|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. During the twelfth century, European scholars had flocked to Spain to study ____________.
2. What was the belief in question?
3. The Jews tried to modify this theory ____________.
4. Where did the newly founded religion of Christianity spread quickly?
5. There was now an emergence of Muslim studies in the fields of ____________.
Short Essay Questions
1. What happens to Sufism during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries?
2. Why did many European scholars flock to Spain during the twelfth century?
3. How was tolerance of other religions was not evident in Christian Spain?
4. What took place despite the conservatism occasioned by the rise of the Shariah laws and the suppression of independent reasoning in the Sunni madrasahs?
5. What does Armstrong say about the old tribal God standing judgment of the individual?
6. Who questions the existence and relevance of God in the nineteenth century? How do these people question God's existence or relevance?
7. Describe Bernard, the abbot of the Cistercian Abby of Clarivaux in Burgundy.
8. What does Armstrong say about the development of the philosophic theories in the Arab culture during the ninth century?
9. Describe Christian mysticism in Northern Europe.
10. What approach to religion does Armstrong advocate?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
A philosophy develops in Cappodocia, which forms the basis of the theology of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Part 1) What idea did this theology form? How does this philosophy compare to the philosophy decided upon at the synod at Nicaea?
Part 2) How did Jews and Muslims feel about this idea? Why?
Part 3) how important was St. Augustine to the evolution of this idea? How was St. Augustine changed through his conversion to Christianity? How did this influence his ideas regarding this idea first established at Cappadocia as well as other ideas and beliefs?
Essay Topic 2
Armstrong attemps to prove that much of what is believed about Jesus is myth.
Part 1) What information does Armstrong give about Jesus? How does this compare to your own knowledge of Jesus?
Part 2) How does Armstrong prove that what many consider to be facts is mythology? Is this valid evidence against Jesus as the Son of God? Why or why not?
Part 3) Why does Armstrong say Jesus' followers made him the Son of God and immortal? According to her, did he believe this to be true? Why or why not? According to Armstrong, who was Jesus?
Essay Topic 3
Armstrong uses historical and Biblical texts to describe the evolution of Yahweh.
Part 1) Who is Yahweh? How does Yahweh evolve? Why is this information important to this book?
Part 2) Why is this type of deity necessary? Is it still necessary today? Why or why not?
Part 3) How do the events in history influence the evolution of Yahweh? What does this say about the stability of Yahweh, as well as other deities, and religion as a whole?
This section contains 1,267 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)