The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?
(a) That it had to balance efficiencies with creating employment opportunities.
(b) That it had to be aligned with public virtues.
(c) That it had to be developed.
(d) That it had to be suppressed.

2. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a refuge from Europe.
(b) As a harsh land.
(c) As a tropical paradise.
(d) As a land of plenty.

3. What threat to the country's moral superiority had developed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Slavery.
(b) Enclosure laws.
(c) Public transit.
(d) The end of slavery.

4. When did complex pastoral ideology come into existence?
(a) Eighteenth century.
(b) Nineteenth century.
(c) Twentieth century.
(d) With colonization.

5. What is the third stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Return to childhood.
(b) Return to nature.
(c) Return to home.
(d) Return to the city.

6. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?
(a) A conflict over how to use resources.
(b) A political power struggle.
(c) An engagement and marriage.
(d) A conflict over territory.

7. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As epicures.
(b) As untamed.
(c) As dilettantes.
(d) As civilizing agents.

8. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1620.
(b) 1690.
(c) 1703.
(d) 1607.

9. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?
(a) Natives' produce.
(b) Nature's bounty.
(c) Money from exports.
(d) Imported grain.

10. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?
(a) Literature and action.
(b) Nature and civility.
(c) Poetry and technology.
(d) Urbaneness and wilderness.

11. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Urban planning for green spaces.
(b) Withdrawal from modernization.
(c) Environmentalism.
(d) Conservationism.

12. What did Jefferson want to keep in Europe?
(a) Manufacturing.
(b) Slavery.
(c) Finance.
(d) Government.

13. What was it that Jefferson described as a threat to the moral center of democracy?
(a) Industrialism.
(b) European military power.
(c) Native Americans.
(d) Corruption.

14. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?
(a) By a merchant.
(b) By an Indian.
(c) By a blue jay.
(d) By a railroad whistle.

15. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?
(a) Literature.
(b) Music.
(c) Sculpture.
(d) Painting.

Short Answer Questions

1. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?

2. What do Americans abandon when they are under the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?

3. What is the first reaction Marx describes to industrialism?

4. When did Thomas Jefferson publish his Notes on Virginia?

5. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?

(see the answer keys)

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