The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) By making green spaces.
(b) By building cities.
(c) By conserving.
(d) By mining resources.

2. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?
(a) Literature.
(b) Music.
(c) Sculpture.
(d) Painting.

3. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?
(a) A frontier to expand into.
(b) Peace with natives.
(c) Absence of foreign threats.
(d) Slow pace of technological development.

4. What do liberal thinkers say the sentimental pastoral ideal results in, according to Marx?
(a) Ignorance and apathy.
(b) Industrial developments.
(c) Peace movements.
(d) Reactionary philosophy.

5. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Nature had become a mirror for man's corrupt soul.
(b) Nature seemed divine and benevolent compared with corrupt man.
(c) Nature seemed benevolent compared with the disordered city.
(d) Nature seemed chaotic and devilish compared with civilization.

6. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?
(a) Seventeenth century.
(b) At colonization.
(c) Eighteenth century.
(d) Nineteenth century.

7. What does Marx say Beverly felt about the New World, by the end of his history?
(a) Cautiously optimistic.
(b) Elated.
(c) Determined.
(d) Disappointed.

8. Which leisure activity does Marx identify as revealing the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Theatre.
(b) Flying.
(c) Hiking.
(d) Travel.

9. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?
(a) Nature's bounty.
(b) Imported grain.
(c) Natives' produce.
(d) Money from exports.

10. When did complex pastoral ideology come into existence?
(a) With colonization.
(b) Eighteenth century.
(c) Twentieth century.
(d) Nineteenth century.

11. What did Jefferson want to keep in Europe?
(a) Government.
(b) Slavery.
(c) Finance.
(d) Manufacturing.

12. What does Marx point out was formed as a result of the Revolutionary War?
(a) Filthy cities.
(b) An industrial capacity.
(c) Opposition to expansion.
(d) Corrupt government.

13. What writer does Marx credit with beginning the theme of pastoralism in literature?
(a) Hawthorne.
(b) Virgil.
(c) Homer.
(d) Plato.

14. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Wilderness and domestication.
(b) Comfort and exploration.
(c) Civilization and primitive life.
(d) Corruption and innocence.

15. What were the keys to the American landscape, in the views that were the opposite of Barlowe's?
(a) Conservation and reservations.
(b) Development and expansion.
(c) Hard work and sacrifice.
(d) Generosity and sharing.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the first reaction Marx describes to industrialism?

2. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?

3. What contradictory aspects of the American landscape came to characterize American pastoralism?

4. What did the settlers find appealing about the New World?

5. What aspects of European civilization were the Virginia settlers glad to leave behind, in Beverly's history?

(see the answer keys)

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