|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. When did Aristotle think "what is good" made one happy?
2. Which one of the following was an example of national defense provided in Book I, Chapter 4?
3. How did Aristotle think a political orator should convince an audience of their plan?
4. What description of the ethical appeal was given by Aristotle?
5. Besides goodness itself, what else did Aristotle indicate a political orator must deal with?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was Aristotle's description of the ethical appeal in rhetoric?
2. Why did Aristotle think that kindness received no compensation?
3. Based on Aristotle's analysis of crimes, what would cause a person to commit a crime and how would they select their victim?
4. How was the emotional appeal defined by Aristotle?
5. In what ways might indignation be considered the opposite of pity, and how did it differ from envy or emulation?
6. How were friendship and enmity described by Aristotle?
7. What were some of the aspects of anger and calmness that Aristotle discussed in the book?
8. What knowledge of the forms of government did Aristotle think was necessary for a political rhetorician to have?
9. According to Aristotle, what had to happen in order for a person to be shameful or shameless?
10. What distinction did Aristotle make between war and peace and national defense as subjects of political oratory?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the seven causes of human action, including a detailed example of each cause, an explanation of which causes were considered to be voluntary or involuntary by Aristotle, and the influence they might have in wrongdoing.
Essay Topic 2
In proving a case or argument, a rhetorician should know how to object to opposing views.
1) Describe why objections were necessary in rhetoric.
2) Explain the four types of objections in rhetoric.
3) Analyze two examples for each type of objection in rhetoric.
Essay Topic 3
Explain the many aspects and traits of virtue and justice, their value in epideictic rhetoric, and the techniques that Aristotle described for applying them to epideictic speaking.
This section contains 943 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)