The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Lesson Plans Mid-Book Test - Hard

Leo Marx
This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 114 pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and other teaching materials.
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Mid-Book Test - Hard

Name: _________________________ Period: ___________________

This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?

2. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?

3. What human structure did Barlowe describe America in terms of?

4. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?

5. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did the pastoral ideal redeem the horrors of industrialism?

2. How does Marx describe modern man's relationship with the pastoral ideal?

3. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?

4. How did Robert Beverly describe the New World in his History?

5. How did Emerson react to industrialism?

6. What is the purpose of an epilogue?

7. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?

8. What was America's first response to steam power in England?

9. What is the sentimental pastoral ideal?

10. What was Tench Coxe's contribution to the American pastoral ideal?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Some writers describe pastoralism as a contradiction or paradox, between the good life and civilization on one hand and savagery on the other. How do authors strike this paradox, without falling off into a fixed idea, or stable definition, on one hand, or all-encompassing overreach on the other? How do authors keep the paradox alive?

Essay Topic 2

How does race factor into the experience of America pastoralism? What role did the Africans, slaves, and Native Americans have in the landscape? Was race a taint? (Was race a taint for whites as well?) Were they just emblems of nature to be treated like any other natural resource, or did pastoralism extend to the possibility of black white and red men running the earth in common?

Essay Topic 3

Is pastoralism a state of tension between nature and family on one hand and civilization on the other--is it something open-ended and eternal--or is it a goal, a way of life that can be lived if the right balances can be struck? What forces tend toward that balance? What forces tend to disturb or prevent it?

(see the answer keys)

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