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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
(a) By trying to correctly interpret the source of the cultural laughter within them.
(b) By reviving their content in new, twentieth-century forms.
(c) By sharing them with an eager public.
(d) By denouncing them as counterproductive to the ongoing Russian Revolution.
2. What does Bakhtin argue is the role of dialogue?
(a) To give one character a strong voice.
(b) To demonstrate thinking out loud.
(c) To oppose the authoritarian word.
(d) To move the plot along.
3. What do some critics argue has been absent from Russian literature?
(a) Religious fervor.
(b) Political dissent.
(c) A particularly Western type of humor.
(d) Sexually-charged dialogue.
4. With what portion of the body is grotesque debasement most concerned?
(a) The head and eyes.
(b) The spiritual interior essence.
(c) The arms and legs.
(d) The material lower stratum.
5. Why does Friar John beat thousands of men in his abbey?
(a) Another Friar challenged him.
(b) As a show of force to deter invaders.
(c) To save France from atheism.
(d) To save the abbey's vineyards.
Short Answer Questions
1. What common fifteenth- and sixteenth-century literary device does Bakhtin identify in the Prologue to the Third Book?
2. How did the French Romanticists respond to Rabelais' works?
3. How does Bakhtin interpret the relevance of the cries of Paris to Renaissance France?
4. How does the Lord of Basche contrive to bring Catchpoles to his castle?
5. The verbal interactions between the Renaissance marketplace hawker and the crowd were above all:
Short Essay Questions
1. Why do modern readers find it difficult to read Rabelais' novel?
2. What was the general perception of laughter in the Renaissance?
3. Describe the Catchpoles and what they symbolize.
4. What role do oaths and profanities fill in Rabelais' novel?
5. What is Bakhtin's general idea about the purpose of art?
6. Describe Friar John.
7. What is important about the figure of the physician in Rabelais' novel?
8. What are the "cris de Paris," or "street cries"?
9. What was the effect of the suspension of social hierarchies during Carnival?
10. What was Bakhtin's relationship with the Russian Union of Writers?
This section contains 851 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)