Short Essay Questions Key
1. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the world was both bigger and smaller in the late 1700s?
Hobsbawm says that it was smaller insofar as the population was much smaller and people were smaller as well. People moved within smaller circles, and most did not leave the area where they were born. Hobsbawm says that the world was larger insofar as large areas were still unexplored.
2. How does Hobsbawm say the population was distributed in the 1780s?
Hobsbawm says that the population was mostly rural, with the majority of agrarian workers being slaves in the Americas or serfs in Eastern Europe.
3. What does Hobsbawm say were the monarchies' relationships with land use and the economy in 1780?
Large landholders relied on servile labor, and while most monarchies proposed reforming their land use and the economy that came from it, freedom was slow to move out of the planning stage.
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