The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?
(a) Nature and civility.
(b) Literature and action.
(c) Poetry and technology.
(d) Urbaneness and wilderness.

2. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Life in the city.
(b) Return to the city.
(c) Life in nature.
(d) Return to nature.

3. What did the settlers find appealing about the New World?
(a) Everything was free for the taking.
(b) It was unsoiled by civilization.
(c) They could buy land so cheap from the natives.
(d) It was theirs by right of conquest.

4. What possibility did Marx hear resonating from the Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?
(a) The promise that the wilderness can be domesticated.
(b) The promise that nature can be civilized without being corrupted.
(c) The promise that a man can change his life.
(d) The promise that the city can be redeemed by the country.

5. What is a consequence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Rail trails.
(b) Relocation to the suburbs.
(c) Exploitation of resources.
(d) Urbanization.

6. How does Marx describe the encroachment of industrialism?
(a) As preventable.
(b) As unnatural.
(c) As inevitable.
(d) As natural.

7. What kind of lifestyle does Marx say Americans want?
(a) More elegant.
(b) More complex.
(c) Faster.
(d) Simpler.

8. What does Marx say Beverly felt about the New World, by the end of his history?
(a) Disappointed.
(b) Determined.
(c) Cautiously optimistic.
(d) Elated.

9. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?
(a) By an Indian.
(b) By a blue jay.
(c) By a merchant.
(d) By a railroad whistle.

10. What were Beverly's sources for his history of Virginia?
(a) The King's records.
(b) The settlers' notes and journals.
(c) Nautical charts.
(d) The sea captains' log books.

11. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Reactionary philosophy.
(b) Peace movements.
(c) Ignorance and apathy.
(d) Industrial developments.

12. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
(a) American colonization.
(b) Indigenous people.
(c) Political intrigue.
(d) Natural spirituality.

13. What did colonists find in America?
(a) A desert they could transform into a garden.
(b) Infrastructure they could usurp from the natives.
(c) Civilized people they could convert to Christianity.
(d) Virgin land.

14. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Wilderness and domestication.
(b) Comfort and exploration.
(c) Corruption and innocence.
(d) Civilization and primitive life.

15. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?
(a) He thought the New World would improve the settlers.
(b) He thought that the New World could improve the natives.
(c) He saw a unique opportunity in the New World.
(d) He thought that the settlers and natives could work together.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?

2. What does Marx point out was formed as a result of the Revolutionary War?

3. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?

4. What was it that Jefferson described as a threat to the moral center of democracy?

5. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?

(see the answer keys)

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