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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Bakhtin assert is evident in Rabelais' plan for Pantagruel's journey?
(a) Rabelais' own morbid fascination with death.
(b) Rabelais' fanciful, imaginative creation of impossible places.
(c) Rabelais' response to his world's changing geography.
(d) Rabelais' critique of contemporary politics.
2. In which element of Shakespeare's dramas does Bakhtin see the overall theme of Rabelais' carnivalesque repeated?
(a) In the logic of crownings and uncrownings.
(b) In the strengths of characters such as Hamlet and Othello.
(c) In the farcical secondary characters.
(d) In the tragic elements of Shakespeare's romances.
3. What are the three categories of the "comic" which Bakhtin cites from Schneegans?
(a) The satiric, the clownish, and the visual.
(b) The painted, the sketched, and the acted.
(c) The grotesque, the ridiculous, and the satiric.
(d) The clownish, the burlesque, and the grotesque.
4. What is the "sia ammazzato" of which Goethe writes?
(a) The great feast in the middle of Carnival where everyone eats tripe.
(b) A parade showcasing exotic animals and curious goods from distant lands.
(c) The final event of Carnival, in which the Church gives alms to the poor.
(d) A portion of Carnival where everyone tries to blow out each other's candles.
5. "Fat William," of comic folklore, symbolized:
(a) The health risks of obesity.
(b) Bread and wine in bodily form.
(c) The entire body of the people.
(d) Catholicism's huge influence in Europe.
6. According to Schneegans, what is the grotesque in art?
(a) A portrait that has been defaced.
(b) A spoken-word performance involving violent acts.
(c) A caricature that has reached exaggerated dimensions.
(d) A representation of an otherworldly object.
7. Why was gaming very important in the Renaissance?
(a) Gaming reinforced the "official" ways of thinking.
(b) Games defined the distinction between social classes.
(c) Gaming was deemed sinful and was forbidden by the Church.
(d) Games represented another form of understanding the cycle of life.
8. Goethe traces the roots of Carnival to the:
9. Bakhtin notes that two of the most commonly combined themes in Medieval popular literature relating to monks are:
(a) Sex and death.
(b) Gluttony and desire.
(c) Envy and greed.
(d) Piety and cruelty.
10. How does Bakhtin say Ivan the Terrible of Russia was similar to Rabelais?
(a) They both fought bloody battles against the reigning monarch.
(b) They both travelled anonymously to Carnival festivities.
(c) He also was a prolific and controversial writer.
(d) He too challenged old political and social structures.
11. What is revealed in images of "negation"?
(a) The destructive impulse of humanity.
(b) The opposition to the official world.
(c) The refusal of commitment between lovers.
(d) The harmful aspects of society.
12. How is a "prophetic riddle" game carnivalesque in nature?
(a) It stresses the importance of feasting and drinking.
(b) It focuses on gaiety and humor.
(c) It is always sung in a rhymed singsong tone.
(d) It stresses the destruction of the established order and hierarchy of society.
13. Bakhtin asserts that man introduces the world to himself primarily through which act?
(c) Sexual intercourse.
(d) Observing nature.
14. Bakhtin asserts that in the episode of Gargantua's birth, the dividing lines between _______ are erased.
(a) Human and animal organs.
(b) Children and adults.
(c) Earthly and divine spiritual relationships.
(d) Human and animal consciousness.
15. In Rabelais' novel, the "ancestral body" to which Bakhtin refers means:
(a) The features of one's body in which one resembles one's parents.
(b) The generative organs which produce children.
(c) The record of births and deaths kept by local churches.
(d) The portions of the body that die over time, like hair and fingernails.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which aspect of Renaissance culture does Bakhtin stress is still apparent in Western society today?
2. What word characterizes Medieval thinking, according to Bakhtin?
3. How does Bakhtin define the combination of human and animal organs in Rabelais' novel?
4. What episode does Bakhtin cite as exemplifying the image of the gaping mouth prevalent in Rabelais' novel?
5. According to Bakhtin, the "birth" of the word by the clown is an example of:
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