The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When was man supposed to return to nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) For permanent residence.
(b) He should keep nature alive in his cities.
(c) For temporary respites.
(d) On weekends.

2. What is the consequence of knowing nature, according to Twain's work?
(a) Knowing the wild spirit of nature.
(b) Losing familiarity with the whole.
(c) Knowing the deep inter-connectedness of things.
(d) Feeling free of society.

3. What feature of modern society came into existence with American industrialism?
(a) Laissez-fair class structure.
(b) Unionization.
(c) Strikes and riots.
(d) Total warfare.

4. What does Marx say Thoreau wanted people to do in nature?
(a) Invent.
(b) Meditate.
(c) Organize.
(d) Hide.

5. What does modern man hope for, in spite of industrialism?
(a) Reform for pollution.
(b) Greater and greater resource use.
(c) Limits on pollution.
(d) Cooperation with nature.

6. What would manufacturing do for America, in Coxe's estimation?
(a) Unify the electorate.
(b) Ensure independence.
(c) Generate wealth.
(d) Drive western expansion.

7. What would men of understanding provide in Emerson's vision?
(a) Technology.
(b) Literature.
(c) Leadership.
(d) Religion.

8. What type of society was America (in the time of Marx's writing)?
(a) Rural.
(b) Non-agrarian.
(c) Suburban.
(d) Urban.

9. Which industry has Marx talked most about, in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Transportation.
(b) Education.
(c) Pharmaceuticals.
(d) Medical devices.

10. What did Daniel Webster believe the railroad would do for America?
(a) Corrupt the youth.
(b) Unify the people.
(c) Destroy the traditions.
(d) Terrify the livestock.

11. Why does Marx say that machines could be welcomed into America?
(a) Because there was such sharp competition.
(b) Because the frontier would always be wild.
(c) Because they would tame the vast frontier.
(d) Because industrial capacity provided a survival edge.

12. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?
(a) Lamentation about the death of Indian cultures.
(b) Fear about the consequences of the railroad.
(c) Nostalgia for the old days on the Mississippi.
(d) Optimism about industrial expansion into the midwest.

13. How does Marx characterize man's hopes for nature?
(a) Scientific resource allocation.
(b) Pastoral idealism.
(c) Consensus-based resource use.
(d) Realistic planning.

14. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?
(a) Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city.
(b) Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks.
(c) After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west. Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks. Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city. After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west.
(d) As long as civilization could continue to exploit resources, it could avert class warfare.

15. What did Henry Adams envision as the consequence of technology?
(a) Disaffection, alienation, and disease.
(b) The unification of knowledge in one science.
(c) The unification of humans and nature.
(d) The human race committing suicide.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who was Tench Coxe?

2. What is Marx's tone throughout 'The Machine in the Garden'?

3. What role has literature played in the formation of the culture Marx describes in 'The Machine in the Garden'?

4. What is Huck Finn lamenting at the beginning of Huckleberry Finn?

5. What effect does Marx say Emerson foresaw for industrialism?

(see the answer keys)

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