The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?
(a) After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west. Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks. Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city. After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west.
(b) Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city.
(c) As long as civilization could continue to exploit resources, it could avert class warfare.
(d) Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks.

2. How did Coxe's vision for industrialism intersect with pastoralism?
(a) Coxe thought that factories would blight the landscape.
(b) Coxe thought that America's environment would make the factory a pastoral place.
(c) Coxe prophesied that extractive industries would ruin the landscape.
(d) Coxe predicted that industries would leave dead places in the environment when they collapsed.

3. Which industry has Marx talked most about, in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Transportation.
(b) Pharmaceuticals.
(c) Medical devices.
(d) Education.

4. What type of society was America (in the time of Marx's writing)?
(a) Urban.
(b) Rural.
(c) Suburban.
(d) Non-agrarian.

5. What effect does fire have in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) It brings religion to people.
(b) It spreads light into the wilderness.
(c) It destroys an everyman.
(d) It drives factories and great productivity.

6. What did Emerson originally propose in his philosophy?
(a) Immersion in science.
(b) Immersion in nature.
(c) Immersion in society.
(d) Immersion in literature.

7. What symbolic statement does Marx say Twain made in the raft being destroyed in Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Hiding from society is impossible.
(b) Technology has progressed beyond steamboats.
(c) Man is alone in the river of life.
(d) Fleeing from the law is dangerous.

8. What else does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
(a) They are poor.
(b) They are rich.
(c) They are powerless.
(d) They are Indians and blacks.

9. What structures does Marx use as examples of how modern man mistreats nature?
(a) Hospitals and nursing homes.
(b) Golf courses and cemeteries.
(c) Roads and parking lots.
(d) Bridges and tunnels.

10. How would you classify Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Scientific study.
(b) Cultural criticism.
(c) Literary criticism.
(d) Psychological report.

11. What feature of modern society came into existence with American industrialism?
(a) Unionization.
(b) Strikes and riots.
(c) Total warfare.
(d) Laissez-fair class structure.

12. What does Marx say Thoreau wanted people to do in nature?
(a) Hide.
(b) Organize.
(c) Invent.
(d) Meditate.

13. What was the effect of industrialism in Thoreau's vision?
(a) Military developments had made technology deadlier than ever.
(b) Industry had generated enormous wealth.
(c) Man had become a slave to his tools.
(d) Machines had improved daily life for millions.

14. What modern problem does Marx take as emblematic of man's treatment of nature?
(a) Industrial agriculture.
(b) Pollution.
(c) Wars.
(d) Pandemics.

15. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
(a) To describe the process of writing the book.
(b) To repeat the main themes one more time.
(c) To repudiate parts of the book that look naïve or foolish.
(d) To reflect on the content of the book.

Short Answer Questions

1. What would men of understanding provide in Emerson's vision?

2. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?

3. What was Daniel Webster's feeling about pastoralism?

4. Who was Tench Coxe?

5. What did Coxe foresee for America?

(see the answer keys)

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