The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Lesson Plans Mid-Book Test - Hard

Leo Marx
This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 114 pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and other teaching materials.
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Mid-Book Test - Hard

Name: _________________________ Period: ___________________

This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?

2. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?

3. What human structure did Barlowe describe America in terms of?

4. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?

5. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did the pastoral ideal redeem the horrors of industrialism?

2. How does Marx describe modern man's relationship with the pastoral ideal?

3. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?

4. How did Robert Beverly describe the New World in his History?

5. How did Emerson react to industrialism?

6. What is the purpose of an epilogue?

7. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?

8. What was America's first response to steam power in England?

9. What is the sentimental pastoral ideal?

10. What was Tench Coxe's contribution to the American pastoral ideal?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

What part of human nature are people like Shakespeare's Gonzalo or Thoreau or Huckleberry Finn trying to escape from in nature? Where in pastoral literature is that trait accounted for?

Essay Topic 2

Research Utopian communities in America--from Brook Farm to Fruitlands to Fourierian and Owensian communes to contemporary Utopian communities. Are these places living out the pastoral ideal?

Essay Topic 3

Is the purpose of pastoral ideology really to return to society with the knowledge that living in civilization requires killing off and destroying nature? Is the time in nature and return to society really designed to initiate people into the knowledge that civilization is destructive? Or is pastoralism the conscience's revenge against industrialism, a nostalgia that makes it impossible to accept everything industrialism provides?

(see the answer keys)

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