The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a refuge from Europe.
(b) As a tropical paradise.
(c) As a land of plenty.
(d) As a harsh land.

2. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?
(a) A frontier to expand into.
(b) Peace with natives.
(c) Slow pace of technological development.
(d) Absence of foreign threats.

3. What does Marx say Beverly felt about the New World, by the end of his history?
(a) Disappointed.
(b) Elated.
(c) Determined.
(d) Cautiously optimistic.

4. What were the keys to the American landscape, in the views that were the opposite of Barlowe's?
(a) Conservation and reservations.
(b) Generosity and sharing.
(c) Development and expansion.
(d) Hard work and sacrifice.

5. What is the third stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Return to nature.
(b) Return to home.
(c) Return to childhood.
(d) Return to the city.

6. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) By mining resources.
(b) By conserving.
(c) By building cities.
(d) By making green spaces.

7. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
(a) American colonization.
(b) Natural spirituality.
(c) Indigenous people.
(d) Political intrigue.

8. What does Marx say is the leading image of industrialism?
(a) The steamship.
(b) The factory.
(c) The cotton gin.
(d) The steam locomotive.

9. When did the assault on American pastoralism begin, in Marx's account?
(a) 1850s.
(b) 1840s.
(c) 1860s.
(d) 1780s.

10. How did the first settlers see Virginia, in Beverly's history?
(a) As a pestilential swamp.
(b) As a promised land.
(c) As a desert.
(d) As a purgatory.

11. What was it that Jefferson described as a threat to the moral center of democracy?
(a) Native Americans.
(b) European military power.
(c) Corruption.
(d) Industrialism.

12. What did Beverly describe as the paradox of existence in the New World?
(a) Whites wanted peace with the natives, but took their land to start wars.
(b) Settlers wanted a paradise, but replicated their towns and government.
(c) Settlers brought progress, but the natives didn't want it.
(d) Natives wanted progress, but then they hated themselves.

13. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?
(a) A conflict over territory.
(b) An engagement and marriage.
(c) A conflict over how to use resources.
(d) A political power struggle.

14. How have liberal thinkers portrayed the sentimental pastoral ideal, in Marx's account?
(a) As a harmless fantasy.
(b) As a hindrance to progress.
(c) As the path to the future.
(d) As a requirement for a green society.

15. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Environmentalism.
(b) Conservationism.
(c) Urban planning for green spaces.
(d) Withdrawal from modernization.

Short Answer Questions

1. What possibility did Marx hear resonating from the Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?

2. What desire does Marx describe as the opposite of Barlowe's view?

3. How did Jefferson describe the representative man in Notes on Virginia?

4. What human structure did Barlowe describe America in terms of?

5. What American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

(see the answer keys)

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