The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is a consequence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Urbanization.
(b) Rail trails.
(c) Relocation to the suburbs.
(d) Exploitation of resources.

2. What did the new world fail to offer newcomers, in typical accounts?
(a) Art.
(b) Civilization.
(c) Power.
(d) Wealth.

3. What associations were suggested by Marx's leading symbol of industrialism?
(a) Fire, smoke and speed.
(b) Power, productivity, and order.
(c) Steam, progress, and control over the ocean.
(d) Efficiency, control, and profit.

4. What virtues did Jefferson associate with the civilization?
(a) Intellect and privilege.
(b) Creativity and inspiration.
(c) Ingenuity and technology.
(d) Creativity and inspiration.

5. How does Marx characterize Prospero and members of the court?
(a) As experienced people hoping for redemption.
(b) As advance agents of civilization.
(c) As victims of political power.
(d) As spokesmen for conservation.

6. Which characters are engaged in the final struggle in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Miranda and Caliban.
(b) Gonzalo and Prospero.
(c) Ferdinand and Miranda.
(d) Gonzalo and Ferdinand.

7. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Reactionary philosophy.
(b) Ignorance and apathy.
(c) Peace movements.
(d) Industrial developments.

8. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Corruption and innocence.
(b) Civilization and primitive life.
(c) Comfort and exploration.
(d) Wilderness and domestication.

9. What is the first stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Life in nature.
(b) Return to nature.
(c) Life in religion.
(d) Life in the city.

10. What were Beverly's sources for his history of Virginia?
(a) The King's records.
(b) Nautical charts.
(c) The settlers' notes and journals.
(d) The sea captains' log books.

11. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?
(a) A conflict over how to use resources.
(b) A conflict over territory.
(c) A political power struggle.
(d) An engagement and marriage.

12. What does an individual gain by passing through these three spatial stages?
(a) Maturity.
(b) A high ground in terms of religious experience.
(c) A middle ground between city and country.
(d) Legitimacy as an American.

13. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Return to nature.
(b) Return to the city.
(c) Life in the city.
(d) Life in nature.

14. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As untamed.
(b) As civilizing agents.
(c) As dilettantes.
(d) As epicures.

15. What does the end of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrate, in Marx's interpretation?
(a) Fairness in dividing territory.
(b) Justice in righting old wrongs.
(c) Balance between men and women.
(d) Balance between man and nature.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did the first settlers see Virginia, in Beverly's history?

2. Where had Barlowe traveled to?

3. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?

4. What does Marx say is the 'sentimental' pastoral ideal?

5. What is the heart of the pastoral ideal?

(see the answer keys)

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