The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What symbolic statement does Marx say Twain made in the raft being destroyed in Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Hiding from society is impossible.
(b) Man is alone in the river of life.
(c) Technology has progressed beyond steamboats.
(d) Fleeing from the law is dangerous.

2. What should man do in nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) Study the ruthless ways of men.
(b) Oppose industrialism.
(c) Learn the ways of the animals.
(d) Contemplate eternal laws.

3. Which term describes the title of Marx's epilogue?
(a) Synecdoche.
(b) Paradox.
(c) Apostrophe.
(d) Personification.

4. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The Indian soldier's warfare.
(b) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.
(c) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.
(d) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.

5. What do complex pastoralists recognize, in Marx's account?
(a) The need to reconcile pastoralism and industrialism.
(b) The need to return to nature at any cost.
(c) The need to integrate industrial machinery with natural processes.
(d) The need to abolish machinery.

6. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
(a) They are conservationists.
(b) They are fulfilled.
(c) They are isolated.
(d) They are leaders.

7. What thinkers does Marx say followed Carlyle's critique of industrialism?
(a) William James and John Dewey.
(b) Derrida and Foucault.
(c) Lenin and Stalin.
(d) Hegel and Marx.

8. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?
(a) That it would become their great strength.
(b) That it would provide them cheap power.
(c) That it would never come to America.
(d) That it would corrupt the youth with dreams of travel.

9. Why does Marx say that machines could be welcomed into America?
(a) Because there was such sharp competition.
(b) Because they would tame the vast frontier.
(c) Because the frontier would always be wild.
(d) Because industrial capacity provided a survival edge.

10. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?
(a) Self-reliance.
(b) Cottage industry.
(c) Importation.
(d) The trades.

11. What was unique about American manufacturing, in Coxe's view?
(a) The environment would keep it healthy.
(b) It presented enormous economic opportunities.
(c) Markets were waiting for American goods.
(d) The raw materials were limitless.

12. When was man supposed to return to nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) For temporary respites.
(b) On weekends.
(c) He should keep nature alive in his cities.
(d) For permanent residence.

13. What modern problem does Marx take as emblematic of man's treatment of nature?
(a) Pollution.
(b) Wars.
(c) Industrial agriculture.
(d) Pandemics.

14. How did Coxe's vision for industrialism intersect with pastoralism?
(a) Coxe thought that factories would blight the landscape.
(b) Coxe predicted that industries would leave dead places in the environment when they collapsed.
(c) Coxe prophesied that extractive industries would ruin the landscape.
(d) Coxe thought that America's environment would make the factory a pastoral place.

15. What dangers were writers warning about as America urbanized?
(a) Decline of morals.
(b) Loss of nature.
(c) Declining value of money.
(d) Creation of a permanently poor underclass.

Short Answer Questions

1. What feature of modern society came into existence with American industrialism?

2. What is the consequence of knowing nature, according to Twain's work?

3. Which industry has Marx talked most about, in 'The Machine in the Garden'?

4. What conflict does Marx say was avoided as America expanded?

5. What does the Pequod symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?

(see the answer keys)

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