|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. After Rabelais' time, the use of laughter in literature and culture moved in which direction?
(a) From universal to restricted.
(b) From accepted to encouraged.
(c) From spiritual to earthly.
(d) From singular to universal.
2. In the Renaissance, bodily excretions were closely associated with:
(a) The overall health of the individual.
(b) The individual's sexual purity.
(c) The inherent evilness or goodness of the individual.
(d) The social status of the individual.
3. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
(a) A vocal Eastern Orthodox cleric.
(b) A fictional figure created to be the mouthpiece of an anonymous author.
(c) A somewhat mysterious but increasingly interesting literary figure.
(d) The most famous Russian writer ever.
4. Rabelais expresses the debasement of suffering and fear by associating them with:
(a) Sexual intercourse.
(b) Religious fervor.
5. In Rabelais' time, the word "drum" and the act of drumming connoted:
(d) Spiritual awakening.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
2. What do Rabelais' various works indicate about the popular notion of urination?
3. To what does Bakhtin compare the various cries of Paris?
4. Did the "unofficial" and "official" forms of speech ever coincide?
5. Rabelais' description of Alcibiades reflects:
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the "feast of fools," and why was it a particularly festive laughter in the Middle Ages?
2. What does Bakhtin mean when he argues that laughter affirms the people's unofficial truth?
3. What are the "cris de Paris," or "street cries"?
4. What does the prologue of _Pantagruel_ parody?
5. What was the general perception of laughter in the Renaissance?
6. In general, what happened to the use of humor in literature after Rabelais' time?
7. How is degradation expressed, in terms of Rabelais' grotesque realism?
8. What does tripe represent, in Bakhtin's analysis?
9. Describe Friar John.
10. How is Bakhtin's book "double-voiced," as Michael Holquist asserts it is?
This section contains 870 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)