The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When did the assault on American pastoralism begin, in Marx's account?
(a) 1840s.
(b) 1860s.
(c) 1850s.
(d) 1780s.

2. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Return to the city.
(b) Life in the city.
(c) Return to nature.
(d) Life in nature.

3. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1703.
(b) 1690.
(c) 1620.
(d) 1607.

4. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?
(a) That it had to balance efficiencies with creating employment opportunities.
(b) That it had to be developed.
(c) That it had to be suppressed.
(d) That it had to be aligned with public virtues.

5. What is the heart of the pastoral ideal?
(a) To turn nature into an industrial resource.
(b) To live out a primitive existence.
(c) To transform nature into an ordered place.
(d) To live in the lap of nature.

6. What did Beverly describe as the paradox of existence in the New World?
(a) Settlers wanted a paradise, but replicated their towns and government.
(b) Whites wanted peace with the natives, but took their land to start wars.
(c) Natives wanted progress, but then they hated themselves.
(d) Settlers brought progress, but the natives didn't want it.

7. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?
(a) As barbaric and cruel.
(b) As simple and virtuous.
(c) As naïve and untrustworthy.
(d) As evil and plotting.

8. What does the end of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrate, in Marx's interpretation?
(a) Balance between man and nature.
(b) Fairness in dividing territory.
(c) Justice in righting old wrongs.
(d) Balance between men and women.

9. What sources does Marx suppose Shakespeare read for 'The Tempest'?
(a) Accounts of travel to India.
(b) Accounts of travel to the Pacific islands.
(c) Accounts of travel to the New World.
(d) Accounts of African tribes.

10. What did Jefferson want to keep in Europe?
(a) Manufacturing.
(b) Finance.
(c) Government.
(d) Slavery.

11. What does Marx say Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrates?
(a) The plan for Utopia in America.
(b) The corruption of the Old World.
(c) The personalities who will be required to develop America.
(d) The impossibility of the pastoral ideal.

12. What did the new world fail to offer newcomers, in typical accounts?
(a) Wealth.
(b) Power.
(c) Art.
(d) Civilization.

13. How does Marx characterize Prospero and members of the court?
(a) As victims of political power.
(b) As experienced people hoping for redemption.
(c) As advance agents of civilization.
(d) As spokesmen for conservation.

14. What does Marx say is the 'sentimental' pastoral ideal?
(a) Domesticating wild things.
(b) Green, rural lifestyle.
(c) Harnessing natural resources.
(d) The savages' harmony with nature.

15. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?
(a) Engineers could shape nature more efficiently.
(b) Factories had subjugated nature.
(c) Colonization had subdued the natives and killed off predatory animals.
(d) Nature commanded new respect.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Hawthorne describe in the piece Marx analyzed?

2. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?

3. What virtues did Jefferson associate with the civilization?

4. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?

5. In Jefferson's time, how did the eastern farmers come to see nature, as a result of their work?

(see the answer keys)

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