|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which nation led the others in industrialization?
2. What cause did Russian and Britain support together after the French Revolution?
(a) The independence of Finland.
(b) The independence of Greece.
(c) The independence of Poland.
(d) The independence of Turkey.
3. What was the Bastille a symbol of when the French stormed it in 1789?
(a) The bourgeoisie.
(b) The free market.
(c) The monarchy.
(d) The radical element.
4. Why did the French state have a financial crisis in the 1780s?
(a) Because they had brought too many workers into the labor force, and devalued their currency.
(b) Because they helped the Americans in their Revolutionary War.
(c) Because they had overextended themselves in their colonies.
(d) Because they had lost Canada to the British.
5. In what did England lead Europe, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Political freedoms.
(b) Moral philosophy.
(c) Raw material production.
(d) Per capita trade.
6. What does Hobsbawm say revolutionary groups had in common across Europe in 1848?
(a) They all wanted to make their revolution a permanent part of society.
(b) They were all inspired to eliminate monarchies.
(c) They saw themselves as the benefactors of the common people.
(d) They all portrayed themselves as fighting for freedom against tyranny.
7. What trend was Hobsbawm looking for in revolts and revolutions?
(c) Local traditions.
8. Where does Hobsbawm say the first wave of revolutions took place after the French Revolution?
(a) In Asia.
(b) In the Americas.
(c) In the Mediterranean.
(d) In Eastern Europe.
9. Who does Hobsbawm say the revolutionary groups saw as the beneficiaries of their third wave of revolutions?
(a) Marx and Ricardo.
(b) Radicals and revolutionaries everywhere.
(c) All common people everywhere.
(d) The merchants of the world.
10. Which of the revolutions that took place in the first wave of revolutions after the French Revolution was NOT suppressed?
11. What did Hobsbawm say was the new law of businesses in the late 1700s?
(a) Buy low, sell high.
(b) Get big or die.
(c) Buy locally, sell globally.
(d) Create a niche.
12. When does Hobsbawm say the second wave of revolutions took place?
13. Which class does Hobsbawm say published and circulated native-language publications?
(a) Local presses.
(b) Ex-patriate presses.
(c) Urban presses.
(d) The universities.
14. What emerged in 1830, according to Hobsbawm's evaluation?
(a) A permanently poor underclass.
(b) Mechanisms for suppressing revolutions.
(c) State surveillance techniques.
(d) A self-identified working class.
15. What did the French monarch make a practice of in the 1780s?
(a) Placing competent men in bureaucratic positions.
(b) Persecuting heretics and dissenters.
(c) Selling government positions to noblemen.
(d) Ostracizing radicals and innovators.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who was represented by the "Third Estate" in France?
2. What group does Hobsbawm say typified the revolutionary groups that became active in 1848?
3. What, in Hobsbawm's view, was the economic result of the French Revolution?
4. Why didn't France invade any territories after the French Revolution?
5. Europe was ruled by Britain, France, Austria, Prussia and which nation?
This section contains 541 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)