The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Marx say Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrates?
(a) The corruption of the Old World.
(b) The impossibility of the pastoral ideal.
(c) The plan for Utopia in America.
(d) The personalities who will be required to develop America.

2. What does Marx say is unique about pastoralism in the industrial age in America?
(a) The railroad blurred the boundary between city and country.
(b) Southern plantations were the first farms to perform agriculture on an industrial scale.
(c) People began to be able to visit the country from the city.
(d) People stopped living on farms in the late 1700s.

3. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Theatre.
(b) Flying.
(c) Travel.
(d) Hiking.

4. What aspects of European civilization were the Virginia settlers glad to leave behind, in Beverly's history?
(a) Dogmas and conflicts over religion.
(b) Plagues and uncertainty over medical treatment.
(c) Suppression of religious expression.
(d) Vanities and conflicts over property.

5. What kind of lifestyle does Marx say Americans want?
(a) Faster.
(b) Simpler.
(c) More complex.
(d) More elegant.

Short Answer Questions

1. What do Americans abandon when they are under the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?

2. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?

3. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?

4. America was depicted as a paradise that was also what, in Marx's account?

5. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did Shakespeare's characters describe the ideal society?

2. What feature of American culture allowed Jefferson's ideal to survive for 100 years?

3. What ideal does the conclusion to Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' suggest, in Marx's interpretation?

4. How did Jefferson change his view on industrialism?

5. Why was Beverly ultimately disappointed in the New World?

6. In what way does the railroad symbolize the industrial intrusion into a pastoral idyll?

7. How did Jefferson separate America and Europe in his Notes on Virginia?

8. Where has the pastoral ideal been apparent in American culture?

9. How did Robert Beverly describe the New World in his History?

10. What view did the colonists take of the New World in the early years of colonization?

(see the answer keys)

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