The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?
(a) Fitzgerald and Faulkner.
(b) Dos Passos and Hurston.
(c) Salinger and Bukowski.
(d) Eliot and Pound.

2. What effect does fire have in Hawthorne's The Unpardonable Sin?
(a) It brings religion to people.
(b) It destroys an everyman.
(c) It spreads light into the wilderness.
(d) It drives factories and great productivity.

3. What did Henry Adams envision as the consequence of technology?
(a) The human race committing suicide.
(b) The unification of knowledge in one science.
(c) The unification of humans and nature.
(d) Disaffection, alienation, and disease.

4. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?
(a) That it would never come to America.
(b) That it would corrupt the youth with dreams of travel.
(c) That it would provide them cheap power.
(d) That it would become their great strength.

5. How does Marx say most American writers described industrial expansion?
(a) As a torment.
(b) As a crime.
(c) As a form of art.
(d) As a force of nature.

6. What does Marx point out accompanied factories and progress in transportation?
(a) Decreased infant mortality rates.
(b) Worker abuses.
(c) Longer lifespans.
(d) Increased literacy.

7. What did Coxe foresee for America?
(a) The civic uses of industrialism.
(b) The danger of industrialism.
(c) The value of industrialism.
(d) How industrialism would give America strength internationally.

8. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?
(a) Lamentation about the death of Indian cultures.
(b) Nostalgia for the old days on the Mississippi.
(c) Fear about the consequences of the railroad.
(d) Optimism about industrial expansion into the midwest.

9. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?
(a) He decried the disruption of nature.
(b) He protested the destruction of indigenous societies.
(c) He complained about the decline of marriage in cities.
(d) He lamented the death of wildlife.

10. What does Marx say about man's hopes for nature?
(a) They are destructive.
(b) They are realistic.
(c) They will create wars.
(d) They are just a dream.

11. What symbolic statement does Marx say Twain made in the raft being destroyed in Huckleberry Finn?
(a) Technology has progressed beyond steamboats.
(b) Man is alone in the river of life.
(c) Hiding from society is impossible.
(d) Fleeing from the law is dangerous.

12. What is the purpose of an epilogue?
(a) To repeat the main themes one more time.
(b) To repudiate parts of the book that look naïve or foolish.
(c) To reflect on the content of the book.
(d) To describe the process of writing the book.

13. What dangers were writers warning about as America urbanized?
(a) Creation of a permanently poor underclass.
(b) Loss of nature.
(c) Declining value of money.
(d) Decline of morals.

14. What contradiction does Marx say is Melville's true theme in Moby Dick?
(a) Nature provides man with everything, and it kills him.
(b) Man reveres nature but plunders it.
(c) Industry provides for men and destroys them.
(d) The divine inspires and undermines man's projects.

15. What does Marx say about modern farming (in the time of his writing this book)?
(a) Modern farming has freed Americans from industry.
(b) Modern farming has returned Americans to their agrarian roots.
(c) Modern farming has become an industry.
(d) Modern farming has preserved nature while offering productive land.

Short Answer Questions

1. What structures does Marx use as examples of how modern man mistreats nature?

2. What should man do in nature, in Thoreau's vision?

3. What skill did Twain idealize?

4. What was Daniel Webster's take on industrialism?

5. What did Daniel Webster believe the railroad would do for America?

(see the answer keys)

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