The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Beverly describe as the paradox of existence in the New World?

2. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?

3. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?

4. What does Marx say is the leading image of industrialism?

5. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?

Short Essay Questions

1. What contradiction marks the early accounts of the New World, according to Marx?

2. What view did the colonists take of the New World in the early years of colonization?

3. How did Shakespeare's characters describe the ideal society?

4. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?

5. What are the three spatial stages a person goes through in pastoral ideal?

6. Where has the pastoral ideal been apparent in American culture?

7. How long does Marx say the pastoral ideal has endured?

8. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?

9. What feature of American culture allowed Jefferson's ideal to survive for 100 years?

10. What characters does Marx cite as examples of people who have gone through those three stages?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The Bible is frequently cited as a source for the colonists' belief that they had reached a promised land where they had to have dominion and make a city on the hill, a garden out of the wilderness. Trace one biblical imperative through a few works of pastoral ideal. How does the biblical idea express itself in different works?

Essay Topic 2

How did the frontier resolve the tension between pastoralism and industrialism? How did it make the tension worse?

Essay Topic 3

From driving to National Parks, or seeing wildlife in zoos or managing environments for the sake of wildfires or endangered species, Americans seem to be able to reconcile a high level of science and industry with a high sense of nature and pristineness. What arts or cultural developments have allowed Americans to endure the paradoxes of their industrial lifestyles?

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