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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Bakhtin define "folly" as it relates to festivity?
2. In the example Schneegans offers, what does Rabelais' Friar John assert makes women fertile?
(a) Prayer to the protective saint of childbirth.
(b) The caress of a king.
(c) Eating a lot of tripe.
(d) The shadow of the abbey belfry
3. What body part is most often used in grotesque caricatures of sexual potency?
(a) The torso.
(b) The nose.
(c) The feet.
(d) The hands.
4. What does the etymology of Gargantua's name suggest his name means?
(a) The legs and the height of the individual.
(b) The genitals and the act of sexual intercourse.
(c) The throat and the act of swallowing.
(d) The torso and the mass of the individual.
5. From what does Panurge suggest the protective walls of Paris be built?
(a) Female genitalia.
(b) Bull horns.
(c) Arms of strong warriors.
(d) Monks' robes.
6. In which element of Shakespeare's dramas does Bakhtin see the overall theme of Rabelais' carnivalesque repeated?
(a) In the tragic elements of Shakespeare's romances.
(b) In the farcical secondary characters.
(c) In the logic of crownings and uncrownings.
(d) In the strengths of characters such as Hamlet and Othello.
7. How does Gargantua's letter to Pantagruel challenge and attempt to change Catholic dogma?
(a) It asserts that there is no heaven, only hell.
(b) It re-envisions the doctrine of the trinity by adding humans to it.
(c) It assumes that the body, in addition to the soul, is also immortal.
(d) It argues that all forms of faith are equally valid.
8. How does Bakhtin define the combination of human and animal organs in Rabelais' novel?
9. What Renaissance series of works was highly influential to Rabelais' notion of the grotesque body?
(a) The "Nordic Fictions."
(b) The "New World Chronicles."
(c) The "Oriental Tales."
(d) The "Indian Wonders."
10. How does Bakhtin say Ivan the Terrible of Russia was similar to Rabelais?
(a) They both travelled anonymously to Carnival festivities.
(b) He too challenged old political and social structures.
(c) They both fought bloody battles against the reigning monarch.
(d) He also was a prolific and controversial writer.
11. How does Bakhtin define "carnivalesque hell"?
(a) Depraved because it encourages wanton sexual gratification.
(b) Negative because everyone, including demons, are always suffering.
(c) Ambivalent because it includes both fear and laughter.
(d) Leisurely because everyone seems to be on holiday.
12. According to Bakhtin, Carnival was the true symbol and incarnation of:
(a) The sanctity of the Church.
(b) The power of the monarchy.
(c) The natural world.
(d) The folk festival.
13. What is the theme of "cuckoldry"?
(a) The rejection of an old husband and the crowning of a new husband.
(b) The introduction of one rooster into a rowdy henhouse.
(c) The act of voting a new mayor and chasing the old one out of town.
(d) The portion of the feast in which all the fowl are consumed.
14. Which grotesque elements does Bakhtin note were included in the procession of the feast of Corpus Christi?
(a) Children dressed as animals.
(b) Representations of the sun, moon, and stars.
(c) Self-flagellating monks.
(d) Monsters, giants, and indecent gestures.
15. What did the word "pantagruel" colloquially mean in the Renaissance?
(a) Articles of clothing, made of harsh cloth, that cover the legs.
(b) Hoarseness caused by drinking too much.
(c) A type of thin porridge eaten exclusively by the very poor.
(d) Foolish behavior caused by listening to fables.
Short Answer Questions
1. Bakhtin asserts that in the episode of Gargantua's birth, the dividing lines between _______ are erased.
2. Bakhtin asserts that Rabelais' grotesque conception of the body reflected:
3. The defense of the abbey by Friar John contains:
4. The principle of "negation" in popular-festive imagery is always:
5. What is the "sia ammazzato" of which Goethe writes?
This section contains 734 words
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