The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Marx point out was formed as a result of the Revolutionary War?
(a) Filthy cities.
(b) Corrupt government.
(c) Opposition to expansion.
(d) An industrial capacity.

2. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As epicures.
(b) As untamed.
(c) As civilizing agents.
(d) As dilettantes.

3. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?
(a) 1584.
(b) 1609.
(c) 1650.
(d) 1590.

4. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Reactionary philosophy.
(b) Peace movements.
(c) Ignorance and apathy.
(d) Industrial developments.

5. What sources does Marx suppose Shakespeare read for 'The Tempest'?
(a) Accounts of travel to India.
(b) Accounts of African tribes.
(c) Accounts of travel to the Pacific islands.
(d) Accounts of travel to the New World.

6. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?
(a) Paradise Regained.
(b) Arcadia.
(c) Paradise Lost.
(d) The Iliad.

7. When did the pastoral idea become part of American culture?
(a) At the Industrial Revolution.
(b) At colonization.
(c) During the French Revolution.
(d) At the Revolution.

8. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?
(a) Nature and civility.
(b) Urbaneness and wilderness.
(c) Literature and action.
(d) Poetry and technology.

9. Where had Barlowe traveled to?
(a) Tahiti.
(b) Brazil.
(c) Virginia.
(d) Massachusetts.

10. When did Thomas Jefferson publish his Notes on Virginia?
(a) 1803.
(b) 1781.
(c) 1776.
(d) 1789.

11. What form of art had reached a peak in Thomas Jefferson's time?
(a) Trompe l'oeil paintings.
(b) Terza rima.
(c) Landscape painting.
(d) Homeric versa.

12. What did Beverly describe changing in the New World as a result of European settlement?
(a) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.
(b) Beverly saw the natives learn to want drink and escapism as a result of contact with settlers.
(c) Beverly saw human nature become greedy when resources were cheap.
(d) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.

13. What were the keys to the American landscape, in the views that were the opposite of Barlowe's?
(a) Development and expansion.
(b) Hard work and sacrifice.
(c) Generosity and sharing.
(d) Conservation and reservations.

14. What was nature's role supposed to be in the nation's future, by Jefferson's time?
(a) Natural resources were going to be a source of wealth for generations.
(b) Agriculture was going to supply the nation's wealth.
(c) Wilderness was going to redeem the nation's soul.
(d) Virgin territory was going absorb all the overflowing east-coast cities.

15. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?
(a) Music.
(b) Literature.
(c) Sculpture.
(d) Painting.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Marx say is unique about pastoralism in the industrial age in America?

2. What part of 'The Tempest' held special interest for Marx?

3. For what occasion did Jefferson write his Notes on Virginia?

4. Who typically espouses the sentimental pastoral ideal?

5. What is the third stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

(see the answer keys)

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