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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What episode does Bakhtin cite as exemplifying the image of the gaping mouth prevalent in Rabelais' novel?
(a) Gargantua drinking the entire Seine river.
(b) People living in Pantagruel's mouth.
(c) God's breath creating the four winds.
(d) Gargamelle eating an entire cow in one bite.
2. "The Treatise of Garcia of Toledo," which Bakhtin cites, is notable for:
(a) Its disregard for the festive tradition.
(b) Its simple philosophy of religious asceticism.
(c) Its portrayal of the gluttony of the Pope.
(d) Its retelling of ancient myths and fables.
3. Bakhtin finds food and drink representative of society because:
(a) Certain societies eat only certain foods.
(b) The work of collecting and preparing meals was a community affair.
(c) The type of food or drink determines the type of person.
(d) Feasts were the only time available for socialization.
4. The defense of the abbey by Friar John contains:
(a) A debasing description of the French people.
(b) A caricature of the Pope.
(c) A grotesque combination of sexual intercourse and war.
(d) A travestied allusion to Communion.
5. Bakhtin generally finds Goethe's sense of Carnival's _____________ to agree with his own views.
(d) Poetic expression.
6. In which element of Shakespeare's dramas does Bakhtin see the overall theme of Rabelais' carnivalesque repeated?
(a) In the farcical secondary characters.
(b) In the strengths of characters such as Hamlet and Othello.
(c) In the tragic elements of Shakespeare's romances.
(d) In the logic of crownings and uncrownings.
7. What does Bakhtin argue is the relationship between the death of Tappecoue and the episode of the Catchpoles?
(a) The sin of violence is paramount in each.
(b) Sexual relationships take center stage in each event.
(c) Freedom and equality are expressed bodily and coarsely in each event.
(d) The local people were shocked and saddened by each event.
8. Which aspect of Renaissance culture does Bakhtin stress is still apparent in Western society today?
(a) Clowns and fools.
(b) Street cries.
(d) Public thrashings.
9. What do wine and oil symbolize in Rabelais' novel?
(a) Free, festive speech versus religious piety and seriousness.
(b) Sickness and hangovers versus a useful cooking ingredient.
(c) Since both are flammable, they symbolize hellfire.
(d) Hard harvest work in the vineyards and olive groves.
10. What is especially apparent in Rabelais' own "Pantagruelesque Prognostic" prophecy?
(a) Images of the wrath of nature and of destruction.
(b) Images of the material body and of festivity.
(c) Predictions of wars and slaughter.
(d) Predictions concerning lovers.
11. What does Panurge fear if he gets married?
(a) That he will not be able to have a son.
(b) That he will eventually be cuckolded.
(c) That he will marry an ugly woman.
(d) That his wife will never love him.
12. Goethe traces the roots of Carnival to the:
13. According to Bakhtin, Carnival was the true symbol and incarnation of:
(a) The natural world.
(b) The folk festival.
(c) The power of the monarchy.
(d) The sanctity of the Church.
14. What does Rabelais associate closely with the underworld?
(a) Bodily depression after too much feasting.
(b) The depths of the human heart.
(c) Various types of holes.
(d) Mountains and ridges.
15. How does Bakhtin define the episode involving Villon and Tappecoue?
(a) As an epic drama.
(b) As a tragic farce.
(c) As a historical re-enactment.
(d) As a comedic interlude.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the word "pantagruel" colloquially mean in the Renaissance?
2. What does Bakhtin assert is evident in Rabelais' plan for Pantagruel's journey?
3. What word characterizes Medieval thinking, according to Bakhtin?
4. What is revealed in images of "negation"?
5. Why did Hippocrates assert such an influence on Rabelais?
This section contains 670 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)