The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What form of art had reached a peak in Thomas Jefferson's time?
(a) Landscape painting.
(b) Trompe l'oeil paintings.
(c) Homeric versa.
(d) Terza rima.

2. What kind of existence did Barlowe describe having encountered in his travels?
(a) Tumultuous.
(b) Savage.
(c) Idyllic.
(d) Dangerous.

3. What did Beverly describe changing in the New World as a result of European settlement?
(a) Beverly saw human nature become greedy when resources were cheap.
(b) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.
(c) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.
(d) Beverly saw the natives learn to want drink and escapism as a result of contact with settlers.

4. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a land of plenty.
(b) As a refuge from Europe.
(c) As a harsh land.
(d) As a tropical paradise.

5. What sources does Marx suppose Shakespeare read for 'The Tempest'?
(a) Accounts of travel to the New World.
(b) Accounts of travel to India.
(c) Accounts of African tribes.
(d) Accounts of travel to the Pacific islands.

6. When did Thomas Jefferson publish his Notes on Virginia?
(a) 1803.
(b) 1789.
(c) 1776.
(d) 1781.

7. What does the end of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrate, in Marx's interpretation?
(a) Justice in righting old wrongs.
(b) Fairness in dividing territory.
(c) Balance between man and nature.
(d) Balance between men and women.

8. What is the third stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Return to nature.
(b) Return to the city.
(c) Return to childhood.
(d) Return to home.

9. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Reactionary philosophy.
(b) Peace movements.
(c) Ignorance and apathy.
(d) Industrial developments.

10. What contradictory aspects of the American landscape came to characterize American pastoralism?
(a) Hardship and providence.
(b) Lawlessness and restraint.
(c) Savagery and civilization.
(d) Wisdom and innocence.

11. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) By mining resources.
(b) By making green spaces.
(c) By building cities.
(d) By conserving.

12. What possibility did Marx hear resonating from the Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?
(a) The promise that nature can be civilized without being corrupted.
(b) The promise that the wilderness can be domesticated.
(c) The promise that a man can change his life.
(d) The promise that the city can be redeemed by the country.

13. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?
(a) Rocky soil and harsh laws.
(b) Political intrigue.
(c) Storms and primitive land.
(d) Sparse resources and unsafe territory.

14. What human structure did Barlowe describe America in terms of?
(a) Heaven.
(b) City.
(c) Church.
(d) Garden.

15. What threat to the country's moral superiority had developed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Public transit.
(b) Enclosure laws.
(c) Slavery.
(d) The end of slavery.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?

2. What writer does Marx credit with beginning the theme of pastoralism in literature?

3. What other American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

4. What is the first stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

5. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?

(see the answer keys)

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