|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Focusing on what they found useful, what did Aristotle say older people cared less about?
(a) The past and the opinions of others.
(b) Honor and the past.
(c) Honor and the opinions of others.
(d) Honor, the past, and the opinions of others.
2. In what way did Aristotle indicate refutative enthymemes were more effective in Book II, Chapter 26?
3. In order to object to an argument using Aristotle's explanations, how might it be attacked?
4. Following the example given in Book II, Chapter 24, what false assumption could be made by describing a large crowd?
(a) The people in the crowd must be standing in a circle.
(b) The people in the crowd must be large.
(c) The people in the crowd must be small.
(d) The people in the crowd must be standing in a line.
5. Which one of the following would be an example of amplification?
(a) The unintended effects of a political plan.
(b) The ineffective results of a political plan.
(c) The effective results of a previous political plan.
(d) The positive effects of a political plan.
6. As explained by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 2, which type of words should a speech writer use?
(a) Words whose meanings are not obvious.
(b) Words that are easily pronounced.
(c) Words whose meanings are obvious.
(d) Words that are not easily pronounced.
7. In the example provided by Aristotle, what was used to object to a common saying?
(a) An unknown situation.
(b) A common situation.
(c) Another common saying.
(d) A lesser known saying.
8. How did Aristotle describe arrhythmic prose for speech writing purposes in Book III, Chapter 1?
(a) Too unrestricted.
(b) Too unpredictable.
(c) Too restricted.
(d) Too predictable.
9. Why was a refutative enthymeme considered to be more effective by Aristotle?
(a) It was less concise and less elegant.
(b) It was less concise and more elegant.
(c) It was more concise and more elegant.
(d) It was more concise and less elegant.
10. What was used in the example that argued the existence of a "non-animal" in Book II, Chapter 24?
11. Based on Aristotle's discussion of objections, what would be the purpose in making a similar appeal to an argument?
(a) To contradict it.
(b) To simplify it.
(c) To overshadow it.
(d) To complicate it.
12. According to Aristotle, what was the general difference between enthymemes and examples?
(a) Neither enthymemes nor examples were persuasive.
(b) Examples were more persuasive than enthymemes.
(c) Both enthymemes and examples were just as persuasive.
(d) Enthymemes were more persuasive than examples.
13. As pointed out by Aristotle, what advantage did a speech that included a surprise have for a listener?
(a) The listener would be more likely to repeat it.
(b) The listener would be more likely to agree with it.
(c) The listener would be more likely to remember it.
(d) The listener would be more likely to understand it.
14. As both illustrations and fables utilized imagery to make a point, what type of imagery did Aristotle think fables used?
15. According to Aristotle, what should vivid descriptions always depict?
(a) Something that is easily identified.
(b) Something that is stationary.
(c) Something that is not easily identified.
(d) Something that is in activity.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Aristotle think orators should be careful of when writing their speeches?
2. What was the basic method used in the a fortiori argument that Aristotle referred to in Book II, Chapter 23?
3. In Aristotle's opinion, why were many people not swayed by sound arguments?
4. Which one of the following was not included in Aristotle's recommendations for orators on how to write and speak their arguments?
5. Why did Aristotle say that metaphors were useful in a speech?
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