The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which characters are engaged in the final struggle in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Ferdinand and Miranda.
(b) Gonzalo and Prospero.
(c) Gonzalo and Ferdinand.
(d) Miranda and Caliban.

2. What does Marx say is unique about pastoralism in the industrial age in America?
(a) People began to be able to visit the country from the city.
(b) Southern plantations were the first farms to perform agriculture on an industrial scale.
(c) The railroad blurred the boundary between city and country.
(d) People stopped living on farms in the late 1700s.

3. What did Beverly describe as the paradox of existence in the New World?
(a) Settlers brought progress, but the natives didn't want it.
(b) Whites wanted peace with the natives, but took their land to start wars.
(c) Settlers wanted a paradise, but replicated their towns and government.
(d) Natives wanted progress, but then they hated themselves.

4. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?
(a) No disparity between rich and poor.
(b) No government.
(c) No need for language.
(d) No work.

5. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1690.
(b) 1703.
(c) 1607.
(d) 1620.

6. When did Thomas Jefferson publish his Notes on Virginia?
(a) 1789.
(b) 1803.
(c) 1781.
(d) 1776.

7. America was depicted as a paradise that was also what, in Marx's account?
(a) A refuge.
(b) A place of hardship.
(c) A place of redemption.
(d) A source for good in the Old World.

8. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?
(a) Storms and primitive land.
(b) Rocky soil and harsh laws.
(c) Sparse resources and unsafe territory.
(d) Political intrigue.

9. What other American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Twain's Huckleberry Finn.
(b) Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher.
(c) Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.
(d) Morrison's Beloved.

10. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Corruption and innocence.
(b) Civilization and primitive life.
(c) Wilderness and domestication.
(d) Comfort and exploration.

11. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As epicures.
(b) As dilettantes.
(c) As civilizing agents.
(d) As untamed.

12. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Ignorance and apathy.
(b) Industrial developments.
(c) Reactionary philosophy.
(d) Peace movements.

13. What American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Norris' The Octopus.
(b) James' Daisy Miller.
(c) Thoreau's Walden.
(d) Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath.

14. What did Jefferson want to keep in Europe?
(a) Government.
(b) Slavery.
(c) Manufacturing.
(d) Finance.

15. What contradictory aspects of the American landscape came to characterize American pastoralism?
(a) Wisdom and innocence.
(b) Hardship and providence.
(c) Lawlessness and restraint.
(d) Savagery and civilization.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

2. What associations were suggested by Marx's leading symbol of industrialism?

3. What does the end of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrate, in Marx's interpretation?

4. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?

5. What was Jefferson's ideal of equality democracy founded on?

(see the answer keys)

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