The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.
(b) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(c) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.
(d) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.

2. What fell away as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) Secularism.
(b) Sons following into their fathers' professions.
(c) Apprenticeship.
(d) Protestantism.

3. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was declining.
(b) It was expanding.
(c) It was becoming more powerful.
(d) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.

4. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?
(a) Immigrate to America, move to a city, or suffer in poverty.
(b) The working poor did not have options, as a whole.
(c) Suffer in poverty, elevate themselves to the middle class, or rebel.
(d) Remain in the place of their birth, emigrate, or start a busines of their own.

5. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?
(a) As a backwards set of superstitions.
(b) As the foundation for industrialism.
(c) As a hindrance to economic growth.
(d) As a legacy of improvements.

Short Answer Questions

1. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?

2. When, in Hobsbawm's opinion, did the rate of change begin to increase quickly?

3. What caused the middle class ideology to decline, in Hobsbawm's account?

4. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?

5. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Hobsbawm say were the three paths a working class person could choose in 1848?

2. How does Hobsbawm define middle class ideology?

3. Why was France's economy left behind, in Hobsbawm's account?

4. How, in Hobsbawm's account, did European land reforms fare in other places?

5. How does Hobsbawm describe the class tensions surrounding the new middle class?

6. How does Hobsbawm describe France's effect on land reform?

7. What happened in France while the rest of Europe was industrializing?

8. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?

9. What does Hobsbawm say was increasing around 1848?

10. What examples does Hobsbawm cite to demonstrate his point that the arts were responsive to the socioeconomic conditions in Europe in the mid-1800s?

(see the answer keys)

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