The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did the French Revolution demonstrate to the rest of Europe?
(a) That Europe was not ready for democracy yet.
(b) That tyrants could use popular uprisings for their own purposes.
(c) That power will always reside in the aristocracy's hands.
(d) That people could rise up to fight for their freedom.

2. In what did England lead Europe, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Political freedoms.
(b) Per capita trade.
(c) Moral philosophy.
(d) Raw material production.

3. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They weakened the government.
(b) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
(c) They made the government more efficient.
(d) They widened the gap between rich and poor.

4. What did revolutionaries see as the goal of their revolutions?
(a) Making aristocratic government responsive to commoners' needs.
(b) Giving government back to the people.
(c) Making revolution a permanent aspect of society.
(d) Seizing control over government.

5. Which of the revolutions that took place in the first wave of revolutions after the French Revolution was NOT suppressed?
(a) Turkey.
(b) Greece.
(c) Spain.
(d) Ireland.

6. What does Hobsbawm say was the greatest influence on political thought in the 19th century?
(a) The Renaissance.
(b) The ancient Greeks.
(c) The French Revolution.
(d) The Industrial Revolution.

7. What was the international congress that ruled Europe called?
(a) The Concert of Europe.
(b) The European Convention.
(c) The European Assembly.
(d) The League of Nations.

8. What, in Hobsbawm's view, was the economic result of the French Revolution?
(a) It created room for new industries.
(b) It ruined the means of production and created the possibility of socialism.
(c) It concentrated the refugee populations in cities, where they became workers.
(d) It devastated the continent with non-stop fighting.

9. Where, according to Hobsbawm, did a national movement come from the masses?
(a) Greece.
(b) Poland.
(c) Turkey.
(d) Ireland.

10. What was Robespierre's role in the Reign of Terror?
(a) He was persecuted by it.
(b) He oversaw it.
(c) He conceived the idea for it.
(d) He incited the people to carry it out.

11. What area was affected by what Hobsbawm calls the third wave of revolutions?
(a) Eastern Europe.
(b) Western Europe.
(c) The Mediterranean.
(d) All of Europe.

12. What emerged in 1830, according to Hobsbawm's evaluation?
(a) A self-identified working class.
(b) Mechanisms for suppressing revolutions.
(c) A permanently poor underclass.
(d) State surveillance techniques.

13. When did the Constituent Assembly create a new Constitution that turned France into a Constitutional monarchy?
(a) 1793.
(b) 1789.
(c) 1795.
(d) 1791.

14. Who dominated the Third Estate in the 1780s in France?
(a) The working poor.
(b) Revolutionaries and radicals.
(c) The nobility.
(d) The middle class.

15. What did the nobility do when France became a Constitutional monarchy?
(a) They fled to other monarchies.
(b) They helped turn over their wealth and the Church's wealth to the people.
(c) They turned their estates into communes.
(d) They organized resistance within France.

Short Answer Questions

1. When does Hobsbawm say the second wave of revolutions took place?

2. Why didn't France invade any territories after the French Revolution?

3. Which areas were best connected, according to Hobsbawm?

4. Who does Hobsbawm say rose to prominence financing the wars?

5. What does Hobsbawm say revolutionary groups had in common across Europe in 1848?

(see the answer keys)

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