|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was expanding.
(b) It was declining.
(c) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(d) It was becoming more powerful.
2. What distinguished the new class of workers that emerged in the Age of Revolution?
(a) They no longer needed patrons.
(b) They went to school for their trade.
(c) They received pay in money, not goods.
(d) They did not use their hands.
3. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were refining slave-based production methods.
(b) They were developing politically.
(c) They were still linked to agriculture.
(d) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
4. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) Austria and Prussia.
(b) France and Spain.
(d) Britain and America.
5. What did Hobsbawm find in conservative thinking of the period?
(a) A strong tradition, in literature in particular.
(b) Hobsbawm did not find much of value.
(c) The beginnings of fascism.
(d) Myriad alternatives to industrialization.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
2. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?
3. Why, according to Hobsbawm, did land reform take place in France?
4. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
5. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Hobsbawm describe the changing use of the landscape "the most catastrophic phenomenon" of the period?
2. How does Hobsbawm describe the class tensions surrounding the new middle class?
3. What role did religion serve, even as Europe was becoming more secular?
4. What does Hobsbawm say labor organizers were promising workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew?
5. Why were Jews and Protestants in particular successful and socially mobile, in Hobsbawm's account?
6. What had to happen to land use practices, in Hobsbawm's account, for capitalism to take hold in Europe?
7. How did the working poor act out politically, when they did act out, in Hobsbawm's account?
8. How, in Hobsbawm's account, did European land reforms fare in other places?
9. Why was France's economy left behind, in Hobsbawm's account?
10. What works marked the beginning and the peak, respectively, of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
This section contains 806 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)