The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. For what occasion did Jefferson write his Notes on Virginia?
(a) For leisure.
(b) As an inventory when he was governor.
(c) At a French Diplomat's request.
(d) Upon his travels to Europe.

2. What piece by Nathaniel Hawthorne does Marx treat as emblematic of American pastoralism?
(a) Sleepy Hollow Notes.
(b) The Marble Faun.
(c) The Celestial Railroad.
(d) Mosses from an Old Manse.

3. What other American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher.
(b) Morrison's Beloved.
(c) Twain's Huckleberry Finn.
(d) Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.

4. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?
(a) By a blue jay.
(b) By a railroad whistle.
(c) By a merchant.
(d) By an Indian.

5. What associations were suggested by Marx's leading symbol of industrialism?
(a) Fire, smoke and speed.
(b) Efficiency, control, and profit.
(c) Steam, progress, and control over the ocean.
(d) Power, productivity, and order.

6. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?
(a) Literature and action.
(b) Nature and civility.
(c) Urbaneness and wilderness.
(d) Poetry and technology.

7. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?
(a) That it had to balance efficiencies with creating employment opportunities.
(b) That it had to be aligned with public virtues.
(c) That it had to be suppressed.
(d) That it had to be developed.

8. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Nature had become a mirror for man's corrupt soul.
(b) Nature seemed chaotic and devilish compared with civilization.
(c) Nature seemed benevolent compared with the disordered city.
(d) Nature seemed divine and benevolent compared with corrupt man.

9. What is the third stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Return to home.
(b) Return to childhood.
(c) Return to nature.
(d) Return to the city.

10. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Travel.
(b) Flying.
(c) Theatre.
(d) Hiking.

11. How have the relationships between the city and country changed in American industrial pastoralism?
(a) They are both reinvented by machines.
(b) They are no longer interdependent.
(c) They are no longer exclusive.
(d) They are both monetized.

12. America was depicted as a paradise that was also what, in Marx's account?
(a) A source for good in the Old World.
(b) A place of hardship.
(c) A place of redemption.
(d) A refuge.

13. What form of art had reached a peak in Thomas Jefferson's time?
(a) Homeric versa.
(b) Terza rima.
(c) Landscape painting.
(d) Trompe l'oeil paintings.

14. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?
(a) He thought that the New World could improve the natives.
(b) He thought the New World would improve the settlers.
(c) He saw a unique opportunity in the New World.
(d) He thought that the settlers and natives could work together.

15. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As untamed.
(b) As epicures.
(c) As civilizing agents.
(d) As dilettantes.

Short Answer Questions

1. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?

2. What did the new world fail to offer newcomers, in typical accounts?

3. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?

4. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?

5. What were Beverly's sources for his history of Virginia?

(see the answer keys)

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