The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Final Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How would you classify Marx's 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Literary criticism.
(b) Scientific study.
(c) Psychological report.
(d) Cultural criticism.

2. Why does Marx say that machines could be welcomed into America?
(a) Because the frontier would always be wild.
(b) Because there was such sharp competition.
(c) Because industrial capacity provided a survival edge.
(d) Because they would tame the vast frontier.

3. What was the American response to steam power in Britain?
(a) That it would corrupt the youth with dreams of travel.
(b) That it would never come to America.
(c) That it would become their great strength.
(d) That it would provide them cheap power.

4. What role has literature played in the formation of the culture Marx describes in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Literature spurred the developments that shaped the landscape.
(b) Literature reflected the changes after they had happened.
(c) Literature guided people as they settled the land.
(d) Literature inspired the urge to abandon farms for cities.

5. Who does Marx offer as examples of 'complex pastoralism' in America literature?
(a) Dos Passos and Hurston.
(b) Fitzgerald and Faulkner.
(c) Eliot and Pound.
(d) Salinger and Bukowski.

6. Which industry has Marx talked most about, in 'The Machine in the Garden'?
(a) Transportation.
(b) Pharmaceuticals.
(c) Medical devices.
(d) Education.

7. What effect did Carlyle say industrialism would have?
(a) Disrupting the continuity of societies with mobility.
(b) Poisoning the rivers and water.
(c) Corrupting the youth with dreams of individualism.
(d) Increasing the gap between rich and poor.

8. What did Henry Adams envision as the consequence of technology?
(a) The human race committing suicide.
(b) The unification of knowledge in one science.
(c) The unification of humans and nature.
(d) Disaffection, alienation, and disease.

9. What else does Marx say about people who live pastoral lives?
(a) They are poor.
(b) They are powerless.
(c) They are rich.
(d) They are Indians and blacks.

10. Whom does Marx credit with predicting all the evils of industrialism?
(a) Daniel Webster.
(b) Thomas Jefferson.
(c) John Orvis.
(d) Ralph Waldo Emerson.

11. What skill did Twain idealize?
(a) The Indian soldier's warfare.
(b) The steam locomotive engineer's control over the train.
(c) The engineer's ability to bridge rivers.
(d) The riverboat pilot's knowledge of the river.

12. How does Marx predict the trend toward urbanization and industrialization will be reversed?
(a) By market changes.
(b) By popular uprisings.
(c) By politics.
(d) By resource depletion.

13. How does Marx describe the pastoralism of the 19th century?
(a) Industrial.
(b) Modern.
(c) Sentimental.
(d) Romantic.

14. What defines complex pastoralism?
(a) Industrial machinery fostering nature.
(b) Acceptance of history.
(c) Redemption of the alienation that comes from industrial modernity.
(d) Refusal to let sentimental pastoralism lapse.

15. What thinkers does Marx say followed Carlyle's critique of industrialism?
(a) William James and John Dewey.
(b) Derrida and Foucault.
(c) Lenin and Stalin.
(d) Hegel and Marx.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does our continued faith in the pastoral society preserve, in Marx's description?

2. How did Thoreau describe modern man?

3. What criticism did Carlyle make of American industrialism?

4. What did Emerson's philosophy ultimately propose?

5. How did Emerson describe the relationship between the east and the west?

(see the answer keys)

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