|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. During the time she worked at the ACLU, Michelle Alexander's focus shifted from employment discrimination to what focus?
(a) Tax reform.
(b) Criminal justice reform.
(c) Education reform.
(d) Affirmative action.
2. What state supreme court issued a landmark decision in the case of Ruffin v. Commonwealth?
(a) The Arkansas Supreme Court.
(b) The Louisiana Supreme Court.
(c) The Virginia Supreme Court.
(d) The Mississippi Supreme Court.
3. According to the author in Chapter 1: "The Rebirth of Caste," what "was the device employed to protect the institution of slavery and the political power of slaveholding states" when the Constitution was written?
4. Who wrote The Strange Career of Jim Crow?
(a) Marc Mauer.
(b) C. Vann Woodward.
(c) W. E. B. Du Bois.
(d) Loic Wacquant.
5. When did the American Civil War begin?
(a) January 1, 1866.
(b) September 16, 1862.
(c) April 12, 1861.
(d) March 1, 1863.
Short Answer Questions
1. When did the Supreme Court rule in United States v. Harris that the Klan Act was partially unconstitutional?
2. Who was the executive director of the Sentencing Project when the book was written?
3. According to the author in the Introduction, how many people are in prison in the United States per 100,000?
4. What agency arose in the Reconstruction Era that was charged with the responsibility of providing food, clothing, fuel, and other forms of assistance to former slaves?
5. When did Bacon's Rebellion take place?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was Operation Pipeline and what impacts did it have?
2. How has the U.S. penal population changed from 1980 to today?
3. What does the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution declare?
4. What were the "black codes" and what impact did they have?
5. Who declared the "War on Drugs"? When was it declared?
6. What were the impacts and repercussions of Bacon's Rebellion?
7. What are "pretext stops"? How are they employed in the War on Drugs?
8. What is the Ku Klux Klan? What did the Ku Klux Klan acts dictate?
9. What obstacle does the Barack Obama presidency present for civil rights advocates, according to the author in the Introduction?
10. What percentages do drug offenses account for in the rise of the federal inmate population and state prisoners, according to the author in Chapter 2: "The Lockdown"?
This section contains 789 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)