The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Medium

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does the Pequod symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?
(a) Modern society.
(b) Elemental nature.
(c) Industry.
(d) Spiritual degradation.

2. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
(a) To repudiate parts of the book that look naïve or foolish.
(b) To reflect on the content of the book.
(c) To describe the process of writing the book.
(d) To repeat the main themes one more time.

3. What 'sealed the fate' of American industrialism, according to Marx?
(a) Machine tools.
(b) Standardized parts.
(c) The railroad.
(d) The cotton gin.

4. How does Marx say modern Americans see nature?
(a) As sublime.
(b) As bountiful.
(c) As divine.
(d) As expendable.

5. What trait did American thinkers and writers see in evidence in America's industrial expansion?
(a) World-weariness.
(b) Corruption.
(c) Creativity.
(d) Greed.

Short Answer Questions

1. What kinds of machines especially did Americans welcome at the end of the 18th century?

2. What skill did Twain idealize?

3. What did Thoreau conclude as a result of his time at Walden?

4. What structures does Marx use as examples of how modern man mistreats nature?

5. What percentage of Americans lived on farms (in the time of Marx's writing)?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did Daniel Webster describe industrialism?

2. What was John Orvis' reaction to industrialism?

3. How did Ralph Waldo Emerson see nature?

4. What does Marx say the ship Pequod symbolizes in Melville's Moby Dick?

5. How would you describe the genre shift at the end of 'The Machine in the Garden'?

6. How developed was the land at the end of the 18th century?

7. How did Emerson reconcile machines and nature?

8. What is the purpose of an epilogue?

9. What was the context in which Marx was writing the epilogue?

10. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's 'The Unpardonable Sin'?

(see the answer keys)

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