On Rhetoric: A Theory of Civic Discourse Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which one of the following was not included in Aristotle's recommendations for orators on how to write and speak their arguments?
(a) Abundance of detail.
(b) Non-logical means.
(c) Eloquent style.
(d) Convincing delivery.

2. How did Aristotle define a maxim?
(a) A long statement about impractical conduct.
(b) A short statement about practical conduct.
(c) A series of short statements about practical conduct.
(d) A series of long statements about impractical conduct.

3. According to Aristotle, what was the general difference between enthymemes and examples?
(a) Enthymemes were more persuasive than examples.
(b) Both enthymemes and examples were just as persuasive.
(c) Examples were more persuasive than enthymemes.
(d) Neither enthymemes nor examples were persuasive.

4. In comparison to a spoken speech, how did Aristotle think a written speech would often appear?
(a) Boring and simple.
(b) Simple, but not boring.
(c) Boring, but not simple.
(d) Neither boring nor simple.

5. Based on Aristotle's discussion of objections, what would be the purpose in making a similar appeal to an argument?
(a) To contradict it.
(b) To complicate it.
(c) To simplify it.
(d) To overshadow it.

6. As explained by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 10, how should effective prose express its important points?
(a) With succinct, extravagant, elegant sayings.
(b) With succinct, elegant sayings.
(c) With elegant, extravagant sayings.
(d) With succinct, extravagant sayings.

7. Based on Aristotle's views, how should any good speech be appropriate?
(a) For its audience, subject matter, and past speeches.
(b) For its audience and past speeches.
(c) For its audience and subject matter.
(d) For its subject matter and past speeches.

8. Although a refutative enthymeme might be more effective in a certain sense, how did Aristotle describe all enthymemes?
(a) Inequally sound.
(b) Equally valid.
(c) Inequally valid.
(d) Equally sound.

9. In addition to context, what type of application of rhetoric did Aristotle think should determine the style?
(a) General.
(b) Simple.
(c) Specific.
(d) Complex.

10. How did Aristotle describe arrhythmic prose for speech writing purposes in Book III, Chapter 1?
(a) Too restricted.
(b) Too predictable.
(c) Too unpredictable.
(d) Too unrestricted.

11. Which one of the following would be an example of a fallacious enthymeme?
(a) To mistake the part of the whole for the whole's previous part.
(b) To mistake the part for another part.
(c) To mistake the whole for another whole.
(d) To mistake the whole for the part.

12. According to Aristotle, what should vivid descriptions always depict?
(a) Something that is not easily identified.
(b) Something that is stationary.
(c) Something that is easily identified.
(d) Something that is in activity.

13. Using the same example in the previous question, why did Aristotle think a blossoming flower was a better choice for the metaphor?
(a) It was more beautiful, inspiring, and familiar.
(b) It was more beautiful and more inspiring.
(c) It was more beautiful and more familiar.
(d) It was more familiar and more inspiring.

14. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in his description of young people?
(a) Independent.
(b) Courageous.
(c) Active.
(d) Bold.

15. In Aristotle's opinion, why should political rhetoric focus the most on sound argumentation?
(a) It was the most flexible.
(b) It was the most austere.
(c) It was the most exciting.
(d) It was the most important.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which characteristic did Aristotle think separated powerful people and wealthy people in general?

2. As both illustrations and fables utilized imagery to make a point, what type of imagery did Aristotle think fables used?

3. In Aristotle's opinion, what did simple words convey?

4. Why did Aristotle consider metaphors to be useful in Book III, Chapter 10?

5. What types of examples did Aristotle discuss in Book II, Chapter 20?

(see the answer keys)

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