|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
2. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?
3. What was increasing at the same time that the railroads were expanding in the 1830s?
4. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?
5. What changed in other countries, but did not change in France, in Hobsbawm's analysis?
Short Essay Questions
1. Which artist does Hobsbawm cite as examples of the high standards reached in the arts in the mid-1800s?
2. Which religions were expanding as the Catholic Church's importance was declining?
3. What examples does Hobsbawm cite to demonstrate his point that the arts were responsive to the socioeconomic conditions in Europe in the mid-1800s?
4. How did those in power react to the spread of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
5. Why was France's economy left behind, in Hobsbawm's account?
6. What works marked the beginning and the peak, respectively, of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
7. What does Hobsbawm say were the three paths a working class person could choose in 1848?
8. How does Hobsbawm describe France's effect on land reform?
9. What does Hobsbawm say labor organizers were promising workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew?
10. What opportunities were open because of the Industrial Revolution that were not open before, in Hobsbawm's account?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What are Hobsbawm's historiographical priorities? What historiographical methods characterize his work? What themes is he interested in? How does he explore them? Compare this work (or contrast it) with other works of history you have read.
Essay Topic 2
Was the secularization of European culture a benefit or a disadvantage of industrialization? Was it simply a transition, as people found their religion in other places? What functions had religion served that were now served by other, secular developments?
Essay Topic 3
Hobsbawm describes the importance of nationalism in the development of a middle class that had developed its own characteristic ideology, which was marked by a faith in a universe that progressed either toward spiritual fulfillment (Hegel) or communism (Marx). Both of these conclusions were for the mass, though, and it would not be until Freud that people could see the difficulties of being individuals within a mass or nation.
Write an essay that addresses the importance of nationalism in your life. In what ways are you a national creature? Does your nationalism interfere with or obscure your individuality?
This section contains 859 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)