The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?
(a) Political intrigue.
(b) Storms and primitive land.
(c) Sparse resources and unsafe territory.
(d) Rocky soil and harsh laws.

2. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?
(a) 1609.
(b) 1590.
(c) 1650.
(d) 1584.

3. What human structure did Barlowe describe America in terms of?
(a) Heaven.
(b) Church.
(c) Garden.
(d) City.

4. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?
(a) He thought that the settlers and natives could work together.
(b) He thought the New World would improve the settlers.
(c) He saw a unique opportunity in the New World.
(d) He thought that the New World could improve the natives.

5. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Withdrawal from modernization.
(b) Urban planning for green spaces.
(c) Conservationism.
(d) Environmentalism.

6. What form of art had reached a peak in Thomas Jefferson's time?
(a) Terza rima.
(b) Trompe l'oeil paintings.
(c) Landscape painting.
(d) Homeric versa.

7. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
(a) Indigenous people.
(b) American colonization.
(c) Political intrigue.
(d) Natural spirituality.

8. What does Marx say is the leading image of industrialism?
(a) The cotton gin.
(b) The factory.
(c) The steamship.
(d) The steam locomotive.

9. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Travel.
(b) Hiking.
(c) Theatre.
(d) Flying.

10. What kind of lifestyle does Marx say Americans want?
(a) More elegant.
(b) More complex.
(c) Simpler.
(d) Faster.

11. What did Beverly describe changing in the New World as a result of European settlement?
(a) Beverly saw the natives learn to want drink and escapism as a result of contact with settlers.
(b) Beverly saw human nature become greedy when resources were cheap.
(c) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.
(d) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.

12. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?
(a) A virtuous man of nature.
(b) An industrious, independent farmer.
(c) An inventive entrepreneur.
(d) A powerful industrialist.

13. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Yosemite, CA.
(b) Providence, RI.
(c) Norfolk, VA.
(d) Concord, MA.

14. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?
(a) Money from exports.
(b) Imported grain.
(c) Natives' produce.
(d) Nature's bounty.

15. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?
(a) Peace with natives.
(b) A frontier to expand into.
(c) Slow pace of technological development.
(d) Absence of foreign threats.

Short Answer Questions

1. What part of 'The Tempest' held special interest for Marx?

2. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?

3. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?

4. What did Beverly describe as the paradox of existence in the New World?

5. What is the heart of the pastoral ideal?

(see the answer keys)

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