Andrew Carnegie and the Rise of Big Business Test | Final Test - Hard

Harold C. Livesay
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Carnegie forms an enterprise to manufacture Bessemer steel as he changes from ________________.

2. He installs a blast furnace called________ in 1872 to produce 13.361 tons initially and eventually over 100,000 tons annually by maximizing output.

3. What problems does this steel company have?

4. Productive staff is rewarded and non-productive staff is ___________.

5. In __________, Carnegie has the most modern operation.

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

The Panic of 1873 is significant.

Part 1) Describe the Panic of 1873. How does it begin? How are businesses and ordinary citizens affected by it? How does the country pull out of this panic? How does this panic compare to the 1929 Crash and the Great Depression that followed?

Part 2) Could this panic have been avoided? If so, how? If not, why not? Did the country learn from this panic? Why or why not?

Part 3) Could a panic such as this occur again? Why or why not? Have we as a country learned anything from this panic, the Crash of 1929, and other economic disasters? Explain.

Essay Topic 2

After Carnegie's apprenticeship ends at the Pennsylvania Railroad, he is ready to move on.

Part 1) Why does he decide it is time to move on? Is this a good decision? Why or why not? To where does he move on? Why?

Part 2) How does this move change his life? Do you believe he would have been successful if he had stayed at the Pennsylvania Railroad? Why or why not?

Part 3 ) Describe a time when you have realized it was time for a change. How did you know? How did you go about this change? What were the end results?

Essay Topic 3

Carnegie forces out all partners but Schwab and brings in "young geniuses" who prove their merit.

Part 1) Describe this forcing out of the partners except Schwab. Why is Schwab kept? How is he unique from the other partners? How might these other partners have felt about being ousted from the company? Should they have been forced out? Why or why not?

Part 2) Why does Carnegie believe that bringing in "young geniuses" is the answer to his problems? How do these "young geniuses" prove their merit? How was this decision to bring in new people beneficial to Carnegie and his company?

Part 3) How has business changed at this time? What other decisions does Carnegie make that reflect this change in the steel business? How are these decisions and actions significant?

(see the answer keys)

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