|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What, in Hobsbawm's view, was the economic result of the French Revolution?
(a) It devastated the continent with non-stop fighting.
(b) It ruined the means of production and created the possibility of socialism.
(c) It created room for new industries.
(d) It concentrated the refugee populations in cities, where they became workers.
2. What did the French Revolution create in Spain?
(a) Resistance to democracy.
(b) Resistance to monarchy.
(c) New forms of government.
(d) Freedom movements in the Catalan region.
3. Why didn't France invade any territories after the French Revolution?
(a) The country was struggling with internal dissensions.
(b) The government could not raise an army large enough for any invasions.
(c) The price of reintroducing Jacobinism was too high.
(d) The country was burdened with too much debt.
4. Who dominated the Third Estate in the 1780s in France?
(a) The nobility.
(b) The working poor.
(c) The middle class.
(d) Revolutionaries and radicals.
5. In what way does Hobsbawm say the world of 1789 was bigger than today?
(a) Hobsbawm says that the population was bigger than today.
(b) Hobsbawm says that much of the Earth was still unexplored.
(c) Hobsbawm says that people were bigger than today.
(d) Hobsbawm says that distances seemed much bigger than today.
Short Answer Questions
1. What quality distinguished the revolutions that took place in 1848 from earlier revolutions, according to Hobsbawm?
2. What did Hobsbawm say was the new law of businesses in the late 1700s?
3. How does Hobsbawm describe the agrarian workers of the world?
4. Which class does Hobsbawm say published and circulated native-language publications?
5. France was opposed by which of these in the Napoleonic Wars?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Hobsbawm say that raw materials like iron and coal did not expand the same way as cotton began to expand in the 1780s?
2. What does Hobsbawm say was the paradox of progress in certain countries of Europe?
3. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the world was both bigger and smaller in the late 1700s?
4. Who, in Hobsbawm's account, formed the foundation for what Hobsbawm calls "self-conscious' nationalism?
5. Describe the effect of the Greek revolution on Greece and the region.
6. What role did the cotton market play in the Industrial Revolution, in Hobsbawm's account?
7. How does Hobsbawm say that the nationalistic ideal spread through Europe?
8. In Hobsbawm's account, was the Napoleonic War worth the destruction it caused for the economic benefits that followed?
9. What conditions made Britain ripe for the Industrial Revolution, according to Hobsbawm?
10. What does Hobsbawm say is the difference between revolts and national movements?
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