|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Gargantua's letter to Pantagruel challenge and attempt to change Catholic dogma?
(a) It re-envisions the doctrine of the trinity by adding humans to it.
(b) It argues that all forms of faith are equally valid.
(c) It asserts that there is no heaven, only hell.
(d) It assumes that the body, in addition to the soul, is also immortal.
2. What is especially apparent in Rabelais' own "Pantagruelesque Prognostic" prophecy?
(a) Predictions of wars and slaughter.
(b) Images of the wrath of nature and of destruction.
(c) Images of the material body and of festivity.
(d) Predictions concerning lovers.
3. In Medieval satires, the dismemberment of portions of the body relates to:
(a) The human body itself.
(b) The topography of the continents.
(c) The separate portions of society.
(d) The general conception of the divine.
4. To what are "swabs" most closely related?
(a) The material body upper stratum.
(b) The spiritual intellect's conversant function
(c) The liver and gallbladder's production of bile.
(d) The material body lower stratum.
5. According to Bakhtin, the "birth" of the word by the clown is an example of:
(a) The switching of the lower bodily functions with the higher ones.
(b) The privileging of intellect over the baser functions of the body.
(c) The inherent comedic potential of words and speech.
(d) The difficulty of spreading information in an illiterate culture.
6. Bakhtin asserts that in the episode of Gargantua's birth, the dividing lines between _______ are erased.
(a) Human and animal consciousness.
(b) Human and animal organs.
(c) Children and adults.
(d) Earthly and divine spiritual relationships.
7. After Rabelais' time, what happens to the "body" as a general social idea?
(a) The body appears to reduce in size and strength.
(b) The body expands to include the universal consciousness.
(c) The body gets restricted and individualized.
(d) The body is exalted for its natural functions only.
8. What is the "sia ammazzato" of which Goethe writes?
(a) The final event of Carnival, in which the Church gives alms to the poor.
(b) The great feast in the middle of Carnival where everyone eats tripe.
(c) A parade showcasing exotic animals and curious goods from distant lands.
(d) A portion of Carnival where everyone tries to blow out each other's candles.
9. In Rabelais' novel, the "ancestral body" to which Bakhtin refers means:
(a) The portions of the body that die over time, like hair and fingernails.
(b) The generative organs which produce children.
(c) The features of one's body in which one resembles one's parents.
(d) The record of births and deaths kept by local churches.
10. Why did Hippocrates assert such an influence on Rabelais?
(a) The theme of the grotesque body in his works.
(b) Hippocrates' exclusive emphasis on folk culture.
(c) The theme of religious fervor in his works.
(d) All his works were set in the marketplace.
11. What is the theme of "cuckoldry"?
(a) The act of voting a new mayor and chasing the old one out of town.
(b) The portion of the feast in which all the fowl are consumed.
(c) The introduction of one rooster into a rowdy henhouse.
(d) The rejection of an old husband and the crowning of a new husband.
12. How does Bakhtin interpret Rabelais' term "agelast"?
(a) It is the person who brings up the rear of the great Carnival parade.
(b) It is an elderly person whose grouchy moods isolate him/her.
(c) It is a person who is hostile to laughter or who does not know how to laugh.
(d) It is a person who delights in causing pain to others.
13. What is revealed in images of "negation"?
(a) The harmful aspects of society.
(b) The refusal of commitment between lovers.
(c) The opposition to the official world.
(d) The destructive impulse of humanity.
14. Bakhtin asserts that in Rabelais' time, food and banquets always contained a sense of:
(a) Intellectual stimulation.
(b) Depression and resignation.
(c) Physical discomfort.
(d) Victory and regeneration.
15. From what does Panurge suggest the protective walls of Paris be built?
(a) Arms of strong warriors.
(b) Female genitalia.
(c) Monks' robes.
(d) Bull horns.
Short Answer Questions
1. Bakhtin describes Rabelais' depiction of the underworld as:
2. Which grotesque elements does Bakhtin note were included in the procession of the feast of Corpus Christi?
3. Why was gaming very important in the Renaissance?
4. What does Rabelais associate closely with the underworld?
5. In Rabelais' novel, the words "to die" are closely associated with:
This section contains 777 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)