The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
(a) To repeat the main themes one more time.
(b) To describe the process of writing the book.
(c) To repudiate parts of the book that look naïve or foolish.
(d) To reflect on the content of the book.

2. When was man supposed to return to nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) He should keep nature alive in his cities.
(b) On weekends.
(c) For permanent residence.
(d) For temporary respites.

3. What does Marx say about modern farming (in the time of his writing this book)?
(a) Modern farming has freed Americans from industry.
(b) Modern farming has returned Americans to their agrarian roots.
(c) Modern farming has preserved nature while offering productive land.
(d) Modern farming has become an industry.

4. Why does Marx say that machines could be welcomed into America?
(a) Because there was such sharp competition.
(b) Because industrial capacity provided a survival edge.
(c) Because the frontier would always be wild.
(d) Because they would tame the vast frontier.

5. What would manufacturing do for America, in Coxe's estimation?
(a) Drive western expansion.
(b) Unify the electorate.
(c) Ensure independence.
(d) Generate wealth.

6. Who does Marx say will *not* contribute to reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Artists.
(b) Urban planners.
(c) Farmers.
(d) Activists.

7. What 'sealed the fate' of American industrialism, according to Marx?
(a) Machine tools.
(b) The railroad.
(c) Standardized parts.
(d) The cotton gin.

8. What forces have led to the urbanization and industrialization Marx describes?
(a) Markets and technology.
(b) Science and legal incentives.
(c) Wars and military campaigns.
(d) Literature and mythology.

9. What symbolic statement does Marx say Twain made in the raft being destroyed in Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Hiding from society is impossible.
(b) Man is alone in the river of life.
(c) Fleeing from the law is dangerous.
(d) Technology has progressed beyond steamboats.

10. What is the consequence of knowing nature, according to Twain's work?
(a) Knowing the deep inter-connectedness of things.
(b) Losing familiarity with the whole.
(c) Feeling free of society.
(d) Knowing the wild spirit of nature.

11. What else does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
(a) They are powerless.
(b) They are poor.
(c) They are rich.
(d) They are Indians and blacks.

12. What defines complex pastoralism?
(a) Industrial machinery fostering nature.
(b) Redemption of the alienation that comes from industrial modernity.
(c) Acceptance of history.
(d) Refusal to let sentimental pastoralism lapse.

13. How did Thoreau describe modern man?
(a) Free in the wilderness.
(b) Poised at the boundary between nature and industry.
(c) Torn apart by his desires.
(d) Unhappy in factories.

14. What effect did Carlyle say industrialism would have?
(a) Increasing the gap between rich and poor.
(b) Disrupting the continuity of societies with mobility.
(c) Poisoning the rivers and water.
(d) Corrupting the youth with dreams of individualism.

15. What is Huck Finn lamenting at the beginning of Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Jim's incarceration.
(b) Tom Sawyer's punishment.
(c) His loss of his father.
(d) His current civilized state.

Short Answer Questions

1. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?

2. What trait did American thinkers and writers see in evidence in America's industrial expansion?

3. What does Ishmael symbolize, in Marx's interpretation of Moby Dick?

4. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?

5. How did Melville describe whaling?

(see the answer keys)

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