|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did the French Revolution demonstrate to the rest of Europe?
(a) That tyrants could use popular uprisings for their own purposes.
(b) That people could rise up to fight for their freedom.
(c) That Europe was not ready for democracy yet.
(d) That power will always reside in the aristocracy's hands.
2. Where did the idea that Hobsbawm says was developing after 1830 first take root?
(a) In the destitute.
(b) In the working poor.
(c) In the middle classes.
(d) In the bourgeoisie.
3. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They weakened the government.
(b) They made the government more efficient.
(c) They widened the gap between rich and poor.
(d) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
4. Why does Hobsbawm say that the Industrial Revolution could only have happened in England?
(a) Becaue only Britain had the commercial strength and social conditions for it.
(b) Because the rest of the continent was consumed in war.
(c) Because the Industrial Revolution required a cooler climate.
(d) Because agriculture thrived in England's moister climate.
5. What group does Hobsbawm say typified the revolutionary groups that became active in 1848?
(a) The Carbonari.
(b) The Jacobins.
(c) The Luddites.
(d) The Chartists.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happened that fostered nationalist movements in the Balkans?
2. What does Hobsbawm say was the greatest influence on political thought in the 19th century?
3. Where does Hobsbawm say the first wave of revolutions took place after the French Revolution?
4. Who does Hobsbawm say identified themselves with local traditions?
5. What trend was Hobsbawm looking for in revolts and revolutions?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did the Napoleonic Wars affect the slave trade, in Hobsbawm's account?
2. Why does Hobsbawm say that raw materials like iron and coal did not expand the same way as cotton began to expand in the 1780s?
3. Describe Robespierre's influence on the French Revolution.
4. Describe the beginnings of the French Revolution, from 1789 to 1792.
5. What were the geographical consequences of the Napoleonic Wars, in Hobsbawm's account?
6. What conditions made Britain ripe for the Industrial Revolution, according to Hobsbawm?
7. In Hobsbawm's account, why was 1830 a turning point in the history of Europe?
8. What does Hobsbawm say was the second wave of revolutions to follow the French Revolution?
9. Why did a period of peace follow the Napoleonic Wars, in Hobsbawm's account?
10. What does Hobsbawm say were the monarchies' relationships with land use and the economy in 1780?
This section contains 810 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)