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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Bakhtin defines Rabelais' giants as:
(a) Grotesque figures.
(b) Subhuman creatures.
(c) Debased clowns.
(d) Divine images.
2. What episode does Bakhtin cite as exemplifying the image of the gaping mouth prevalent in Rabelais' novel?
(a) Gargantua drinking the entire Seine river.
(b) People living in Pantagruel's mouth.
(c) God's breath creating the four winds.
(d) Gargamelle eating an entire cow in one bite.
3. From what does Panurge suggest the protective walls of Paris be built?
(a) Female genitalia.
(b) Monks' robes.
(c) Bull horns.
(d) Arms of strong warriors.
4. According to Bakhtin, Carnival was the true symbol and incarnation of:
(a) The sanctity of the Church.
(b) The natural world.
(c) The folk festival.
(d) The power of the monarchy.
5. How does Bakhtin define "carnivalesque hell"?
(a) Ambivalent because it includes both fear and laughter.
(b) Leisurely because everyone seems to be on holiday.
(c) Depraved because it encourages wanton sexual gratification.
(d) Negative because everyone, including demons, are always suffering.
Short Answer Questions
1. What particular tradition did Peter the Great bring to Russia from Western Europe?
2. What are the three categories of the "comic" which Bakhtin cites from Schneegans?
3. Bakhtin notes that two of the most commonly combined themes in Medieval popular literature relating to monks are:
4. Bakhtin defines the early French work "The Play in the Bower" as a:
5. What is the image of woman in the Renaissance popular comic tradition?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the nature of the carnivalesque crowd in Rabelais' novel?
2. What was "prandial libertinism"?
3. Briefly describe the two opposing lines of thought in the "querelle des femmes."
4. How does Rabelais construct the episode of Epistemon's resurrection and of his visions in the underworld?
5. How does Rabelais use the element of popular speech known as "coq-à-l'âne"?
6. Why is the "Hippocratic Anthology" significant to Rabelais' work?
7. What does Bakhtin mean when he writes that popular-festive carnivalesque performances have no "footlights"?
8. What is the significance of the two Russian eras of history to which Bakhtin refers in Chapter Three?
9. What is the connection between the banquet and speech?
10. How did games and gaming change after the Renaissance?
This section contains 947 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)