The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Lesson Plans Final Test - Hard

Leo Marx
This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 114 pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and other teaching materials.
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Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Thoreau describe modern man?

2. What was the effect of industrialism in Thoreau's vision?

3. What did Emerson originally propose in his philosophy?

4. What still remains in every man, in Marx's account?

5. What 'sealed the fate' of American industrialism, according to Marx?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Is the purpose of pastoral ideology really to return to society with the knowledge that living in civilization requires killing off and destroying nature? Is the time in nature and return to society really designed to initiate people into the knowledge that civilization is destructive? Or is pastoralism the conscience's revenge against industrialism, a nostalgia that makes it impossible to accept everything industrialism provides?

Essay Topic 2

Read the dialogue between Tityrus and Meliboeus in Virgil's Eclogues, and describe what makes American pastoralism uniquely American. Is pastoralism really an eternal theme in civilized culture, or is there a uniquely American strain to it?

Essay Topic 3

How does Marx define the term pastoral ideology, and how does he describe the terms' uses? What uses does the term have, if it can be used for everything from social activities to government policies to literary themes? Is pastoralism always the same phenomena, or is it different depending on its application?

(see the answer keys)

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