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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What are the "Catchpoles" of which Rabelais writes?
(a) Animals sent into the wild as sacrifices.
(b) Materials used to build large meeting-houses.
(c) People who earn money by allowing others to beat them.
(d) Vegetables which require being strung to a pole in order to grow.
2. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
(a) Many scholars interpret them only in a modern context.
(b) These elements express a deep distrust of contemporary society.
(c) The Latin derivations of his scatological vocabulary mean "cynical."
(d) Many scholars believe that Rabelais himself was bitter from publication disputes.
3. Why does Gargantua steal the bells of the Notre Dame cathedral?
(a) To frighten the townsfolk of Paris.
(b) To sound the alarm for an impending invasion.
(c) To celebrate his marriage.
(d) To decorate the harness of his horse.
4. When the grotesque was revived in the Romantic era, what did it react against?
(a) Individual, sentimental ideas.
(b) Imaginative fantasy.
(c) Neoclassical, rational, Enlightenment thought.
(d) The rediscovered works of Shakespeare and Cervantes.
5. How did Rabelais obtain the material for his writings?
(a) By interviewing thousands of market vendors.
(b) By attending many fairs and festivals and observing all the people there.
(c) By receiving a divine revelation.
(d) By studying manuscripts for long hours in monasteries.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
2. In the Renaissance, bodily excretions were closely associated with:
3. The episode in which Pantagruel and his companions defeat King Anarchus' knights combines:
4. How are abusive and praiseful words reflective of grotesque realism?
5. What do some critics argue has been absent from Russian literature?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the general perception of laughter in the Renaissance?
2. In general, what happened to the use of humor in literature after Rabelais' time?
3. Why does the speaker of the prologue of the Third Book invite only good men to drink?
4. What is Bakhtin's general idea about the purpose of art?
5. Describe the Catchpoles and what they symbolize.
6. How are being drenched in urine or covered in excrement treated in Rabelais' novel?
7. What are the "cris de Paris," or "street cries"?
8. Describe the Renaissance student writings.
9. How is degradation expressed, in terms of Rabelais' grotesque realism?
10. How does Bakhtin interpret the prologue of _Pantagruel_?
This section contains 905 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)