The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Marx say about modern farming (in the time of his writing this book)?
(a) Modern farming has preserved nature while offering productive land.
(b) Modern farming has become an industry.
(c) Modern farming has returned Americans to their agrarian roots.
(d) Modern farming has freed Americans from industry.

2. What still remains in every man, in Marx's account?
(a) Optimism for industry.
(b) Hope for progress.
(c) Faith in medicine.
(d) The pastoral ideal.

3. Which term describes the title of Marx's epilogue?
(a) Personification.
(b) Paradox.
(c) Synecdoche.
(d) Apostrophe.

4. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) Inability to manage complex problems.
(b) Powerlessness before the will of the people.
(c) Hesitancy to impose lifestyle changes on the people.
(d) The ability to create lasting change.

5. What part of man remained free of industrialism, in Carlyle's view?
(a) None of him.
(b) His mind.
(c) His spirit.
(d) His eyes.

6. What was the effect of industrialism in Thoreau's vision?
(a) Man had become a slave to his tools.
(b) Industry had generated enormous wealth.
(c) Military developments had made technology deadlier than ever.
(d) Machines had improved daily life for millions.

7. What is Huck Finn lamenting at the beginning of Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Jim's incarceration.
(b) His loss of his father.
(c) His current civilized state.
(d) Tom Sawyer's punishment.

8. What did Henry Adams envision as the consequence of technology?
(a) Disaffection, alienation, and disease.
(b) The unification of humans and nature.
(c) The unification of knowledge in one science.
(d) The human race committing suicide.

9. What contradiction does Marx say is Melville's true theme in Moby Dick?
(a) Nature provides man with everything, and it kills him.
(b) Industry provides for men and destroys them.
(c) The divine inspires and undermines man's projects.
(d) Man reveres nature but plunders it.

10. What effect does Marx say Emerson foresaw for industrialism?
(a) Control of the worker in his working environment.
(b) Fulfillment of the worker in his work.
(c) Detachment of the worker from his work.
(d) Devaluation of the worker in the market.

11. What feature of modern society came into existence with American industrialism?
(a) Strikes and riots.
(b) Laissez-fair class structure.
(c) Unionization.
(d) Total warfare.

12. What does fire symbolize in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) Man's desire for progress.
(b) Intellect.
(c) The demonic element in factories.
(d) Chaotic forces of nature.

13. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?
(a) That it would corrupt the youth with dreams of travel.
(b) That it would provide them cheap power.
(c) That it would never come to America.
(d) That it would become their great strength.

14. What did Emerson say that science and technology could serve?
(a) A destructive god.
(b) A rural ideal.
(c) Corrupt men.
(d) Powerless men.

15. What role has literature played in the formation of the culture Marx describes in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Literature guided people as they settled the land.
(b) Literature inspired the urge to abandon farms for cities.
(c) Literature spurred the developments that shaped the landscape.
(d) Literature reflected the changes after they had happened.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Melville describe whaling?

2. Which school of criticism does Marx belong to?

3. What does modern man hope for, in spite of industrialism?

4. Who does Marx say will *not* contribute to reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?

5. What else does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?

(see the answer keys)

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