The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?

2. What conflict does Marx say was avoided as America expanded?

3. What kinds of machines especially did Americans welcome at the end of the 18th century?

4. What has happened to the ideal of the pastoral society, in Marx's opinion?

5. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the future of the pastoral ideal in Marx's view at the end of the epilogue?

2. What was Tench Coxe's contribution to the American pastoral ideal?

3. How developed was the land at the end of the 18th century?

4. What view does Marx ascribe to Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, Tocqueville and Twain in common?

5. What was Mark Twain's stance on technology and nature in Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court?

6. How would you describe the genre shift at the end of 'The Machine in the Garden'?

7. What is complex pastoral ideology, and where does Marx see it in evidence?

8. What was the dark side of industrialism, in most writers' eyes?

9. How does Marx describe modern man's relationship with the pastoral ideal?

10. How did Ralph Waldo Emerson see nature?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

How do women experience the pastoral ideal? Are men's and women's experiences of nature and the simple life different? What is it in male or female nature or in Western culture that accounts for the difference?

Essay Topic 2

What part of human nature are people like Shakespeare's Gonzalo or Thoreau or Huckleberry Finn trying to escape from in nature? Where in pastoral literature is that trait accounted for?

Essay Topic 3

What is the value of farming today? What ideological value does the small farm have? What is the reality of farming--is it agribusiness, or are small farms making a comeback? What forces are affecting the shape of farms in America? Is this a result of shifts in American pastoral ideology, or is it driving a new kind of pastoral ideology?

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