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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What type of work did Rabelais often publish, especially for the fairs?
2. What does the "form" of any kind of art express?
3. What does Bakhtin find inadequate in Veselovsky's metaphor of Rabelais as a village boy?
4. Comic rituals in Medieval and Renaissance Europe were:
5. During the "feast of fools" and the "feast of the ass," laughter:
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Rabelais use the element of popular speech known as "coq-à-l'âne"?
2. In general, what happened to the use of humor in literature after Rabelais' time?
3. Describe two episodes of beatings or injury are specifically centered around the theme of feasting.
4. What is the significance of the two Russian eras of history to which Bakhtin refers in Chapter Three?
5. What is the significance of the figure of the androgyne in Rabelais' novel?
6. What was Bakhtin's relationship with the Russian Union of Writers?
7. How does Rabelais construct the episode of Epistemon's resurrection and of his visions in the underworld?
8. How is "folly" ambivalent?
9. What was "prandial libertinism"?
10. Why do modern readers find it difficult to read Rabelais' novel?
Essay Topic 1
What roles do games play in Rabelais' novel and in the Renaissance? Discuss how games and gaming fulfill an "unofficial" social role as opposed to an "official" one. What images, traditions, and symbols does Bakhtin associate them with? How are games representative of folk culture? How did games and gaming change after the Renaissance?
Essay Topic 2
How does Rabelais use myth in his work? What types of myth does he draw from (classical, popular, spiritual, etc.)? How are allusions to mythology a part of carnivalesque culture? Cite at least three specific examples of identifiable myths which Rabelais alludes to, alters, parodies, travesties, or repeats.
Essay Topic 3
What is a "blazon"? How are blazons part of the carnivalesque and grotesque traditions of folk humor? What sorts of people or things were turned into blazons, and why? How is the theme of duality related to the blazon? How does Rabelais employ blazons in his novel?
This section contains 1,910 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)