The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When did the assault on American pastoralism begin, in Marx's account?
(a) 1840s.
(b) 1850s.
(c) 1780s.
(d) 1860s.

2. When did Thomas Jefferson publish his Notes on Virginia?
(a) 1803.
(b) 1789.
(c) 1781.
(d) 1776.

3. What did Jefferson want to keep in Europe?
(a) Slavery.
(b) Government.
(c) Manufacturing.
(d) Finance.

4. What aspects of European civilization were the Virginia settlers glad to leave behind, in Beverly's history?
(a) Plagues and uncertainty over medical treatment.
(b) Vanities and conflicts over property.
(c) Suppression of religious expression.
(d) Dogmas and conflicts over religion.

5. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Wilderness and domestication.
(b) Civilization and primitive life.
(c) Corruption and innocence.
(d) Comfort and exploration.

6. What does the end of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrate, in Marx's interpretation?
(a) Balance between men and women.
(b) Fairness in dividing territory.
(c) Justice in righting old wrongs.
(d) Balance between man and nature.

7. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Nature seemed benevolent compared with the disordered city.
(b) Nature seemed chaotic and devilish compared with civilization.
(c) Nature had become a mirror for man's corrupt soul.
(d) Nature seemed divine and benevolent compared with corrupt man.

8. What were the keys to the American landscape, in the views that were the opposite of Barlowe's?
(a) Generosity and sharing.
(b) Development and expansion.
(c) Hard work and sacrifice.
(d) Conservation and reservations.

9. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?
(a) Arcadia.
(b) The Iliad.
(c) Paradise Lost.
(d) Paradise Regained.

10. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?
(a) By a railroad whistle.
(b) By a blue jay.
(c) By an Indian.
(d) By a merchant.

11. How does Marx describe the encroachment of industrialism?
(a) As inevitable.
(b) As natural.
(c) As unnatural.
(d) As preventable.

12. What was Jefferson's ideal of equality democracy founded on?
(a) The free market.
(b) Fostering entrepreneurship.
(c) Protecting individuals from industrialism.
(d) A government that encouraged self-reliance.

13. What contradictory aspects of the American landscape came to characterize American pastoralism?
(a) Hardship and providence.
(b) Wisdom and innocence.
(c) Savagery and civilization.
(d) Lawlessness and restraint.

14. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?
(a) As barbaric and cruel.
(b) As naïve and untrustworthy.
(c) As evil and plotting.
(d) As simple and virtuous.

15. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) By conserving.
(b) By making green spaces.
(c) By mining resources.
(d) By building cities.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?

2. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?

3. What did Hawthorne describe in the piece Marx analyzed?

4. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?

5. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?

(see the answer keys)

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