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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What trait did American thinkers and writers see in evidence in America's industrial expansion?
2. Who does Marx say will *not* contribute to reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(b) Urban planners.
3. What has happened to the ideal of the pastoral society, in Marx's opinion?
(a) It is a governing principle.
(b) It has become the rallying cry for opposition to industrial modernism.
(c) It has replaced the industrial utopia.
(d) It is a token belief.
4. What did Henry Adams envision as the consequence of technology?
(a) The unification of knowledge in one science.
(b) The unification of humans and nature.
(c) Disaffection, alienation, and disease.
(d) The human race committing suicide.
5. How does Marx predict the trend toward urbanization and industrialization will be reversed?
(a) By market changes.
(b) By resource depletion.
(c) By politics.
(d) By popular uprisings.
6. How did Thoreau describe modern man?
(a) Torn apart by his desires.
(b) Unhappy in factories.
(c) Poised at the boundary between nature and industry.
(d) Free in the wilderness.
7. How would you classify Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Scientific study.
(b) Cultural criticism.
(c) Literary criticism.
(d) Psychological report.
8. What should man do in nature, in Thoreau's vision?
(a) Oppose industrialism.
(b) Learn the ways of the animals.
(c) Contemplate eternal laws.
(d) Study the ruthless ways of men.
9. What conclusion about technology does the narrator reach at the end of Twain's Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court?
(a) Primitive human psychology is inescapable.
(b) Progress changes the course of human nature.
(c) Nature ultimately conquered industrial man.
(d) Society's benefits do not outweigh its costs.
10. What does our continued faith in the pastoral society preserve, in Marx's description?
(a) Pessimism about leaders.
(b) Faith in urban planning.
(c) Pessimism about industry.
(d) Faith in individual survival.
11. What does Marx point out accompanied factories and progress in transportation?
(a) Worker abuses.
(b) Increased literacy.
(c) Longer lifespans.
(d) Decreased infant mortality rates.
12. What percentage of Americans lived on farms (in the time of Marx's writing)?
13. What kinds of machines especially did Americans welcome at the end of the 18th century?
(b) Machine tools.
(c) Milling machines.
14. What role has literature played in the formation of the culture Marx describes in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Literature spurred the developments that shaped the landscape.
(b) Literature reflected the changes after they had happened.
(c) Literature guided people as they settled the land.
(d) Literature inspired the urge to abandon farms for cities.
15. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?
(a) His eyes.
(b) His spirit.
(c) None of him.
(d) His mind.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?
2. What did Emerson say that science and technology could serve?
3. What symbolic statement does Marx say Twain made in the raft being destroyed in Huckleberry Finn?
4. What is Ishmael's task, in Marx's description of Melville's vision in Moby Dick?
5. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
This section contains 546 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)