The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They widened the gap between rich and poor.
(b) They made the government more efficient.
(c) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
(d) They weakened the government.

2. In what way does Hobsbawm say the world of 1789 was bigger than today?
(a) Hobsbawm says that people were bigger than today.
(b) Hobsbawm says that distances seemed much bigger than today.
(c) Hobsbawm says that much of the Earth was still unexplored.
(d) Hobsbawm says that the population was bigger than today.

3. What happened that fostered nationalist movements in the Balkans?
(a) The Turks invaded, uniting the Balkan states against them.
(b) The Russians opened trade with the Balkan areas.
(c) The Greeks attained independence and fixed borders.
(d) Greeks began to flee to the Balkans to get away from the fighting in Greece.

4. Who was represented by the "Third Estate" in France?
(a) The nobles.
(b) The common people.
(c) The bourgeoisie.
(d) The merchants.

5. Which industry saw special improvements and expansion in the late 1700s, according to Hobsbawm?
(a) Iron.
(b) Magnesium.
(c) Copper.
(d) Coal.

6. What was the result of improvements in the technology of spinning and weaving?
(a) Increased output.
(b) Decreased farm size.
(c) Increased tax revenue from the cotton trade.
(d) Decreased need for labor.

7. Europe was ruled by Britain, France, Austria, Prussia and which nation?
(a) Greece.
(b) China.
(c) Russia.
(d) Romania.

8. Who does Hobsbawm say the revolutionary groups saw as the beneficiaries of their third wave of revolutions?
(a) All common people everywhere.
(b) The merchants of the world.
(c) Marx and Ricardo.
(d) Radicals and revolutionaries everywhere.

9. Where did the second wave of revolutions take place?
(a) Ireland and Poland.
(b) Prussia.
(c) Turkey and Greece.
(d) Albania and Romania.

10. How much does Hobsbawm say Europeans were affected by the Napoleonic Wars?
(a) He says that many were not affected at all.
(b) He says that fighting was widespread throughout many regions.
(c) He says that the wide areas were almost totally devastated. but some were left untouched.
(d) He says that almost everyone felt the effects in one way or another.

11. Where were the French forces defeated in 1814?
(a) Waterloo.
(b) Moscow.
(c) Leipzig.
(d) The Marne.

12. Where were the French forces superior to the English?
(a) In the army.
(b) In the navy.
(c) In the mountains.
(d) In the colonies.

13. What was Robespierre's role in the Reign of Terror?
(a) He oversaw it.
(b) He conceived the idea for it.
(c) He was persecuted by it.
(d) He incited the people to carry it out.

14. Who does Hobsbawm say identified themselves with local traditions?
(a) The aristocrats.
(b) The uneducated masses.
(c) The middle class.
(d) The bourgeoisie.

15. What was the Code of Napoleon?
(a) The reform that abolished feudalism.
(b) The bureaucratic system instituted in France.
(c) The criminal law instituted by Napoleon.
(d) The currency policy that financed the Napoleonic wars.

Short Answer Questions

1. What, in Hobsbawm's view, was the economic result of the French Revolution?

2. What trend was Hobsbawm looking for in revolts and revolutions?

3. Who invested in the railroads, in Hobsbawm's account?

4. What was the Bastille a symbol of when the French stormed it in 1789?

5. What set the stage for the French Revolution, in Hobsbawm's account?

(see the answer keys)

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