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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They made the government more efficient.
(b) They widened the gap between rich and poor.
(c) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
(d) They weakened the government.
2. What came to an end in 1830, according to Hobsbawm?
(b) Aristocratic political power.
(c) Religious faith.
(d) Local trade.
3. What was Robespierre's role in the Reign of Terror?
(a) He incited the people to carry it out.
(b) He oversaw it.
(c) He conceived the idea for it.
(d) He was persecuted by it.
4. What were the dates of the Napoleonic Wars?
5. France was opposed by which of these in the Napoleonic Wars?
(a) All of Europe and Britain.
(b) Britain and Russia.
(c) Russia, Prussia and Austria.
(d) Austria and Prussia.
6. What crucial event does Hobsbawm say took place during the period after the French Revolution?
(a) The invention of the cotton gin.
(b) The abolition of the slave trade.
(c) The development of paper currency.
(d) The discovery of Australia.
7. What, in Hobsbawm's view, was the economic result of the French Revolution?
(a) It ruined the means of production and created the possibility of socialism.
(b) It created room for new industries.
(c) It concentrated the refugee populations in cities, where they became workers.
(d) It devastated the continent with non-stop fighting.
8. What was the international congress that ruled Europe called?
(a) The European Convention.
(b) The Concert of Europe.
(c) The European Assembly.
(d) The League of Nations.
9. How does Hobsbawm describe the agrarian workers of the world?
(a) He says they were united.
(b) He says they were efficient.
(c) He says they were part-owners in the estates.
(d) He says they were unfree.
10. What did the French monarch make a practice of in the 1780s?
(a) Selling government positions to noblemen.
(b) Ostracizing radicals and innovators.
(c) Persecuting heretics and dissenters.
(d) Placing competent men in bureaucratic positions.
11. Where did Russia expand its relationships after the French Revolution?
(d) The Caucasus.
12. Who invested in the railroads, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Nobles and aristocrats.
(b) All strata of society invested in the railroads.
(c) Merchants and investors.
(d) The working classes.
13. When did the Constituent Assembly create a new Constitution that turned France into a Constitutional monarchy?
14. Why did the French state have a financial crisis in the 1780s?
(a) Because they helped the Americans in their Revolutionary War.
(b) Because they had brought too many workers into the labor force, and devalued their currency.
(c) Because they had lost Canada to the British.
(d) Because they had overextended themselves in their colonies.
15. Where did the second wave of revolutions take place?
(a) Albania and Romania.
(c) Turkey and Greece.
(d) Ireland and Poland.
Short Answer Questions
1. What relationship had begun to dominate between landowners and farmers in England in the late 1700s?
2. Where did Britain expand its relationships after the French Revolution?
3. What area was affected by what Hobsbawm calls the third wave of revolutions?
4. Who does Hobsbawm say identified themselves with local traditions?
5. What does Hobsbawm call the Industrial Revolution?
This section contains 555 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)