The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Marx say Beverly felt about the New World, by the end of his history?
(a) Cautiously optimistic.
(b) Elated.
(c) Disappointed.
(d) Determined.

2. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?
(a) Nature commanded new respect.
(b) Engineers could shape nature more efficiently.
(c) Colonization had subdued the natives and killed off predatory animals.
(d) Factories had subjugated nature.

3. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1690.
(b) 1703.
(c) 1620.
(d) 1607.

4. America was depicted as a paradise that was also what, in Marx's account?
(a) A place of redemption.
(b) A source for good in the Old World.
(c) A refuge.
(d) A place of hardship.

5. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Norfolk, VA.
(b) Concord, MA.
(c) Providence, RI.
(d) Yosemite, CA.

6. What does Marx say is the leading image of industrialism?
(a) The cotton gin.
(b) The steamship.
(c) The factory.
(d) The steam locomotive.

7. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?
(a) Imported grain.
(b) Money from exports.
(c) Natives' produce.
(d) Nature's bounty.

8. When did the pastoral idea become part of American culture?
(a) At the Industrial Revolution.
(b) At the Revolution.
(c) At colonization.
(d) During the French Revolution.

9. What does Marx say is the central theme of pastoral literature?
(a) The imperative to transform nature.
(b) The interruption of woodland peace.
(c) The futility of fighting nature.
(d) The desire to merge with nature.

10. What does Marx say is unique about pastoralism in the industrial age in America?
(a) The railroad blurred the boundary between city and country.
(b) People began to be able to visit the country from the city.
(c) People stopped living on farms in the late 1700s.
(d) Southern plantations were the first farms to perform agriculture on an industrial scale.

11. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
(a) Natural spirituality.
(b) Political intrigue.
(c) American colonization.
(d) Indigenous people.

12. How have liberal thinkers portrayed the sentimental pastoral ideal, in Marx's account?
(a) As a hindrance to progress.
(b) As the path to the future.
(c) As a harmless fantasy.
(d) As a requirement for a green society.

13. What economic consequence does the sentimental pastoral ideal engender?
(a) Regulation of speculative investments.
(b) Low taxes.
(c) Tariffs on imported manufactured goods.
(d) Farm subsidies.

14. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) By mining resources.
(b) By building cities.
(c) By conserving.
(d) By making green spaces.

15. How have the relationships between the city and country changed in American industrial pastoralism?
(a) They are both monetized.
(b) They are both reinvented by machines.
(c) They are no longer exclusive.
(d) They are no longer interdependent.

Short Answer Questions

1. What aspects of European civilization were the Virginia settlers glad to leave behind, in Beverly's history?

2. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?

3. What did colonists find in America?

4. How does Marx characterize Prospero and members of the court?

5. What did the new world fail to offer newcomers, in typical accounts?

(see the answer keys)

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