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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?
(a) It saw the development of a publishing industry for newspapers and books.
(b) It inspired artists with an example of people fighting for freedom.
(c) It killed off a generation of older artists.
(d) It inured people to gory descriptions of war.
2. What change does Hobsbawm say took place in the neighborhoods of the working poor?
(a) They were segregated from the middle class.
(b) They were abandoned to squalor.
(c) They were transformed and redesigned for high density living.
(d) They were integrated with the industrial centers of production.
3. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It promoted repression of revolution.
(b) It promoted Jacobinism.
(c) It promoted Freemasonry.
(d) It promoted revolution.
4. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were refining slave-based production methods.
(b) They were developing politically.
(c) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
(d) They were still linked to agriculture.
5. Who does Hobsbawm say typified the third kind of thinking that arose in the early 1800s?
(b) Rousseau and Hegel.
(c) Wordsworth and Blake.
Short Answer Questions
1. What changed in other countries, but did not change in France, in Hobsbawm's analysis?
2. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
3. What contrast became very clear as industrialism developed in Europe?
4. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?
5. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Hobsbawm say were the three paths a working class person could choose in 1848?
2. How does Hobsbawm say religion was changing after the French Revolution?
3. What works marked the beginning and the peak, respectively, of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
4. What does Hobsbawm say was increasing around 1848?
5. Why, in Hobsbawm's account, was Britain the only industrialized nation in 1848?
6. Why were Jews and Protestants in particular successful and socially mobile, in Hobsbawm's account?
7. Which religions were expanding as the Catholic Church's importance was declining?
8. How does Hobsbawm describe France's effect on land reform?
9. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?
10. What role did religion serve, even as Europe was becoming more secular?
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