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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Bakhtin finds food and drink representative of society because:
(a) The work of collecting and preparing meals was a community affair.
(b) Feasts were the only time available for socialization.
(c) Certain societies eat only certain foods.
(d) The type of food or drink determines the type of person.
2. "The Treatise of Garcia of Toledo," which Bakhtin cites, is notable for:
(a) Its disregard for the festive tradition.
(b) Its simple philosophy of religious asceticism.
(c) Its retelling of ancient myths and fables.
(d) Its portrayal of the gluttony of the Pope.
3. What particular tradition did Peter the Great bring to Russia from Western Europe?
(a) Tragic dramas and historical stage-plays.
(b) The debasement of the Church during Carnival.
(c) Market vendors loudly advertising their wares.
(d) Clownlike crowning and uncrownings at feasts.
4. What does Panurge fear if he gets married?
(a) That he will eventually be cuckolded.
(b) That he will not be able to have a son.
(c) That he will marry an ugly woman.
(d) That his wife will never love him.
5. How does Gargantua's letter to Pantagruel challenge and attempt to change Catholic dogma?
(a) It argues that all forms of faith are equally valid.
(b) It re-envisions the doctrine of the trinity by adding humans to it.
(c) It asserts that there is no heaven, only hell.
(d) It assumes that the body, in addition to the soul, is also immortal.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Bakhtin define the episode involving Villon and Tappecoue?
2. How is a "prophetic riddle" game carnivalesque in nature?
3. In Medieval satires, the dismemberment of portions of the body relates to:
4. The principle of "negation" in popular-festive imagery is always:
5. How does Friar John interpret the riddle he and Gargantua hear?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is significant about the language in which Rabelais writes and the sources of many of his words?
2. Why does the logic of the grotesque ignore the closed surfaces of the body?
3. What did the Medieval stage resemble?
4. How does Rabelais construct the episode of Epistemon's resurrection and of his visions in the underworld?
5. What is the nature of the carnivalesque crowd in Rabelais' novel?
6. Why does Bakhtin choose to relate Goethe to Rabelais' work?
7. Which elements of Villon and Tappecoue's (Ticklepecker's) episode make it a "tragic farce"?
8. Briefly describe the two opposing lines of thought in the "querelle des femmes."
9. What is the role of games in Rabelais' work?
10. How do the Medieval and Renaissance pictures of the cosmos differ?
This section contains 1,075 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)