The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was unique about American manufacturing, in Coxe's view?
(a) It presented enormous economic opportunities.
(b) Markets were waiting for American goods.
(c) The raw materials were limitless.
(d) The environment would keep it healthy.

2. What does Marx point out accompanied factories and progress in transportation?
(a) Worker abuses.
(b) Longer lifespans.
(c) Increased literacy.
(d) Decreased infant mortality rates.

3. What kinds of machines especially did Americans welcome at the end of the 18th century?
(a) Milling machines.
(b) Machine tools.
(c) Railroads.
(d) Telegraphs.

4. What was Daniel Webster's feeling about pastoralism?
(a) He thought it could co-exist with technology.
(b) He thought it would heal industrialism.
(c) He set out national parks to preserve pastoral spaces.
(d) He thought it would corrupt America's soul.

5. How did nature continue to redeem individuals in pastoral ideology?
(a) As long as civilization could continue to exploit resources, it could avert class warfare.
(b) Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city.
(c) After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west. Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks. Trains would bring people closer to wild areas from the city. After earning money in the factories, a person could buy land out west.
(d) Wealth would allow people to take more vacations in national parks.

6. What symbolic statement does Marx say Twain made in the raft being destroyed in Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Fleeing from the law is dangerous.
(b) Technology has progressed beyond steamboats.
(c) Hiding from society is impossible.
(d) Man is alone in the river of life.

7. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The Indian soldier's warfare.
(b) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.
(c) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.
(d) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.

8. What feature of modern society came into existence with American industrialism?
(a) Total warfare.
(b) Unionization.
(c) Laissez-fair class structure.
(d) Strikes and riots.

9. What did Coxe foresee for America?
(a) How industrialism would give America strength internationally.
(b) The danger of industrialism.
(c) The value of industrialism.
(d) The civic uses of industrialism.

10. What does Ishmael symbolize, in Marx's interpretation of Moby Dick?
(a) The middleman between nature and society.
(b) The prophet to warn people against destroying nature.
(c) The representative of nature.
(d) The victim of the whale's aggression.

11. What does Marx say about modern farming (in the time of his writing this book)?
(a) Modern farming has preserved nature while offering productive land.
(b) Modern farming has freed Americans from industry.
(c) Modern farming has become an industry.
(d) Modern farming has returned Americans to their agrarian roots.

12. What dangers were writers warning about as America urbanized?
(a) Declining value of money.
(b) Creation of a permanently poor underclass.
(c) Decline of morals.
(d) Loss of nature.

13. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?
(a) New Criticism.
(b) Deconstruction.
(c) Psychoanalytic criticism.
(d) New Historicism.

14. What is Ishmael's task, in Marx's description of Melville's vision in Moby Dick?
(a) To kill the white whale.
(b) To restrain Ahab.
(c) To save the ship.
(d) To reconcile nature and society.

15. What does Marx say about man's hopes for nature?
(a) They are just a dream.
(b) They are destructive.
(c) They are realistic.
(d) They will create wars.

Short Answer Questions

1. What defines complex pastoralism?

2. How does Marx say most American writers described industrial expansion?

3. What effect does Marx say Emerson foresaw for industrialism?

4. What do complex pastoralists recognize, in Marx's account?

5. Who does Marx say will *not* contribute to reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?

(see the answer keys)

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