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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Ishmael symbolize, in Marx's interpretation of Moby Dick?
(a) The victim of the whale's aggression.
(b) The representative of nature.
(c) The middleman between nature and society.
(d) The prophet to warn people against destroying nature.
2. What does our continued faith in the pastoral society preserve, in Marx's description?
(a) Faith in individual survival.
(b) Pessimism about leaders.
(c) Faith in urban planning.
(d) Pessimism about industry.
3. What is Ishmael's task, in Marx's description of Melville's vision in Moby Dick?
(a) To restrain Ahab.
(b) To kill the white whale.
(c) To reconcile nature and society.
(d) To save the ship.
4. What does Marx say about modern farming (in the time of his writing this book)?
(a) Modern farming has returned Americans to their agrarian roots.
(b) Modern farming has preserved nature while offering productive land.
(c) Modern farming has freed Americans from industry.
(d) Modern farming has become an industry.
5. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?
(a) Cottage industry.
(d) The trades.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many Americans lived on farms by the end of the 19th century?
2. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
3. How does Marx predict the trend toward urbanization and industrialization will be reversed?
4. Which industry has Marx talked most about, in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
5. What would men of understanding provide in Emerson's vision?
Short Essay Questions
1. How would you describe the genre shift at the end of 'The Machine in the Garden'?
2. What does Marx say the ship Pequod symbolizes in Melville's Moby Dick?
3. What is the role of industry in Melville's Moby Dick?
4. What critique did Carlyle make of industrialism?
5. How did Thoreau reconcile machines and nature?
6. What was John Orvis' reaction to industrialism?
7. How does Marx categorize modern man's attitude toward the pastoral ideal in terms of the authors he has analyzed?
8. How would you characterize Marx's own view about pastoralism?
9. How did Emerson reconcile machines and nature?
10. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
This section contains 768 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)