The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Marx say most American writers described industrial expansion?

2. What still remains in every man, in Marx's account?

3. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?

4. Which term describes the title of Marx's epilogue?

5. What was the effect of industrialism in Thoreau's vision?

Short Essay Questions

1. What view does Marx ascribe to Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, Tocqueville and Twain in common?

2. What is the future of the pastoral ideal in Marx's view at the end of the epilogue?

3. How did the pastoral ideal redeem the horrors of industrialism?

4. How would you characterize Marx's own view about pastoralism?

5. What was Tench Coxe's contribution to the American pastoral ideal?

6. How did Ralph Waldo Emerson see nature?

7. What is the role of industry in Melville's Moby Dick?

8. How did Emerson reconcile machines and nature?

9. How developed was the land at the end of the 18th century?

10. What is the 'Garden of Ashes' a reference to?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In Notes on Virginia, Jefferson argues for keeping the factories in Europe. What role did pastoralism play in American nationalism, and how did it distinguish America from Europe? How was American pastoralism different than European pastoralism?

Essay Topic 2

From driving to National Parks, or seeing wildlife in zoos or managing environments for the sake of wildfires or endangered species, Americans seem to be able to reconcile a high level of science and industry with a high sense of nature and pristineness. What arts or cultural developments have allowed Americans to endure the paradoxes of their industrial lifestyles?

Essay Topic 3

Do you think that there was ever a 'good place in nature' or is this concept itself a nostalgic imposition on the experience of loss, and the acquisition of civilization?

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