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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Marx say most American writers described industrial expansion?
(a) As a crime.
(b) As a force of nature.
(c) As a form of art.
(d) As a torment.
2. What is the relationship between industrialism and pastoralism?
(a) Cause and effect.
(b) Mutual exclusivity.
(c) Mutual reinforcement.
3. How do modern authors, Marx included, tend to feel about preserving nature in an industrial world?
(d) Cautiously optimistic.
4. When was man supposed to return to nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) For permanent residence.
(b) On weekends.
(c) He should keep nature alive in his cities.
(d) For temporary respites.
5. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?
(a) Dos Passos and Hurston.
(b) Salinger and Bukowski.
(c) Eliot and Pound.
(d) Fitzgerald and Faulkner.
6. What should man do in nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) Contemplate eternal laws.
(b) Oppose industrialism.
(c) Study the ruthless ways of men.
(d) Learn the ways of the animals.
7. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
(a) They are leaders.
(b) They are conservationists.
(c) They are isolated.
(d) They are fulfilled.
8. How does Marx predict the trend toward urbanization and industrialization will be reversed?
(a) By market changes.
(b) By politics.
(c) By resource depletion.
(d) By popular uprisings.
9. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
(a) To reflect on the content of the book.
(b) To repeat the main themes one more time.
(c) To repudiate parts of the book that look naïve or foolish.
(d) To describe the process of writing the book.
10. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?
(a) He decried the disruption of nature.
(b) He complained about the decline of marriage in cities.
(c) He protested the destruction of indigenous societies.
(d) He lamented the death of wildlife.
11. Who does Marx say will *not* contribute to reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(d) Urban planners.
12. What has happened to the ideal of the pastoral society, in Marx's opinion?
(a) It is a token belief.
(b) It has become the rallying cry for opposition to industrial modernism.
(c) It has replaced the industrial utopia.
(d) It is a governing principle.
13. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?
(a) As long as civilization could continue to exploit resources, it could avert class warfare.
(b) Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks.
(c) Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city.
(d) After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west. Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks. Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city. After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west.
14. What trait did American thinkers and writers see in evidence in America's industrial expansion?
15. What does Marx say about modern farming (in the time of his writing this book)?
(a) Modern farming has freed Americans from industry.
(b) Modern farming has returned Americans to their agrarian roots.
(c) Modern farming has become an industry.
(d) Modern farming has preserved nature while offering productive land.
Short Answer Questions
1. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?
2. How did Americans see westward expansion, in Marx's account?
3. Why does Marx say that machines could be welcomed into America?
4. What would manufacturing do for America, in Coxe's estimation?
5. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?
This section contains 606 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)