|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How many general forms of enthymemes were discussed by Aristotle in Book II, Chapter 23?
(a) Thirty four.
(b) Twenty eight.
(c) Twenty four.
(d) Thirty eight.
2. In comparison to a spoken speech, how did Aristotle think a written speech would often appear?
(a) Boring and simple.
(b) Simple, but not boring.
(c) Boring, but not simple.
(d) Neither boring nor simple.
3. Which one of the following would be an example of a fallacious enthymeme?
(a) To mistake the part of the whole for the whole's previous part.
(b) To mistake the whole for the part.
(c) To mistake the whole for another whole.
(d) To mistake the part for another part.
4. Using an example of the similarities or differences between parents and their children, how did Aristotle describe Socrates' children?
5. To object to an argument, whose authority did Aristotle think could be appealed to?
(a) A well known writer or judge.
(b) A respected writer or lawyer.
(c) A well known writer or lawyer.
(d) A respected writer or judge.
6. According to Aristotle, what should vivid descriptions always depict?
(a) Something that is stationary.
(b) Something that is not easily identified.
(c) Something that is easily identified.
(d) Something that is in activity.
7. What did Aristotle indicate was the result of using complex, foreign words?
(a) They caused people to stop thinking of things.
(b) They confused people.
(c) They caused people to overthink things.
(d) They annoyed people.
8. As explained by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 2, which type of words should a speech writer use?
(a) Words that are easily pronounced.
(b) Words whose meanings are not obvious.
(c) Words that are not easily pronounced.
(d) Words whose meanings are obvious.
9. Why did Aristotle say that amplification and depreciation were not forms of enthymemes?
(a) They were not comprehensible arguments.
(b) They were familiar arguments.
(c) They were not familiar arguments.
(d) They were not logical arguments.
10. According to Aristotle, what was the general difference between enthymemes and examples?
(a) Both enthymemes and examples were just as persuasive.
(b) Neither enthymemes nor examples were persuasive.
(c) Examples were more persuasive than enthymemes.
(d) Enthymemes were more persuasive than examples.
11. What was used in the example that argued the existence of a "non-animal" in Book II, Chapter 24?
12. What was the basic method used in the a fortiori argument that Aristotle referred to in Book II, Chapter 23?
(a) To focus on several positions at once.
(b) To prove one thing by proving another first.
(c) To focus on only one position at a time.
(d) To argue two entirely different things at once.
13. What effect did Aristotle think an antithesis saying had on the point it was making?
(a) It made the point more complex.
(b) It made the point less complex.
(c) It made the point especially striking.
(d) It made the point especially startling.
14. As explained by Aristotle in Book II, Chapter 24, what else might a person equivocate?
(a) The order of events.
(b) The description of events.
(c) The meaning of words.
(d) The use of words.
15. What shape was described in the example Aristotle provided for the use of description in an impressive speech?
Short Answer Questions
1. As explained by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 10, how should effective prose express its important points?
2. Which one of the following was not included in Aristotle's recommendations for orators on how to write and speak their arguments?
3. Which one of the following would be an example of amplification?
4. Based on Aristotle's views, how should any good speech be appropriate?
5. What did Aristotle think orators should be careful of when writing their speeches?
This section contains 673 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)