The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Norfolk, VA.
(b) Yosemite, CA.
(c) Providence, RI.
(d) Concord, MA.

2. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Nature seemed chaotic and devilish compared with civilization.
(b) Nature seemed divine and benevolent compared with corrupt man.
(c) Nature seemed benevolent compared with the disordered city.
(d) Nature had become a mirror for man's corrupt soul.

3. What do Americans abandon when they are under the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Urban parks.
(b) Outdated buildings.
(c) Urban areas.
(d) Small towns.

4. What did Hawthorne describe in the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Indian wars.
(b) A whale hunt.
(c) Living in the woods.
(d) A reverie in the woods.

5. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Comfort and exploration.
(b) Civilization and primitive life.
(c) Corruption and innocence.
(d) Wilderness and domestication.

6. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?
(a) That it had to be developed.
(b) That it had to be suppressed.
(c) That it had to balance efficiencies with creating employment opportunities.
(d) That it had to be aligned with public virtues.

7. What does Marx say is unique about pastoralism in the industrial age in America?
(a) People stopped living on farms in the late 1700s.
(b) The railroad blurred the boundary between city and country.
(c) Southern plantations were the first farms to perform agriculture on an industrial scale.
(d) People began to be able to visit the country from the city.

8. How does Marx characterize Prospero and members of the court?
(a) As experienced people hoping for redemption.
(b) As victims of political power.
(c) As spokesmen for conservation.
(d) As advance agents of civilization.

9. What did the new world fail to offer newcomers, in typical accounts?
(a) Civilization.
(b) Power.
(c) Wealth.
(d) Art.

10. What kind of lifestyle does Marx say Americans want?
(a) Simpler.
(b) More complex.
(c) More elegant.
(d) Faster.

11. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?
(a) Music.
(b) Painting.
(c) Literature.
(d) Sculpture.

12. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Reactionary philosophy.
(b) Ignorance and apathy.
(c) Peace movements.
(d) Industrial developments.

13. Who typically espouses the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Politicians.
(b) Engineers.
(c) Urban planners.
(d) Industrialists.

14. What piece by Nathaniel Hawthorne does Marx treat as emblematic of American pastoralism?
(a) Sleepy Hollow Notes.
(b) The Marble Faun.
(c) Mosses from an Old Manse.
(d) The Celestial Railroad.

15. What contradictory aspects of the American landscape came to characterize American pastoralism?
(a) Savagery and civilization.
(b) Lawlessness and restraint.
(c) Hardship and providence.
(d) Wisdom and innocence.

Short Answer Questions

1. When did the assault on American pastoralism begin, in Marx's account?

2. What other American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

3. What was Jefferson's ideal of equality democracy founded on?

4. America was depicted as a paradise that was also what, in Marx's account?

5. What does Marx say is the central theme of pastoral literature?

(see the answer keys)

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