|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
2. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
3. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?
4. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
5. What figure does Hobsbawm say emerged from Romanticism?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Hobsbawm say labor organizers were promising workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew?
2. How does Hobsbawm describe the class tensions surrounding the new middle class?
3. How does Hobsbawm define middle class ideology?
4. What does Hobsbawm say was the third kind of secular thought that developed during the middle of the nineteenth century?
5. Why, in Hobsbawm's account, was Britain the only industrialized nation in 1848?
6. What opportunities were open because of the Industrial Revolution that were not open before, in Hobsbawm's account?
7. Why was France's economy left behind, in Hobsbawm's account?
8. What happened in France while the rest of Europe was industrializing?
9. How does Hobsbawm say religion was changing after the French Revolution?
10. What does Hobsbawm say was growing along with and as a result of Protestantism?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Not everyone was thrilled by the development of a new middle class, a new middle class ideology, and a Romantic or liberal perspective on history, culture, and the arts. Describe the opposition to progress, Romanticism, liberalism, and Communism. Who were the groups, classes or individuals who resisted the revolutions that changed the world in the 19th century?
Essay Topic 2
Hobsbawm describes the importance of nationalism in the development of a middle class that had developed its own characteristic ideology, which was marked by a faith in a universe that progressed either toward spiritual fulfillment (Hegel) or communism (Marx). Both of these conclusions were for the mass, though, and it would not be until Freud that people could see the difficulties of being individuals within a mass or nation.
Write an essay that addresses the importance of nationalism in your life. In what ways are you a national creature? Does your nationalism interfere with or obscure your individuality?
Essay Topic 3
Revolutions took place for years after the French Revolution, some successful, some not. How would you characterize the legacy of the French Revolution in these other revolutions? Were these revolutions independent occurrences? Were they inspired by or in any way caused by the French Revolution? Or, were they merely reactions against the same cultural developments that had happened in France?
This section contains 795 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)