|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
(b) They made the government more efficient.
(c) They weakened the government.
(d) They widened the gap between rich and poor.
2. Where did Britain expand its relationships after the French Revolution?
(a) With Russia and Prussia.
(b) With its colonies.
(c) With China and Indonesia.
(d) With France and Spain.
3. What was the international congress that ruled Europe called?
(a) The League of Nations.
(b) The European Assembly.
(c) The European Convention.
(d) The Concert of Europe.
4. How much does Hobsbawm say Europeans were affected by the Napoleonic Wars?
(a) He says that the wide areas were almost totally devastated. but some were left untouched.
(b) He says that almost everyone felt the effects in one way or another.
(c) He says that many were not affected at all.
(d) He says that fighting was widespread throughout many regions.
5. Which areas were best connected, according to Hobsbawm?
(a) The mountains.
(b) The seacoasts.
(c) The farm country.
(d) The islands.
6. Why does Hobsbawm say that the Industrial Revolution could only have happened in England?
(a) Because the rest of the continent was consumed in war.
(b) Because the Industrial Revolution required a cooler climate.
(c) Becaue only Britain had the commercial strength and social conditions for it.
(d) Because agriculture thrived in England's moister climate.
7. What pressure drove the mechanization of production in the late 1700s?
(a) The need for monopoly.
(b) The need to dominate trade routes.
(c) The need for mercantile power.
(d) The need for profit.
8. Which industry saw special improvements and expansion in the late 1700s, according to Hobsbawm?
9. What group does Hobsbawm say typified the revolutionary groups that became active in 1848?
(a) The Carbonari.
(b) The Jacobins.
(c) The Chartists.
(d) The Luddites.
10. Who invested in the railroads, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Nobles and aristocrats.
(b) All strata of society invested in the railroads.
(c) The working classes.
(d) Merchants and investors.
11. Why didn't disagreements between nations reach the level of international war?
(a) Because the populaces had all been decimated.
(b) Because there was a relative balance of powers.
(c) Because the nations were bound by alliances.
(d) Because the treaties signed after the French Revolution forbade it.
12. In what did England lead Europe, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Political freedoms.
(b) Raw material production.
(c) Moral philosophy.
(d) Per capita trade.
13. What does Hobsbawm say is the dual root of nationalism in Europe?
(a) The population explosion and the railroad.
(b) The French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution.
(c) New trade routes and peace after the war.
(d) The destruction of the French Revolution and the population explosion.
14. What were the dates of the Napoleonic Wars?
15. What was the Bastille a symbol of when the French stormed it in 1789?
(a) The radical element.
(b) The bourgeoisie.
(c) The monarchy.
(d) The free market.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who does Hobsbawm say rose to prominence financing the wars?
2. What trend was Hobsbawm looking for in revolts and revolutions?
3. How large were the circles within which people moved in the late 1700s, according to Hobsbawm?
4. Which nation led the others in industrialization?
5. In what way does Hobsbawm say the world of 1789 was bigger than today?
This section contains 581 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)