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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Although a refutative enthymeme might be more effective in a certain sense, how did Aristotle describe all enthymemes?
(a) Equally sound.
(b) Inequally sound.
(c) Inequally valid.
(d) Equally valid.
2. Which one of the following would be an example of amplification?
(a) The ineffective results of a political plan.
(b) The unintended effects of a political plan.
(c) The effective results of a previous political plan.
(d) The positive effects of a political plan.
3. In Aristotle's opinion, why were many people not swayed by sound arguments?
(a) They were too uneducated.
(b) They were too educated.
(c) They were not emotional enough.
(d) They were too emotional.
4. Which characteristic did Aristotle think separated powerful people and wealthy people in general?
5. According to Aristotle, what should vivid descriptions always depict?
(a) Something that is easily identified.
(b) Something that is not easily identified.
(c) Something that is in activity.
(d) Something that is stationary.
Short Answer Questions
1. Based on Aristotle's discussion of objections, what would be the purpose in making a similar appeal to an argument?
2. In comparison to a spoken speech, how did Aristotle think a written speech would often appear?
3. What was Aristotle's opinion about using compound words in a speech?
4. Why did Aristotle prefer the periodic prose to the free-running prose?
5. Which one of the following was not included in Aristotle's recommendations for orators on how to write and speak their arguments?
Short Essay Questions
1. As the second type of example, what were the two forms of the invented facts?
2. What clarification did Aristotle make about amplification, enthymemes, and the soundness of enthymemes at the end of the section?
3. How might the antithesis sayings emphasize a particular point?
4. What were the four ways that Aristotle listed about how objections could be raised?
5. How did Aristotle define the application of vivid descriptions in rhetoric?
6. What value could surprises have in a speech, and what were some of the forms they could take?
7. What was Aristotle's opinion of the paean rhythm in prose?
8. Which styles of political, forensic, and epideictic rhetoric were discussed at the end of Book III, Chapter 12?
9. What was the periodic form of prose, and why did Aristotle prefer it?
10. What would the a fortiori argument refer to in rhetoric?
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