|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Bakhtin's semiotic understanding, what irony is inherent within the creative power of language?
(a) The individual expresses him- or herself only through the words of others.
(b) Language does not actually express anything.
(c) All languages are one.
(d) No word can actually ever be defined.
2. What are examples of carnivalesque victims?
(a) Stray dogs and street orphans.
(b) Blushing virgins and old maids.
(c) Debased clowns and slaughtered oxen.
(d) Peasants and tax collectors.
3. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
(a) Rabelais follows every criticism with heartfelt praise.
(b) The Church received an annual tribute from Rabelais, so it overlooked his parodies.
(c) Rabelais maintains a comic style, so no one could mistake him for being serious.
(d) The clergy paid no attention to Rabelais' works.
4. With what portion of the body is grotesque debasement most concerned?
(a) The head and eyes.
(b) The spiritual interior essence.
(c) The material lower stratum.
(d) The arms and legs.
5. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
(a) The National Writers' Agency.
(b) The Russian Union of Writers.
(c) The Soviet Society of National Fiction.
(d) The Post-Revolution Press
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did Renaissance humanists attempt to suppress oaths and profanities?
2. The vocabulary of the prologue of _Gargantua_ is:
3. What does Bakhtin find inadequate in Veselovsky's metaphor of Rabelais as a village boy?
4. What does Bakhtin argue is the role of dialogue?
5. Which answer best describes "grotesque realism"?
Short Essay Questions
1. How is Bakhtin's book "double-voiced," as Michael Holquist asserts it is?
2. Why does the speaker of the prologue of the Third Book invite only good men to drink?
3. How is degradation expressed, in terms of Rabelais' grotesque realism?
4. How does the marketplace become an indicator of folk culture in general?
5. Describe Friar John.
6. What does Rabelais parody with the character of Janotus de Bragmardo?
7. What do Bakhtin's examples of Rabelais' tales of extraordinary urination have in common?
8. What is the underlying nature of all of Rabelais' images?
9. What are the "cris de Paris," or "street cries"?
10. Describe the Catchpoles and what they symbolize.
This section contains 925 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)