The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?

2. When did the assault on American pastoralism begin, in Marx's account?

3. What desire does Marx describe as the opposite of Barlowe's view?

4. What economic consequence does the sentimental pastoral ideal engender?

5. What did the settlers find appealing about the New World?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Marx describe the ambiguity of existence Beverly hit on?

2. What feature of American culture allowed Jefferson's ideal to survive for 100 years?

3. In what way does the railroad symbolize the industrial intrusion into a pastoral idyll?

4. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought by the time of Jefferson?

5. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?

6. What contradiction marks the early accounts of the New World, according to Marx?

7. How did colonists see America?

8. What is the pastoral ideal?

9. How did Jefferson separate America and Europe in his Notes on Virginia?

10. What is the consequence of the pastoral ideal?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

How do women experience the pastoral ideal? Are men's and women's experiences of nature and the simple life different? What is it in male or female nature or in Western culture that accounts for the difference?

Essay Topic 2

Write a review of Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'. What did Marx set out to do in the book, and how did he do it? Did he accomplish his goals? Did he fulfill all his promises? Did he leave questions unanswered? Were there problems or contradictions in the work that undermined it?

Essay Topic 3

Research Utopian communities in America--from Brook Farm to Fruitlands to Fourierian and Owensian communes to contemporary Utopian communities. Are these places living out the pastoral ideal?

(see the answer keys)

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