The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What effect does fire have in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) It spreads light into the wilderness.
(b) It destroys an everyman.
(c) It drives factories and great productivity.
(d) It brings religion to people.

2. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?
(a) Dos Passos and Hurston.
(b) Eliot and Pound.
(c) Fitzgerald and Faulkner.
(d) Salinger and Bukowski.

3. What modern problem does Marx take as emblematic of man's treatment of nature?
(a) Pollution.
(b) Pandemics.
(c) Wars.
(d) Industrial agriculture.

4. What does Marx say about man's hopes for nature?
(a) They are just a dream.
(b) They are realistic.
(c) They are destructive.
(d) They will create wars.

5. What is Ishmael's task, in Marx's description of Melville's vision in Moby Dick?
(a) To restrain Ahab.
(b) To kill the white whale.
(c) To save the ship.
(d) To reconcile nature and society.

6. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?
(a) He complained about the decline of marriage in cities.
(b) He decried the disruption of nature.
(c) He protested the destruction of indigenous societies.
(d) He lamented the death of wildlife.

7. What did Thoreau conclude as a result of his time at Walden?
(a) That men should remove themselves from society.
(b) That man should simplify his life.
(c) That technology must be stopped.
(d) That men are desperate and sad.

8. How did Americans see westward expansion, in Marx's account?
(a) As a destruction of the landscape.
(b) As a crime against Indians.
(c) As a form of corruption.
(d) As a form of progress.

9. What has happened to the ideal of the pastoral society, in Marx's opinion?
(a) It is a token belief.
(b) It has become the rallying cry for opposition to industrial modernism.
(c) It has replaced the industrial utopia.
(d) It is a governing principle.

10. Who does Marx say will *not* contribute to reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Urban planners.
(b) Activists.
(c) Farmers.
(d) Artists.

11. What contradiction does Marx say is Melville's true theme in Moby Dick?
(a) Industry provides for men and destroys them.
(b) Man reveres nature but plunders it.
(c) Nature provides man with everything, and it kills him.
(d) The divine inspires and undermines man's projects.

12. What does modern man hope for, in spite of industrialism?
(a) Reform for pollution.
(b) Limits on pollution.
(c) Cooperation with nature.
(d) Greater and greater resource use.

13. What was unique about American manufacturing, in Coxe's view?
(a) The raw materials were limitless.
(b) The environment would keep it healthy.
(c) Markets were waiting for American goods.
(d) It presented enormous economic opportunities.

14. What kinds of machines especially did Americans welcome at the end of the 18th century?
(a) Milling machines.
(b) Railroads.
(c) Machine tools.
(d) Telegraphs.

15. What did Emerson's philosophy ultimately propose?
(a) Urbanization of nature.
(b) Reconciliation of industry and nature.
(c) Domestication of nature.
(d) Rejection of industry.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?

2. How does Marx describe the pastoralism of the 19th century?

3. What does Marx say Thoreau wanted people to do in nature?

4. How did Emerson portray nature?

5. What was Daniel Webster's feeling about pastoralism?

(see the answer keys)

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