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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Hobsbawm say the major European powers agreed on after the French Revolution?
(a) Revolutions should be used to reinforce the ruling class.
(b) Revolutions should be a way of eliminating the aristocrats.
(c) Revolutionary movements should be contained.
(d) Revolutions should be used as tools for developing nationalism.
2. Where, according to Hobsbawm, did a national movement come from the masses?
3. Where were the French forces defeated in 1815?
4. What pressure drove the mechanization of production in the late 1700s?
(a) The need for mercantile power.
(b) The need for profit.
(c) The need to dominate trade routes.
(d) The need for monopoly.
5. Where did the second wave of revolutions take place?
(a) Ireland and Poland.
(c) Albania and Romania.
(d) Turkey and Greece.
6. Why does Hobsbawm say that the Industrial Revolution could only have happened in England?
(a) Because agriculture thrived in England's moister climate.
(b) Because the Industrial Revolution required a cooler climate.
(c) Because the rest of the continent was consumed in war.
(d) Becaue only Britain had the commercial strength and social conditions for it.
7. What set the stage for the French Revolution, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) France's war with Austria.
(b) France's war with Britain.
(c) France's war with Russia.
(d) France's war with Prussia.
8. What was Robespierre's role in the Reign of Terror?
(a) He incited the people to carry it out.
(b) He conceived the idea for it.
(c) He oversaw it.
(d) He was persecuted by it.
9. What came to an end in 1830, according to Hobsbawm?
(a) Religious faith.
(b) Aristocratic political power.
(c) Local trade.
10. Where were the French forces defeated in 1814?
(d) The Marne.
11. Who dominated the Third Estate in the 1780s in France?
(a) The nobility.
(b) Revolutionaries and radicals.
(c) The middle class.
(d) The working poor.
12. What was abolished in the wake of Napoleon's victories?
13. What was the age of scientific and political progress in the 1700s called?
(a) The Renaissance.
(b) The Romantic period.
(d) The Enlightenment.
14. What emerged in 1830, according to Hobsbawm's evaluation?
(a) A self-identified working class.
(b) A permanently poor underclass.
(c) Mechanisms for suppressing revolutions.
(d) State surveillance techniques.
15. France was opposed by which of these in the Napoleonic Wars?
(a) Britain and Russia.
(b) All of Europe and Britain.
(c) Russia, Prussia and Austria.
(d) Austria and Prussia.
Short Answer Questions
1. What group does Hobsbawm say typified the revolutionary groups that became active in 1848?
2. What did Hobsbawm say was the new law of businesses in the late 1700s?
3. What did the nobility do when France became a Constitutional monarchy?
4. What did the French Revolution demonstrate to the rest of Europe?
5. When does Hobsbawm say the second wave of revolutions took place?
This section contains 513 words
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