|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What tool did the upper classes use to discriminate against the working poor?
(a) Military repression.
(b) Hiring decisions.
(d) Anti-union gangs.
2. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(b) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(c) It was becoming more radical.
(d) It was in general decline.
3. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(b) Religious freedom.
(c) Stricter government surveillance.
(d) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
4. What did France produce as other countries' economies changed?
(a) A full range of products.
(b) Luxury goods for export.
(c) Common goods for its domestic market.
(d) Raw materials for export.
5. How was Beethoven's Eroica connected to the politics of Beethoven's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was dedicated to Napoleon.
(b) Beethoven had been deafened by cannon fire before he wrote it.
(c) It contained cannons.
(d) It glorified conquest.
Short Answer Questions
1. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
2. How religious does Hobsbawm say the working classes were, by modern standards?
3. What role did Chartists play in politics?
4. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?
5. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Hobsbawm describe France's effect on land reform?
2. How does Hobsbawm define middle class ideology?
3. What does Hobsbawm say labor organizers were promising workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew?
4. Which artist does Hobsbawm cite as examples of the high standards reached in the arts in the mid-1800s?
5. What happened in France while the rest of Europe was industrializing?
6. What works marked the beginning and the peak, respectively, of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
7. What does Hobsbawm say were the three paths a working class person could choose in 1848?
8. What are the three sources Hobsbawm refers to when he says that artists made the effects of industrialization a common theme?
9. How does Hobsbawm say France in particular created opportunities for a new middle class?
10. What had to happen to land use practices, in Hobsbawm's account, for capitalism to take hold in Europe?
This section contains 712 words
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