The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Medium

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Marx say most American writers described industrial expansion?
(a) As a form of art.
(b) As a crime.
(c) As a torment.
(d) As a force of nature.

2. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Hesitancy to impose lifestyle changes on the people.
(b) Inability to manage complex problems.
(c) Powerlessness before the will of the people.
(d) The ability to create lasting change.

3. How did Americans see westward expansion, in Marx's account?
(a) As a destruction of the landscape.
(b) As a crime against Indians.
(c) As a form of progress.
(d) As a form of corruption.

4. What effect did Carlyle say industrialism would have?
(a) Poisoning the rivers and water.
(b) Disrupting the continuity of societies with mobility.
(c) Increasing the gap between rich and poor.
(d) Corrupting the youth with dreams of individualism.

5. How does Marx describe the pastoralism of the 19th century?
(a) Romantic.
(b) Modern.
(c) Sentimental.
(d) Industrial.

Short Answer Questions

1. What percentage of Americans lived on farms (in the time of Marx's writing)?

2. What kinds of machines especially did Americans welcome at the end of the 18th century?

3. What was Daniel Webster's feeling about pastoralism?

4. What is Marx's tone throughout 'The Machine in the Garden'?

5. What was unique about American manufacturing, in Coxe's view?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the 'Garden of Ashes' a reference to?

2. What was Mark Twain's stance on technology and nature in Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court?

3. How did Henry Adam's reconcile pastoralism and industrialism?

4. What is complex pastoral ideology, and where does Marx see it in evidence?

5. What is the future of the pastoral ideal in Marx's view at the end of the epilogue?

6. What does Marx say the ship Pequod symbolizes in Melville's Moby Dick?

7. What view does Marx ascribe to Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, Tocqueville and Twain in common?

8. What was America's first response to steam power in England?

9. How does Marx characterize the modern response to pastoralism?

10. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's 'The Unpardonable Sin'?

(see the answer keys)

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