|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Based on Aristotle's views, how should any good speech be appropriate?
(a) For its audience, subject matter, and past speeches.
(b) For its audience and past speeches.
(c) For its subject matter and past speeches.
(d) For its audience and subject matter.
2. Focusing on what they found useful, what did Aristotle say older people cared less about?
(a) The past and the opinions of others.
(b) Honor and the past.
(c) Honor and the opinions of others.
(d) Honor, the past, and the opinions of others.
3. In what way did Aristotle indicate refutative enthymemes were more effective in Book II, Chapter 26?
4. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 4, in his discussion of what differentiated a simile from a metaphor?
(a) They tended to be more complex.
(b) They used "like" or "as."
(c) They tended to be more involved.
(d) They used different rules.
5. What did Aristotle indicate was the result of using complex, foreign words?
(a) They confused people.
(b) They caused people to stop thinking of things.
(c) They caused people to overthink things.
(d) They annoyed people.
6. Which one of the following would be an example of amplification?
(a) The effective results of a previous political plan.
(b) The unintended effects of a political plan.
(c) The positive effects of a political plan.
(d) The ineffective results of a political plan.
7. As explained by Aristotle in Book II, Chapter 24, what else might a person equivocate?
(a) The description of events.
(b) The order of events.
(c) The use of words.
(d) The meaning of words.
8. What did the paean avoid in order to gain Aristotle's endorsement as the ideal rhythm for prose?
(a) A common meter.
(b) A definite meter.
(c) An uncommon meter.
(d) An indefinite meter.
9. Why did Aristotle say that metaphors were useful in a speech?
(a) They were used frequently in common speech.
(b) They sounded natural to mostly everyone.
(c) They sounded natural to everyone.
(d) They were not used frequently in common speech.
10. Why did Aristotle say that amplification and depreciation were not forms of enthymemes?
(a) They were familiar arguments.
(b) They were not logical arguments.
(c) They were not familiar arguments.
(d) They were not comprehensible arguments.
11. What did Aristotle think a high value of life in older people led to?
12. As explained in Book III, Chapter 3, in what way did writers misuse the epithet?
(a) By forgetting how to apply it.
(b) By forgetting to apply it.
(c) By applying it to inappropriate subjects.
(d) By applying it to insignificant subjects.
13. What was Aristotle's opinion about using compound words in a speech?
(a) Most were acceptable if they were used correctly.
(b) They should generally be used.
(c) Some were acceptable if they were used correctly.
(d) They should generally be avoided.
14. In order to object to an argument using Aristotle's explanations, how might it be attacked?
15. What effect did Aristotle think an antithesis saying had on the point it was making?
(a) It made the point more complex.
(b) It made the point especially striking.
(c) It made the point less complex.
(d) It made the point especially startling.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in his description of young people?
2. How did Aristotle describe the difference between spoken and written prose?
3. What shape was described in the example Aristotle provided for the use of description in an impressive speech?
4. According to Aristotle, how did people in their prime view success?
5. What did Aristotle think the structure of a sentence should always be?
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