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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Bakhtin say Ivan the Terrible of Russia was similar to Rabelais?
(a) They both fought bloody battles against the reigning monarch.
(b) They both travelled anonymously to Carnival festivities.
(c) He also was a prolific and controversial writer.
(d) He too challenged old political and social structures.
2. According to Bakhtin, the "birth" of the word by the clown is an example of:
(a) The privileging of intellect over the baser functions of the body.
(b) The switching of the lower bodily functions with the higher ones.
(c) The inherent comedic potential of words and speech.
(d) The difficulty of spreading information in an illiterate culture.
3. In Medieval satires, the dismemberment of portions of the body relates to:
(a) The separate portions of society.
(b) The human body itself.
(c) The topography of the continents.
(d) The general conception of the divine.
4. Bakhtin generally finds Goethe's sense of Carnival's _____________ to agree with his own views.
(b) Poetic expression.
5. What does the etymology of Gargantua's name suggest his name means?
(a) The genitals and the act of sexual intercourse.
(b) The throat and the act of swallowing.
(c) The torso and the mass of the individual.
(d) The legs and the height of the individual.
6. What did the word "pantagruel" colloquially mean in the Renaissance?
(a) A type of thin porridge eaten exclusively by the very poor.
(b) Foolish behavior caused by listening to fables.
(c) Hoarseness caused by drinking too much.
(d) Articles of clothing, made of harsh cloth, that cover the legs.
7. From what does Panurge suggest the protective walls of Paris be built?
(a) Arms of strong warriors.
(b) Bull horns.
(c) Female genitalia.
(d) Monks' robes.
8. In the Fourth Book, why does Villon set a trap for Tappecoue (or "Ticklepecker")?
(a) Tappecoue stole a large sum of money from Villon.
(b) Tappecoue refused to lie to the king about Villon's sacrilege.
(c) Tappecoue refused to lend Villon vestments for his play.
(d) Tappecoue insulted Villon's family.
9. What is a Renaissance "diablerie"?
(a) A type of behavior manual that purports to stop devilish behavior.
(b) A portion of Carnival in which actors dress up as devils.
(c) A series of prayers one says to beg forgiveness for misbehavior.
(d) A curse one shouts at another, meaning, "To the devil with you!"
10. The defense of the abbey by Friar John contains:
(a) A travestied allusion to Communion.
(b) A debasing description of the French people.
(c) A grotesque combination of sexual intercourse and war.
(d) A caricature of the Pope.
11. Gargamelle gives birth to Gargantua as a result of:
(a) Eating too much tripe.
(b) Praying for a child.
(c) Casting a spell of birth.
(d) A spirit impregnating her.
12. How is a "prophetic riddle" game carnivalesque in nature?
(a) It is always sung in a rhymed singsong tone.
(b) It stresses the importance of feasting and drinking.
(c) It focuses on gaiety and humor.
(d) It stresses the destruction of the established order and hierarchy of society.
13. How does Friar John interpret the riddle he and Gargantua hear?
(a) As an indication of his own increasing wealth.
(b) As a representation of a tennis match.
(c) As a promise of Armageddon and the return of Christ.
(d) As a promise of winter floods and summer drought.
14. Where did Rabelais collect most of his rich vocabulary?
(a) From vernacular speech.
(b) From monastic inscriptions.
(c) From scientific treatises.
(d) From poetic manuscripts.
15. The principle of "negation" in popular-festive imagery is always:
(a) Abstract and theoretical: imaginary rather than actualized.
(b) Vulgar and dirty: always having to do with the material body lower stratum.
(c) Tangible and obvious: one thing turned about for another.
(d) Spiritual and sacred: following the doctrines of the Catholic Church.
Short Answer Questions
1. What are the languages involved in what Bakhtin terms the "triple linguistic process" of Rabelais' time?
2. Why does Bakhtin cite Goethe as a source about the nature of Carnival?
3. What body part is most often used in grotesque caricatures of sexual potency?
4. Bakhtin defines Rabelais' giants as:
5. What is the image of woman in the Renaissance popular comic tradition?
This section contains 758 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)