|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Rabelais associate closely with the underworld?
2. From what does Panurge suggest the protective walls of Paris be built?
3. Which side of the Renaissance debate about the nature of women and wedlock did Rabelais tend to take?
4. Bakhtin notes that two of the most commonly combined themes in Medieval popular literature relating to monks are:
5. What is the "sia ammazzato" of which Goethe writes?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Define the term "carnivalesque" as Bakhtin uses it. Then, demonstrate this definition by applying it to at least two of the episodes, characters, or scenes which take place in Rabelais' novel. What does the carnivalesque demonstrate about the nature of folk culture? What role does humor play in the carnivalesque?
Essay Topic 2
Explain how laughter permeates every aspect of Renaissance folk culture, as Bakhtin argues it does. Cite specific examples from the text regarding the carnivalesque, the grotesque, official/unofficial modes of speech, and the ambivalence of certain forms and causes of laughter. Do these portrayals point to a greater "truth," as Bakhtin would say?
Essay Topic 3
Explain the role that herbalists, druggists, and physicians occupied in Renaissance France, and how Bakhtin incorporates them into his study of the marketplace in Rabelais' novel. How does Bakhtin relate the material body to physicians and medicine? How does Rabelais portray bodily ailments, physicians, heath, life, death, and birth?
This section contains 1,276 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)