The Machine in the Garden; Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

Leo Marx
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through The Machine.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the heart of the pastoral ideal?
(a) To transform nature into an ordered place.
(b) To turn nature into an industrial resource.
(c) To live out a primitive existence.
(d) To live in the lap of nature.

2. How had the Enlightenment changed pastoral thought, in Marx's account?
(a) Colonization had subdued the natives and killed off predatory animals.
(b) Engineers could shape nature more efficiently.
(c) Factories had subjugated nature.
(d) Nature commanded new respect.

3. How did Americans see westward expansion, in Marx's account?
(a) As a form of corruption.
(b) As a destruction of the landscape.
(c) As a crime against Indians.
(d) As a form of progress.

4. How many Americans lived on farms by the end of the 19th century?
(a) 75%.
(b) 90%.
(c) 99%.
(d) 40%.

5. What American literature does Marx say exemplifies the three-stage theme he identified in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest'?
(a) Thoreau's Walden.
(b) James' Daisy Miller.
(c) Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath.
(d) Norris' The Octopus.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is a consequence of the sentimental pastoral ideal?

2. How had feelings about nature changed by Jefferson's time?

3. What did Coxe contrast manufacturing with?

4. How was Hawthorne's description interrupted?

5. How did Barlowe describe the indigenous people he encountered?

(see the answer key)

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