|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
2. What was Chartism?
3. What landmark event does Hobsbawm see as the peak of the middle class ideology?
4. Who were the working poor typically rebelling against, in Hobsbawm's account?
5. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
Short Essay Questions
1. What role did religion serve, even as Europe was becoming more secular?
2. What does Hobsbawm say was the third kind of secular thought that developed during the middle of the nineteenth century?
3. How does Hobsbawm define middle class ideology?
4. What does Hobsbawm say were the three paths a working class person could choose in 1848?
5. How does Hobsbawm describe the working class' living conditions?
6. What examples does Hobsbawm cite to demonstrate his point that the arts were responsive to the socioeconomic conditions in Europe in the mid-1800s?
7. Why, in Hobsbawm's account, was Britain the only industrialized nation in 1848?
8. What does Hobsbawm say labor organizers were promising workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew?
9. What does Hobsbawm say was increasing around 1848?
10. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
70How does the Age of Revolution look if you discard the superlatives and try to see merely the new, small, day-to-day changes that made life markedly different from one year to the next over a period of 50 to 70 years? Write an extended journal entry or a series of short essays to describe what it must have been like for nineteenth-century Europeans to experience such a long period of consistent change.
Essay Topic 2
Hobsbawm says that nationalism was a new phenomenon after 1830, and that it was tied to the rise of a middle class. Explain the relationship between nationalism and the rising middle class. How did the middle class use nationalism to define itself and its desires? What problems or pressures did nationalism answer or resolve for the middle class?
Essay Topic 3
Was the secularization of European culture a benefit or a disadvantage of industrialization? Or, was it simply a transition, as people found their religion in other places? What functions had religion served that were now served by other, secular developments?
This section contains 777 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)