The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which class does Hobsbawm say published and circulated native-language publications?
(a) Local presses.
(b) Urban presses.
(c) Ex-patriate presses.
(d) The universities.

2. What happened that fostered nationalist movements in the Balkans?
(a) The Turks invaded, uniting the Balkan states against them.
(b) The Russians opened trade with the Balkan areas.
(c) The Greeks attained independence and fixed borders.
(d) Greeks began to flee to the Balkans to get away from the fighting in Greece.

3. Why does Hobsbawm say that the Industrial Revolution could only have happened in England?
(a) Because agriculture thrived in England's moister climate.
(b) Becaue only Britain had the commercial strength and social conditions for it.
(c) Because the rest of the continent was consumed in war.
(d) Because the Industrial Revolution required a cooler climate.

4. Who dominated the Third Estate in the 1780s in France?
(a) The working poor.
(b) Revolutionaries and radicals.
(c) The middle class.
(d) The nobility.

5. What was production freed from in the 1780s?
(a) The limitations imposed by limited raw materials.
(b) The limitations imposed by population size.
(c) The limitations imposed by years of war.
(d) The limitations of earlier production techniques.

6. Why did the international congress among Europe's ruling nations dissolve after a few years?
(a) It was replaced by another alliance.
(b) The interests of its main powers diverged.
(c) Its members conspired against each other.
(d) Its members launched an unsuccessful war together.

7. What pressure drove the mechanization of production in the late 1700s?
(a) The need for mercantile power.
(b) The need for monopoly.
(c) The need to dominate trade routes.
(d) The need for profit.

8. Why did the French state have a financial crisis in the 1780s?
(a) Because they had overextended themselves in their colonies.
(b) Because they had brought too many workers into the labor force, and devalued their currency.
(c) Because they had lost Canada to the British.
(d) Because they helped the Americans in their Revolutionary War.

9. Where does Hobsbawm see a culture combining nationalism with the revolutionary spirit of the French Revolution?
(a) Ireland.
(b) Greece.
(c) Poland.
(d) Albania.

10. What came to an end in 1830, according to Hobsbawm?
(a) Aristocratic political power.
(b) Hand-crafts.
(c) Local trade.
(d) Religious faith.

11. What crucial event does Hobsbawm say took place during the period after the French Revolution?
(a) The development of paper currency.
(b) The invention of the cotton gin.
(c) The abolition of the slave trade.
(d) The discovery of Australia.

12. Who was represented by the "Third Estate" in France?
(a) The bourgeoisie.
(b) The common people.
(c) The merchants.
(d) The nobles.

13. Where were the French forces defeated in 1814?
(a) Waterloo.
(b) Moscow.
(c) Leipzig.
(d) The Marne.

14. What were the dates of the Napoleonic Wars?
(a) 1789-1815.
(b) 1791-1812.
(c) 1812-1815.
(d) 1792-1815.

15. Why didn't France invade any territories after the French Revolution?
(a) The price of reintroducing Jacobinism was too high.
(b) The country was burdened with too much debt.
(c) The government could not raise an army large enough for any invasions.
(d) The country was struggling with internal dissensions.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why didn't disagreements between nations reach the level of international war?

2. Which areas were best connected, according to Hobsbawm?

3. Which market supplied raw materials for the cotton trade?

4. Where does Hobsbawm say the first wave of revolutions took place after the French Revolution?

5. The merchant class was situated between what and what, in Hobsbawm's account?

(see the answer keys)

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