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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is Huck Finn lamenting at the beginning of Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Jim's incarceration.
(b) His current civilized state.
(c) His loss of his father.
(d) Tom Sawyer's punishment.
2. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?
(a) He protested the destruction of indigenous societies.
(b) He lamented the death of wildlife.
(c) He decried the disruption of nature.
(d) He complained about the decline of marriage in cities.
3. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?
(a) After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west. Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks. Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city. After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west.
(b) As long as civilization could continue to exploit resources, it could avert class warfare.
(c) Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks.
(d) Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city.
4. What is the consequence of knowing nature, according to Twain's work?
(a) Knowing the deep inter-connectedness of things.
(b) Knowing the wild spirit of nature.
(c) Losing familiarity with the whole.
(d) Feeling free of society.
5. What should man do in nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) Learn the ways of the animals.
(b) Study the ruthless ways of men.
(c) Oppose industrialism.
(d) Contemplate eternal laws.
6. What effect does fire have in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) It spreads light into the wilderness.
(b) It drives factories and great productivity.
(c) It destroys an everyman.
(d) It brings religion to people.
7. What dangers were writers warning about as America urbanized?
(a) Creation of a permanently poor underclass.
(b) Loss of nature.
(c) Declining value of money.
(d) Decline of morals.
8. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Hesitancy to impose lifestyle changes on the people.
(b) Powerlessness before the will of the people.
(c) The ability to create lasting change.
(d) Inability to manage complex problems.
9. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?
(c) Cottage industry.
(d) The trades.
10. What did Emerson's philosophy ultimately propose?
(a) Urbanization of nature.
(b) Domestication of nature.
(c) Reconciliation of industry and nature.
(d) Rejection of industry.
11. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?
(a) Optimism about industrial expansion into the midwest.
(b) Fear about the consequences of the railroad.
(c) Lamentation about the death of Indian cultures.
(d) Nostalgia for the old days on the Mississippi.
12. What do complex pastoralists recognize, in Marx's account?
(a) The need to abolish machinery.
(b) The need to reconcile pastoralism and industrialism.
(c) The need to return to nature at any cost.
(d) The need to integrate industrial machinery with natural processes.
13. How does Marx describe the pastoralism of the 19th century?
14. What does Ishmael symbolize, in Marx's interpretation of Moby Dick?
(a) The representative of nature.
(b) The middleman between nature and society.
(c) The prophet to warn people against destroying nature.
(d) The victim of the whale's aggression.
15. Which term describes the title of Marx's epilogue?
Short Answer Questions
1. What 'sealed the fate' of American industrialism, according to Marx?
2. What still remains in every man, in Marx's account?
3. How does Marx predict the trend toward urbanization and industrialization will be reversed?
4. How does Marx characterize man's hopes for nature?
5. What trait did American thinkers and writers see in evidence in America's industrial expansion?
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