|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the state of science in the period after the French Revolution?
2. What view of society was beginning to be adopted widely, in Hobsbawm's account?
3. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
4. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?
5. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?
Short Essay Questions
1. What opportunities were open because of the Industrial Revolution that were not open before, in Hobsbawm's account?
2. What does Hobsbawm say was the third kind of secular thought that developed during the middle of the nineteenth century?
3. How did the working poor act out politically, when they did act out, in Hobsbawm's account?
4. Why was France's economy left behind, in Hobsbawm's account?
5. How does Hobsbawm say France in particular created opportunities for a new middle class?
6. Which religions were expanding as the Catholic Church's importance was declining?
7. What role did religion serve, even as Europe was becoming more secular?
8. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?
9. How does Hobsbawm define middle class ideology?
10. How did those in power react to the spread of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Make an annotated time line with the important trends and events that marked the development of Europe in the Age of Revolution. Make a map that shows these trends and events as well.
Essay Topic 2
Was the secularization of European culture a benefit or a disadvantage of industrialization? Was it simply a transition, as people found their religion in other places? What functions had religion served that were now served by other, secular developments?
Essay Topic 3
Hobsbawm describes the importance of nationalism in the development of a middle class that had developed its own characteristic ideology, which was marked by a faith in a universe that progressed either toward spiritual fulfillment (Hegel) or communism (Marx). Both of these conclusions were for the mass, though, and it would not be until Freud that people could see the difficulties of being individuals within a mass or nation.
Write an essay that addresses the importance of nationalism in your life. In what ways are you a national creature? Does your nationalism interfere with or obscure your individuality?
This section contains 891 words
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