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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
(a) A village boy.
(b) A pious priest.
(c) An elderly scholar.
(d) An ironfisted dictator.
2. How did the French Romanticists respond to Rabelais' works?
(a) With disgust and negative criticism.
(b) With an appreciation of, and interest in, the grotesque.
(c) With complete understanding of Medieval and Renaissance culture.
(d) They ignored Rabelais completely.
3. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
(a) The epic poem.
(b) The novel.
(c) The biography.
(d) The lyric.
4. What was unique about the Russian Revolution?
(a) It continues into the present day.
(b) Only the elite class was involved.
(c) People of all classes and occupations were centrally involved.
(d) It was purely a religious revolt.
5. According to Bakhtin, what is the function of art?
(a) To communicate meaningful messages.
(b) To be sold for money or services.
(c) To be beautiful in and of itself.
(d) To glorify the artist.
6. With what is "folk culture" most concerned?
(a) The lives of ordinary people.
(b) Foreign songs, art, and stories.
(c) Commerce and industry.
(d) The affairs of royalty.
7. How does the Lord of Basche contrive to bring Catchpoles to his castle?
(a) By offering people absolution from their sins.
(b) By giving away his possessions.
(c) By celebrating Mass.
(d) By celebrating mock weddings.
8. What was the reception of Rabelais' work in the eighteenth century?
(a) Other writers used his topics as a jumping-off point for their own works.
(b) Other writers strove to emulate his style.
(c) His work was viewed as a revival of Classical writing.
(d) His work was viewed as unintelligible and barbaric.
9. How is the Rabelaisian use of tripe an excellent example of grotesque realism?
(a) It is a drug which offers the user a glimpse of a higher plane of existence.
(b) It merges the positive and negative, or upper and lower, spheres of the body.
(c) It combines fantasy with reality in one type of cuisine.
(d) It is the epitome of disgusting.
10. Why does Friar John beat thousands of men in his abbey?
(a) As a show of force to deter invaders.
(b) To save France from atheism.
(c) Another Friar challenged him.
(d) To save the abbey's vineyards.
11. What were "street cries"?
(a) The calls of the city bellringer telling the time.
(b) The sobs of orphans who live on the street.
(c) The shouted, versified advertisements of market vendors.
(d) The warnings people yell when they throw the contents of their chamber pot out the window.
12. Curses in Renaissance folk culture tended to focus most closely upon the victim's:
13. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
(a) Death rituals.
14. The vocabulary of the prologue of _Gargantua_ is:
(a) Objective and editorially distant.
(b) Loaded with comparatives and superlatives.
(c) Purely abusive and vulgar.
(d) Quietly reflective and speculative.
15. What do oaths and curses have in common with town announcements and the calls of vendors?
(a) They are the only socially acceptable methods of greeting strangers.
(b) They all are familiar parts of the society of the marketplace.
(c) They are all said with the same feelings in mind.
(d) They all are forbidden during certain times of the year.
Short Answer Questions
1. The figure of the Physician in the Fourth Book is closely connected with:
2. What does young Gargantua study in order to become acquainted with the common folk?
3. How does Bakhtin define the novel?
4. Bakhtin considers "thrashing" ambivalent, rather than strictly negative, because:
5. In the Renaissance, bodily excretions were closely associated with:
This section contains 657 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)