The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?

2. What does Marx say Beverly felt about the New World, by the end of his history?

3. What does Marx say Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrates?

4. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?

5. What did Beverly describe changing in the New World as a result of European settlement?

Short Essay Questions

1. What view did the colonists take of the New World in the early years of colonization?

2. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?

3. What is the pastoral ideal?

4. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?

5. How does Marx describe the value of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' in 'The Machine in the Garden'?

6. What feature of American culture allowed Jefferson's ideal to survive for 100 years?

7. What was America's first response to steam power in England?

8. Why was Beverly ultimately disappointed in the New World?

9. What was John Orvis' reaction to industrialism?

10. What characters does Marx cite as examples of people who have gone through those three stages?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

What part of human nature are people like Shakespeare's Gonzalo or Thoreau or Huckleberry Finn trying to escape from in nature? Where in pastoral literature is that trait accounted for?

Essay Topic 2

Write a review of Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'. What did Marx set out to do in the book, and how did he do it? Did he accomplish his goals? Did he fulfill all his promises? Did he leave questions unanswered? Were there problems or contradictions in the work that undermined it?

Essay Topic 3

Is pastoralism a state of tension between nature and family on one hand and civilization on the other--is it something open-ended and eternal--or is it a goal, a way of life that can be lived if the right balances can be struck? What forces tend toward that balance? What forces tend to disturb or prevent it?

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