The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Marx say Thoreau wanted people to do in nature?

2. What percentage of Americans lived on farms (in the time of Marx's writing)?

3. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?

4. What did Thoreau conclude as a result of his time at Walden?

5. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Manufacturing was both an evil and a source of national strength in the 18th century. How did manufacturing change the idea of industrialism, and did the acquisition of manufacturing strength redeem the loss of natural land? Who argued that it did? Who argued that it did not?

Essay Topic 2

From driving to National Parks, or seeing wildlife in zoos or managing environments for the sake of wildfires or endangered species, Americans seem to be able to reconcile a high level of science and industry with a high sense of nature and pristineness. What arts or cultural developments have allowed Americans to endure the paradoxes of their industrial lifestyles?

Essay Topic 3

Research Utopian communities in America--from Brook Farm to Fruitlands to Fourierian and Owensian communes to contemporary Utopian communities. Are these places living out the pastoral ideal?

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