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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
2. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
3. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
4. What was Chartism?
5. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?
2. What does Hobsbawm say was increasing around 1848?
3. How does Hobsbawm describe the working class' living conditions?
4. Why were Jews and Protestants in particular successful and socially mobile, in Hobsbawm's account?
5. What does Hobsbawm say labor organizers were promising workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew?
6. How did the working poor act out politically, when they did act out, in Hobsbawm's account?
7. What role did religion serve, even as Europe was becoming more secular?
8. What opportunities were open because of the Industrial Revolution that were not open before, in Hobsbawm's account?
9. Which religions were expanding as the Catholic Church's importance was declining?
10. How does Hobsbawm describe France's effect on land reform?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Considering the changes that were happening at the time in the early- to mid-1800s, it's no surprise that people were anxious about the future; but Marx saw Communism as the goal and perfection of human society. How had the times created this view in Marx and in European culture? What movements does Hobsbawm discuss which contributed to the development of Communism as an alternative to the capitalist exploitation of the Earth and the workers?
Essay Topic 2
In what ways were the French Revolution and Industrial Revolution 'revolutions' in the technical sense (i.e. turnings back toward some previous state) and in what ways were they revolutionary (i.e. unprecedented, original events)?
Essay Topic 3
What was the role of the Jews in the Industrial Revolution and French Revolution? How did they participate in the transformation of European society? How did they benefit by it? How was their experience different than other groups' experiences?
This section contains 861 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)