The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Marx say Beverly felt about the New World, by the end of his history?
(a) Determined.
(b) Disappointed.
(c) Elated.
(d) Cautiously optimistic.

2. Where had Barlowe traveled to?
(a) Tahiti.
(b) Virginia.
(c) Brazil.
(d) Massachusetts.

3. What does pastoral ideology conflict with, in Marx's account?
(a) Urbanization.
(b) The reality of history.
(c) Industrial modernism.
(d) Extractive industries.

4. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?
(a) Factories had subjugated nature.
(b) Colonization had subdued the natives and killed off predatory animals.
(c) Nature commanded new respect.
(d) Engineers could shape nature more efficiently.

5. How did the first settlers see Virginia, in Beverly's history?
(a) As a purgatory.
(b) As a desert.
(c) As a promised land.
(d) As a pestilential swamp.

6. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?
(a) 1584.
(b) 1590.
(c) 1609.
(d) 1650.

7. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?
(a) No need for language.
(b) No work.
(c) No government.
(d) No disparity between rich and poor.

8. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Urban planning for green spaces.
(b) Withdrawal from modernization.
(c) Conservationism.
(d) Environmentalism.

9. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?
(a) A conflict over how to use resources.
(b) A political power struggle.
(c) A conflict over territory.
(d) An engagement and marriage.

10. What American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath.
(b) James' Daisy Miller.
(c) Thoreau's Walden.
(d) Norris' The Octopus.

11. When did the assault on American pastoralism begin, in Marx's account?
(a) 1850s.
(b) 1860s.
(c) 1840s.
(d) 1780s.

12. What part of 'The Tempest' held special interest for Marx?
(a) The portrait of indecision about taking the throne.
(b) The portrait of men who gain power by disposing of natural resources.
(c) The portrait of love's frailty against political power.
(d) The portrait of an unspoiled landscape invaded by Europeans.

13. What secondary plot does Marx see as important for his purposes?
(a) The conflict over resource use.
(b) The conflict over resource use.
(c) The struggle for poetic expression.
(d) The struggle for domination over nature.

14. What did Beverly describe changing in the New World as a result of European settlement?
(a) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.
(b) Beverly saw human nature become greedy when resources were cheap.
(c) Beverly saw the natives learn to want drink and escapism as a result of contact with settlers.
(d) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.

15. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Peace movements.
(b) Industrial developments.
(c) Ignorance and apathy.
(d) Reactionary philosophy.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?

2. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?

3. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?

4. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?

5. What sources does Marx suppose Shakespeare read for 'The Tempest'?

(see the answer keys)

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