|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who dominated the Third Estate in the 1780s in France?
(a) Revolutionaries and radicals.
(b) The middle class.
(c) The working poor.
(d) The nobility.
2. Why didn't disagreements between nations reach the level of international war?
(a) Because the treaties signed after the French Revolution forbade it.
(b) Because there was a relative balance of powers.
(c) Because the populaces had all been decimated.
(d) Because the nations were bound by alliances.
3. When did the Constituent Assembly create a new Constitution that turned France into a Constitutional monarchy?
4. Which class does Hobsbawm say published and circulated native-language publications?
(a) Ex-patriate presses.
(b) The universities.
(c) Local presses.
(d) Urban presses.
5. When does Hobsbawm say the second wave of revolutions took place?
6. Which of the revolutions that took place in the first wave of revolutions after the French Revolution was NOT suppressed?
7. What does Hobsbawm call the Industrial Revolution?
(a) "the end of classical Europe."
(b) "the most important event in world history."
(c) "the beginning of the modern age."
(d) "preparation for some of the greatest changes mankind would know."
8. What set the stage for the French Revolution, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) France's war with Prussia.
(b) France's war with Russia.
(c) France's war with Britain.
(d) France's war with Austria.
9. What were the dates of the Napoleonic Wars?
10. Where were the French forces defeated in 1814?
(b) The Marne.
11. What emerged in 1830, according to Hobsbawm's evaluation?
(a) A permanently poor underclass.
(b) Mechanisms for suppressing revolutions.
(c) State surveillance techniques.
(d) A self-identified working class.
12. Who dominated the Orthodox Church in 1848?
13. What did the nobility do when France became a Constitutional monarchy?
(a) They fled to other monarchies.
(b) They helped turn over their wealth and the Church's wealth to the people.
(c) They turned their estates into communes.
(d) They organized resistance within France.
14. What area was affected by what Hobsbawm calls the third wave of revolutions?
(a) The Mediterranean.
(b) All of Europe.
(c) Western Europe.
(d) Eastern Europe.
15. The merchant class was situated between what and what, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Political theory and practice.
(b) Farmers and craftsmen.
(c) Industrial labor and aristocrats.
(d) Part-time craftsmen and markets.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Hobsbawm say revolutionary groups had in common across Europe in 1848?
2. In what did England lead Europe, in Hobsbawm's account?
3. In what fields were cultural developments being made fastest in the late 1700s, according to Hobsbawm?
4. What does Hobsbawm say the major European powers agreed on after the French Revolution?
5. What was the Code of Napoleon?
This section contains 516 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)