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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In the cities in the late 1800s, what did the public health officials do to help stop disease?
(a) Sprayed disinfectant.
(b) Began to clean up public areas.
(c) Opened clinics.
(d) Quarantined carriers.
2. How did parents in the late 1800s react to teachers using necessary classroom discipline?
(a) They encouraged it.
(b) They fought against it.
(c) They withdrew their children from school.
(d) They began to educate their own children.
3. In the late 1800s, how did city politics affect the criminal justice system?
(a) The judges often did not cooperate with the politicians.
(b) Many crimes went unprosecuted.
(c) Even the judges were corrupt and could be bought.
(d) City politicians were extra tough on crime.
4. How did prostitution rings prosper in New York in the late 1800s?
(a) Under "police protection."
(b) They were entirely underground.
(c) They had legitimate businesses as "fronts."
(d) They were largely ignored.
5. What was one effective way to fight disease carried by ships into New York Harbor?
(a) Doctors were sent on board before the people disembarked.
(b) Medicine was given immediately.
(c) Officials quarantined the entire ship.
(d) They sent the ship back to its point of origin.
6. What was a chief problem of the lower decks of an ocean liner?
(b) Not enough beds.
(c) Lack of proper ventilation.
(d) Improper lighting.
7. Disease and sickness on the ocean liners caused them to be nicknamed:
(a) "Funeral ships."
(b) "Dead man's ships."
(c) "Floating coffins."
(d) "Hospital ships."
8. What percentage of surgeries in the late 19th century ended in death?
9. How were medical advances defined during the Victorian period?
(a) They were considered a boom during this time.
(b) They did not keep pace with technological advances.
(c) Medical advances were few but very helpful.
(d) Medical breakthroughs were common.
10. What was one common agonizing disease that continued to break out in the South after the Civil War?
(b) Yellow Fever.
11. What was the General Slocum?
(a) A ferry that blew up and killed 1000 passengers.
(b) A ferry that sank due to overcrowding.
(c) A ferry that had the best safety record on the Hudson River.
(d) A ferry that collided with a barge, killing hundreds.
12. Why were foods manipulated with foreign ingredients in the late 19th century?
(a) For profit.
(b) Because people were trying to make their money go further.
(c) Because real ingredients were scarce.
(d) To better the taste.
13. Education in the rural setting in the late 19th century was considered to be:
(c) A waste of time.
(d) A good way to keep children occupied.
14. According to Bettmann in "Travel," what was often the result of an open-window train car?
(a) Passengers suffered from insect bites.
(b) Occupants would choke on smoke from the engine.
(c) Passengers would freeze.
(d) Passengers were crime victims at railway stations.
15. According to Bettmann in "Crime," what higher-level organizations were just as corrupted as the police?
(a) City politics.
(b) The senate.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the late 1800s, why was street crime so rampant in the large cities at night?
2. In the late 1800s, who especially suffered from such a monotonous diet?
3. The "protection" and "non-harassment" fees of the police in the late 19th century were a precursor to what later crime force?
4. In the late 19th century, how did families deal with members who had mental illnesses?
5. What other problems did city schools face in the post Civil War era?
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