|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which nation led the others in industrialization?
2. Where were the French forces defeated in 1814?
(b) The Marne.
3. When does Hobsbawm say the second wave of revolutions took place?
4. Why did the French state have a financial crisis in the 1780s?
(a) Because they had overextended themselves in their colonies.
(b) Because they had brought too many workers into the labor force, and devalued their currency.
(c) Because they helped the Americans in their Revolutionary War.
(d) Because they had lost Canada to the British.
5. Where were the French forces superior to the English?
(a) In the navy.
(b) In the army.
(c) In the mountains.
(d) In the colonies.
6. What were the dates of the Napoleonic Wars?
7. What cause did Russia and Britain disagree over after the French Revolution?
(a) The independence of Greece.
(b) The independence of Finland.
(c) The independence of Turkey.
(d) The independence of Poland.
8. In what fields were cultural developments being made fastest in the late 1700s, according to Hobsbawm?
(a) Religion and philosophy.
(b) Science and commerce.
(c) Arts and music.
(d) Morality and ethics.
9. What was Robespierre's role in the Reign of Terror?
(a) He conceived the idea for it.
(b) He oversaw it.
(c) He incited the people to carry it out.
(d) He was persecuted by it.
10. What did the French Revolution create in Spain?
(a) New forms of government.
(b) Resistance to monarchy.
(c) Resistance to democracy.
(d) Freedom movements in the Catalan region.
11. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They made the government more efficient.
(b) They widened the gap between rich and poor.
(c) They weakened the government.
(d) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
12. How does Hobsbawm describe the agrarian workers of the world?
(a) He says they were unfree.
(b) He says they were part-owners in the estates.
(c) He says they were efficient.
(d) He says they were united.
13. The merchant class was situated between what and what, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Industrial labor and aristocrats.
(b) Farmers and craftsmen.
(c) Part-time craftsmen and markets.
(d) Political theory and practice.
14. In what did England lead Europe, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Raw material production.
(b) Moral philosophy.
(c) Political freedoms.
(d) Per capita trade.
15. Why didn't disagreements between nations reach the level of international war?
(a) Because the treaties signed after the French Revolution forbade it.
(b) Because the populaces had all been decimated.
(c) Because there was a relative balance of powers.
(d) Because the nations were bound by alliances.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did revolutionaries see as the goal of their revolutions?
2. Who does Hobsbawm say identified themselves with local traditions?
3. Which industry saw special improvements and expansion in the late 1700s, according to Hobsbawm?
4. What did Hobsbawm say was the new law of businesses in the late 1700s?
5. What was the French National Assembly modeled on?
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