The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was Daniel Webster's feeling about pastoralism?
(a) He thought it would heal industrialism.
(b) He thought it could co-exist with technology.
(c) He set out national parks to preserve pastoral spaces.
(d) He thought it would corrupt America's soul.

2. How did Thoreau describe modern man?
(a) Unhappy in factories.
(b) Torn apart by his desires.
(c) Poised at the boundary between nature and industry.
(d) Free in the wilderness.

3. What does modern man hope for, in spite of industrialism?
(a) Limits on pollution.
(b) Cooperation with nature.
(c) Greater and greater resource use.
(d) Reform for pollution.

4. How does Marx characterize man's hopes for nature?
(a) Pastoral idealism.
(b) Consensus-based resource use.
(c) Realistic planning.
(d) Scientific resource allocation.

5. What do complex pastoralists recognize, in Marx's account?
(a) The need to abolish machinery.
(b) The need to reconcile pastoralism and industrialism.
(c) The need to return to nature at any cost.
(d) The need to integrate industrial machinery with natural processes.

6. What was the general feeling about industrialism in America, as it expanded?
(a) Doubt.
(b) Positivism.
(c) Optimism.
(d) Caution.

7. How do modern authors, Marx included, tend to feel about preserving nature in an industrial world?
(a) Zealous.
(b) Pessimistic.
(c) Exuberant.
(d) Cautiously optimistic.

8. What has happened to the ideal of the pastoral society, in Marx's opinion?
(a) It is a token belief.
(b) It has replaced the industrial utopia.
(c) It is a governing principle.
(d) It has become the rallying cry for opposition to industrial modernism.

9. What was Daniel Webster's take on industrialism?
(a) He loathed the railroad.
(b) He embraced the new power.
(c) He lamented the changing structure of society.
(d) He used it to his profit.

10. What kinds of machines especially did Americans welcome at the end of the 18th century?
(a) Telegraphs.
(b) Milling machines.
(c) Machine tools.
(d) Railroads.

11. What did Emerson originally propose in his philosophy?
(a) Immersion in nature.
(b) Immersion in literature.
(c) Immersion in society.
(d) Immersion in science.

12. What does the Pequod symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?
(a) Industry.
(b) Spiritual degradation.
(c) Modern society.
(d) Elemental nature.

13. What would manufacturing do for America, in Coxe's estimation?
(a) Ensure independence.
(b) Drive western expansion.
(c) Generate wealth.
(d) Unify the electorate.

14. What structures does Marx use as examples of how modern man mistreats nature?
(a) Golf courses and cemeteries.
(b) Hospitals and nursing homes.
(c) Roads and parking lots.
(d) Bridges and tunnels.

15. What feeling characterized the beginning of Mark Twain's writing career?
(a) Optimism about industrial expansion into the midwest.
(b) Fear about the consequences of the railroad.
(c) Nostalgia for the old days on the Mississippi.
(d) Lamentation about the death of Indian cultures.

Short Answer Questions

1. Whom does Marx credit with predicting all the evils of industrialism?

2. Which industry has Marx talked most about, in 'The Machine in the Garden'?

3. What does the ocean symbolize in Melville's Moby Dick?

4. What does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?

5. What would men of reason provide in Emerson's vision?

(see the answer keys)

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