The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Marx say Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrates?
(a) The impossibility of the pastoral ideal.
(b) The corruption of the Old World.
(c) The personalities who will be required to develop America.
(d) The plan for Utopia in America.

2. What other American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.
(b) Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher.
(c) Twain's Huckleberry Finn.
(d) Morrison's Beloved.

3. What was nature's role supposed to be in the nation's future, by Jefferson's time?
(a) Agriculture was going to supply the nation's wealth.
(b) Natural resources were going to be a source of wealth for generations.
(c) Wilderness was going to redeem the nation's soul.
(d) Virgin territory was going absorb all the overflowing east-coast cities.

4. What human structure did Barlowe describe America in terms of?
(a) City.
(b) Church.
(c) Heaven.
(d) Garden.

5. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Comfort and exploration.
(b) Wilderness and domestication.
(c) Corruption and innocence.
(d) Civilization and primitive life.

6. What form of art had reached a peak in Thomas Jefferson's time?
(a) Landscape painting.
(b) Terza rima.
(c) Trompe l'oeil paintings.
(d) Homeric versa.

7. What does Marx say is the central theme of pastoral literature?
(a) The interruption of woodland peace.
(b) The desire to merge with nature.
(c) The futility of fighting nature.
(d) The imperative to transform nature.

8. What did Hawthorne describe in the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Living in the woods.
(b) Indian wars.
(c) A reverie in the woods.
(d) A whale hunt.

9. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?
(a) A virtuous man of nature.
(b) A powerful industrialist.
(c) An industrious, independent farmer.
(d) An inventive entrepreneur.

10. What was Jefferson's ideal of equality democracy founded on?
(a) Fostering entrepreneurship.
(b) Protecting individuals from industrialism.
(c) The free market.
(d) A government that encouraged self-reliance.

11. When did complex pastoral ideology come into existence?
(a) Nineteenth century.
(b) With colonization.
(c) Twentieth century.
(d) Eighteenth century.

12. Who typically espouses the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Industrialists.
(b) Politicians.
(c) Urban planners.
(d) Engineers.

13. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a harsh land.
(b) As a tropical paradise.
(c) As a land of plenty.
(d) As a refuge from Europe.

14. What do Americans abandon when they are under the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Urban areas.
(b) Urban parks.
(c) Outdated buildings.
(d) Small towns.

15. When did Thomas Jefferson publish his Notes on Virginia?
(a) 1789.
(b) 1776.
(c) 1781.
(d) 1803.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Marx say is the 'sentimental' pastoral ideal?

2. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?

3. What did Jefferson want to keep in Europe?

4. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?

5. What part of 'The Tempest' held special interest for Marx?

(see the answer keys)

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