|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Schneegans, what is the grotesque in art?
2. In Medieval satires, the dismemberment of portions of the body relates to:
3. Bakhtin describes Rabelais' depiction of the underworld as:
4. What significant thing did translators of Rabelais' work add to their translations?
5. Why does Bakhtin cite Goethe as a source about the nature of Carnival?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the connection between the banquet and speech?
2. How does Rabelais use the element of popular speech known as "coq-à-l'âne"?
3. How did games and gaming change after the Renaissance?
4. Briefly describe the two opposing lines of thought in the "querelle des femmes."
5. What is the significance of "cuckoldry," and how is it portrayed?
6. What does Bakhtin mean when he writes that popular-festive carnivalesque performances have no "footlights"?
7. Why does Bakhtin choose to relate Goethe to Rabelais' work?
8. Why does the logic of the grotesque ignore the closed surfaces of the body?
9. How does Rabelais respond to the geographical changes of his own time and world?
10. How does Rabelais construct the episode of Epistemon's resurrection and of his visions in the underworld?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What is significant about the marketplace in the Renaissance? What is its relation to folk culture? How are social relationships conducted in the environment of the marketplace? How are the "street cries" significant aspects of folk culture? What other "unofficial" elements of communication, social commentary, and social interaction are especially prevalent in the marketplace? Are there any carnivalesque elements of the marketplace?
Essay Topic 2
What role or roles do banquet images play in Rabelais' novel? How are they connected to popular-festive forms? How does Bakhtin interpret the material body in Rabelais' banquet imagery? How do banquets, eating, and drinking express folk culture? Refer to examples from the text.
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the nature of Medieval and Renaissance popular dramatic forms. On what occasions were performances held? What genre were these performances, and what was their common subject matter? What does Bakhtin mean when he asserts that such performances had no "footlights"? Citing examples from the text, explore the theme of universalism in these dramas.
This section contains 979 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)