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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Bakhtin notes that two of the most commonly combined themes in Medieval popular literature relating to monks are:
(a) Envy and greed.
(b) Piety and cruelty.
(c) Sex and death.
(d) Gluttony and desire.
2. What does the etymology of Gargantua's name suggest his name means?
(a) The throat and the act of swallowing.
(b) The legs and the height of the individual.
(c) The genitals and the act of sexual intercourse.
(d) The torso and the mass of the individual.
3. What particular tradition did Peter the Great bring to Russia from Western Europe?
(a) Market vendors loudly advertising their wares.
(b) Clownlike crowning and uncrownings at feasts.
(c) Tragic dramas and historical stage-plays.
(d) The debasement of the Church during Carnival.
4. How does Bakhtin say Ivan the Terrible of Russia was similar to Rabelais?
(a) He also was a prolific and controversial writer.
(b) They both travelled anonymously to Carnival festivities.
(c) He too challenged old political and social structures.
(d) They both fought bloody battles against the reigning monarch.
5. To what are "swabs" most closely related?
(a) The liver and gallbladder's production of bile.
(b) The material body lower stratum.
(c) The material body upper stratum.
(d) The spiritual intellect's conversant function
6. "Fat William," of comic folklore, symbolized:
(a) The entire body of the people.
(b) Catholicism's huge influence in Europe.
(c) Bread and wine in bodily form.
(d) The health risks of obesity.
7. How does Bakhtin interpret Rabelais' term "agelast"?
(a) It is a person who delights in causing pain to others.
(b) It is the person who brings up the rear of the great Carnival parade.
(c) It is an elderly person whose grouchy moods isolate him/her.
(d) It is a person who is hostile to laughter or who does not know how to laugh.
8. What episode does Bakhtin cite as exemplifying the image of the gaping mouth prevalent in Rabelais' novel?
(a) People living in Pantagruel's mouth.
(b) Gargantua drinking the entire Seine river.
(c) Gargamelle eating an entire cow in one bite.
(d) God's breath creating the four winds.
9. What is the theme of "cuckoldry"?
(a) The portion of the feast in which all the fowl are consumed.
(b) The introduction of one rooster into a rowdy henhouse.
(c) The rejection of an old husband and the crowning of a new husband.
(d) The act of voting a new mayor and chasing the old one out of town.
10. How does Bakhtin define "carnivalesque hell"?
(a) Ambivalent because it includes both fear and laughter.
(b) Negative because everyone, including demons, are always suffering.
(c) Depraved because it encourages wanton sexual gratification.
(d) Leisurely because everyone seems to be on holiday.
11. What in Rabelais' novel is a travesty of Gospel miracles?
(a) Panurge's seduction of a local knight's wife.
(b) Gargantua's glimpse into heaven and dialogue with God.
(c) Friar John's defense of the abbey vineyards and beating of thousands.
(d) Epistemon's resurrection and visions of the underworld.
12. What happened to Rabelais after his novel was published?
(a) He was questioned about his loyalty to France, then drafted into the army.
(b) He was severely censured by the Church, then imprisoned and killed.
(c) He was praised for his honest portrayals of the people and given a government pension.
(d) He was attacked by the Church and the government, but he remained free and successful.
13. What do wine and oil symbolize in Rabelais' novel?
(a) Sickness and hangovers versus a useful cooking ingredient.
(b) Since both are flammable, they symbolize hellfire.
(c) Free, festive speech versus religious piety and seriousness.
(d) Hard harvest work in the vineyards and olive groves.
14. Which side of the Renaissance debate about the nature of women and wedlock did Rabelais tend to take?
(a) The Idealizing tradition.
(b) The Roman tradition.
(c) The Gallic tradition.
(d) The English tradition.
15. What does Bakhtin assert is evident in Rabelais' use of games that combine play and prophecy?
(a) A ponderous, scholarly approach to the study of history.
(b) A highly spiritual notion of the relevance of human history.
(c) A disregard for the importance of historical figures.
(d) A carnivalesque conception of the historical process.
Short Answer Questions
1. After Rabelais' time, what happens to the "body" as a general social idea?
2. One of Rabelais' main sources for his enumerations of food was a Medieval treatise about:
3. What is a Renaissance "diablerie"?
4. How does Bakhtin define the combination of human and animal organs in Rabelais' novel?
5. Bakhtin asserts that Rabelais' language, and the language of Renaissance France, was above all:
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