The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does an individual gain by passing through these three spatial stages?
(a) A middle ground between city and country.
(b) Maturity.
(c) A high ground in terms of religious experience.
(d) Legitimacy as an American.

2. When did a uniquely American pastoral image emerge?
(a) At colonization.
(b) Nineteenth century.
(c) Eighteenth century.
(d) Seventeenth century.

3. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1607.
(b) 1620.
(c) 1690.
(d) 1703.

4. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?
(a) Paradise Lost.
(b) Paradise Regained.
(c) Arcadia.
(d) The Iliad.

5. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?
(a) As barbaric and cruel.
(b) As evil and plotting.
(c) As naïve and untrustworthy.
(d) As simple and virtuous.

6. What does Marx say is the 'sentimental' pastoral ideal?
(a) Green, rural lifestyle.
(b) Harnessing natural resources.
(c) Domesticating wild things.
(d) The savages' harmony with nature.

7. What is the first reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Unionization.
(b) Feelings of alienation.
(c) Relocation.
(d) Rebellion.

8. How have the relationships between the city and country changed in American industrial pastoralism?
(a) They are both reinvented by machines.
(b) They are no longer interdependent.
(c) They are no longer exclusive.
(d) They are both monetized.

9. What is a consequence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Exploitation of resources.
(b) Urbanization.
(c) Rail trails.
(d) Relocation to the suburbs.

10. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a land of plenty.
(b) As a tropical paradise.
(c) As a refuge from Europe.
(d) As a harsh land.

11. What part of 'The Tempest' held special interest for Marx?
(a) The portrait of love's frailty against political power.
(b) The portrait of indecision about taking the throne.
(c) The portrait of an unspoiled landscape invaded by Europeans.
(d) The portrait of men who gain power by disposing of natural resources.

12. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?
(a) Political intrigue.
(b) Rocky soil and harsh laws.
(c) Sparse resources and unsafe territory.
(d) Storms and primitive land.

13. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?
(a) That it had to balance efficiencies with creating employment opportunities.
(b) That it had to be suppressed.
(c) That it had to be developed.
(d) That it had to be aligned with public virtues.

14. America was depicted as a paradise that was also what, in Marx's account?
(a) A place of hardship.
(b) A source for good in the Old World.
(c) A place of redemption.
(d) A refuge.

15. Why did Beverly feel as he did by the end of his work?
(a) He saw a unique opportunity in the New World.
(b) He thought that the New World could improve the natives.
(c) He thought that the settlers and natives could work together.
(d) He thought the New World would improve the settlers.

Short Answer Questions

1. What allowed America to preserve Jeffersonian ideals for 100 years after Jefferson wrote about them?

2. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?

3. What does the end of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' demonstrate, in Marx's interpretation?

4. What possibility did Marx hear resonating from the Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?

5. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?

(see the answer keys)

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