The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is a consequence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Rail trails.
(b) Urbanization.
(c) Relocation to the suburbs.
(d) Exploitation of resources.

2. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?
(a) As simple and virtuous.
(b) As evil and plotting.
(c) As naïve and untrustworthy.
(d) As barbaric and cruel.

3. What is the first stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Life in religion.
(b) Life in the city.
(c) Return to nature.
(d) Life in nature.

4. What part of 'The Tempest' held special interest for Marx?
(a) The portrait of indecision about taking the throne.
(b) The portrait of men who gain power by disposing of natural resources.
(c) The portrait of an unspoiled landscape invaded by Europeans.
(d) The portrait of love's frailty against political power.

5. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Nature seemed divine and benevolent compared with corrupt man.
(b) Nature seemed benevolent compared with the disordered city.
(c) Nature seemed chaotic and devilish compared with civilization.
(d) Nature had become a mirror for man's corrupt soul.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?

2. What associations were suggested by Marx's leading symbol of industrialism?

3. What possibility did Marx hear resonating from the Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?

4. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?

5. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did Shakespeare's characters describe the ideal society?

2. When did the pastoral ideal become a part of American culture?

3. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?

4. How does Marx describe the ambiguity of existence Beverly hit on?

5. In what way does the railroad symbolize the industrial intrusion into a pastoral idyll?

6. What ideal does the conclusion to Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' suggest, in Marx's interpretation?

7. How did colonists see America?

8. What is the consequence of the pastoral ideal?

9. What contradiction marks the early accounts of the New World, according to Marx?

10. What feature of American culture allowed Jefferson's ideal to survive for 100 years?

(see the answer keys)

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