The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What has happened to the ideal of the pastoral society, in Marx's opinion?
(a) It has replaced the industrial utopia.
(b) It has become the rallying cry for opposition to industrial modernism.
(c) It is a governing principle.
(d) It is a token belief.

2. What is the consequence of knowing nature, according to Twain's work?
(a) Feeling free of society.
(b) Knowing the wild spirit of nature.
(c) Losing familiarity with the whole.
(d) Knowing the deep inter-connectedness of things.

3. What did Emerson's philosophy ultimately propose?
(a) Urbanization of nature.
(b) Reconciliation of industry and nature.
(c) Rejection of industry.
(d) Domestication of nature.

4. Who was Tench Coxe?
(a) A Philadelphia inventor and statesman.
(b) A Boston statesman.
(c) A Philadelphia merchant.
(d) A New York financier.

5. How does industrialism devalue man, in Carlyle's opinion?
(a) It requires long hours in dark factories.
(b) It discourages invention.
(c) It uses only one part of him.
(d) It treats him as a commodity.

6. What does Marx say about modern farming (in the time of his writing this book)?
(a) Modern farming has returned Americans to their agrarian roots.
(b) Modern farming has become an industry.
(c) Modern farming has freed Americans from industry.
(d) Modern farming has preserved nature while offering productive land.

7. How did Coxe's vision for industrialism intersect with pastoralism?
(a) Coxe thought that factories would blight the landscape.
(b) Coxe prophesied that extractive industries would ruin the landscape.
(c) Coxe thought that America's environment would make the factory a pastoral place.
(d) Coxe predicted that industries would leave dead places in the environment when they collapsed.

8. What trait did American thinkers and writers see in evidence in America's industrial expansion?
(a) World-weariness.
(b) Greed.
(c) Creativity.
(d) Corruption.

9. What would men of reason provide in Emerson's vision?
(a) Political strife.
(b) Science.
(c) Leadership.
(d) Arts.

10. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?
(a) After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west. Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks. Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city. After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west.
(b) Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city.
(c) As long as civilization could continue to exploit resources, it could avert class warfare.
(d) Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks.

11. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Powerlessness before the will of the people.
(b) The ability to create lasting change.
(c) Inability to manage complex problems.
(d) Hesitancy to impose lifestyle changes on the people.

12. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.
(b) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.
(c) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.
(d) The Indian soldier's warfare.

13. Whom does Marx credit with predicting all the evils of industrialism?
(a) Thomas Jefferson.
(b) Daniel Webster.
(c) John Orvis.
(d) Ralph Waldo Emerson.

14. How did Thoreau describe modern man?
(a) Poised at the boundary between nature and industry.
(b) Free in the wilderness.
(c) Torn apart by his desires.
(d) Unhappy in factories.

15. Which industry has Marx talked most about, in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Education.
(b) Pharmaceuticals.
(c) Medical devices.
(d) Transportation.

Short Answer Questions

1. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?

2. How would you classify Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'?

3. When was man supposed to return to nature, in Thoreau's vision?

4. How do modern authors, Marx included, tend to feel about preserving nature in an industrial world?

5. How does Marx say modern Americans see nature?

(see the answer keys)

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