The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. For what occasion did Jefferson write his Notes on Virginia?
(a) At a French Diplomat's request.
(b) For leisure.
(c) Upon his travels to Europe.
(d) As an inventory when he was governor.

2. What piece by Nathaniel Hawthorne does Marx treat as emblematic of American pastoralism?
(a) The Marble Faun.
(b) Mosses from an Old Manse.
(c) Sleepy Hollow Notes.
(d) The Celestial Railroad.

3. Where had Barlowe traveled to?
(a) Brazil.
(b) Tahiti.
(c) Massachusetts.
(d) Virginia.

4. What secondary plot does Marx see as important for his purposes?
(a) The conflict over resource use.
(b) The struggle for domination over nature.
(c) The struggle for poetic expression.
(d) The conflict over resource use.

5. What does the end of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrate, in Marx's interpretation?
(a) Fairness in dividing territory.
(b) Justice in righting old wrongs.
(c) Balance between man and nature.
(d) Balance between men and women.

6. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
(a) American colonization.
(b) Political intrigue.
(c) Indigenous people.
(d) Natural spirituality.

7. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?
(a) Music.
(b) Painting.
(c) Literature.
(d) Sculpture.

8. What does Marx point out was formed as a result of the Revolutionary War?
(a) Filthy cities.
(b) Corrupt government.
(c) An industrial capacity.
(d) Opposition to expansion.

9. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Return to nature.
(b) Return to the city.
(c) Life in the city.
(d) Life in nature.

10. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?
(a) Seventeenth century.
(b) Eighteenth century.
(c) Nineteenth century.
(d) At colonization.

11. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?
(a) No need for language.
(b) No disparity between rich and poor.
(c) No government.
(d) No work.

12. Who typically espouses the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Engineers.
(b) Urban planners.
(c) Politicians.
(d) Industrialists.

13. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As epicures.
(b) As dilettantes.
(c) As untamed.
(d) As civilizing agents.

14. When did complex pastoral ideology come into existence?
(a) With colonization.
(b) Nineteenth century.
(c) Twentieth century.
(d) Eighteenth century.

15. What is the first stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Life in the city.
(b) Life in religion.
(c) Return to nature.
(d) Life in nature.

Short Answer Questions

1. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?

2. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?

3. What do Americans abandon when they are under the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?

4. What does Marx say is the leading image of industrialism?

5. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?

(see the answer keys)

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