The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When did Thomas Jefferson publish his Notes on Virginia?
(a) 1789.
(b) 1803.
(c) 1776.
(d) 1781.

2. What kind of existence did Barlowe describe having encountered in his travels?
(a) Dangerous.
(b) Idyllic.
(c) Savage.
(d) Tumultuous.

3. What human structure did Barlowe describe America in terms of?
(a) Heaven.
(b) City.
(c) Church.
(d) Garden.

4. What is the first stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Life in the city.
(b) Life in religion.
(c) Return to nature.
(d) Life in nature.

5. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) By mining resources.
(b) By making green spaces.
(c) By building cities.
(d) By conserving.

6. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a harsh land.
(b) As a tropical paradise.
(c) As a land of plenty.
(d) As a refuge from Europe.

7. What does Marx say Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrates?
(a) The corruption of the Old World.
(b) The personalities who will be required to develop America.
(c) The impossibility of the pastoral ideal.
(d) The plan for Utopia in America.

8. What does Marx relate Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' to?
(a) Political intrigue.
(b) American colonization.
(c) Natural spirituality.
(d) Indigenous people.

9. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?
(a) Sparse resources and unsafe territory.
(b) Political intrigue.
(c) Rocky soil and harsh laws.
(d) Storms and primitive land.

10. What does Marx say is the leading image of industrialism?
(a) The steamship.
(b) The factory.
(c) The cotton gin.
(d) The steam locomotive.

11. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As dilettantes.
(b) As untamed.
(c) As civilizing agents.
(d) As epicures.

12. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?
(a) Eighteenth century.
(b) At colonization.
(c) Seventeenth century.
(d) Nineteenth century.

13. What does Marx say is unique about pastoralism in the industrial age in America?
(a) Southern plantations were the first farms to perform agriculture on an industrial scale.
(b) People began to be able to visit the country from the city.
(c) People stopped living on farms in the late 1700s.
(d) The railroad blurred the boundary between city and country.

14. What writer does Marx credit with beginning the theme of pastoralism in literature?
(a) Plato.
(b) Hawthorne.
(c) Virgil.
(d) Homer.

15. When did the pastoral idea become part of American culture?
(a) At the Industrial Revolution.
(b) At the Revolution.
(c) At colonization.
(d) During the French Revolution.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?

2. What did Beverly describe changing in the New World as a result of European settlement?

3. What other American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

4. What threat to the country's moral superiority had developed by Jefferson's time?

5. When did complex pastoral ideology come into existence?

(see the answer keys)

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