|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
2. What desire does Marx describe as the opposite of Barlowe's view?
3. What did Beverly describe changing in the New World as a result of European settlement?
4. When did the assault on American pastoralism begin, in Marx's account?
5. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?
Short Essay Questions
1. What contradiction marks the early accounts of the New World, according to Marx?
2. Where has the pastoral ideal been apparent in American culture?
3. How does Marx describe the ambiguity of existence Beverly hit on?
4. What discovery does Marx say we find in Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?
5. How long does Marx say the pastoral ideal has endured?
6. What does Marx mean when he says that America offered a middle way for men?
7. What is the sentimental pastoral ideal?
8. What is the pastoral ideal?
9. What is complex pastoral ideology?
10. When did complex pastoral ideology begin to appear in American culture?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The Bible is frequently cited as a source for the colonists' belief that they had reached a promised land where they had to have dominion and make a city on the hill, a garden out of the wilderness. Trace one biblical imperative through a few works of pastoral ideal. How does the biblical idea express itself in different works?
Essay Topic 2
Which literary forms are most appropriate to the pastoral life, poetry, fiction or the non-fiction essays like Emerson and Thoreau wrote? Is there a literature form that corresponds to experience?
Essay Topic 3
Is there an essential pastoralism, or is each person's or culture's pastoralism unique to its own context? Does the similarity of symbols and associations apply in every time and case? Read one of the stories or novels Marx analyzes, to see how the pastoral themes might be unique to the individual work.
This section contains 691 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)