|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Aristotle describe vivid speech?
2. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 4, in his discussion of what differentiated a simile from a metaphor?
3. According to Aristotle, what should vivid descriptions always depict?
4. What about the past did Aristotle say that a legal orator was concerned with proving?
5. What did the paean avoid in order to gain Aristotle's endorsement as the ideal rhythm for prose?
Short Essay Questions
1. What were some of the characteristics of a refutative enthymeme?
2. What would the a fortiori argument refer to in rhetoric?
3. Based on the information in Book III, Chapter 10, which ideas could a metaphor help to deliver and why?
4. What was Aristotle's opinion of the paean rhythm in prose?
5. In what way did Aristotle describe the differences between written prose and spoken prose in Book III, Chapter 12?
6. How did Aristotle define the application of vivid descriptions in rhetoric?
7. What value could surprises have in a speech, and what were some of the forms they could take?
8. What clarification did Aristotle make about amplification, enthymemes, and the soundness of enthymemes at the end of the section?
9. Why might an enthymeme have been more effective with a surprising conclusion?
10. In Aristotle's opinion, why were non-logical ways necessary to convince certain audiences of a sound argument?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Describe in detail the mechanics of language, the formation of words, and the elements of clarity and style in prose. Also, provide an analysis of the differences between written prose and spoken prose.
Essay Topic 2
Analyze the five non-technical forms of persuasion and how they should be used in forensic oratory. Also, include a description of just and unjust actions and your opinions about how an action should be labeled and/or approached in rhetoric.
Essay Topic 3
Explain the many aspects and traits of virtue and justice, their value in epideictic rhetoric, and the techniques that Aristotle described for applying them to epideictic speaking.
This section contains 759 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)