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This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does the ocean symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?
2. What would men of understanding provide in Emerson's vision?
3. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
4. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?
5. What was Daniel Webster's take on industrialism?
Essay Topic 1
Is there an essential pastoralism, or is each person's or culture's pastoralism unique to its own context? Does the similarity of symbols and associations apply in every time and case? Read one of the stories or novels Marx analyzes, to see how the pastoral themes might be unique to the individual work.
Essay Topic 2
The Bible is frequently cited as a source for the colonists' belief that they had reached a promised land where they had to have dominion and make a city on the hill, a garden out of the wilderness. Trace one biblical imperative through a few works of pastoral ideal. How does the biblical idea express itself in different works?
Essay Topic 3
From driving to National Parks, or seeing wildlife in zoos or managing environments for the sake of wildfires or endangered species, Americans seem to be able to reconcile a high level of science and industry with a high sense of nature and pristineness. What arts or cultural developments have allowed Americans to endure the paradoxes of their industrial lifestyles?
This section contains 1,049 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)