The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who typically espouses the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Politicians.
(b) Engineers.
(c) Industrialists.
(d) Urban planners.

2. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Flying.
(b) Theatre.
(c) Travel.
(d) Hiking.

3. What were the keys to the American landscape, in the views that were the opposite of Barlowe's?
(a) Generosity and sharing.
(b) Hard work and sacrifice.
(c) Conservation and reservations.
(d) Development and expansion.

4. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Comfort and exploration.
(b) Corruption and innocence.
(c) Wilderness and domestication.
(d) Civilization and primitive life.

5. What do Americans abandon when they are under the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Small towns.
(b) Outdated buildings.
(c) Urban areas.
(d) Urban parks.

6. America was depicted as a paradise that was also what, in Marx's account?
(a) A source for good in the Old World.
(b) A place of hardship.
(c) A place of redemption.
(d) A refuge.

7. What secondary plot does Marx see as important for his purposes?
(a) The conflict over resource use.
(b) The struggle for poetic expression.
(c) The struggle for domination over nature.
(d) The conflict over resource use.

8. What was it that Jefferson described as a threat to the moral center of democracy?
(a) Native Americans.
(b) Corruption.
(c) Industrialism.
(d) European military power.

9. For what occasion did Jefferson write his Notes on Virginia?
(a) For leisure.
(b) As an inventory when he was governor.
(c) Upon his travels to Europe.
(d) At a French Diplomat's request.

10. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?
(a) Political intrigue.
(b) Storms and primitive land.
(c) Sparse resources and unsafe territory.
(d) Rocky soil and harsh laws.

11. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Concord, MA.
(b) Providence, RI.
(c) Norfolk, VA.
(d) Yosemite, CA.

12. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1620.
(b) 1690.
(c) 1607.
(d) 1703.

13. What was Jefferson's ideal of equality democracy founded on?
(a) The free market.
(b) Fostering entrepreneurship.
(c) A government that encouraged self-reliance.
(d) Protecting individuals from industrialism.

14. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?
(a) Colonization had subdued the natives and killed off predatory animals.
(b) Nature commanded new respect.
(c) Engineers could shape nature more efficiently.
(d) Factories had subjugated nature.

15. What human structure did Barlowe describe America in terms of?
(a) Heaven.
(b) Church.
(c) City.
(d) Garden.

Short Answer Questions

1. What possibility did Marx hear resonating from the Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?

2. What virtues did Jefferson associate with the civilization?

3. What is the first stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

4. What does Marx say is the 'sentimental' pastoral ideal?

5. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?

(see the answer keys)

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