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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was unique about American manufacturing, in Coxe's view?
2. What contradiction does Marx say is Melville's true theme in Moby Dick?
3. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
4. What still remains in every man, in Marx's account?
5. How many Americans lived on farms by the end of the 19th century?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did Ralph Waldo Emerson see nature?
2. What view does Marx ascribe to Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, Tocqueville and Twain in common?
3. What critique did Carlyle make of industrialism?
4. What is complex pastoral ideology, and where does Marx see it in evidence?
5. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
6. How did Thoreau reconcile machines and nature?
7. How would you characterize Marx's own view about pastoralism?
8. What was Mark Twain's stance on technology and nature in Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court?
9. How does Marx describe modern man's relationship with the pastoral ideal?
10. How did Henry Adam's reconcile pastoralism and industrialism?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Write a review of Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'. What did Marx set out to do in the book, and how did he do it? Did he accomplish his goals? Did he fulfill all his promises? Did he leave questions unanswered? Were there problems or contradictions in the work that undermined it?
Essay Topic 2
In Notes on Virginia, Jefferson argues for keeping the factories in Europe. What role did pastoralism play in American nationalism, and how did it distinguish America from Europe? How was American pastoralism different than European pastoralism?
Essay Topic 3
Some writers describe pastoralism as a contradiction or paradox, between the good life and civilization on one hand and savagery on the other. How do authors strike this paradox, without falling off into a fixed idea, or stable definition, on one hand, or all-encompassing overreach on the other? How do authors keep the paradox alive?
This section contains 801 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)