The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did colonists find in America?
(a) Civilized people they could convert to Christianity.
(b) A desert they could transform into a garden.
(c) Infrastructure they could usurp from the natives.
(d) Virgin land.

2. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?
(a) Peace with natives.
(b) Slow pace of technological development.
(c) A frontier to expand into.
(d) Absence of foreign threats.

3. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?
(a) He thought that the settlers and natives could work together.
(b) He saw a unique opportunity in the New World.
(c) He thought that the New World could improve the natives.
(d) He thought the New World would improve the settlers.

4. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Ignorance and apathy.
(b) Industrial developments.
(c) Peace movements.
(d) Reactionary philosophy.

5. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?
(a) A powerful industrialist.
(b) A virtuous man of nature.
(c) An industrious, independent farmer.
(d) An inventive entrepreneur.

Short Answer Questions

1. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?

2. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?

3. What threat to the country's moral superiority had developed by Jefferson's time?

4. What kind of existence did Barlowe describe having encountered in his travels?

5. When did the assault on American pastoralism begin, in Marx's account?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did the pastoral ideal redeem the horrors of industrialism?

2. What is complex pastoral ideology?

3. What does Marx say the ship Pequod symbolizes in Melville's Moby Dick?

4. What is the future of the pastoral ideal in Marx's view at the end of the epilogue?

5. How had Shakespeare learned about conditions in America?

6. Why was Beverly ultimately disappointed in the New World?

7. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?

8. How does Marx categorize modern man's attitude toward the pastoral ideal in terms of the authors he has analyzed?

9. What critique did Carlyle make of industrialism?

10. What view typified the opposite of the bountiful-Edenic image of the New World?

(see the answer keys)

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