|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Did the "unofficial" and "official" forms of speech ever coincide?
(a) Yes, especially during festivals.
(b) No, both forms of speech were highly regulated.
(c) Yes, except for religious holidays.
(d) No, except during times of war.
2. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
(a) Rabelais follows every criticism with heartfelt praise.
(b) The Church received an annual tribute from Rabelais, so it overlooked his parodies.
(c) Rabelais maintains a comic style, so no one could mistake him for being serious.
(d) The clergy paid no attention to Rabelais' works.
3. In the Prologue of the Third Book, to which contemporary events does Rabelais allude?
(a) The Norman Invasion.
(b) The Black Death.
(c) The defeat of the French and Spanish fleets by Admiral Nelson.
(d) The defense of France against Charles V.
4. According to Bakhtin, what is the function of art?
(a) To communicate meaningful messages.
(b) To be sold for money or services.
(c) To glorify the artist.
(d) To be beautiful in and of itself.
5. What does Bakhtin argue is the role of dialogue?
(a) To give one character a strong voice.
(b) To move the plot along.
(c) To demonstrate thinking out loud.
(d) To oppose the authoritarian word.
6. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
(a) An ironfisted dictator.
(b) A pious priest.
(c) A village boy.
(d) An elderly scholar.
7. What was the reception of Rabelais' work in the eighteenth century?
(a) His work was viewed as unintelligible and barbaric.
(b) His work was viewed as a revival of Classical writing.
(c) Other writers strove to emulate his style.
(d) Other writers used his topics as a jumping-off point for their own works.
8. What style does Bakhtin find the prologue of _Pantagruel_ to be written in?
(a) It is rhetorical and persuasive.
(b) It is innocent and childlike.
(c) It is ironic and maliciously exaggerated.
(d) It is dark and foreboding.
9. With what is "folk culture" most concerned?
(a) Foreign songs, art, and stories.
(b) The affairs of royalty.
(c) The lives of ordinary people.
(d) Commerce and industry.
10. Carnival allowed:
(a) The endurance of the propriety expected of all social classes.
(b) The mixing of real and unreal, fantasy and fact.
(c) The peasants to sell their crops without paying taxes.
(d) The upper class to oppress relentlessly the lower class.
11. What was unique about the Russian Revolution?
(a) It continues into the present day.
(b) Only the elite class was involved.
(c) It was purely a religious revolt.
(d) People of all classes and occupations were centrally involved.
12. According to Bakhtin, what is directly related to the oversized foods common at Renaissance feasts?
(a) Grotesque portrayals of the stomach, mouth, and genitals.
(b) The general health of a town's population.
(c) The swelling of religious fervor during holy days.
(d) Bodily restraint as a result of mind over matter.
13. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
(b) Death rituals.
14. What are the targets of the abusive language in Rabelais' prologue to the Third Book?
(a) Representatives of old, hypocritical, serious Medieval philosophy.
(b) Foreign travelers who have offended the traditions of Carnival.
(c) Average townsfolk who have imbibed too much wine.
(d) Members of the aristocracy whose political ideals are not in keeping with Rabelais' ideals.
15. Why did Renaissance humanists attempt to suppress oaths and profanities?
(a) They were shocked to hear the Lord's name taken in vain.
(b) They felt that if one could not say something nice, one should say nothing at all.
(c) They viewed such language as predominantly atheistic.
(d) They saw such language as relics of the superstitious Middle Ages.
Short Answer Questions
1. Bakhtin thinks that life is:
2. What are examples of carnivalesque victims?
3. What event that Rabelais relates does he assert is the origin of the name of the city of Paris?
4. In the seventeenth century, the decline of laughter as a primary force in folk culture resulted from:
5. The figure of the Physician in the Fourth Book is closely connected with:
This section contains 728 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)