|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which view did Aristotle think people in their prime had of money?
(a) An incorrect view.
(b) A view that was mostly incorrect, but correct in some ways.
(c) A view that was mostly correct, but incorrect in some ways.
(d) A correct view.
2. Although a refutative enthymeme might be more effective in a certain sense, how did Aristotle describe all enthymemes?
(a) Inequally sound.
(b) Inequally valid.
(c) Equally valid.
(d) Equally sound.
3. Why did Aristotle say that metaphors were useful in a speech?
(a) They were used frequently in common speech.
(b) They sounded natural to mostly everyone.
(c) They were not used frequently in common speech.
(d) They sounded natural to everyone.
4. Continuing the theme of Aristotle's logic, what could be used to deduce the impossible?
(a) Facts and opinions.
(b) The possible.
(c) Other impossibilities.
(d) Facts and speculation.
5. Why was a refutative enthymeme considered to be more effective by Aristotle?
(a) It was less concise and less elegant.
(b) It was less concise and more elegant.
(c) It was more concise and more elegant.
(d) It was more concise and less elegant.
6. How many periods of a lifetime did Aristotle discuss in Book II, Chapter 12?
7. What types of examples did Aristotle discuss in Book II, Chapter 20?
(a) Hypothetical facts and invented facts.
(b) Actual facts and hypothetical facts.
(c) Actual facts and invented facts.
(d) Actual facts, hypothetical facts, and invented facts.
8. As explained by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 10, how should effective prose express its important points?
(a) With succinct, extravagant sayings.
(b) With succinct, extravagant, elegant sayings.
(c) With succinct, elegant sayings.
(d) With elegant, extravagant sayings.
9. What was the basic method used in the a fortiori argument that Aristotle referred to in Book II, Chapter 23?
(a) To focus on only one position at a time.
(b) To argue two entirely different things at once.
(c) To focus on several positions at once.
(d) To prove one thing by proving another first.
10. How many common mistakes did Aristotle indicate were made in prose?
(c) Too many to list.
11. Which characteristic did Aristotle think separated powerful people and wealthy people in general?
12. According to Aristotle, how was the structure of text conveyed in the periodic prose?
(a) By the length of each sentence and the tone of the orator's voice.
(b) By the flow of words and the length of each sentence.
(c) By the flow of words, the length of each sentence, and the tone of the orator's voice.
(d) By the flow of words and the tone of the orator's voice.
13. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 4, in his discussion of what differentiated a simile from a metaphor?
(a) They used different rules.
(b) They tended to be more complex.
(c) They used "like" or "as."
(d) They tended to be more involved.
14. In order for an enthymeme to be successful, what recommendation did Aristotle have about its conclusion?
(a) It should not be obvious.
(b) It should be long.
(c) It should be obvious.
(d) It should be short.
15. To object to an argument, whose authority did Aristotle think could be appealed to?
(a) A well known writer or judge.
(b) A respected writer or lawyer.
(c) A well known writer or lawyer.
(d) A respected writer or judge.
Short Answer Questions
1. What shape was described in the example Aristotle provided for the use of description in an impressive speech?
2. What about the past did Aristotle say that a legal orator was concerned with proving?
3. According to Aristotle, how did people in their prime view success?
4. Using the same example in the previous question, why did Aristotle think a blossoming flower was a better choice for the metaphor?
5. In Aristotle's opinion, what should a good birth lead to?
This section contains 649 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)