|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Bakhtin finds food and drink representative of society because:
(a) Certain societies eat only certain foods.
(b) The type of food or drink determines the type of person.
(c) Feasts were the only time available for socialization.
(d) The work of collecting and preparing meals was a community affair.
2. In the political and religious conflicts of his time, Rabelais always took the ___________ stance.
3. Why was gaming very important in the Renaissance?
(a) Games represented another form of understanding the cycle of life.
(b) Games defined the distinction between social classes.
(c) Gaming reinforced the "official" ways of thinking.
(d) Gaming was deemed sinful and was forbidden by the Church.
4. What does Bakhtin assert is evident in Rabelais' plan for Pantagruel's journey?
(a) Rabelais' response to his world's changing geography.
(b) Rabelais' critique of contemporary politics.
(c) Rabelais' own morbid fascination with death.
(d) Rabelais' fanciful, imaginative creation of impossible places.
5. What body part is most often used in grotesque caricatures of sexual potency?
(a) The feet.
(b) The torso.
(c) The hands.
(d) The nose.
6. How does Bakhtin define the episode involving Villon and Tappecoue?
(a) As a historical re-enactment.
(b) As an epic drama.
(c) As a comedic interlude.
(d) As a tragic farce.
7. Which aspect of Renaissance culture does Bakhtin stress is still apparent in Western society today?
(a) Public thrashings.
(b) Clowns and fools.
(d) Street cries.
8. How does Bakhtin interpret Rabelais' term "agelast"?
(a) It is a person who delights in causing pain to others.
(b) It is a person who is hostile to laughter or who does not know how to laugh.
(c) It is the person who brings up the rear of the great Carnival parade.
(d) It is an elderly person whose grouchy moods isolate him/her.
9. How does Bakhtin say Ivan the Terrible of Russia was similar to Rabelais?
(a) They both fought bloody battles against the reigning monarch.
(b) He also was a prolific and controversial writer.
(c) They both travelled anonymously to Carnival festivities.
(d) He too challenged old political and social structures.
10. What are examples of that which Bakhtin calls "cosmic terrors"?
(a) Violent beings from another universe.
(b) Vengeful pagan deities.
(c) The sky, the sea, and natural disasters.
(d) Atheists who insult and threaten God.
11. What do wine and oil symbolize in Rabelais' novel?
(a) Hard harvest work in the vineyards and olive groves.
(b) Free, festive speech versus religious piety and seriousness.
(c) Sickness and hangovers versus a useful cooking ingredient.
(d) Since both are flammable, they symbolize hellfire.
12. What happened to Rabelais after his novel was published?
(a) He was questioned about his loyalty to France, then drafted into the army.
(b) He was attacked by the Church and the government, but he remained free and successful.
(c) He was praised for his honest portrayals of the people and given a government pension.
(d) He was severely censured by the Church, then imprisoned and killed.
13. What does the etymology of Gargantua's name suggest his name means?
(a) The genitals and the act of sexual intercourse.
(b) The throat and the act of swallowing.
(c) The torso and the mass of the individual.
(d) The legs and the height of the individual.
14. What did the word "pantagruel" colloquially mean in the Renaissance?
(a) Hoarseness caused by drinking too much.
(b) A type of thin porridge eaten exclusively by the very poor.
(c) Foolish behavior caused by listening to fables.
(d) Articles of clothing, made of harsh cloth, that cover the legs.
15. Bakhtin asserts that Rabelais' grotesque conception of the body reflected:
(a) The Renaissance re-envisioning of the cosmos.
(b) The Classical philosophy of Epicureanism.
(c) The Calvinist idea of predestination and grace.
(d) The Medieval doctrine of natural hierarchy.
Short Answer Questions
1. Bakhtin asserts that in the episode of Gargantua's birth, the dividing lines between _______ are erased.
2. Where did Rabelais collect most of his rich vocabulary?
3. In which element of Shakespeare's dramas does Bakhtin see the overall theme of Rabelais' carnivalesque repeated?
4. Goethe traces the roots of Carnival to the:
5. According to Schneegans, what is the grotesque in art?
This section contains 716 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)