The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They stripped away the wealth of the North African countries.
(b) They brought civilization to North Africa for the first time.
(c) They installed local officials as a new aristocracy.
(d) They created a discontented class of people who eventually revolted.

2. What possibility did this social structure open to French society?
(a) It became a place where aristocrats could regain their property and standing.
(b) It became a place where new immigrants could attain citizenship.
(c) It became a place where talent could succeed regardless of wealth or birth.
(d) It became a place where the monarch could appoint friends and supporters.

3. What caused the middle class ideology to decline, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was vulgarized by business interests.
(b) The advent of monopolies.
(c) Cutthroat capitalist competition.
(d) Communism was taking hold.

4. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Strikes and riots.
(b) Organized terrorism.
(c) Demonstrations.
(d) Political campaigns.

5. What did the new view hold that was spreading through Europe?
(a) The improvability of the system by engineers and scientists.
(b) The progress of society through reason and philosophical enlightenment.
(c) The value of tradition in ritual and mystery.
(d) The spiritual unification of humanity in a global community.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?

2. What was the state of science in the period after the French Revolution?

3. How religious does Hobsbawm say the working classes were, by modern standards?

4. What did France produce as other countries' economies changed?

5. According to Hobsbawm, what characterized conditions in the neighborhoods of the working poor?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Hobsbawm describe the changing use of the landscape "the most catastrophic phenomenon" of the period?

2. How does Hobsbawm say religion was changing after the French Revolution?

3. Which religions were expanding as the Catholic Church's importance was declining?

4. What role did religion serve, even as Europe was becoming more secular?

5. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?

6. What does Hobsbawm say labor organizers were promising workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew?

7. How did the working poor act out politically, when they did act out, in Hobsbawm's account?

8. How does Hobsbawm describe the class tensions surrounding the new middle class?

9. What happened in France while the rest of Europe was industrializing?

10. How does Hobsbawm say France in particular created opportunities for a new middle class?

(see the answer keys)

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