The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is Marx's tone throughout 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Scientific and analytical.
(b) Optimistic and casual.
(c) Reverential and despairing by turns.
(d) Analytical and pessimistic.

2. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?
(a) That it would become their great strength.
(b) That it would corrupt the youth with dreams of travel.
(c) That it would never come to America.
(d) That it would provide them cheap power.

3. What does the ocean symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?
(a) Nature's danger.
(b) Man's creativity.
(c) Man's redemption.
(d) A provident god.

4. How do modern authors, Marx included, tend to feel about preserving nature in an industrial world?
(a) Pessimistic.
(b) Exuberant.
(c) Cautiously optimistic.
(d) Zealous.

5. What thinkers does Marx say followed Carlyle's critique of industrialism?
(a) Derrida and Foucault.
(b) Hegel and Marx.
(c) Lenin and Stalin.
(d) William James and John Dewey.

6. What feature of modern society came into existence with American industrialism?
(a) Laissez-fair class structure.
(b) Unionization.
(c) Total warfare.
(d) Strikes and riots.

7. What did Emerson originally propose in his philosophy?
(a) Immersion in literature.
(b) Immersion in society.
(c) Immersion in science.
(d) Immersion in nature.

8. What did Henry Adams envision as the consequence of technology?
(a) Disaffection, alienation, and disease.
(b) The unification of humans and nature.
(c) The human race committing suicide.
(d) The unification of knowledge in one science.

9. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
(a) To reflect on the content of the book.
(b) To describe the process of writing the book.
(c) To repudiate parts of the book that look naïve or foolish.
(d) To repeat the main themes one more time.

10. What does Marx say about man's hopes for nature?
(a) They will create wars.
(b) They are just a dream.
(c) They are realistic.
(d) They are destructive.

11. What was Daniel Webster's feeling about pastoralism?
(a) He set out national parks to preserve pastoral spaces.
(b) He thought it could co-exist with technology.
(c) He thought it would heal industrialism.
(d) He thought it would corrupt America's soul.

12. What effect does Marx say Emerson foresaw for industrialism?
(a) Fulfillment of the worker in his work.
(b) Control of the worker in his working environment.
(c) Detachment of the worker from his work.
(d) Devaluation of the worker in the market.

13. What did Emerson say that science and technology could serve?
(a) Powerless men.
(b) A destructive god.
(c) A rural ideal.
(d) Corrupt men.

14. What would manufacturing do for America, in Coxe's estimation?
(a) Unify the electorate.
(b) Ensure independence.
(c) Drive western expansion.
(d) Generate wealth.

15. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) The demonic element in factories.
(b) Intellect.
(c) Man's desire for progress.
(d) Chaotic forces of nature.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?

2. How did Emerson describe the relationship between the east and the west?

3. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?

4. Why does Marx say that machines could be welcomed into America?

5. Who does Marx say will *not* contribute to reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?

(see the answer keys)

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