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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Did the "unofficial" and "official" forms of speech ever coincide?
(a) Yes, especially during festivals.
(b) No, both forms of speech were highly regulated.
(c) Yes, except for religious holidays.
(d) No, except during times of war.
2. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
(a) Rabelais follows every criticism with heartfelt praise.
(b) The Church received an annual tribute from Rabelais, so it overlooked his parodies.
(c) Rabelais maintains a comic style, so no one could mistake him for being serious.
(d) The clergy paid no attention to Rabelais' works.
3. In the Prologue of the Third Book, to which contemporary events does Rabelais allude?
(a) The Norman Invasion.
(b) The Black Death.
(c) The defeat of the French and Spanish fleets by Admiral Nelson.
(d) The defense of France against Charles V.
4. According to Bakhtin, what is the function of art?
(a) To communicate meaningful messages.
(b) To be sold for money or services.
(c) To glorify the artist.
(d) To be beautiful in and of itself.
5. What does Bakhtin argue is the role of dialogue?
(a) To give one character a strong voice.
(b) To move the plot along.
(c) To demonstrate thinking out loud.
(d) To oppose the authoritarian word.
Short Answer Questions
1. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
2. What was the reception of Rabelais' work in the eighteenth century?
3. What style does Bakhtin find the prologue of _Pantagruel_ to be written in?
4. With what is "folk culture" most concerned?
5. Carnival allowed:
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does the speaker of the prologue of the Third Book invite only good men to drink?
2. What is the significance of Friar John's description of the monastery belfry as "fecund"?
3. What is the significance of the two Russian eras of history to which Bakhtin refers in Chapter Three?
4. What is the role of games in Rabelais' work?
5. How does Rabelais use the element of popular speech known as "coq-à-l'âne"?
6. What is the significance of the figure of the androgyne in Rabelais' novel?
7. How are being drenched in urine or covered in excrement treated in Rabelais' novel?
8. What is the connection between the banquet and speech?
9. How is Bakhtin's book "double-voiced," as Michael Holquist asserts it is?
10. In general, what happened to the use of humor in literature after Rabelais' time?
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