The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Marx say is the central theme of pastoral literature?
(a) The imperative to transform nature.
(b) The desire to merge with nature.
(c) The futility of fighting nature.
(d) The interruption of woodland peace.

2. What did Beverly describe as the paradox of existence in the New World?
(a) Settlers brought progress, but the natives didn't want it.
(b) Natives wanted progress, but then they hated themselves.
(c) Settlers wanted a paradise, but replicated their towns and government.
(d) Whites wanted peace with the natives, but took their land to start wars.

3. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Providence, RI.
(b) Norfolk, VA.
(c) Concord, MA.
(d) Yosemite, CA.

4. What writer does Marx credit with beginning the theme of pastoralism in literature?
(a) Homer.
(b) Virgil.
(c) Hawthorne.
(d) Plato.

5. What is the heart of the pastoral ideal?
(a) To transform nature into an ordered place.
(b) To live out a primitive existence.
(c) To live in the lap of nature.
(d) To turn nature into an industrial resource.

6. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Peace movements.
(b) Industrial developments.
(c) Reactionary philosophy.
(d) Ignorance and apathy.

7. What does Marx say Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrates?
(a) The plan for Utopia in America.
(b) The corruption of the Old World.
(c) The personalities who will be required to develop America.
(d) The impossibility of the pastoral ideal.

8. What kind of existence did Barlowe describe having encountered in his travels?
(a) Idyllic.
(b) Dangerous.
(c) Savage.
(d) Tumultuous.

9. How have liberal thinkers portrayed the sentimental pastoral ideal, in Marx's account?
(a) As a harmless fantasy.
(b) As the path to the future.
(c) As a hindrance to progress.
(d) As a requirement for a green society.

10. What was Jefferson's ideal of equality democracy founded on?
(a) The free market.
(b) A government that encouraged self-reliance.
(c) Fostering entrepreneurship.
(d) Protecting individuals from industrialism.

11. What was nature's role supposed to be in the nation's future, by Jefferson's time?
(a) Wilderness was going to redeem the nation's soul.
(b) Agriculture was going to supply the nation's wealth.
(c) Virgin territory was going absorb all the overflowing east-coast cities.
(d) Natural resources were going to be a source of wealth for generations.

12. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As civilizing agents.
(b) As dilettantes.
(c) As epicures.
(d) As untamed.

13. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?
(a) Eighteenth century.
(b) Nineteenth century.
(c) Seventeenth century.
(d) At colonization.

14. What do Americans abandon when they are under the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Urban parks.
(b) Outdated buildings.
(c) Small towns.
(d) Urban areas.

15. What does Marx say is the leading image of industrialism?
(a) The cotton gin.
(b) The factory.
(c) The steam locomotive.
(d) The steamship.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?

2. What does Marx say is unique about pastoralism in the industrial age in America?

3. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?

4. What is the first reaction Marx describes to industrialism?

5. What possibility did Marx hear resonating from the Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?

(see the answer keys)

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