|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did Aristotle say that metaphors were useful in a speech?
2. Which one of the following would be an example of amplification?
3. Which view did Aristotle think people in their prime had of money?
4. As explained by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 2, which type of words should a speech writer use?
5. Which one of the following was not included in Aristotle's recommendations for orators on how to write and speak their arguments?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the benefit of using actual facts, the first type of example?
2. What was Aristotle's opinion of the paean rhythm in prose?
3. In what way did Aristotle describe the differences between written prose and spoken prose in Book III, Chapter 12?
4. How might the antithesis sayings emphasize a particular point?
5. What were some of the ways Aristotle described what was and was not possible in rhetoric and oratory?
6. What were the four ways that Aristotle listed about how objections could be raised?
7. Why might an enthymeme have been more effective with a surprising conclusion?
8. As the second type of example, what were the two forms of the invented facts?
9. As explained by Aristotle, what four common mistakes were made while writing prose?
10. What would the a fortiori argument refer to in rhetoric?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Define narration as it is used in rhetoric or in a speech, including an explanation of which forms of rhetoric were most likely to use narration and why, and the similarities and differences between narration in literature and narration in speaking.
Essay Topic 2
In proving a case or argument, a rhetorician should know how to object to opposing views.
1) Describe why objections were necessary in rhetoric.
2) Explain the four types of objections in rhetoric.
3) Analyze two examples for each type of objection in rhetoric.
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the seven causes of human action, including a detailed example of each cause, an explanation of which causes were considered to be voluntary or involuntary by Aristotle, and the influence they might have in wrongdoing.
This section contains 871 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)