|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. To what does Edmund Wilson attribute the need for political action in the early/mid 1800s?
(a) Lack of reform by Friedrich Wilhelm IV.
(b) Centralization of power in the hands of the aristocracy.
(c) Riots and strikes.
2. What position did Marx take in 1842?
(a) Editor of a radical magazine.
(b) Investigative reporter.
(c) Political activist.
(d) Editor-in-chief of a newspaper.
3. What did Fourier and Owen believe about the relationship between groups and society?
(a) There should be small communes, then larger communities, then regional societies, then a loosely-affiliated confederacy. There should be absolute rule by an all-powerful monarch.
(b) There should be absolute rule by an all-powerful monarch.
(c) There should be small, limited societies within the greater society.
(d) There should be perfect freedom of mobility throughout a society, no matter how large.
4. Why did Marx decide to leave Germany?
(a) He was always being threatened.
(b) It was becoming too rigid for his views.
(c) He was broke.
(d) He was wanted for his political activities.
5. What did Michelet write as a result of his reading in the Renaissance?
(a) Roman History.
(b) The Insect.
(d) Introduction to Universal History.
6. What Renaissance thinker did Michelet discover?
(a) Da Vinci.
7. What did Babeuf do when he got out of prison?
(a) Began to use violence as a political tool.
(b) Went into exile.
(c) Joined the underground.
(d) Wrote incendiary political tracts.
8. What was Michelet trying to develop when he discovered the Renaissance philosopher?
(a) A new science of history.
(b) A theory of gravity.
(c) A new basis for poetry.
(d) A theory of evolution.
9. What does Edmund Wilson examine from the Middle Ages?
(a) The development of a theory of history.
(b) The emergence of the notion that man could improve himself.
(c) The development of a notion of humanity as a transcendent unity.
(d) The emergence of the idea of nations.
10. Michelet said that the bourgeoisie __________________.
(a) Own the means of production.
(b) Are the majority of people.
(c) Benefit by the oppression of the poor.
(d) Are not in touch with the people.
11. According to Edmund Wilson, Babeuf saw the center of power during the French Revolution as being ______________.
(a) In the hands of the people who were unhappy.
(b) In the hands of people who appointed the leaders.
(c) In the hands of people who counted the votes.
(d) In the hands of the people with armies.
12. What was Marx's passion while he was studying law?
(c) Contract law.
(d) International law.
13. What did Michelet write about beginning in 1843?
(a) The French Revolution.
(b) The evolution of history.
(c) The Italian Revolution.
(d) The American Revolution.
14. What did Taine study after 1871, when the Commune was established?
(a) Science and religion.
(b) Mysticism and spirituality.
(c) Politics and economics.
(d) Philosophy and language.
15. What was Saint-Simon's theory of history?
(a) Waves of equilibrium and breakdown.
(b) A punctuated equilibrium.
(c) A cycle of development and destruction.
(d) A seething chaos run by the powerful.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to the author, Michelet's writings demonstrate _____________.
2. What were Michelet's other books like after his History of France?
3. According to the the author, what did Babeuf want for the people?
4. What did Michelet focus on in his histories?
5. How does Edmund Wilson characterize for Taine the difference between history and science?
This section contains 601 words
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