The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What type of society was America (in the time of Marx's writing)?

2. What did Coxe foresee for America?

3. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?

4. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?

5. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?

Short Essay Questions

1. What was Mark Twain's stance on technology and nature in Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court?

2. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's 'The Unpardonable Sin'?

3. How did Henry Adam's reconcile pastoralism and industrialism?

4. What is the role of industry in Melville's Moby Dick?

5. How does Marx categorize modern man's attitude toward the pastoral ideal in terms of the authors he has analyzed?

6. What was Tench Coxe's contribution to the American pastoral ideal?

7. How did Emerson reconcile machines and nature?

8. What was the context in which Marx was writing the epilogue?

9. How did Emerson react to industrialism?

10. What were the roles of men of understanding and men of reason in Emerson's vision?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

How does race factor into the experience of America pastoralism? What role did the Africans, slaves, and Native Americans have in the landscape? Was race a taint? (Was race a taint for whites as well?) Were they just emblems of nature to be treated like any other natural resource, or did pastoralism extend to the possibility of black white and red men running the earth in common?

Essay Topic 2

Manufacturing was both an evil and a source of national strength in the 18th century. How did manufacturing change the idea of industrialism, and did the acquisition of manufacturing strength redeem the loss of natural land? Who argued that it did? Who argued that it did not?

Essay Topic 3

Research Utopian communities in America--from Brook Farm to Fruitlands to Fourierian and Owensian communes to contemporary Utopian communities. Are these places living out the pastoral ideal?

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