
(b) More religion and morality.
(c) More productivity.
(d) A better life.
15. What was the French Enlightenment doctrine that inspired both Fourier and Owen?
(a) That idea that man internalizes the tension between civilization and anarchy.
(b) The notion that man is fundamentally good, but is corrupted by institutions.
(c) The concept man is corrupt and evil except for the church and government.
(d) The belief that man will always be at war with himself.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Michelet study in history?
2. How long did the communist government last in Paris after Michelet had his stroke?
3. According to the author, Michelet's writings would reappear ___________.
4. What did Michelet describe about each social class?
5. What was Taine distancing himself from in his work?
This section contains 596 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)