The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did Thoreau conclude as a result of his time at Walden?
(a) That men are desperate and sad.
(b) That technology must be stopped.
(c) That man should simplify his life.
(d) That men should remove themselves from society.

2. What type of society was America (in the time of Marx's writing)?
(a) Rural.
(b) Suburban.
(c) Non-agrarian.
(d) Urban.

3. How does Marx predict the trend toward urbanization and industrialization will be reversed?
(a) By politics.
(b) By popular uprisings.
(c) By market changes.
(d) By resource depletion.

4. How did Melville describe whaling?
(a) As an art.
(b) As a spiritual calling.
(c) As a symbol of society.
(d) As an industrial enterprise.

5. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.
(b) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.
(c) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.
(d) The Indian soldier's warfare.

6. What does Marx say about man's hopes for nature?
(a) They are destructive.
(b) They will create wars.
(c) They are just a dream.
(d) They are realistic.

7. How would you classify Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Scientific study.
(b) Literary criticism.
(c) Cultural criticism.
(d) Psychological report.

8. How does Marx characterize man's hopes for nature?
(a) Pastoral idealism.
(b) Realistic planning.
(c) Consensus-based resource use.
(d) Scientific resource allocation.

9. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?
(a) He lamented the death of wildlife.
(b) He decried the disruption of nature.
(c) He protested the destruction of indigenous societies.
(d) He complained about the decline of marriage in cities.

10. What feature of modern society came into existence with American industrialism?
(a) Strikes and riots.
(b) Unionization.
(c) Total warfare.
(d) Laissez-fair class structure.

11. Who was Tench Coxe?
(a) A New York financier.
(b) A Philadelphia merchant.
(c) A Boston statesman.
(d) A Philadelphia inventor and statesman.

12. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?
(a) Fitzgerald and Faulkner.
(b) Dos Passos and Hurston.
(c) Eliot and Pound.
(d) Salinger and Bukowski.

13. What does Marx say about modern farming (in the time of his writing this book)?
(a) Modern farming has preserved nature while offering productive land.
(b) Modern farming has become an industry.
(c) Modern farming has returned Americans to their agrarian roots.
(d) Modern farming has freed Americans from industry.

14. What was unique about American manufacturing, in Coxe's view?
(a) The environment would keep it healthy.
(b) The raw materials were limitless.
(c) Markets were waiting for American goods.
(d) It presented enormous economic opportunities.

15. How do modern authors, Marx included, tend to feel about preserving nature in an industrial world?
(a) Cautiously optimistic.
(b) Pessimistic.
(c) Exuberant.
(d) Zealous.

Short Answer Questions

1. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?

2. How does industrialism devalue man, in Carlyle's opinion?

3. What do complex pastoralists recognize, in Marx's account?

4. What percentage of Americans lived on farms (in the time of Marx's writing)?

5. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?

(see the answer keys)

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