The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?
(a) His eyes.
(b) None of him.
(c) His spirit.
(d) His mind.

2. Whom does Marx credit with predicting all the evils of industrialism?
(a) Ralph Waldo Emerson.
(b) Thomas Jefferson.
(c) Daniel Webster.
(d) John Orvis.

3. Why does Marx say that machines could be welcomed into America?
(a) Because they would tame the vast frontier.
(b) Because there was such sharp competition.
(c) Because the frontier would always be wild.
(d) Because industrial capacity provided a survival edge.

4. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?
(a) That it would become their great strength.
(b) That it would provide them cheap power.
(c) That it would corrupt the youth with dreams of travel.
(d) That it would never come to America.

5. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
(a) They are conservationists.
(b) They are fulfilled.
(c) They are isolated.
(d) They are leaders.

6. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?
(a) Fitzgerald and Faulkner.
(b) Salinger and Bukowski.
(c) Eliot and Pound.
(d) Dos Passos and Hurston.

7. What was Daniel Webster's take on industrialism?
(a) He used it to his profit.
(b) He lamented the changing structure of society.
(c) He embraced the new power.
(d) He loathed the railroad.

8. Who does Marx say will *not* contribute to reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Artists.
(b) Farmers.
(c) Activists.
(d) Urban planners.

9. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.
(b) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.
(c) The Indian soldier's warfare.
(d) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.

10. What does Marx point out accompanied factories and progress in transportation?
(a) Longer lifespans.
(b) Decreased infant mortality rates.
(c) Worker abuses.
(d) Increased literacy.

11. What is Ishmael's task, in Marx's description of Melville's vision in Moby Dick?
(a) To kill the white whale.
(b) To save the ship.
(c) To reconcile nature and society.
(d) To restrain Ahab.

12. What effect does Marx say Emerson foresaw for industrialism?
(a) Devaluation of the worker in the market.
(b) Control of the worker in his working environment.
(c) Fulfillment of the worker in his work.
(d) Detachment of the worker from his work.

13. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?
(a) Psychoanalytic criticism.
(b) New Criticism.
(c) New Historicism.
(d) Deconstruction.

14. What does Marx say Thoreau wanted people to do in nature?
(a) Organize.
(b) Invent.
(c) Meditate.
(d) Hide.

15. Who was Tench Coxe?
(a) A Boston statesman.
(b) A Philadelphia inventor and statesman.
(c) A Philadelphia merchant.
(d) A New York financier.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is Huck Finn lamenting at the beginning of Huckleberry Finn?

2. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?

3. What conflict does Marx say was avoided as America expanded?

4. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?

5. What did Thoreau conclude as a result of his time at Walden?

(see the answer keys)

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