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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. After Rabelais' time, what happens to the "body" as a general social idea?
2. What happened to Rabelais after his novel was published?
3. How does Bakhtin interpret Rabelais' work as a response to the hardships of France in 1532?
4. What episode does Bakhtin cite as exemplifying the image of the gaping mouth prevalent in Rabelais' novel?
5. How does Friar John interpret the riddle he and Gargantua hear?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the significance of the figure of the androgyne in Rabelais' novel?
2. Why does Bakhtin choose to relate Goethe to Rabelais' work?
3. How does Rabelais strengthen the exaggerated themes of his grotesque realism?
4. What is the connection between the banquet and speech?
5. What does Bakhtin mean when he writes that popular-festive carnivalesque performances have no "footlights"?
6. How is "folly" ambivalent?
7. What is the nature of the carnivalesque crowd in Rabelais' novel?
8. Why does the logic of the grotesque ignore the closed surfaces of the body?
9. What is the significance of Friar John's description of the monastery belfry as "fecund"?
10. How do the Medieval and Renaissance pictures of the cosmos differ?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Choose three main characters from Rabelais' novel and explain the meanings of their names (for example, Gargantua, Pantagruel, Panurge, King Anarchus, Friar John, Lord Basche, etc.) Discuss any connotations their names may have, any allusions to people, places, historical events, or mythology, and what their names represent in the context of carnivalesque folk culture.
Essay Topic 2
What is a "blazon"? How are blazons part of the carnivalesque and grotesque traditions of folk humor? What sorts of people or things were turned into blazons, and why? How is the theme of duality related to the blazon? How does Rabelais employ blazons in his novel?
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the Medieval and Renaissance views of the world, including the individual, social, and cosmic aspects of the world. What spurred the change from the Medieval to the Renaissance way of thinking? How is this change, and the social, political, and religious controversies or struggles that accompanied it, evident in Rabelais' novel?
This section contains 1,057 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)