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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?
2. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?
3. What associations were suggested by Marx's leading symbol of industrialism?
4. What writer does Marx credit with beginning the theme of pastoralism in literature?
5. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Marx mean when he says that America offered a middle way for men?
2. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?
3. What contradiction marks the early accounts of the New World, according to Marx?
4. How did Shakespeare's characters describe the ideal society?
5. How does Shakespeare demonstrate the impossibility of the pastoral ideal?
6. What discovery does Marx say we find in Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?
7. How long does Marx say the pastoral ideal has endured?
8. Where has the pastoral ideal been apparent in American culture?
9. How does Marx describe the value of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
10. What is the consequence of the pastoral ideal?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Research Utopian communities in America--from Brook Farm to Fruitlands to Fourierian and Owensian communes to contemporary Utopian communities. Are these places living out the pastoral ideal?
Essay Topic 2
How do women experience the pastoral ideal? Are men's and women's experiences of nature and the simple life different? What is it in male or female nature or in Western culture that accounts for the difference?
Essay Topic 3
Manufacturing was both an evil and a source of national strength in the 18th century. How did manufacturing change the idea of industrialism, and did the acquisition of manufacturing strength redeem the loss of natural land? Who argued that it did? Who argued that it did not?
This section contains 706 words
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