|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
2. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
3. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?
4. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
5. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Hobsbawm say France in particular created opportunities for a new middle class?
2. What examples does Hobsbawm cite to demonstrate his point that the arts were responsive to the socioeconomic conditions in Europe in the mid-1800s?
3. Why does Hobsbawm describe the changing use of the landscape "the most catastrophic phenomenon" of the period?
4. How does Hobsbawm describe the class tensions surrounding the new middle class?
5. What does Hobsbawm say labor organizers were promising workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew?
6. What does Hobsbawm say was growing along with and as a result of Protestantism?
7. What works marked the beginning and the peak, respectively, of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
8. What opportunities were open because of the Industrial Revolution that were not open before, in Hobsbawm's account?
9. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?
10. How does Hobsbawm describe the working class' living conditions?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Was the secularization of European culture a benefit or a disadvantage of industrialization? Was it simply a transition, as people found their religion in other places? What functions had religion served that were now served by other, secular developments?
Essay Topic 2
70How does the Age of Revolution look if you discard the superlatives and try to see merely the new, small, day-to-day changes that made life markedly different from one year to the next over a period of 50 to 70 years? Write an extended journal entry or a series of short essays to describe what it must have been like for nineteenth-century Europeans to experience such a long period of consistent change.
Essay Topic 3
Hobsbawm says that nationalism was a new phenomenon after 1830, and that it was tied to the rise of a middle class. Explain the relationship between nationalism and the rising middle class. How did the middle class use nationalism to define itself and its desires? What problems or pressures did nationalism answer or resolve for the middle class?
This section contains 814 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)