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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
(a) The National Writers' Agency.
(b) The Post-Revolution Press
(c) The Soviet Society of National Fiction.
(d) The Russian Union of Writers.
2. "Tripe" literally refers to:
(a) A type of songbird.
(b) A type of freshwater fish.
(c) The stomach and bowels of cattle.
(d) The main blood vessel in the brain of a human.
3. Why does Friar John beat thousands of men in his abbey?
(a) Another Friar challenged him.
(b) As a show of force to deter invaders.
(c) To save the abbey's vineyards.
(d) To save France from atheism.
4. Bakhtin associates Friar John's beating of the men with:
(a) The last charge of Charlemagne.
(b) Juvenalian satires of public figures.
(c) The Dionysian feast of the grape harvest.
(d) Market vendors who assault non-paying customers.
5. What does young Gargantua study in order to become acquainted with the common folk?
(a) Interactions between men and women.
(b) Herbs and medicines.
(c) The way young people are educated.
(d) Physically demanding activities.
6. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
(a) The Latin derivations of his scatological vocabulary mean "cynical."
(b) These elements express a deep distrust of contemporary society.
(c) Many scholars believe that Rabelais himself was bitter from publication disputes.
(d) Many scholars interpret them only in a modern context.
7. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
(a) Death rituals.
8. Why, according to Bakhtin, does Rabelais treat excrement ambivalently?
(a) Because it is evidence of humankind's presence on the earth.
(b) Because it exclusively connotes badness or evil.
(c) Because it is intermediate between earth and body.
(d) Because its purpose was a mystery in the Renaissance.
9. Carnival allowed:
(a) The endurance of the propriety expected of all social classes.
(b) The peasants to sell their crops without paying taxes.
(c) The mixing of real and unreal, fantasy and fact.
(d) The upper class to oppress relentlessly the lower class.
10. How does Bakhtin interpret the relevance of the cries of Paris to Renaissance France?
(a) The cries suggest a deep discontent in the Parisian populace.
(b) The cries combine the reality of practical life with festive utopian universalism.
(c) The cries were the people's only method of exchanging ideas.
(d) The cries negate the revitalization of the marketplace.
11. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
(a) The biography.
(b) The novel.
(c) The lyric.
(d) The epic poem.
12. Curses in Renaissance folk culture tended to focus most closely upon the victim's:
13. Why was Rabelais linked so closely to the Lyon fairs?
(a) The organizers of the fairs in Lyon banned Rabelais from attending them.
(b) Lyon fairs represented one of the largest markets for publishing.
(c) Rabelais was a chief organizer of these fairs.
(d) Rabelais was a performing clown for several years in these fairs.
14. When did the Russian Revolution occur?
15. The prologue of _Pantagruel_ is a parody and travesty of:
(a) The ecclesiastical persuasiveness of the Church.
(b) The ignorance of the peasantry.
(c) The pomp and circumstance of the aristocracy.
(d) The fables of ancient Greece.
Short Answer Questions
1. In Rabelais' time, the word "drum" and the act of drumming connoted:
2. The figure of the Physician in the Fourth Book is closely connected with:
3. How does the Lord of Basche contrive to bring Catchpoles to his castle?
4. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
5. How does Bakhtin define the novel?
This section contains 635 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)