The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Leo Marx
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What secondary plot does Marx see as important for his purposes?
(a) The struggle for poetic expression.
(b) The struggle for domination over nature.
(c) The conflict over resource use.
(d) The conflict over resource use.

2. What is the most important part of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', in Marx's estimation?
(a) A political power struggle.
(b) An engagement and marriage.
(c) A conflict over territory.
(d) A conflict over how to use resources.

3. When did the pastoral idea become part of American culture?
(a) At colonization.
(b) At the Industrial Revolution.
(c) During the French Revolution.
(d) At the Revolution.

4. What does Marx say is the central theme of pastoral literature?
(a) The futility of fighting nature.
(b) The imperative to transform nature.
(c) The interruption of woodland peace.
(d) The desire to merge with nature.

5. When did complex pastoral ideology come into existence?
(a) With colonization.
(b) Eighteenth century.
(c) Twentieth century.
(d) Nineteenth century.

6. What did Beverly describe changing in the New World as a result of European settlement?
(a) Beverly saw human nature become greedy when resources were cheap.
(b) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.
(c) Beverly saw the natives learn to want drink and escapism as a result of contact with settlers.
(d) Beverly saw the whites corrupt the natives.

7. What part of 'The Tempest' held special interest for Marx?
(a) The portrait of men who gain power by disposing of natural resources.
(b) The portrait of indecision about taking the throne.
(c) The portrait of an unspoiled landscape invaded by Europeans.
(d) The portrait of love's frailty against political power.

8. What was the opposite of Barlowe's experience in his travels?
(a) Sparse resources and unsafe territory.
(b) Political intrigue.
(c) Rocky soil and harsh laws.
(d) Storms and primitive land.

9. What does Marx say is the leading image of industrialism?
(a) The cotton gin.
(b) The factory.
(c) The steamship.
(d) The steam locomotive.

10. When did Robert Beverly write his history of Virginia?
(a) 1703.
(b) 1690.
(c) 1620.
(d) 1607.

11. What economic consequence does the sentimental pastoral ideal engender?
(a) Farm subsidies.
(b) Tariffs on imported manufactured goods.
(c) Regulation of speculative investments.
(d) Low taxes.

12. What is the second reaction Marx describes to industrialism?
(a) Withdrawal from modernization.
(b) Urban planning for green spaces.
(c) Conservationism.
(d) Environmentalism.

13. When was that work written, which Barlowe likely influenced--and which also influenced Shakespeare in its description of a pastoral paradise?
(a) 1650.
(b) 1590.
(c) 1609.
(d) 1584.

14. What does Marx say is the 'sentimental' pastoral ideal?
(a) Green, rural lifestyle.
(b) Harnessing natural resources.
(c) Domesticating wild things.
(d) The savages' harmony with nature.

15. What did Jefferson ultimately conclude about industrialism?
(a) That it had to be suppressed.
(b) That it had to balance efficiencies with creating employment opportunities.
(c) That it had to be developed.
(d) That it had to be aligned with public virtues.

Short Answer Questions

1. What possibility did Marx hear resonating from the Crevecoeur's Letters from an American Farmer?

2. What did the settlers find appealing about the New World?

3. What sources does Marx suppose Shakespeare read for 'The Tempest'?

4. In Jefferson's time, how did the eastern farmers come to see nature, as a result of their work?

5. Where was Hawthorne when he wrote the piece Marx analyzed?

(see the answer keys)

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