|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The Cyclops and Union Mills merger reduces time and labor cost of moving material and eliminates middlemen by _________ integration.
2. Carnegie's insistence on knowing the costs continues for his _______________ years in the steel business.
3. Carnegie's methods in steel concentrate what?
4. The start of ET construction coincides with what?
5. In __________, Carnegie has the most modern operation.
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe Captain Bill Jones' management of labor.
2. What happens when Carnegie goes to Scotland?
3. What is a second dimension necessary to effect this integration?
4. How does Carnegie benefit from cutting costs?
5. What does Carnegie do between 1872 and 1889?
6. What does the entrepreneurial Carnegie begin in 1872? Describe his work at this time.
7. How does Carnegie rely on the McCallum system?
8. Describe Carnegie's partners at this time.
9. Who is Homestead? How does Carnegie deal with Homestead?
10. Describe the economic collapse. How are Carnegie and others affected by it?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
A typical pattern in the 19th century is that a community builds up around a few pioneers who leave their homeland and then encourage friends and relatives to join them.
Part 1) How was this the case for the Carnegies? How did they benefit from this? How might this have affected communities in the U.S.?
Part 2) How would this affect one's ability to acclimate to the American culture? What might have been considered American culture at this time? Explain.
Part 3) How are these communities still seen today? Why do these ethnic communities still exist?
Essay Topic 2
With the forming of an enterprise to manufacture Bessemer steel, Carnegie changes from capitalist to entrepreneur.
Part 1) Why does he decide to move into the steel business? How does this change him from a capitalist to an entrepreneur? Is this a good maneuver? If so, why? If not, why not?
Part 2) Carnegie follows a policy of putting all of his eggs in the same basket and watching that basket. Is this a good policy? Why or why not? How has becoming an entrepreneur changed Carnegie? In what ways has he stayed the same?
Part 3) Carnegie's partners include many wealthy executives and merchants. How important are these men in Carnegie's new ventures in steel? How have others been important in Carnegie's professional career? How important are others in your own life and advancements you have made?
Essay Topic 3
After Carnegie's apprenticeship ends at the Pennsylvania Railroad, he is ready to move on.
Part 1) Why does he decide it is time to move on? Is this a good decision? Why or why not? To where does he move on? Why?
Part 2) How does this move change his life? Do you believe he would have been successful if he had stayed at the Pennsylvania Railroad? Why or why not?
Part 3 ) Describe a time when you have realized it was time for a change. How did you know? How did you go about this change? What were the end results?
This section contains 1,227 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)