|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Rabelais' time, the word "drum" and the act of drumming connoted:
(c) Spiritual awakening.
2. What are examples of carnivalesque victims?
(a) Blushing virgins and old maids.
(b) Stray dogs and street orphans.
(c) Debased clowns and slaughtered oxen.
(d) Peasants and tax collectors.
3. What does Bakhtin find inadequate in Veselovsky's metaphor of Rabelais as a village boy?
(a) Veselovsky's image is cynical, but Rabelais actually celebrates regenerative laughter.
(b) Veselovsky's image excludes the seriousness of the boy as a budding scholar.
(c) Veselovsky's image seems too urban for Rabelais, who only wrote about the countryside.
(d) Veselovsky's image is too young at heart, for Rabelais wrote only with an old, tired voice.
4. Bakhtin asserts that beatings, death, feasting, and merrymaking are all integral parts of:
(a) The Renaissance system of images that is perpetually regenerative and never decaying.
(b) Rabelais' view of the proper treatment of foreigners and peasants.
(c) The Renaissance notion that all which is already established is perfect.
(d) The methods of marketplace vendors in overpricing their goods.
5. To what does Bakhtin compare the various cries of Paris?
(a) A roaring storm.
(b) A howling wolf.
(c) A sobbing child.
(d) A crowded kitchen.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Bakhtin, what is directly related to the oversized foods common at Renaissance feasts?
2. According to Bakhtin, what is the function of art?
3. What does Bakhtin find to be the greatest error other critics make in their studies of Rabelais' works?
4. How did Rabelais obtain the material for his writings?
5. The core images of the prologue of _Gargantua_ are:
Short Essay Questions
1. What was Bakhtin's relationship with the Russian Union of Writers?
2. Why does the speaker of the prologue of the Third Book invite only good men to drink?
3. What is Bakhtin's general idea about the purpose of art?
4. Describe the Catchpoles and what they symbolize.
5. What was the "feast of fools," and why was it a particularly festive laughter in the Middle Ages?
6. How does the marketplace become an indicator of folk culture in general?
7. How is degradation expressed, in terms of Rabelais' grotesque realism?
8. What does Rabelais parody with the character of Janotus de Bragmardo?
9. What do Bakhtin's examples of Rabelais' tales of extraordinary urination have in common?
10. In general, what happened to the use of humor in literature after Rabelais' time?
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