On Rhetoric: A Theory of Civic Discourse Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the basic method used in the a fortiori argument that Aristotle referred to in Book II, Chapter 23?
(a) To argue two entirely different things at once.
(b) To focus on only one position at a time.
(c) To focus on several positions at once.
(d) To prove one thing by proving another first.

2. Which one of the following was not included in Aristotle's recommendations for orators on how to write and speak their arguments?
(a) Convincing delivery.
(b) Eloquent style.
(c) Abundance of detail.
(d) Non-logical means.

3. How did Aristotle describe arrhythmic prose for speech writing purposes in Book III, Chapter 1?
(a) Too predictable.
(b) Too unrestricted.
(c) Too restricted.
(d) Too unpredictable.

4. What shape was described in the example Aristotle provided for the use of description in an impressive speech?
(a) Rectangle.
(b) Circle.
(c) Square.
(d) Triangle.

5. How often did Aristotle think complex words should be used in a speech?
(a) Occasionally.
(b) Never.
(c) Frequently.
(d) Rarely.

6. In comparison to a spoken speech, how did Aristotle think a written speech would often appear?
(a) Simple, but not boring.
(b) Boring and simple.
(c) Neither boring nor simple.
(d) Boring, but not simple.

7. Why did Aristotle consider metaphors to be useful in Book III, Chapter 10?
(a) People connect with similar ideas.
(b) People enjoy new ideas.
(c) People enjoy thoughtful ideas.
(d) People connect with sensible ideas.

8. Which one of the following would be an example of amplification?
(a) The unintended effects of a political plan.
(b) The positive effects of a political plan.
(c) The ineffective results of a political plan.
(d) The effective results of a previous political plan.

9. In the example provided by Aristotle, what was used to object to a common saying?
(a) A lesser known saying.
(b) A common situation.
(c) Another common saying.
(d) An unknown situation.

10. Based on Aristotle's views, how should any good speech be appropriate?
(a) For its subject matter and past speeches.
(b) For its audience, subject matter, and past speeches.
(c) For its audience and subject matter.
(d) For its audience and past speeches.

11. Which characteristic did Aristotle think separated powerful people and wealthy people in general?
(a) Knowledge.
(b) Reliability.
(c) Consistency.
(d) Virtue.

12. Why did Aristotle say that metaphors were useful in a speech?
(a) They were used frequently in common speech.
(b) They were not used frequently in common speech.
(c) They sounded natural to everyone.
(d) They sounded natural to mostly everyone.

13. In what way did Aristotle indicate refutative enthymemes were more effective in Book II, Chapter 26?
(a) Metaphorically.
(b) Rhetorically.
(c) Hypothetically.
(d) Literally.

14. As discussed in Book III, Chapter 12, what should legal rhetoric blend argumentation with?
(a) A familiar style.
(b) A familiar delivery.
(c) Effective delivery.
(d) Effective style.

15. To object to an argument, whose authority did Aristotle think could be appealed to?
(a) A well known writer or judge.
(b) A respected writer or judge.
(c) A well known writer or lawyer.
(d) A respected writer or lawyer.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 4, in his discussion of what differentiated a simile from a metaphor?

2. According to Aristotle, how many ways could objections be raised?

3. In Aristotle's opinion, why should political rhetoric focus the most on sound argumentation?

4. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in the forms of surprises he mentioned?

5. As explained by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 10, how should effective prose express its important points?

(see the answer keys)

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