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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Bakhtin, the "birth" of the word by the clown is an example of:
(a) The inherent comedic potential of words and speech.
(b) The privileging of intellect over the baser functions of the body.
(c) The difficulty of spreading information in an illiterate culture.
(d) The switching of the lower bodily functions with the higher ones.
2. Which side of the Renaissance debate about the nature of women and wedlock did Rabelais tend to take?
(a) The Idealizing tradition.
(b) The Roman tradition.
(c) The Gallic tradition.
(d) The English tradition.
3. What is the image of woman in the Renaissance popular comic tradition?
(a) Materialist: woman is worth money, in her body or from her work.
(b) Ambivalent: woman is degraded but simultaneously regenerative.
(c) Positive: woman is the light of the future, and must be celebrated.
(d) Negative: woman is the source of all sin, and must be oppressed.
4. The defense of the abbey by Friar John contains:
(a) A travestied allusion to Communion.
(b) A caricature of the Pope.
(c) A grotesque combination of sexual intercourse and war.
(d) A debasing description of the French people.
5. What does the etymology of Gargantua's name suggest his name means?
(a) The throat and the act of swallowing.
(b) The torso and the mass of the individual.
(c) The legs and the height of the individual.
(d) The genitals and the act of sexual intercourse.
6. What does Rabelais associate closely with the underworld?
(a) Various types of holes.
(b) Bodily depression after too much feasting.
(c) The depths of the human heart.
(d) Mountains and ridges.
7. Bakhtin asserts that Rabelais' grotesque conception of the body reflected:
(a) The Calvinist idea of predestination and grace.
(b) The Classical philosophy of Epicureanism.
(c) The Renaissance re-envisioning of the cosmos.
(d) The Medieval doctrine of natural hierarchy.
8. What episode does Bakhtin cite as exemplifying the image of the gaping mouth prevalent in Rabelais' novel?
(a) Gargantua drinking the entire Seine river.
(b) God's breath creating the four winds.
(c) Gargamelle eating an entire cow in one bite.
(d) People living in Pantagruel's mouth.
9. What word characterizes Medieval thinking, according to Bakhtin?
10. How does Bakhtin define the episode involving Villon and Tappecoue?
(a) As an epic drama.
(b) As a tragic farce.
(c) As a historical re-enactment.
(d) As a comedic interlude.
11. Bakhtin asserts that "The Play in the Bower" influenced Rabelais' work specifically in its:
(a) Adherence to the rules of proper religious worship.
(b) Themes of unofficial laughter and banquet imagery.
(c) Demonstration of rigid and correctly class-conscious behavior.
(d) Themes of human sadness, pessimism, and regret.
12. In which element of Shakespeare's dramas does Bakhtin see the overall theme of Rabelais' carnivalesque repeated?
(a) In the farcical secondary characters.
(b) In the strengths of characters such as Hamlet and Othello.
(c) In the tragic elements of Shakespeare's romances.
(d) In the logic of crownings and uncrownings.
13. What is especially apparent in Rabelais' own "Pantagruelesque Prognostic" prophecy?
(a) Images of the wrath of nature and of destruction.
(b) Predictions concerning lovers.
(c) Predictions of wars and slaughter.
(d) Images of the material body and of festivity.
14. What Renaissance series of works was highly influential to Rabelais' notion of the grotesque body?
(a) The "Oriental Tales."
(b) The "New World Chronicles."
(c) The "Nordic Fictions."
(d) The "Indian Wonders."
15. What does Rabelais parody in his response to the episode of Gargantua's birth?
(a) The Medieval doctrine of faith.
(b) The Classical philosophy of stoicism.
(c) The Renaissance philosophy of humanism.
(d) The Christian doctrine of submission.
Short Answer Questions
1. From which Catholic ritual does Panurge profit in _Pantagruel_?
2. Bakhtin describes Rabelais' depiction of the underworld as:
3. How does Bakhtin define "carnivalesque hell"?
4. What happened to Rabelais after his novel was published?
5. Bakhtin asserts that in Rabelais' time, food and banquets always contained a sense of:
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