|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Bakhtin say Ivan the Terrible of Russia was similar to Rabelais?
2. Gargamelle gives birth to Gargantua as a result of:
3. How does Bakhtin define "carnivalesque hell"?
4. What does Bakhtin assert is evident in Rabelais' plan for Pantagruel's journey?
5. Bakhtin asserts that in the episode of Gargantua's birth, the dividing lines between _______ are erased.
Short Essay Questions
1. How is "folly" ambivalent?
2. What is "cosmic fear," and how is it treated in Renaissance folk culture?
3. How does Rabelais use the element of popular speech known as "coq-à-l'âne"?
4. Describe the figure of "Gros Guillaume" and his significance to Rabelais' novel.
5. What is significant about the language in which Rabelais writes and the sources of many of his words?
6. What is the connection between the banquet and speech?
7. Why does the logic of the grotesque ignore the closed surfaces of the body?
8. What was "prandial libertinism"?
9. Why are eating and drinking two of the most important manifestations of the grotesque body?
10. How does Rabelais strengthen the exaggerated themes of his grotesque realism?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the meaning and significance of "grotesque realism." How is it manifested in Rabelais' time? How is the material body presented in the tradition of the grotesque? Why does Bakhtin connect folk culture so closely with the grotesque? Use examples from the text to support your points.
Essay Topic 2
What is a "blazon"? How are blazons part of the carnivalesque and grotesque traditions of folk humor? What sorts of people or things were turned into blazons, and why? How is the theme of duality related to the blazon? How does Rabelais employ blazons in his novel?
Essay Topic 3
What is significant about the marketplace in the Renaissance? What is its relation to folk culture? How are social relationships conducted in the environment of the marketplace? How are the "street cries" significant aspects of folk culture? What other "unofficial" elements of communication, social commentary, and social interaction are especially prevalent in the marketplace? Are there any carnivalesque elements of the marketplace?
This section contains 1,030 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)