On Rhetoric: A Theory of Civic Discourse Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In the example provided by Aristotle, what was used to object to a common saying?
(a) An unknown situation.
(b) Another common saying.
(c) A common situation.
(d) A lesser known saying.

2. Based on Aristotle's views, how should any good speech be appropriate?
(a) For its audience, subject matter, and past speeches.
(b) For its audience and subject matter.
(c) For its audience and past speeches.
(d) For its subject matter and past speeches.

3. Why was a refutative enthymeme considered to be more effective by Aristotle?
(a) It was more concise and more elegant.
(b) It was less concise and more elegant.
(c) It was less concise and less elegant.
(d) It was more concise and less elegant.

4. Why did Aristotle say that amplification and depreciation were not forms of enthymemes?
(a) They were not logical arguments.
(b) They were familiar arguments.
(c) They were not familiar arguments.
(d) They were not comprehensible arguments.

5. According to Aristotle, what should vivid descriptions always depict?
(a) Something that is stationary.
(b) Something that is in activity.
(c) Something that is not easily identified.
(d) Something that is easily identified.

6. What was the basic method used in the a fortiori argument that Aristotle referred to in Book II, Chapter 23?
(a) To prove one thing by proving another first.
(b) To argue two entirely different things at once.
(c) To focus on several positions at once.
(d) To focus on only one position at a time.

7. As explained by Aristotle in Book II, Chapter 18, what was political argumentation concerned with?
(a) Future events.
(b) Past events.
(c) Neither past nor future events.
(d) Both past and future events.

8. Which characteristic did Aristotle think separated powerful people and wealthy people in general?
(a) Virtue.
(b) Consistency.
(c) Reliability.
(d) Knowledge.

9. How were antithesis sayings defined by Aristotle?
(a) The reference to three slightly different ideas.
(b) The reference to three vastly different ideas.
(c) The grouping of two opposite qualities.
(d) The grouping of two similar qualities.

10. Why did Aristotle consider metaphors to be useful in Book III, Chapter 10?
(a) People enjoy thoughtful ideas.
(b) People connect with similar ideas.
(c) People connect with sensible ideas.
(d) People enjoy new ideas.

11. What effect did Aristotle think an antithesis saying had on the point it was making?
(a) It made the point especially startling.
(b) It made the point especially striking.
(c) It made the point more complex.
(d) It made the point less complex.

12. In addition to context, what type of application of rhetoric did Aristotle think should determine the style?
(a) Specific.
(b) Simple.
(c) General.
(d) Complex.

13. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 4, in his discussion of what differentiated a simile from a metaphor?
(a) They used "like" or "as."
(b) They tended to be more complex.
(c) They used different rules.
(d) They tended to be more involved.

14. What did Aristotle think the structure of a sentence should always be?
(a) Detailed.
(b) Implied.
(c) Clear.
(d) Simple.

15. What did Aristotle think orators should be careful of when writing their speeches?
(a) To make them over ten minutes in length.
(b) Not to make them overly poetic.
(c) Not to make them overly informative.
(d) To make them under ten minutes in length.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what way did Aristotle indicate refutative enthymemes were more effective in Book II, Chapter 26?

2. What was thought to be incorrect about the example of the misuse of the epithet that Aristotle provided?

3. Which view did Aristotle think people in their prime had of money?

4. Why did Aristotle say that metaphors were useful in a speech?

5. What about the past did Aristotle say that a legal orator was concerned with proving?

(see the answer keys)

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