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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In Jefferson's time, how did the eastern farmers come to see nature, as a result of their work?
2. What is the first reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
3. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
4. What secondary plot does Marx see as important for his purposes?
5. Which characters are engaged in the final struggle in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did Robert Beverly describe the New World in his History?
2. In what way does the railroad symbolize the industrial intrusion into a pastoral idyll?
3. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?
4. How does Marx describe the value of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
5. What is the pastoral ideal?
6. What feature of American culture allowed Jefferson's ideal to survive for 100 years?
7. What contradiction marks the early accounts of the New World, according to Marx?
8. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?
9. What view did the colonists take of the New World in the early years of colonization?
10. Where has the pastoral ideal been apparent in American culture?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Is the purpose of pastoral ideology really to return to society with the knowledge that living in civilization requires killing off and destroying nature? Is the time in nature and return to society really designed to initiate people into the knowledge that civilization is destructive? Or is pastoralism the conscience's revenge against industrialism, a nostalgia that makes it impossible to accept everything industrialism provides?
Essay Topic 2
Read the dialogue between Tityrus and Meliboeus in Virgil's Eclogues, and describe what makes American pastoralism uniquely American. Is pastoralism really an eternal theme in civilized culture, or is there a uniquely American strain to it?
Essay Topic 3
Utopia means 'the good place' and 'no place'. How does this paradox relate to the pastoral ideal? Is pastoralism ultimately Utopian? What are the differences between Utopianism and pastoralism?
This section contains 678 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)