The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What motive does Hobsbawm say would have to motivate the new owners of the land, if the land were going to develop economically?
(a) The urge to power.
(b) The profit motive.
(c) Altruism.
(d) Communist sympathy.

2. Why, according to Hobsbawm, did land reform take place in France?
(a) Because of the French Revolution.
(b) Because of the Industrial Revolution.
(c) Because of the ravages of the Napoleonic Wars.
(d) Because of Napoleon's defeat in Russia.

3. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry gain by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?
(a) Tradition.
(b) Money.
(c) Culture.
(d) Freedom.

4. In what way, in Hobsbawm's account, did the nobility use religion?
(a) As a club to keep the lower classes down.
(b) As an expensive charity to donate to.
(c) As a source of stability and legitimacy.
(d) As a prop to demonstrate their conspicuous leisure.

5. The most industrialized countries saw more and more adherents of what religion?
(a) Catholicism.
(b) Folk religion.
(c) Protestantism.
(d) Paganism.

Short Answer Questions

1. How religious does Hobsbawm say the working classes were, by modern standards?

2. What is the paradox in France's failure to develop its industries?

3. What was increasing at the same time that the railroads were expanding in the 1830s?

4. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?

5. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Hobsbawm say was increasing around 1848?

2. Which religions were expanding as the Catholic Church's importance was declining?

3. What had to happen to land use practices, in Hobsbawm's account, for capitalism to take hold in Europe?

4. How does Hobsbawm describe the class tensions surrounding the new middle class?

5. How does Hobsbawm describe France's effect on land reform?

6. How, in Hobsbawm's account, did European land reforms fare in other places?

7. How does Hobsbawm describe the working class' living conditions?

8. What are the three sources Hobsbawm refers to when he says that artists made the effects of industrialization a common theme?

9. How does Hobsbawm say religion was changing after the French Revolution?

10. What works marked the beginning and the peak, respectively, of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?

(see the answer keys)

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