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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which term describes the title of Marx's epilogue?
2. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?
3. How did Americans see westward expansion, in Marx's account?
4. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?
5. What does Marx point out accompanied factories and progress in transportation?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the future of the pastoral ideal in Marx's view at the end of the epilogue?
2. What was Tench Coxe's contribution to the American pastoral ideal?
3. What is complex pastoral ideology, and where does Marx see it in evidence?
4. How would you characterize Marx's own view about pastoralism?
5. What were the roles of men of understanding and men of reason in Emerson's vision?
6. How does Marx categorize modern man's attitude toward the pastoral ideal in terms of the authors he has analyzed?
7. How did the pastoral ideal redeem the horrors of industrialism?
8. How does Marx characterize the modern response to pastoralism?
9. How would you describe the genre shift at the end of 'The Machine in the Garden'?
10. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's 'The Unpardonable Sin'?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Write a review of Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'. What did Marx set out to do in the book, and how did he do it? Did he accomplish his goals? Did he fulfill all his promises? Did he leave questions unanswered? Were there problems or contradictions in the work that undermined it?
Essay Topic 2
What is the value of farming today? What ideological value does the small farm have? What is the reality of farming--is it agribusiness, or are small farms making a comeback? What forces are affecting the shape of farms in America? Is this a result of shifts in American pastoral ideology, or is it driving a new kind of pastoral ideology?
Essay Topic 3
Read the dialogue between Tityrus and Meliboeus in Virgil's Eclogues, and describe what makes American pastoralism uniquely American. Is pastoralism really an eternal theme in civilized culture, or is there a uniquely American strain to it?
This section contains 823 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)