The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What piece by Nathaniel Hawthorne does Marx treat as emblematic of American pastoralism?
(a) Sleepy Hollow Notes.
(b) The Celestial Railroad.
(c) The Marble Faun.
(d) Mosses from an Old Manse.

2. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Urban planning for green spaces.
(b) Environmentalism.
(c) Withdrawal from modernization.
(d) Conservationism.

3. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
(a) Natural spirituality.
(b) Indigenous people.
(c) Political intrigue.
(d) American colonization.

4. What desire does Marx describe as the opposite of Barlowe's view?
(a) The desire to tame the landscape.
(b) The desire to make the earth productive.
(c) The desire to convert the savages.
(d) The desire to know the earth mystically.

5. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Life in nature.
(b) Life in the city.
(c) Return to nature.
(d) Return to the city.

6. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?
(a) No work.
(b) No need for language.
(c) No disparity between rich and poor.
(d) No government.

7. What did Beverly describe as the paradox of existence in the New World?
(a) Natives wanted progress, but then they hated themselves.
(b) Whites wanted peace with the natives, but took their land to start wars.
(c) Settlers wanted a paradise, but replicated their towns and government.
(d) Settlers brought progress, but the natives didn't want it.

8. What aspects of European civilization were the Virginia settlers glad to leave behind, in Beverly's history?
(a) Suppression of religious expression.
(b) Vanities and conflicts over property.
(c) Plagues and uncertainty over medical treatment.
(d) Dogmas and conflicts over religion.

9. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?
(a) Nature and civility.
(b) Literature and action.
(c) Urbaneness and wilderness.
(d) Poetry and technology.

10. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Nature had become a mirror for man's corrupt soul.
(b) Nature seemed benevolent compared with the disordered city.
(c) Nature seemed chaotic and devilish compared with civilization.
(d) Nature seemed divine and benevolent compared with corrupt man.

11. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Reactionary philosophy.
(b) Ignorance and apathy.
(c) Peace movements.
(d) Industrial developments.

12. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Concord, MA.
(b) Providence, RI.
(c) Yosemite, CA.
(d) Norfolk, VA.

13. For what occasion did Jefferson write his Notes on Virginia?
(a) As an inventory when he was governor.
(b) At a French Diplomat's request.
(c) Upon his travels to Europe.
(d) For leisure.

14. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?
(a) He thought that the settlers and natives could work together.
(b) He thought that the New World could improve the natives.
(c) He thought the New World would improve the settlers.
(d) He saw a unique opportunity in the New World.

15. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?
(a) Money from exports.
(b) Imported grain.
(c) Nature's bounty.
(d) Natives' produce.

Short Answer Questions

1. What kind of existence did Barlowe describe having encountered in his travels?

2. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?

3. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?

4. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?

5. How does Marx describe the encroachment of industrialism?

(see the answer keys)

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