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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where did Russia expand its relationships after the French Revolution?
(d) The Caucasus.
2. Which areas were best connected, according to Hobsbawm?
(a) The islands.
(b) The mountains.
(c) The farm country.
(d) The seacoasts.
3. Why does Hobsbawm say that the Industrial Revolution could only have happened in England?
(a) Because the Industrial Revolution required a cooler climate.
(b) Because agriculture thrived in England's moister climate.
(c) Becaue only Britain had the commercial strength and social conditions for it.
(d) Because the rest of the continent was consumed in war.
4. What trend was Hobsbawm looking for in revolts and revolutions?
(c) Local traditions.
5. Why did the international congress among Europe's ruling nations dissolve after a few years?
(a) The interests of its main powers diverged.
(b) Its members conspired against each other.
(c) It was replaced by another alliance.
(d) Its members launched an unsuccessful war together.
6. Where were spinning and weaving performed prior to the Industrial Revolution?
(a) In communal workshops.
(b) In the market.
(c) In warehouses.
(d) At home.
7. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They widened the gap between rich and poor.
(b) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
(c) They weakened the government.
(d) They made the government more efficient.
8. How did the concept of nationalism spread through Europe?
(a) From east to west.
(b) From France outward in every direction.
(c) From west to east.
(d) From north to south.
9. What idea does Hobsbawm say was just being developed after the turning point of 1830?
(b) "Self-conscious" nationalism.
(d) International community.
10. Who was represented by the "Third Estate" in France?
(a) The bourgeoisie.
(b) The common people.
(c) The nobles.
(d) The merchants.
11. Who does Hobsbawm say the revolutionary groups saw as the beneficiaries of their third wave of revolutions?
(a) Radicals and revolutionaries everywhere.
(b) All common people everywhere.
(c) The merchants of the world.
(d) Marx and Ricardo.
12. What does Hobsbawm call the Industrial Revolution?
(a) "the end of classical Europe."
(b) "preparation for some of the greatest changes mankind would know."
(c) "the beginning of the modern age."
(d) "the most important event in world history."
13. Why didn't disagreements between nations reach the level of international war?
(a) Because there was a relative balance of powers.
(b) Because the populaces had all been decimated.
(c) Because the nations were bound by alliances.
(d) Because the treaties signed after the French Revolution forbade it.
14. What crucial event does Hobsbawm say took place during the period after the French Revolution?
(a) The invention of the cotton gin.
(b) The abolition of the slave trade.
(c) The development of paper currency.
(d) The discovery of Australia.
15. What product does Hobsbawm say was the catalyst for the Industrial Revolution?
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the French monarch make a practice of in the 1780s?
2. Where, according to Hobsbawm, did a national movement come from the masses?
3. In what way does Hobsbawm say the world of 1789 was bigger than today?
4. What does Hobsbawm say is the dual root of nationalism in Europe?
5. Where did Britain expand its relationships after the French Revolution?
This section contains 590 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)