The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Powerlessness before the will of the people.
(b) The ability to create lasting change.
(c) Hesitancy to impose lifestyle changes on the people.
(d) Inability to manage complex problems.

2. What does the Pequod symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?
(a) Elemental nature.
(b) Spiritual degradation.
(c) Modern society.
(d) Industry.

3. How does Marx predict the trend toward urbanization and industrialization will be reversed?
(a) By market changes.
(b) By resource depletion.
(c) By popular uprisings.
(d) By politics.

4. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?
(a) His mind.
(b) His spirit.
(c) None of him.
(d) His eyes.

5. How did Melville describe whaling?
(a) As an industrial enterprise.
(b) As a spiritual calling.
(c) As an art.
(d) As a symbol of society.

6. What is Huck Finn lamenting at the beginning of Huckleberry Finn?
(a) His loss of his father.
(b) Jim's incarceration.
(c) Tom Sawyer's punishment.
(d) His current civilized state.

7. What forces have led to the urbanization and industrialization Marx describes?
(a) Literature and mythology.
(b) Science and legal incentives.
(c) Markets and technology.
(d) Wars and military campaigns.

8. How would you describe Marx's book 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Scientific.
(b) Political.
(c) Academic.
(d) Prophetic.

9. What did Thoreau conclude as a result of his time at Walden?
(a) That men are desperate and sad.
(b) That technology must be stopped.
(c) That men should remove themselves from society.
(d) That man should simplify his life.

10. What percentage of Americans lived on farms (in the time of Marx's writing)?
(a) 60%.
(b) 40%.
(c) 10%.
(d) 25%.

11. What did Daniel Webster believe the railroad would do for America?
(a) Destroy the traditions.
(b) Corrupt the youth.
(c) Unify the people.
(d) Terrify the livestock.

12. What should man do in nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) Oppose industrialism.
(b) Study the ruthless ways of men.
(c) Learn the ways of the animals.
(d) Contemplate eternal laws.

13. What structures does Marx use as examples of how modern man mistreats nature?
(a) Bridges and tunnels.
(b) Hospitals and nursing homes.
(c) Roads and parking lots.
(d) Golf courses and cemeteries.

14. What effect does fire have in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) It drives factories and great productivity.
(b) It destroys an everyman.
(c) It brings religion to people.
(d) It spreads light into the wilderness.

15. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.
(b) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.
(c) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.
(d) The Indian soldier's warfare.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Marx say modern Americans see nature?

2. What does Marx point out accompanied factories and progress in transportation?

3. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?

4. What modern problem does Marx take as emblematic of man's treatment of nature?

5. What does Marx say about man's hopes for nature?

(see the answer keys)

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