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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Marx point out was formed as a result of the Revolutionary War?
2. What is the first stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
3. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
4. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
5. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Marx mean when he says that America offered a middle way for men?
2. How did Robert Beverly describe the New World in his History?
3. What is the pastoral ideal?
4. How does Marx describe the value of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
5. What characters does Marx cite as examples of people who have gone through those three stages?
6. How had Shakespeare learned about conditions in America?
7. How did colonists see America?
8. What contradiction marks the early accounts of the New World, according to Marx?
9. How does Shakespeare demonstrate the impossibility of the pastoral ideal?
10. Where has the pastoral ideal been apparent in American culture?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Utopia means 'the good place' and 'no place'. How does this paradox relate to the pastoral ideal? Is pastoralism ultimately Utopian? What are the differences between Utopianism and pastoralism?
Essay Topic 2
Is the purpose of pastoral ideology really to return to society with the knowledge that living in civilization requires killing off and destroying nature? Is the time in nature and return to society really designed to initiate people into the knowledge that civilization is destructive? Or is pastoralism the conscience's revenge against industrialism, a nostalgia that makes it impossible to accept everything industrialism provides?
Essay Topic 3
How does Marx define the term pastoral ideology, and how does he describe the terms' uses? What uses does the term have, if it can be used for everything from social activities to government policies to literary themes? Is pastoralism always the same phenomena, or is it different depending on its application?
This section contains 647 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)