The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When did the pastoral idea become part of American culture?
(a) During the French Revolution.
(b) At the Revolution.
(c) At the Industrial Revolution.
(d) At colonization.

2. What was Jefferson's ideal of equality democracy founded on?
(a) Fostering entrepreneurship.
(b) A government that encouraged self-reliance.
(c) The free market.
(d) Protecting individuals from industrialism.

3. What is the third stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Return to the city.
(b) Return to home.
(c) Return to childhood.
(d) Return to nature.

4. What did the new world fail to offer newcomers, in typical accounts?
(a) Art.
(b) Civilization.
(c) Power.
(d) Wealth.

5. What threat to the country's moral superiority had developed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Slavery.
(b) The end of slavery.
(c) Enclosure laws.
(d) Public transit.

6. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?
(a) A political power struggle.
(b) A conflict over territory.
(c) A conflict over how to use resources.
(d) An engagement and marriage.

7. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a tropical paradise.
(b) As a harsh land.
(c) As a refuge from Europe.
(d) As a land of plenty.

8. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Environmentalism.
(b) Withdrawal from modernization.
(c) Urban planning for green spaces.
(d) Conservationism.

9. What piece by Nathaniel Hawthorne does Marx treat as emblematic of American pastoralism?
(a) Sleepy Hollow Notes.
(b) The Marble Faun.
(c) The Celestial Railroad.
(d) Mosses from an Old Manse.

10. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?
(a) By a merchant.
(b) By a railroad whistle.
(c) By an Indian.
(d) By a blue jay.

11. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
(a) Indigenous people.
(b) Political intrigue.
(c) American colonization.
(d) Natural spirituality.

12. What sources does Marx suppose Shakespeare read for 'The Tempest'?
(a) Accounts of travel to the Pacific islands.
(b) Accounts of African tribes.
(c) Accounts of travel to the New World.
(d) Accounts of travel to India.

13. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?
(a) A virtuous man of nature.
(b) An inventive entrepreneur.
(c) A powerful industrialist.
(d) An industrious, independent farmer.

14. America was depicted as a paradise that was also what, in Marx's account?
(a) A refuge.
(b) A place of redemption.
(c) A place of hardship.
(d) A source for good in the Old World.

15. What is the first reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Rebellion.
(b) Relocation.
(c) Feelings of alienation.
(d) Unionization.

Short Answer Questions

1. What associations were suggested by Marx's leading symbol of industrialism?

2. What is the first stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

3. What did Beverly describe as the paradox of existence in the New World?

4. What does Marx say Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrates?

5. In Jefferson's time, how did the eastern farmers come to see nature, as a result of their work?

(see the answer keys)

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