|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who is Janotus de Bragmardo?
(a) A market vendor scheming to cheat Gargantua.
(b) A scholar sent to recover church bells from Gargantua.
(c) A robber who stumbles across Gargantua's treasure.
(d) A clown who mocks Gargantua at Carnival.
2. The purpose of "travesty" in folk festivals was to:
(a) Reassert traditional definitions of social and spiritual life.
(b) Call upon something serious and make it amusing.
(c) Indicate the importance of travel to an individual's self-development.
(d) Irreversibly denigrate everything it could.
3. Which answer best describes "grotesque realism"?
(a) The author's focus must be on bodily gore, blood, death, and dying.
(b) The tone of the writing is always dark, Gothic, and depressing.
(c) The bodily element is universal, celebratory, positive, and exaggerated.
(d) The writing must strive to be as mathematically or geometrically accurate as possible in its descriptions.
4. Comic rituals in Medieval and Renaissance Europe were:
(a) Taboo in all settings but the royal court.
(b) Freed of the trappings of religious dogma and mysticism.
(c) All that which linked the living to the dead.
(d) Necessary to mercantile transactions.
5. What type of work did Rabelais often publish, especially for the fairs?
(a) Religious tracts.
(b) Political treatises.
(c) Biographies of public figures.
(d) Calendars or almanacs.
Short Answer Questions
1. What common fifteenth- and sixteenth-century literary device does Bakhtin identify in the Prologue to the Third Book?
2. What does the "form" of any kind of art express?
3. The figure of the Physician in the Fourth Book is closely connected with:
4. What in particular forms the basic elements of Rabelais' novel _Gargantua_?
5. The core images of the prologue of _Gargantua_ are:
Short Essay Questions
1. What does tripe represent, in Bakhtin's analysis?
2. Why does the speaker of the prologue of the Third Book invite only good men to drink?
3. What does the prologue of _Pantagruel_ parody?
4. How does the marketplace become an indicator of folk culture in general?
5. How does Rabelais describe the human body in the context of grotesque realism?
6. What was the "feast of fools," and why was it a particularly festive laughter in the Middle Ages?
7. How is Bakhtin's book "double-voiced," as Michael Holquist asserts it is?
8. What role do oaths and profanities fill in Rabelais' novel?
9. How does Bakhtin get around the prohibition of certain kinds of satire and irony in his own time?
10. How does Bakhtin interpret the prologue of _Pantagruel_?
This section contains 865 words
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