The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
(a) To reflect on the content of the book.
(b) To describe the process of writing the book.
(c) To repudiate parts of the book that look naïve or foolish.
(d) To repeat the main themes one more time.

2. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.
(b) The Indian soldier's warfare.
(c) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.
(d) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.

3. What does our continued faith in the pastoral society preserve, in Marx's description?
(a) Faith in individual survival.
(b) Faith in urban planning.
(c) Pessimism about industry.
(d) Pessimism about leaders.

4. How would you describe Marx's book 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Political.
(b) Academic.
(c) Prophetic.
(d) Scientific.

5. What percentage of Americans lived on farms (in the time of Marx's writing)?
(a) 40%.
(b) 60%.
(c) 25%.
(d) 10%.

6. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?
(a) Importation.
(b) The trades.
(c) Self-reliance.
(d) Cottage industry.

7. What do complex pastoralists recognize, in Marx's account?
(a) The need to reconcile pastoralism and industrialism.
(b) The need to integrate industrial machinery with natural processes.
(c) The need to return to nature at any cost.
(d) The need to abolish machinery.

8. What conclusion about technology does the narrator reach at the end of Twain's Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court?
(a) Nature ultimately conquered industrial man.
(b) Society's benefits do not outweigh its costs.
(c) Progress changes the course of human nature.
(d) Primitive human psychology is inescapable.

9. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Hesitancy to impose lifestyle changes on the people.
(b) Powerlessness before the will of the people.
(c) Inability to manage complex problems.
(d) The ability to create lasting change.

10. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?
(a) Optimism about industrial expansion into the midwest.
(b) Nostalgia for the old days on the Mississippi.
(c) Lamentation about the death of Indian cultures.
(d) Fear about the consequences of the railroad.

11. Whom does Marx credit with predicting all the evils of industrialism?
(a) Daniel Webster.
(b) Thomas Jefferson.
(c) John Orvis.
(d) Ralph Waldo Emerson.

12. What would men of reason provide in Emerson's vision?
(a) Leadership.
(b) Science.
(c) Arts.
(d) Political strife.

13. How did Coxe's vision for industrialism intersect with pastoralism?
(a) Coxe thought that factories would blight the landscape.
(b) Coxe thought that America's environment would make the factory a pastoral place.
(c) Coxe prophesied that extractive industries would ruin the landscape.
(d) Coxe predicted that industries would leave dead places in the environment when they collapsed.

14. What 'sealed the fate' of American industrialism, according to Marx?
(a) Standardized parts.
(b) Machine tools.
(c) The railroad.
(d) The cotton gin.

15. What does Marx say about man's hopes for nature?
(a) They are realistic.
(b) They will create wars.
(c) They are destructive.
(d) They are just a dream.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?

2. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?

3. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?

4. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?

5. Why does Marx say that machines could be welcomed into America?

(see the answer keys)

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