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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How many Americans lived on farms by the end of the 19th century?
2. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?
(a) Fitzgerald and Faulkner.
(b) Dos Passos and Hurston.
(c) Eliot and Pound.
(d) Salinger and Bukowski.
3. What would men of reason provide in Emerson's vision?
(a) Political strife.
4. Which term describes the title of Marx's epilogue?
5. What did Coxe foresee for America?
(a) The danger of industrialism.
(b) How industrialism would give America strength internationally.
(c) The civic uses of industrialism.
(d) The value of industrialism.
6. What does the Pequod symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?
(a) Modern society.
(b) Spiritual degradation.
(d) Elemental nature.
7. How did Emerson portray nature?
(a) As the grand provider.
(b) As demonic.
(c) As chaotic and disorganized.
(d) As a force to be overcome.
8. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
(a) They are conservationists.
(b) They are fulfilled.
(c) They are leaders.
(d) They are isolated.
9. What dangers were writers warning about as America urbanized?
(a) Loss of nature.
(b) Creation of a permanently poor underclass.
(c) Decline of morals.
(d) Declining value of money.
10. What power does Marx credit government with, in reversing the trend toward urbanization and industrialization?
(a) The ability to create lasting change.
(b) Powerlessness before the will of the people.
(c) Inability to manage complex problems.
(d) Hesitancy to impose lifestyle changes on the people.
11. How would you classify Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Cultural criticism.
(b) Psychological report.
(c) Scientific study.
(d) Literary criticism.
12. What does Marx say Thoreau wanted people to do in nature?
13. What forces have led to the urbanization and industrialization Marx describes?
(a) Science and legal incentives.
(b) Literature and mythology.
(c) Markets and technology.
(d) Wars and military campaigns.
14. What else does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
(a) They are rich.
(b) They are Indians and blacks.
(c) They are poor.
(d) They are powerless.
15. What was the general feeling about industrialism in America, as it expanded?
Short Answer Questions
1. What skill did Twain idealize?
2. What was Daniel Webster's take on industrialism?
3. Whom does Marx credit with predicting all the evils of industrialism?
4. What should man do in nature, in Thoreau's vision?
5. What conflict does Marx say was avoided as America expanded?
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