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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which answer best describes "grotesque realism"?
(a) The author's focus must be on bodily gore, blood, death, and dying.
(b) The tone of the writing is always dark, Gothic, and depressing.
(c) The bodily element is universal, celebratory, positive, and exaggerated.
(d) The writing must strive to be as mathematically or geometrically accurate as possible in its descriptions.
2. What do some critics argue has been absent from Russian literature?
(a) A particularly Western type of humor.
(b) Sexually-charged dialogue.
(c) Religious fervor.
(d) Political dissent.
3. When did the Russian Revolution occur?
4. Why did Bakhtin feel his times were comparable to those of the Renaissance?
(a) Both eras were times of broad social change that left people unsure of how to proceed.
(b) The literatures and cultures of both eras bore a distinct resemblance.
(c) Two political leaders of the different eras were incredibly alike.
(d) The specific threat of disease was killing many people in both times.
5. Bakhtin asserts that the advertisement for "pantagruelion" in the Third Book expresses:
(a) The existentialist confusion of Renaissance marketplace culture.
(b) The natural mistrust the common folk have for druggists.
(c) The deep optimism inherent in Rabelais' view of marketplace culture.
(d) The cynicism rampant in Rabelais' writing.
6. The prologue of _Pantagruel_ is a parody and travesty of:
(a) The ecclesiastical persuasiveness of the Church.
(b) The pomp and circumstance of the aristocracy.
(c) The fables of ancient Greece.
(d) The ignorance of the peasantry.
7. What does Bakhtin argue is the role of dialogue?
(a) To move the plot along.
(b) To oppose the authoritarian word.
(c) To demonstrate thinking out loud.
(d) To give one character a strong voice.
8. How does the prologue of _Pantagruel_ demonstrate the connection between literature and the marketplace?
(a) It begins with a detailed description of the author's hometown marketplace.
(b) It simultaneously advertises itself and praises the public.
(c) It exhorts its readers to record in writing their own experiences of fairs and of Carnival.
(d) It offers a pricey alternative to illiteracy.
9. Did the "unofficial" and "official" forms of speech ever coincide?
(a) No, except during times of war.
(b) Yes, except for religious holidays.
(c) No, both forms of speech were highly regulated.
(d) Yes, especially during festivals.
10. What type of work did Rabelais often publish, especially for the fairs?
(a) Political treatises.
(b) Biographies of public figures.
(c) Calendars or almanacs.
(d) Religious tracts.
11. What are the targets of the abusive language in Rabelais' prologue to the Third Book?
(a) Average townsfolk who have imbibed too much wine.
(b) Foreign travelers who have offended the traditions of Carnival.
(c) Representatives of old, hypocritical, serious Medieval philosophy.
(d) Members of the aristocracy whose political ideals are not in keeping with Rabelais' ideals.
12. Why does Friar John beat thousands of men in his abbey?
(a) To save the abbey's vineyards.
(b) To save France from atheism.
(c) Another Friar challenged him.
(d) As a show of force to deter invaders.
13. How did the French Romanticists respond to Rabelais' works?
(a) With complete understanding of Medieval and Renaissance culture.
(b) With disgust and negative criticism.
(c) With an appreciation of, and interest in, the grotesque.
(d) They ignored Rabelais completely.
14. How does the Lord of Basche contrive to bring Catchpoles to his castle?
(a) By celebrating mock weddings.
(b) By celebrating Mass.
(c) By offering people absolution from their sins.
(d) By giving away his possessions.
15. Bakhtin asserts that beatings, death, feasting, and merrymaking are all integral parts of:
(a) The methods of marketplace vendors in overpricing their goods.
(b) Rabelais' view of the proper treatment of foreigners and peasants.
(c) The Renaissance system of images that is perpetually regenerative and never decaying.
(d) The Renaissance notion that all which is already established is perfect.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does young Gargantua study in order to become acquainted with the common folk?
2. In the folklore and grotesque realism of Rabelais' works, excrement represents bodies and matter that are:
3. After Rabelais' time, the use of laughter in literature and culture moved in which direction?
4. What is a "marketplace spectacle"?
5. Why does Gargantua steal the bells of the Notre Dame cathedral?
This section contains 751 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)