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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) Man's desire for progress.
(b) Chaotic forces of nature.
(d) The demonic element in factories.
2. What would manufacturing do for America, in Coxe's estimation?
(a) Ensure independence.
(b) Drive western expansion.
(c) Unify the electorate.
(d) Generate wealth.
3. What still remains in every man, in Marx's account?
(a) The pastoral ideal.
(b) Hope for progress.
(c) Faith in medicine.
(d) Optimism for industry.
4. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?
(a) Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city.
(b) Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks.
(c) As long as civilization could continue to exploit resources, it could avert class warfare.
(d) After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west. Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks. Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city. After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west.
5. What effect does fire have in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) It destroys an everyman.
(b) It spreads light into the wilderness.
(c) It drives factories and great productivity.
(d) It brings religion to people.
6. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?
(a) That it would become their great strength.
(b) That it would corrupt the youth with dreams of travel.
(c) That it would provide them cheap power.
(d) That it would never come to America.
7. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?
(a) Cottage industry.
(d) The trades.
8. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?
(a) He decried the disruption of nature.
(b) He lamented the death of wildlife.
(c) He complained about the decline of marriage in cities.
(d) He protested the destruction of indigenous societies.
9. What would men of reason provide in Emerson's vision?
(b) Political strife.
10. What is the relationship between industrialism and pastoralism?
(a) Mutual reinforcement.
(b) Cause and effect.
(d) Mutual exclusivity.
11. What was Daniel Webster's feeling about pastoralism?
(a) He thought it would heal industrialism.
(b) He thought it would corrupt America's soul.
(c) He set out national parks to preserve pastoral spaces.
(d) He thought it could co-exist with technology.
12. What does the Pequod symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?
(b) Elemental nature.
(c) Modern society.
(d) Spiritual degradation.
13. What would men of understanding provide in Emerson's vision?
14. What percentage of Americans lived on farms (in the time of Marx's writing)?
15. What effect did Carlyle say industrialism would have?
(a) Corrupting the youth with dreams of individualism.
(b) Poisoning the rivers and water.
(c) Increasing the gap between rich and poor.
(d) Disrupting the continuity of societies with mobility.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?
2. How would you describe Marx's book 'The Machine in the Garden'?
3. How did Emerson describe the relationship between the east and the west?
4. What was the general feeling about industrialism in America, as it expanded?
5. How does Marx characterize man's hopes for nature?
This section contains 538 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)