The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What would Gonzalo's ideal be characterized by?
(a) No disparity between rich and poor.
(b) No need for language.
(c) No government.
(d) No work.

2. How were frontiersmen typically portrayed by easterners in Jefferson's time?
(a) As untamed.
(b) As epicures.
(c) As dilettantes.
(d) As civilizing agents.

3. What did the new world fail to offer newcomers, in typical accounts?
(a) Wealth.
(b) Civilization.
(c) Power.
(d) Art.

4. What did Hawthorne describe in the piece Marx analyzed?
(a) Indian wars.
(b) A reverie in the woods.
(c) Living in the woods.
(d) A whale hunt.

5. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?
(a) 1584.
(b) 1590.
(c) 1609.
(d) 1650.

6. Who typically espouses the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Urban planners.
(b) Industrialists.
(c) Politicians.
(d) Engineers.

7. What does pastoral ideology conflict with, in Marx's account?
(a) Urbanization.
(b) The reality of history.
(c) Extractive industries.
(d) Industrial modernism.

8. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?
(a) Eighteenth century.
(b) Seventeenth century.
(c) Nineteenth century.
(d) At colonization.

9. When did complex pastoral ideology come into existence?
(a) Eighteenth century.
(b) Twentieth century.
(c) With colonization.
(d) Nineteenth century.

10. What aspects of European civilization were the Virginia settlers glad to leave behind, in Beverly's history?
(a) Vanities and conflicts over property.
(b) Plagues and uncertainty over medical treatment.
(c) Dogmas and conflicts over religion.
(d) Suppression of religious expression.

11. What virtues would the Jeffersonian man strike a balance between?
(a) Poetry and technology.
(b) Literature and action.
(c) Nature and civility.
(d) Urbaneness and wilderness.

12. In Jefferson's time, how did the eastern farmers come to see nature, as a result of their work?
(a) As a raw material.
(b) As a domestic industry.
(c) As a new nature.
(d) As an improved nature.

13. What associations were suggested by Marx's leading symbol of industrialism?
(a) Steam, progress, and control over the ocean.
(b) Power, productivity, and order.
(c) Fire, smoke and speed.
(d) Efficiency, control, and profit.

14. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1690.
(b) 1703.
(c) 1620.
(d) 1607.

15. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Nature seemed chaotic and devilish compared with civilization.
(b) Nature had become a mirror for man's corrupt soul.
(c) Nature seemed benevolent compared with the disordered city.
(d) Nature seemed divine and benevolent compared with corrupt man.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did the first settlers see Virginia, in Beverly's history?

2. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?

3. How have liberal thinkers portrayed the sentimental pastoral ideal, in Marx's account?

4. What is the first reaction Marx describes to industrialism?

5. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?

(see the answer keys)

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