The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Withdrawal from modernization.
(b) Urban planning for green spaces.
(c) Conservationism.
(d) Environmentalism.

2. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?
(a) Rocky soil and harsh laws.
(b) Political intrigue.
(c) Storms and primitive land.
(d) Sparse resources and unsafe territory.

3. When did Thomas Jefferson publish his Notes on Virginia?
(a) 1781.
(b) 1776.
(c) 1789.
(d) 1803.

4. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?
(a) No work.
(b) No government.
(c) No need for language.
(d) No disparity between rich and poor.

5. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?
(a) The Iliad.
(b) Arcadia.
(c) Paradise Regained.
(d) Paradise Lost.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does pastoral ideology conflict with, in Marx's account?

2. What writer does Marx credit with beginning the theme of pastoralism in literature?

3. What does an individual gain by passing through these three spatial stages?

4. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?

5. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did Shakespeare's characters describe the ideal society?

2. Why was Beverly ultimately disappointed in the New World?

3. How did Jefferson separate America and Europe in his Notes on Virginia?

4. How does Marx describe the ambiguity of existence Beverly hit on?

5. What ideal does the conclusion to Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' suggest, in Marx's interpretation?

6. How did colonists see America?

7. How does Marx describe the value of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' in 'The Machine in the Garden'?

8. How did Jefferson describe the frontier in his Notes on Virginia?

9. When did complex pastoral ideology begin to appear in American culture?

10. Where has the pastoral ideal been apparent in American culture?

(see the answer keys)

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