The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did the settlers find appealing about the New World?

2. Who typically espouses the sentimental pastoral ideal?

3. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?

4. What was nature's role supposed to be in the nation's future, by Jefferson's time?

5. What aspects of European civilization were the Virginia settlers glad to leave behind, in Beverly's history?

Short Essay Questions

1. How long does Marx say the pastoral ideal has endured?

2. What is the pastoral ideal?

3. How did colonists see America?

4. What discovery does Marx say we find in Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?

5. What contradiction marks the early accounts of the New World, according to Marx?

6. What does Marx mean when he says that America offered a middle way for men?

7. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?

8. How had Shakespeare learned about conditions in America?

9. How did Jefferson separate America and Europe in his Notes on Virginia?

10. What is the consequence of the pastoral ideal?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Write a review of Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'. What did Marx set out to do in the book, and how did he do it? Did he accomplish his goals? Did he fulfill all his promises? Did he leave questions unanswered? Were there problems or contradictions in the work that undermined it?

Essay Topic 2

How does Marx define the term pastoral ideology, and how does he describe the terms' uses? What uses does the term have, if it can be used for everything from social activities to government policies to literary themes? Is pastoralism always the same phenomena, or is it different depending on its application?

Essay Topic 3

From driving to National Parks, or seeing wildlife in zoos or managing environments for the sake of wildfires or endangered species, Americans seem to be able to reconcile a high level of science and industry with a high sense of nature and pristineness. What arts or cultural developments have allowed Americans to endure the paradoxes of their industrial lifestyles?

(see the answer keys)

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