The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What threat to the country's moral superiority had developed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Enclosure laws.
(b) Public transit.
(c) Slavery.
(d) The end of slavery.

2. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?
(a) Paradise Lost.
(b) Arcadia.
(c) Paradise Regained.
(d) The Iliad.

3. In Jefferson's time, how did the eastern farmers come to see nature, as a result of their work?
(a) As an improved nature.
(b) As a domestic industry.
(c) As a new nature.
(d) As a raw material.

4. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Nature seemed benevolent compared with the disordered city.
(b) Nature seemed chaotic and devilish compared with civilization.
(c) Nature had become a mirror for man's corrupt soul.
(d) Nature seemed divine and benevolent compared with corrupt man.

5. What was nature's role supposed to be in the nation's future, by Jefferson's time?
(a) Wilderness was going to redeem the nation's soul.
(b) Agriculture was going to supply the nation's wealth.
(c) Natural resources were going to be a source of wealth for generations.
(d) Virgin territory was going absorb all the overflowing east-coast cities.

Short Answer Questions

1. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?

2. What did the settlers find appealing about the New World?

3. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?

4. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?

5. What does an individual gain by passing through these three spatial stages?

Short Essay Questions

1. Where has the pastoral ideal been apparent in American culture?

2. What view did the colonists take of the New World in the early years of colonization?

3. How does Marx describe the ambiguity of existence Beverly hit on?

4. How did colonists see America?

5. What is the sentimental pastoral ideal?

6. What is the pastoral ideal?

7. How does Shakespeare demonstrate the impossibility of the pastoral ideal?

8. When did the pastoral ideal become a part of American culture?

9. How did Jefferson separate America and Europe in his Notes on Virginia?

10. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?

(see the answer keys)

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