The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?

2. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?

3. What part of 'The Tempest' held special interest for Marx?

4. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?

5. What is a consequence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Marx mean when he says that America offered a middle way for men?

2. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought by the time of Jefferson?

3. How did Jefferson separate America and Europe in his Notes on Virginia?

4. What feature of American culture allowed Jefferson's ideal to survive for 100 years?

5. How long does Marx say the pastoral ideal has endured?

6. When did complex pastoral ideology begin to appear in American culture?

7. What is the consequence of the pastoral ideal?

8. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?

9. How does Marx describe the value of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' in 'The Machine in the Garden'?

10. What view did the colonists take of the New World in the early years of colonization?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Manufacturing was both an evil and a source of national strength in the 18th century. How did manufacturing change the idea of industrialism, and did the acquisition of manufacturing strength redeem the loss of natural land? Who argued that it did? Who argued that it did not?

Essay Topic 2

How does race factor into the experience of America pastoralism? What role did the Africans, slaves, and Native Americans have in the landscape? Was race a taint? (Was race a taint for whites as well?) Were they just emblems of nature to be treated like any other natural resource, or did pastoralism extend to the possibility of black white and red men running the earth in common?

Essay Topic 3

How do women experience the pastoral ideal? Are men's and women's experiences of nature and the simple life different? What is it in male or female nature or in Western culture that accounts for the difference?

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