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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In which element of Shakespeare's dramas does Bakhtin see the overall theme of Rabelais' carnivalesque repeated?
(a) In the strengths of characters such as Hamlet and Othello.
(b) In the tragic elements of Shakespeare's romances.
(c) In the farcical secondary characters.
(d) In the logic of crownings and uncrownings.
2. What body part is most often used in grotesque caricatures of sexual potency?
(a) The hands.
(b) The feet.
(c) The torso.
(d) The nose.
3. How does Bakhtin say Ivan the Terrible of Russia was similar to Rabelais?
(a) They both fought bloody battles against the reigning monarch.
(b) He also was a prolific and controversial writer.
(c) He too challenged old political and social structures.
(d) They both travelled anonymously to Carnival festivities.
4. How does Bakhtin interpret Rabelais' work as a response to the hardships of France in 1532?
(a) The novel chastises the people for bringing suffering on themselves.
(b) The novel reinforces the misery the people suffered.
(c) The novel provides a merry alternative to suffering.
(d) The novel offers spiritual guidance through hard times.
5. Bakhtin asserts that "The Play in the Bower" influenced Rabelais' work specifically in its:
(a) Themes of human sadness, pessimism, and regret.
(b) Themes of unofficial laughter and banquet imagery.
(c) Demonstration of rigid and correctly class-conscious behavior.
(d) Adherence to the rules of proper religious worship.
6. "Fat William," of comic folklore, symbolized:
(a) Bread and wine in bodily form.
(b) Catholicism's huge influence in Europe.
(c) The health risks of obesity.
(d) The entire body of the people.
7. The principle of "negation" in popular-festive imagery is always:
(a) Tangible and obvious: one thing turned about for another.
(b) Vulgar and dirty: always having to do with the material body lower stratum.
(c) Abstract and theoretical: imaginary rather than actualized.
(d) Spiritual and sacred: following the doctrines of the Catholic Church.
8. In grotesque realism, the body is most often represented as:
(a) Several separate units fighting with each other for superiority.
(b) A whole unit, interior merged with exterior.
(c) A faulty copy of the Divine.
(d) Subordinate to the higher functions of the brain.
9. In Rabelais' novel, the "ancestral body" to which Bakhtin refers means:
(a) The features of one's body in which one resembles one's parents.
(b) The portions of the body that die over time, like hair and fingernails.
(c) The record of births and deaths kept by local churches.
(d) The generative organs which produce children.
10. What Renaissance series of works was highly influential to Rabelais' notion of the grotesque body?
(a) The "Nordic Fictions."
(b) The "Indian Wonders."
(c) The "Oriental Tales."
(d) The "New World Chronicles."
11. In the example Schneegans offers, what does Rabelais' Friar John assert makes women fertile?
(a) Prayer to the protective saint of childbirth.
(b) Eating a lot of tripe.
(c) The shadow of the abbey belfry
(d) The caress of a king.
12. What does Bakhtin consider the "symposium" of Medieval grotesque realism?
(a) Refereed debates between two clergymen.
(b) Vows spoken between lovers.
(c) The tradition of festive speech.
(d) Bear-baiting in the town square.
13. What are the three categories of the "comic" which Bakhtin cites from Schneegans?
(a) The clownish, the burlesque, and the grotesque.
(b) The satiric, the clownish, and the visual.
(c) The grotesque, the ridiculous, and the satiric.
(d) The painted, the sketched, and the acted.
14. Which grotesque elements does Bakhtin note were included in the procession of the feast of Corpus Christi?
(a) Representations of the sun, moon, and stars.
(b) Self-flagellating monks.
(c) Monsters, giants, and indecent gestures.
(d) Children dressed as animals.
15. In Rabelais' novel, the words "to die" are closely associated with:
(a) Losing a debate with a scholar.
(b) Passing out after drinking too much wine.
(c) Being eaten or swallowed up.
(d) Sexual fulfillment.
Short Answer Questions
1. From which Catholic ritual does Panurge profit in _Pantagruel_?
2. How does Bakhtin define "carnivalesque hell"?
3. Which aspect of Renaissance culture does Bakhtin stress is still apparent in Western society today?
4. What actual event probably inspired Rabelais' story of Pantagruel's birth?
5. Where did Rabelais collect most of his rich vocabulary?
This section contains 709 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)