|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. From 1867 through 1872, Andrew Carnegie joins the expansion trend by manipulating what stock to promote $30 million in stocks and bonds in Europe?
2. In _________, the transcontinental Union Pacific seeks bids from sleeping car companies for its expansion.
3. The business is _______________ with conductors and station agents collecting millions in small coin revenue.
4. Carnegie's career begins on July 15, 1848, when he and his family, parents Will, Margaret and his brother Tom, do what?
5. _____________ is the focal point that straddles the east-west route where the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers join at the Ohio River.
Short Essay Questions
1. The partners pledge an investment to be made in installments paid when due or by the company as credit for dividends payable on the whole investment. Give an example of this pledge in action.
2. Give an example of how the size and complexity of a railroad business requires creation of bureaucratic organization, structure, and policy to fit the needs.
3. What happens within two years of arriving in America?
4. How does Carnegie determine he can profit from the boom in telegraphy?
5. How is Carnegie cautious in his investments? How might this help him throughout his career?
6. What does Carnegie do between 1872 and 1889?
7. What happens when Carnegie goes to Scotland?
8. How does Andrew escape the textile mills?
9. What does the entrepreneurial Carnegie begin in 1872? Describe his work at this time.
10. Describe the informal investing triumvirate Carnegie formed with Thomson and Scott.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
A typical pattern in the 19th century is that a community builds up around a few pioneers who leave their homeland and then encourage friends and relatives to join them.
Part 1) How was this the case for the Carnegies? How did they benefit from this? How might this have affected communities in the U.S.?
Part 2) How would this affect one's ability to acclimate to the American culture? What might have been considered American culture at this time? Explain.
Part 3) How are these communities still seen today? Why do these ethnic communities still exist?
Essay Topic 2
The start of ET coincides with the Panic of 1873.
Part 1) What is ET? Why is it significant that the start of ET coincides with this panic? How does this affect Carnegie, his partners, and the investors?
Part 2) How does Carnegie deal with this panic? What decisions does he make? How much of an impact do these decisions have on his company? What do his decisions and actions reveal and reinforce about him?
Part 3) How would you have reacted if you had lived during the Panic of 1873? Would you have been as clear-headed and forward-thinking at Carnegie? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
Carnegie leaves Pittsburgh for New York City.
Part 1) Why does he decide to make this move? How is this connected to his decisions surrounding his business? How does he benefit from this move and the people he meets upon arriving in New York?
Part 2) Do you believe Carnegie would have been as successful as he was if he had stayed in Pittsburgh? Why or why not? Why was New York City an important place to be at this time? Is New York City as important today? If so, why? If not, why not?
Part 3) In what are you interested? What is the best place to be for this interest? Would you consider moving to this place? Why or why not? How might your life change by making this move?
This section contains 3,115 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)