The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where had Barlowe traveled to?
(a) Massachusetts.
(b) Virginia.
(c) Tahiti.
(d) Brazil.

2. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Life in the city.
(b) Return to the city.
(c) Life in nature.
(d) Return to nature.

3. How did the first settlers see Virginia, in Beverly's history?
(a) As a promised land.
(b) As a purgatory.
(c) As a pestilential swamp.
(d) As a desert.

4. How have the relationships between the city and country changed in American industrial pastoralism?
(a) They are both reinvented by machines.
(b) They are both monetized.
(c) They are no longer exclusive.
(d) They are no longer interdependent.

5. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?
(a) At colonization.
(b) Seventeenth century.
(c) Nineteenth century.
(d) Eighteenth century.

6. What did Jefferson want to keep in Europe?
(a) Government.
(b) Manufacturing.
(c) Finance.
(d) Slavery.

7. Which characters are engaged in the final struggle in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Ferdinand and Miranda.
(b) Gonzalo and Prospero.
(c) Miranda and Caliban.
(d) Gonzalo and Ferdinand.

8. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?
(a) He saw a unique opportunity in the New World.
(b) He thought that the New World could improve the natives.
(c) He thought that the settlers and natives could work together.
(d) He thought the New World would improve the settlers.

9. What other American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Twain's Huckleberry Finn.
(b) Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher.
(c) Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.
(d) Morrison's Beloved.

10. What is the first reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Relocation.
(b) Unionization.
(c) Rebellion.
(d) Feelings of alienation.

11. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a land of plenty.
(b) As a harsh land.
(c) As a refuge from Europe.
(d) As a tropical paradise.

12. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Wilderness and domestication.
(b) Civilization and primitive life.
(c) Corruption and innocence.
(d) Comfort and exploration.

13. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?
(a) That it had to be developed.
(b) That it had to be suppressed.
(c) That it had to balance efficiencies with creating employment opportunities.
(d) That it had to be aligned with public virtues.

14. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?
(a) Peace with natives.
(b) Slow pace of technological development.
(c) Absence of foreign threats.
(d) A frontier to expand into.

15. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Providence, RI.
(b) Norfolk, VA.
(c) Concord, MA.
(d) Yosemite, CA.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does the end of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrate, in Marx's interpretation?

2. What threat to the country's moral superiority had developed by Jefferson's time?

3. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?

4. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?

5. What secondary plot does Marx see as important for his purposes?

(see the answer keys)

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