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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who does Hobsbawm say identified themselves with local traditions?
(a) The middle class.
(b) The aristocrats.
(c) The uneducated masses.
(d) The bourgeoisie.
2. What emerged in 1830, according to Hobsbawm's evaluation?
(a) Mechanisms for suppressing revolutions.
(b) A permanently poor underclass.
(c) A self-identified working class.
(d) State surveillance techniques.
3. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They widened the gap between rich and poor.
(b) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
(c) They made the government more efficient.
(d) They weakened the government.
4. What was the international congress that ruled Europe called?
(a) The European Assembly.
(b) The Concert of Europe.
(c) The League of Nations.
(d) The European Convention.
5. What quality distinguished the revolutions that took place in 1848 from earlier revolutions, according to Hobsbawm?
(a) They were spontaneous.
(b) They were planned.
(c) They were non-violent.
(d) They were unsuccessful.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did the concept of nationalism spread through Europe?
2. The merchant class was situated between what and what, in Hobsbawm's account?
3. What did the French monarch make a practice of in the 1780s?
4. When does Hobsbawm say the second wave of revolutions took place?
5. Why didn't disagreements between nations reach the level of international war?
Short Essay Questions
1. In Hobsbawm's account, was the Napoleonic War worth the destruction it caused for the economic benefits that followed?
2. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the world was both bigger and smaller in the late 1700s?
3. What does Hobsbawm say were the monarchies' relationships with land use and the economy in 1780?
4. Describe the final defeat of the French forces at the end of the Napoleonic Wars.
5. What does Hobsbawm say was the third wave of revolutions to follow the French Revolution?
6. What does Hobsbawm say was the second wave of revolutions to follow the French Revolution?
7. What role did the cotton market play in the Industrial Revolution, in Hobsbawm's account?
8. How does Hobsbawm say that the political atmosphere changed after the French Revolution?
9. Where does Hobsbawm say the European nations expanded their influence, for lack of war in Europe?
10. Why does Hobsbawm say that raw materials like iron and coal did not expand the same way as cotton began to expand in the 1780s?
This section contains 775 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)