|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What relationship had begun to dominate between landowners and farmers in England in the late 1700s?
(a) Frontiersmen were opening new lands in Europe.
(b) Lord and vassal.
(c) Landlord and tenant-farmer.
(d) Communal ownership.
2. What happened that fostered nationalist movements in the Balkans?
(a) The Greeks attained independence and fixed borders.
(b) Greeks began to flee to the Balkans to get away from the fighting in Greece.
(c) The Turks invaded, uniting the Balkan states against them.
(d) The Russians opened trade with the Balkan areas.
3. What was the French National Assembly modeled on?
(a) The British House of Commons.
(b) The American Senate.
(c) The British House of Lords.
(d) The American House of Representatives.
4. When did the Constituent Assembly create a new Constitution that turned France into a Constitutional monarchy?
5. What, in Hobsbawm's view, was the economic result of the French Revolution?
(a) It created room for new industries.
(b) It ruined the means of production and created the possibility of socialism.
(c) It devastated the continent with non-stop fighting.
(d) It concentrated the refugee populations in cities, where they became workers.
6. Europe was ruled by Britain, France, Austria, Prussia and which nation?
7. Who does Hobsbawm say identified themselves with local traditions?
(a) The bourgeoisie.
(b) The uneducated masses.
(c) The middle class.
(d) The aristocrats.
8. What did the nobility do when France became a Constitutional monarchy?
(a) They fled to other monarchies.
(b) They helped turn over their wealth and the Church's wealth to the people.
(c) They organized resistance within France.
(d) They turned their estates into communes.
9. What does Hobsbawm say is the dual root of nationalism in Europe?
(a) The French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution.
(b) New trade routes and peace after the war.
(c) The destruction of the French Revolution and the population explosion.
(d) The population explosion and the railroad.
10. How large were the circles within which people moved in the late 1700s, according to Hobsbawm?
(a) They were much more spread out.
(b) Smaller than today for some people, but larger for others.
(c) Much larger than today.
(d) Much smaller than today.
11. What does Hobsbawm say the major European powers agreed on after the French Revolution?
(a) Revolutions should be used as tools for developing nationalism.
(b) Revolutions should be used to reinforce the ruling class.
(c) Revolutionary movements should be contained.
(d) Revolutions should be a way of eliminating the aristocrats.
12. What was the international congress that ruled Europe called?
(a) The European Convention.
(b) The League of Nations.
(c) The European Assembly.
(d) The Concert of Europe.
13. What was Robespierre's role in the Reign of Terror?
(a) He oversaw it.
(b) He conceived the idea for it.
(c) He was persecuted by it.
(d) He incited the people to carry it out.
14. What idea does Hobsbawm say was just being developed after the turning point of 1830?
(a) "Self-conscious" nationalism.
(b) International community.
15. What does Hobsbawm say revolts turned against in this period?
(a) Absentee landlords.
(b) Alien rule.
(c) Mercantile colonialism.
(d) Aristocratic rule.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the Bastille a symbol of when the French stormed it in 1789?
2. What was the result of improvements in the technology of spinning and weaving?
3. Which industry saw special improvements and expansion in the late 1700s, according to Hobsbawm?
4. What does Hobsbawm call the Industrial Revolution?
5. What does Hobsbawm say was the greatest influence on political thought in the 19th century?
This section contains 595 words
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