The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Dickens.
(b) Wordsworth.
(c) Goethe.
(d) Dreiser.

2. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?
(a) They did not need to finance their lives with untrustworthy paper money.
(b) They knew how to perform the manual labor that others no longer performed.
(c) They seemed to lack the quality that had allowed others to move into the middle class.
(d) They seemed to be freer than the middle class, who had to be ambitious to get ahead.

3. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?
(a) It was highly aesthetic.
(b) As an 'extremist crowd'.
(c) It valued conformity.
(d) It proposed new ways of representing reality.

4. How did many countries impose this transformation of land use on the people?
(a) By seizing the aristocrats' lands for the people.
(b) By founding colonies in the New World.
(c) By abolishing feudalism.
(d) By nationalizing church and state lands.

5. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?
(a) They were typically well-versed in science and technology.
(b) They lived in centers of trade.
(c) They were established financiers.
(d) They were already largely urbanized.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?

2. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry gain by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?

3. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?

4. How did Hobsbawm characterize the change in the way that people related to the land, and the way land was related to the economy?

5. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?

Short Essay Questions

1. What had to happen to land use practices, in Hobsbawm's account, for capitalism to take hold in Europe?

2. How does Hobsbawm say France in particular created opportunities for a new middle class?

3. What does Hobsbawm say were the three paths a working class person could choose in 1848?

4. How does Hobsbawm say religion was changing after the French Revolution?

5. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?

6. What role did religion serve, even as Europe was becoming more secular?

7. Which artist does Hobsbawm cite as examples of the high standards reached in the arts in the mid-1800s?

8. How does Hobsbawm describe the working class' living conditions?

9. What works marked the beginning and the peak, respectively, of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?

10. What does Hobsbawm say was increasing around 1848?

(see the answer keys)

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