The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What trait did American thinkers and writers see in evidence in America's industrial expansion?
(a) Corruption.
(b) World-weariness.
(c) Creativity.
(d) Greed.

2. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?
(a) Dos Passos and Hurston.
(b) Salinger and Bukowski.
(c) Fitzgerald and Faulkner.
(d) Eliot and Pound.

3. How does industrialism devalue man, in Carlyle's opinion?
(a) It uses only one part of him.
(b) It treats him as a commodity.
(c) It requires long hours in dark factories.
(d) It discourages invention.

4. What was unique about American manufacturing, in Coxe's view?
(a) The raw materials were limitless.
(b) Markets were waiting for American goods.
(c) The environment would keep it healthy.
(d) It presented enormous economic opportunities.

5. What did Daniel Webster believe the railroad would do for America?
(a) Terrify the livestock.
(b) Corrupt the youth.
(c) Destroy the traditions.
(d) Unify the people.

6. How does Marx describe the pastoralism of the 19th century?
(a) Sentimental.
(b) Modern.
(c) Industrial.
(d) Romantic.

7. What is Ishmael's task, in Marx's description of Melville's vision in Moby Dick?
(a) To save the ship.
(b) To reconcile nature and society.
(c) To kill the white whale.
(d) To restrain Ahab.

8. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) Chaotic forces of nature.
(b) Intellect.
(c) The demonic element in factories.
(d) Man's desire for progress.

9. Whom does Marx credit with predicting all the evils of industrialism?
(a) Daniel Webster.
(b) Ralph Waldo Emerson.
(c) Thomas Jefferson.
(d) John Orvis.

10. What does our continued faith in the pastoral society preserve, in Marx's description?
(a) Pessimism about leaders.
(b) Faith in individual survival.
(c) Pessimism about industry.
(d) Faith in urban planning.

11. What is Huck Finn lamenting at the beginning of Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Tom Sawyer's punishment.
(b) His loss of his father.
(c) Jim's incarceration.
(d) His current civilized state.

12. What does the ocean symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?
(a) A provident god.
(b) Man's redemption.
(c) Man's creativity.
(d) Nature's danger.

13. What thinkers does Marx say followed Carlyle's critique of industrialism?
(a) Derrida and Foucault.
(b) William James and John Dewey.
(c) Hegel and Marx.
(d) Lenin and Stalin.

14. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.
(b) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.
(c) The Indian soldier's warfare.
(d) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.

15. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?
(a) His spirit.
(b) His eyes.
(c) None of him.
(d) His mind.

Short Answer Questions

1. What would manufacturing do for America, in Coxe's estimation?

2. What modern problem does Marx take as emblematic of man's treatment of nature?

3. What did Emerson originally propose in his philosophy?

4. What was Daniel Webster's feeling about pastoralism?

5. What was the general feeling about industrialism in America, as it expanded?

(see the answer keys)

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