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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did Aristotle describe the difference between spoken and written prose?
(a) Spoken prose was generally more stylized and less complicated.
(b) Written prose was generally more stylized and complicated.
(c) Written prose was generally more stylized and less complicated.
(d) Spoken prose was generally more stylized and complicated.
2. In order for an enthymeme to be successful, what recommendation did Aristotle have about its conclusion?
(a) It should be obvious.
(b) It should be long.
(c) It should not be obvious.
(d) It should be short.
3. In Book II, Chapter 26, how many common errors did Aristotle discuss?
4. As explained by Aristotle in Book II, Chapter 18, what was political argumentation concerned with?
(a) Past events.
(b) Neither past nor future events.
(c) Future events.
(d) Both past and future events.
5. What shape was described in the example Aristotle provided for the use of description in an impressive speech?
6. Which one of the following was not included in Aristotle's recommendations for orators on how to write and speak their arguments?
(a) Convincing delivery.
(b) Abundance of detail.
(c) Non-logical means.
(d) Eloquent style.
7. According to Aristotle, what should vivid descriptions always depict?
(a) Something that is stationary.
(b) Something that is in activity.
(c) Something that is easily identified.
(d) Something that is not easily identified.
8. As explained by Aristotle in Book II, Chapter 24, what else might a person equivocate?
(a) The use of words.
(b) The meaning of words.
(c) The description of events.
(d) The order of events.
9. According to Aristotle, how did people in their prime view success?
(a) It was not possible.
(b) It was probable.
(c) It was not improbable.
(d) It was not impossible.
10. What did Aristotle think was wrong with the metaphor that compared a man with a square?
(a) He thought it was boring.
(b) He thought it was too simple.
(c) He thought it was too complex.
(d) He thought it was confusing.
11. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 4, in his discussion of what differentiated a simile from a metaphor?
(a) They used "like" or "as."
(b) They tended to be more involved.
(c) They tended to be more complex.
(d) They used different rules.
12. In Aristotle's opinion, what did simple words convey?
(a) What people want to know.
(b) What people do not want to know.
(c) What people already know.
(d) What people do not already know.
13. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in his description of young people?
14. What did Aristotle indicate was the result of using complex, foreign words?
(a) They annoyed people.
(b) They confused people.
(c) They caused people to overthink things.
(d) They caused people to stop thinking of things.
15. According to Aristotle, what was the general difference between enthymemes and examples?
(a) Neither enthymemes nor examples were persuasive.
(b) Enthymemes were more persuasive than examples.
(c) Examples were more persuasive than enthymemes.
(d) Both enthymemes and examples were just as persuasive.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was thought to be incorrect about the example of the misuse of the epithet that Aristotle provided?
2. In Aristotle's opinion, what should a good birth lead to?
3. Why did Aristotle prefer the periodic prose to the free-running prose?
4. What was the basic method used in the a fortiori argument that Aristotle referred to in Book II, Chapter 23?
5. As pointed out by Aristotle, what advantage did a speech that included a surprise have for a listener?
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