|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the word "pantagruel" colloquially mean in the Renaissance?
2. After Rabelais' time, what happens to the "body" as a general social idea?
3. Goethe traces the roots of Carnival to the:
4. Bakhtin defines the early French work "The Play in the Bower" as a:
5. What are the three categories of the "comic" which Bakhtin cites from Schneegans?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was "prandial libertinism"?
2. Briefly describe the two opposing lines of thought in the "querelle des femmes."
3. What is the role of games in Rabelais' work?
4. Why does Bakhtin choose to relate Goethe to Rabelais' work?
5. How does Rabelais strengthen the exaggerated themes of his grotesque realism?
6. What is "cosmic fear," and how is it treated in Renaissance folk culture?
7. What is the significance of the figure of the androgyne in Rabelais' novel?
8. What is the nature of the carnivalesque crowd in Rabelais' novel?
9. How do the Medieval and Renaissance pictures of the cosmos differ?
10. Discuss the significance of Gargantua's birth.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain the role that herbalists, druggists, and physicians occupied in Renaissance France, and how Bakhtin incorporates them into his study of the marketplace in Rabelais' novel. How does Bakhtin relate the material body to physicians and medicine? How does Rabelais portray bodily ailments, physicians, heath, life, death, and birth?
Essay Topic 2
Describe the relationship between praise and abuse. Use examples of this theme from what Bakhtin identifies as billingsgate and marketplace language and from popular-festive forms in Chapters 2 and 3. How were praise and abuse part of the tradition of "unofficial" language, and specifically how did they oppose "official" language? Are there elements of the grotesque in praise and abuse?
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the importance of Rabelais' own historical context to his novel. How does he allude to, reinterpret, parody/travesty, or otherwise address contemporary people, places, and events? Cite at least two examples from Bakhtin's study.
This section contains 963 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)