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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did Aristotle say that amplification and depreciation were not forms of enthymemes?
(a) They were familiar arguments.
(b) They were not comprehensible arguments.
(c) They were not logical arguments.
(d) They were not familiar arguments.
2. Continuing the theme of Aristotle's logic, what could be used to deduce the impossible?
(a) Facts and opinions.
(b) Facts and speculation.
(c) Other impossibilities.
(d) The possible.
3. In the example provided by Aristotle, what was used to object to a common saying?
(a) A lesser known saying.
(b) Another common saying.
(c) A common situation.
(d) An unknown situation.
4. As explained by Aristotle in Book II, Chapter 24, what else might a person equivocate?
(a) The description of events.
(b) The order of events.
(c) The meaning of words.
(d) The use of words.
5. How did Aristotle describe the difference between spoken and written prose?
(a) Spoken prose was generally more stylized and complicated.
(b) Spoken prose was generally more stylized and less complicated.
(c) Written prose was generally more stylized and less complicated.
(d) Written prose was generally more stylized and complicated.
6. How were antithesis sayings defined by Aristotle?
(a) The grouping of two similar qualities.
(b) The reference to three slightly different ideas.
(c) The grouping of two opposite qualities.
(d) The reference to three vastly different ideas.
7. According to Aristotle, what was epideictic rhetoric most likely to deal with?
(a) Large crowds of educated people.
(b) Small crowds of uneducated people.
(c) Large crowds of uneducated people.
(d) Small crowds of educated people.
8. In what way did Aristotle indicate refutative enthymemes were more effective in Book II, Chapter 26?
9. As pointed out by Aristotle, what advantage did a speech that included a surprise have for a listener?
(a) The listener would be more likely to remember it.
(b) The listener would be more likely to agree with it.
(c) The listener would be more likely to understand it.
(d) The listener would be more likely to repeat it.
10. Which one of the following would be an example of amplification?
(a) The ineffective results of a political plan.
(b) The positive effects of a political plan.
(c) The unintended effects of a political plan.
(d) The effective results of a previous political plan.
11. According to Aristotle, how did people in their prime view success?
(a) It was not possible.
(b) It was not improbable.
(c) It was not impossible.
(d) It was probable.
12. What shape was described in the example Aristotle provided for the use of description in an impressive speech?
13. In Aristotle's opinion, why were many people not swayed by sound arguments?
(a) They were too uneducated.
(b) They were not emotional enough.
(c) They were too emotional.
(d) They were too educated.
14. What effect did Aristotle think an antithesis saying had on the point it was making?
(a) It made the point more complex.
(b) It made the point less complex.
(c) It made the point especially startling.
(d) It made the point especially striking.
15. In order to object to an argument using Aristotle's explanations, how might it be attacked?
Short Answer Questions
1. Based on Aristotle's discussion of objections, what would be the purpose in making a similar appeal to an argument?
2. Which one of the following was not included by Aristotle in his description of young people?
3. How many periods of a lifetime did Aristotle discuss in Book II, Chapter 12?
4. What was used in the example that argued the existence of a "non-animal" in Book II, Chapter 24?
5. As explained by Aristotle in Book III, Chapter 2, which type of words should a speech writer use?
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