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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Emerson say that science and technology could serve?
(a) A destructive god.
(b) A rural ideal.
(c) Powerless men.
(d) Corrupt men.
2. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) Man's desire for progress.
(b) Chaotic forces of nature.
(d) The demonic element in factories.
3. What was unique about American manufacturing, in Coxe's view?
(a) Markets were waiting for American goods.
(b) The raw materials were limitless.
(c) It presented enormous economic opportunities.
(d) The environment would keep it healthy.
4. How does Marx describe the pastoralism of the 19th century?
5. What did Emerson's philosophy ultimately propose?
(a) Rejection of industry.
(b) Urbanization of nature.
(c) Reconciliation of industry and nature.
(d) Domestication of nature.
6. What would men of reason provide in Emerson's vision?
(c) Political strife.
7. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?
(a) As long as civilization could continue to exploit resources, it could avert class warfare.
(b) Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks.
(c) After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west. Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks. Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city. After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west.
(d) Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city.
8. How does Marx say modern Americans see nature?
(a) As divine.
(b) As expendable.
(c) As bountiful.
(d) As sublime.
9. How does Marx predict the trend toward urbanization and industrialization will be reversed?
(a) By popular uprisings.
(b) By market changes.
(c) By politics.
(d) By resource depletion.
10. What effect does fire have in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) It spreads light into the wilderness.
(b) It destroys an everyman.
(c) It drives factories and great productivity.
(d) It brings religion to people.
11. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?
(a) That it would never come to America.
(b) That it would become their great strength.
(c) That it would corrupt the youth with dreams of travel.
(d) That it would provide them cheap power.
12. Who was Tench Coxe?
(a) A New York financier.
(b) A Philadelphia inventor and statesman.
(c) A Philadelphia merchant.
(d) A Boston statesman.
13. How would you describe Marx's book 'The Machine in the Garden'?
14. What is the consequence of knowing nature, according to Twain's work?
(a) Knowing the deep inter-connectedness of things.
(b) Knowing the wild spirit of nature.
(c) Feeling free of society.
(d) Losing familiarity with the whole.
15. What do complex pastoralists recognize, in Marx's account?
(a) The need to abolish machinery.
(b) The need to return to nature at any cost.
(c) The need to integrate industrial machinery with natural processes.
(d) The need to reconcile pastoralism and industrialism.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which industry has Marx talked most about, in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
2. What type of society was America (in the time of Marx's writing)?
3. What does modern man hope for, in spite of industrialism?
4. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
5. What else does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
This section contains 556 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)