|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Bakhtin argue is the role of dialogue?
(a) To move the plot along.
(b) To give one character a strong voice.
(c) To demonstrate thinking out loud.
(d) To oppose the authoritarian word.
2. What were "street cries"?
(a) The calls of the city bellringer telling the time.
(b) The warnings people yell when they throw the contents of their chamber pot out the window.
(c) The shouted, versified advertisements of market vendors.
(d) The sobs of orphans who live on the street.
3. Why does Bakhtin consider oaths, curses, and profanities elements of freedom?
(a) They are contrary to official modes of speech.
(b) A person can form any sound into a curse or profanity.
(c) Slaves are prohibited from using such forms of speech.
(d) Populist uprisings often have profanities and oaths in their declarations.
4. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
(a) Many scholars interpret them only in a modern context.
(b) The Latin derivations of his scatological vocabulary mean "cynical."
(c) Many scholars believe that Rabelais himself was bitter from publication disputes.
(d) These elements express a deep distrust of contemporary society.
5. In Rabelais' time, jurons, or profanities and oaths, were most often concerned with:
(a) Family ties, such as one's in-laws.
(b) Marketplace vendors who cheated their customers.
(c) Sacred themes, such as saints and relics.
(d) Monarchs who subjugated their people.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the Renaissance, bodily excretions were closely associated with:
2. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
3. Bakhtin thinks that life is:
4. What was unique about the Russian Revolution?
5. What does young Gargantua study in order to become acquainted with the common folk?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does the marketplace become an indicator of folk culture in general?
2. How is Bakhtin's book "double-voiced," as Michael Holquist asserts it is?
3. Describe the Catchpoles and what they symbolize.
4. Describe the Renaissance student writings.
5. What does tripe represent, in Bakhtin's analysis?
6. How is degradation expressed, in terms of Rabelais' grotesque realism?
7. What was the "feast of fools," and why was it a particularly festive laughter in the Middle Ages?
8. What about the episode of the Lord of Basche is carnivalesque?
9. What does the prologue of _Pantagruel_ parody?
10. What do Rabelais' long lists of names and epithets signify?
This section contains 923 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)