On Rhetoric: A Theory of Civic Discourse Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in his description of young people?
(a) Bold.
(b) Courageous.
(c) Active.
(d) Independent.

2. Why did Aristotle say that metaphors were useful in a speech?
(a) They sounded natural to everyone.
(b) They sounded natural to mostly everyone.
(c) They were not used frequently in common speech.
(d) They were used frequently in common speech.

3. What was used in the example that argued the existence of a "non-animal" in Book II, Chapter 24?
(a) Fruit.
(b) Leaf.
(c) Tree.
(d) Rock.

4. How were antithesis sayings defined by Aristotle?
(a) The grouping of two opposite qualities.
(b) The reference to three vastly different ideas.
(c) The reference to three slightly different ideas.
(d) The grouping of two similar qualities.

5. Which one of the following would be an example of amplification?
(a) The unintended effects of a political plan.
(b) The positive effects of a political plan.
(c) The ineffective results of a political plan.
(d) The effective results of a previous political plan.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Aristotle describe the difference between spoken and written prose?

2. Using the same example in the previous question, why did Aristotle think a blossoming flower was a better choice for the metaphor?

3. Why did Aristotle say that amplification and depreciation were not forms of enthymemes?

4. In order to object to an argument using Aristotle's explanations, how might it be attacked?

5. Based on Aristotle's views, how should any good speech be appropriate?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did Aristotle define the application of vivid descriptions in rhetoric?

2. What was Aristotle's opinion of the paean rhythm in prose?

3. Which example did Aristotle use to display the fallacious ways an enthymeme could be formed?

4. Why might an enthymeme have been more effective with a surprising conclusion?

5. What was the benefit of using actual facts, the first type of example?

6. How did Aristotle compare a simile and a metaphor in Book III, Chapter 4?

7. What clarification did Aristotle make about amplification, enthymemes, and the soundness of enthymemes at the end of the section?

8. What was the periodic form of prose, and why did Aristotle prefer it?

9. Based on Aristotle's discussion at the beginning of Book II, Chapter 12, which things could influence a person's feelings?

10. What value could surprises have in a speech, and what were some of the forms they could take?

(see the answer keys)

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