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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did the French Revolution demonstrate to the rest of Europe?
(a) That power will always reside in the aristocracy's hands.
(b) That Europe was not ready for democracy yet.
(c) That people could rise up to fight for their freedom.
(d) That tyrants could use popular uprisings for their own purposes.
2. What cause did Russian and Britain support together after the French Revolution?
(a) The independence of Finland.
(b) The independence of Poland.
(c) The independence of Turkey.
(d) The independence of Greece.
3. In what did England lead Europe, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Per capita trade.
(b) Moral philosophy.
(c) Raw material production.
(d) Political freedoms.
4. What relationship had begun to dominate between landowners and farmers in England in the late 1700s?
(a) Frontiersmen were opening new lands in Europe.
(b) Lord and vassal.
(c) Landlord and tenant-farmer.
(d) Communal ownership.
5. Who was represented by the "Third Estate" in France?
(a) The bourgeoisie.
(b) The nobles.
(c) The merchants.
(d) The common people.
6. What was the effect of the nobility trying to return to government in France?
(a) They inflamed tensions with the merchant class.
(b) They widened the gap between rich and poor.
(c) They made the government more efficient.
(d) They weakened the government.
7. What does Hobsbawm say was the greatest influence on political thought in the 19th century?
(a) The Renaissance.
(b) The ancient Greeks.
(c) The French Revolution.
(d) The Industrial Revolution.
8. What trend was Hobsbawm looking for in revolts and revolutions?
(b) Local traditions.
9. Who does Hobsbawm say rose to prominence financing the wars?
(a) The Jews.
(c) The Rockefellers.
(d) The Barings and Rothschilds.
10. Where did Britain expand its relationships after the French Revolution?
(a) With China and Indonesia.
(b) With France and Spain.
(c) With its colonies.
(d) With Russia and Prussia.
11. Where did the second wave of revolutions take place?
(a) Turkey and Greece.
(b) Albania and Romania.
(c) Ireland and Poland.
12. When did the Constituent Assembly create a new Constitution that turned France into a Constitutional monarchy?
13. What pressure drove the mechanization of production in the late 1700s?
(a) The need to dominate trade routes.
(b) The need for mercantile power.
(c) The need for profit.
(d) The need for monopoly.
14. Which nation led the others in industrialization?
15. Who does Hobsbawm say the revolutionary groups saw as the beneficiaries of their third wave of revolutions?
(a) Radicals and revolutionaries everywhere.
(b) The merchants of the world.
(c) All common people everywhere.
(d) Marx and Ricardo.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who dominated the Third Estate in the 1780s in France?
2. How does Hobsbawm describe the agrarian workers of the world?
3. Where were the French forces defeated in 1815?
4. What idea does Hobsbawm say was just being developed after the turning point of 1830?
5. What was the international congress that ruled Europe called?
This section contains 485 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)