The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?

2. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?

3. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?

4. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?

5. What did Emerson originally propose in his philosophy?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the 'Garden of Ashes' a reference to?

2. How did Henry Adam's reconcile pastoralism and industrialism?

3. How does Marx describe modern man's relationship with the pastoral ideal?

4. What is the role of industry in Melville's Moby Dick?

5. How would you characterize Marx's own view about pastoralism?

6. How would you describe the genre shift at the end of 'The Machine in the Garden'?

7. What was Tench Coxe's contribution to the American pastoral ideal?

8. What view does Marx ascribe to Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, Tocqueville and Twain in common?

9. What was America's first response to steam power in England?

10. How did Emerson react to industrialism?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Write a review of Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'. What did Marx set out to do in the book, and how did he do it? Did he accomplish his goals? Did he fulfill all his promises? Did he leave questions unanswered? Were there problems or contradictions in the work that undermined it?

Essay Topic 2

How does Marx define the term pastoral ideology, and how does he describe the terms' uses? What uses does the term have, if it can be used for everything from social activities to government policies to literary themes? Is pastoralism always the same phenomena, or is it different depending on its application?

Essay Topic 3

How does race factor into the experience of America pastoralism? What role did the Africans, slaves, and Native Americans have in the landscape? Was race a taint? (Was race a taint for whites as well?) Were they just emblems of nature to be treated like any other natural resource, or did pastoralism extend to the possibility of black white and red men running the earth in common?

(see the answer keys)

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