The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the relationship between industrialism and pastoralism?

2. What trait did American thinkers and writers see in evidence in America's industrial expansion?

3. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?

4. How do modern authors, Marx included, tend to feel about preserving nature in an industrial world?

5. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?

Short Essay Questions

1. What view does Marx ascribe to Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, Tocqueville and Twain in common?

2. How did Daniel Webster describe industrialism?

3. What were the roles of men of understanding and men of reason in Emerson's vision?

4. What is the 'Garden of Ashes' a reference to?

5. What was Tench Coxe's contribution to the American pastoral ideal?

6. How did Ralph Waldo Emerson see nature?

7. What was America's first response to steam power in England?

8. How does Marx describe modern man's relationship with the pastoral ideal?

9. What was Mark Twain's stance on technology and nature in Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court?

10. How developed was the land at the end of the 18th century?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The Bible is frequently cited as a source for the colonists' belief that they had reached a promised land where they had to have dominion and make a city on the hill, a garden out of the wilderness. Trace one biblical imperative through a few works of pastoral ideal. How does the biblical idea express itself in different works?

Essay Topic 2

How does Marx define the term pastoral ideology, and how does he describe the terms' uses? What uses does the term have, if it can be used for everything from social activities to government policies to literary themes? Is pastoralism always the same phenomena, or is it different depending on its application?

Essay Topic 3

Utopia means 'the good place' and 'no place'. How does this paradox relate to the pastoral ideal? Is pastoralism ultimately Utopian? What are the differences between Utopianism and pastoralism?

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