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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does Augustine view personal freedom as a form of emptiness that doesn't result in inner peace?
2. How do many of the serfs and peasants receive rights?
3. What happens to the wretched who convert?
4. What are slaves seeking and finding in Christianity?
5. The fact that Jesus is crucified and dies has critics doing what?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is freedom at this time?
2. What is Paul's role in shaping Christianity?
3. What happens when Christianity appears?
4. What is the purpose of this chapter?
5. How does Augustus influence the interpretations of freedom?
6. Why does the populace accept Augustus?
7. Two questions arise from Paul's theology. What are we saved from? To whom or what are we enslaved? What are the answers?
8. What is Reformist Stoicism?
9. Rome extends its power and rule to the Italian peninsula through a series of wars and conquests in 266 B.C. What are the consequences?
10. What is Reactionary Stoicism?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The overwhelming concern of the Roman population is with personal freedom.
Part 1) Compare Roman concerns about freedom with the Greek concerns.
Part 2) Why is this the Roman population's greatest concern? How does Augustus play into these concerns?
Part 3) How is the United States a conglomeration of both Greek and Roman views on freedom? Why are we a mixture of both?
Essay Topic 2
The living conditions of many Athenian women are harsh.
Part 1) Describe these living conditions. Why are they harsh?
Part 2) What is the connection between their conditions and slavery?
Part 3) What is surprising about the women who have the harshest of living conditions? Why this surprising?
Essay Topic 3
The development of freedom as a social value can be traced to five revolutions that occurred in Athens.
Part 1) Describe these five revolutions. Why did they take place?
Part 2) How did these revolutions affect the countries and city-states surrounding the revolutions? How do they affect U.S. policies today?
Part 3) What would our society be like if these revolutions had never taken place?
This section contains 1,175 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)