The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did the settlers find appealing about the New World?
(a) They could buy land so cheap from the natives.
(b) It was theirs by right of conquest.
(c) Everything was free for the taking.
(d) It was unsoiled by civilization.

2. What literary work did Barlowe echo with his account of his travels?
(a) Arcadia.
(b) Paradise Regained.
(c) Paradise Lost.
(d) The Iliad.

3. How did the first settlers see Virginia, in Beverly's history?
(a) As a desert.
(b) As a purgatory.
(c) As a pestilential swamp.
(d) As a promised land.

4. What other American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.
(b) Twain's Huckleberry Finn.
(c) Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher.
(d) Morrison's Beloved.

5. How did Arthur Barlowe describe America?
(a) As a land of plenty.
(b) As a refuge from Europe.
(c) As a harsh land.
(d) As a tropical paradise.

6. What do Americans abandon when they are under the influence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Urban areas.
(b) Urban parks.
(c) Outdated buildings.
(d) Small towns.

7. How do Americans express their sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) By making green spaces.
(b) By conserving.
(c) By building cities.
(d) By mining resources.

8. What is the second stage of life that Marx describes through Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Life in nature.
(b) Return to the city.
(c) Return to nature.
(d) Life in the city.

9. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1620.
(b) 1690.
(c) 1703.
(d) 1607.

10. What did Jefferson want to keep in Europe?
(a) Slavery.
(b) Manufacturing.
(c) Government.
(d) Finance.

11. What associations were suggested by Marx's leading symbol of industrialism?
(a) Power, productivity, and order.
(b) Steam, progress, and control over the ocean.
(c) Efficiency, control, and profit.
(d) Fire, smoke and speed.

12. Marx writes that America offered men a middle state between what and what in the eighteenth century?
(a) Corruption and innocence.
(b) Wilderness and domestication.
(c) Civilization and primitive life.
(d) Comfort and exploration.

13. What threat to the country's moral superiority had developed by Jefferson's time?
(a) Enclosure laws.
(b) Slavery.
(c) The end of slavery.
(d) Public transit.

14. What would people live on, in Gonzalo's ideal world?
(a) Nature's bounty.
(b) Money from exports.
(c) Natives' produce.
(d) Imported grain.

15. Who typically espouses the sentimental pastoral ideal?
(a) Industrialists.
(b) Politicians.
(c) Urban planners.
(d) Engineers.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what art does Marx see pastoral ideology contributing to a more realistic outcome for American society?

2. In Jefferson's time, how did the eastern farmers come to see nature, as a result of their work?

3. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?

4. What does Marx point out was formed as a result of the Revolutionary War?

5. What did the new world fail to offer newcomers, in typical accounts?

(see the answer keys)

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