The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was abolished in the wake of Napoleon's victories?
(a) Feudalism.
(b) Colonialism.
(c) Monarchy.
(d) Aristocracy.

2. What did the nobility do when France became a Constitutional monarchy?
(a) They organized resistance within France.
(b) They helped turn over their wealth and the Church's wealth to the people.
(c) They fled to other monarchies.
(d) They turned their estates into communes.

3. Where, according to Hobsbawm, did a national movement come from the masses?
(a) Greece.
(b) Poland.
(c) Ireland.
(d) Turkey.

4. Who dominated the Third Estate in the 1780s in France?
(a) The middle class.
(b) The working poor.
(c) Revolutionaries and radicals.
(d) The nobility.

5. What happened that fostered nationalist movements in the Balkans?
(a) The Turks invaded, uniting the Balkan states against them.
(b) The Russians opened trade with the Balkan areas.
(c) The Greeks attained independence and fixed borders.
(d) Greeks began to flee to the Balkans to get away from the fighting in Greece.

6. What does Hobsbawm say revolts turned against in this period?
(a) Aristocratic rule.
(b) Alien rule.
(c) Mercantile colonialism.
(d) Absentee landlords.

7. What does Hobsbawm say is the dual root of nationalism in Europe?
(a) The population explosion and the railroad.
(b) New trade routes and peace after the war.
(c) The destruction of the French Revolution and the population explosion.
(d) The French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution.

8. Which class does Hobsbawm say published and circulated native-language publications?
(a) Ex-patriate presses.
(b) Urban presses.
(c) The universities.
(d) Local presses.

9. Who does Hobsbawm say the revolutionary groups saw as the beneficiaries of their third wave of revolutions?
(a) Radicals and revolutionaries everywhere.
(b) All common people everywhere.
(c) Marx and Ricardo.
(d) The merchants of the world.

10. Why didn't disagreements between nations reach the level of international war?
(a) Because the treaties signed after the French Revolution forbade it.
(b) Because there was a relative balance of powers.
(c) Because the populaces had all been decimated.
(d) Because the nations were bound by alliances.

11. Who invested in the railroads, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Merchants and investors.
(b) Nobles and aristocrats.
(c) The working classes.
(d) All strata of society invested in the railroads.

12. What was the French National Assembly modeled on?
(a) The American Senate.
(b) The American House of Representatives.
(c) The British House of Lords.
(d) The British House of Commons.

13. What set the stage for the French Revolution, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) France's war with Russia.
(b) France's war with Prussia.
(c) France's war with Britain.
(d) France's war with Austria.

14. What emerged in 1830, according to Hobsbawm's evaluation?
(a) Mechanisms for suppressing revolutions.
(b) A permanently poor underclass.
(c) A self-identified working class.
(d) State surveillance techniques.

15. What was Robespierre's role in the Reign of Terror?
(a) He conceived the idea for it.
(b) He was persecuted by it.
(c) He oversaw it.
(d) He incited the people to carry it out.

Short Answer Questions

1. Europe was ruled by Britain, France, Austria, Prussia and which nation?

2. How much does Hobsbawm say Europeans were affected by the Napoleonic Wars?

3. What trend was Hobsbawm looking for in revolts and revolutions?

4. What idea does Hobsbawm say was just being developed after the turning point of 1830?

5. In what did England lead Europe, in Hobsbawm's account?

(see the answer keys)

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