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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was increasing at the same time that the railroads were expanding in the 1830s?
2. What is the paradox in France's failure to develop its industries?
(a) The peasants gained more political power, but with so many voices, the government was paralyzed.
(b) The peasants had more autonomy as a result of land reforms, but they were not well positioned to capitalize on their land.
(c) The aristocracy lost the land, but retained the right to what the land produced.
(d) The workers became more efficient, but the cost of living skyrocketed.
3. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
(b) They were developing politically.
(c) They were still linked to agriculture.
(d) They were refining slave-based production methods.
4. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.
(b) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(c) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.
(d) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.
5. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?
(a) As the foundation for industrialism.
(b) As a legacy of improvements.
(c) As a backwards set of superstitions.
(d) As a hindrance to economic growth.
Short Answer Questions
1. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
2. What distinguished the new class of workers that emerged in the Age of Revolution?
3. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?
4. Who were the working poor typically rebelling against, in Hobsbawm's account?
5. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
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