|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The purpose of "travesty" in folk festivals was to:
2. The verbal interactions between the Renaissance marketplace hawker and the crowd were above all:
3. The episode in which Pantagruel and his companions defeat King Anarchus' knights combines:
4. In which twentieth-century movement was the grotesque especially evident?
5. Bakhtin believes that novels are:
Short Essay Questions
1. What was Rabelais' relationship with the fairs based upon?
2. How does Rabelais describe the human body in the context of grotesque realism?
3. How is Bakhtin's book "double-voiced," as Michael Holquist asserts it is?
4. What does Rabelais parody with the character of Janotus de Bragmardo?
5. Describe Friar John.
6. How are being drenched in urine or covered in excrement treated in Rabelais' novel?
7. Why do modern readers find it difficult to read Rabelais' novel?
8. What was the general perception of laughter in the Renaissance?
9. What was the effect of the suspension of social hierarchies during Carnival?
10. How does Bakhtin interpret the prologue of _Pantagruel_?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain the role that herbalists, druggists, and physicians occupied in Renaissance France, and how Bakhtin incorporates them into his study of the marketplace in Rabelais' novel. How does Bakhtin relate the material body to physicians and medicine? How does Rabelais portray bodily ailments, physicians, heath, life, death, and birth?
Essay Topic 2
What connections do Bakhtin and the authors of the Foreword and the Prologue draw between Bakhtin and Rabelais? How were their lives and times similar? What common themes are evident in their writing? In which important ways do they differ?
Essay Topic 3
How does Rabelais use myth in his work? What types of myth does he draw from (classical, popular, spiritual, etc.)? How are allusions to mythology a part of carnivalesque culture? Cite at least three specific examples of identifiable myths which Rabelais alludes to, alters, parodies, travesties, or repeats.
This section contains 788 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)