|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is "man's second nature," according to Renaissance Christian doctrine?
(a) The way people act differently around those of another social class.
(b) The celebratory but degrading impulse toward gluttony, scatology, and sex.
(c) Man's higher spiritual calling.
(d) The thoughtfulness of the individual mind.
2. In the seventeenth century, the decline of laughter as a primary force in folk culture resulted from:
(a) The declining number of Carnival performers.
(b) An increasingly "official" culture of rationalism.
(c) The need of the public for other forms of diversion.
(d) The exhaustion of any new sources of humor.
3. What were "street cries"?
(a) The shouted, versified advertisements of market vendors.
(b) The warnings people yell when they throw the contents of their chamber pot out the window.
(c) The calls of the city bellringer telling the time.
(d) The sobs of orphans who live on the street.
4. Bakhtin associates Friar John's beating of the men with:
(a) The Dionysian feast of the grape harvest.
(b) The last charge of Charlemagne.
(c) Juvenalian satires of public figures.
(d) Market vendors who assault non-paying customers.
5. Did the "unofficial" and "official" forms of speech ever coincide?
(a) Yes, especially during festivals.
(b) Yes, except for religious holidays.
(c) No, both forms of speech were highly regulated.
(d) No, except during times of war.
6. The episode in which Pantagruel and his companions defeat King Anarchus' knights combines:
(a) Love with hate.
(b) Nature with artifice.
(c) Slaughter with feasting.
(d) Human instinct with forethought.
7. What are the "Catchpoles" of which Rabelais writes?
(a) Animals sent into the wild as sacrifices.
(b) People who earn money by allowing others to beat them.
(c) Vegetables which require being strung to a pole in order to grow.
(d) Materials used to build large meeting-houses.
8. Bakhtin asserts that the advertisement for "pantagruelion" in the Third Book expresses:
(a) The existentialist confusion of Renaissance marketplace culture.
(b) The cynicism rampant in Rabelais' writing.
(c) The natural mistrust the common folk have for druggists.
(d) The deep optimism inherent in Rabelais' view of marketplace culture.
9. The figure of the Physician in the Fourth Book is closely connected with:
(a) Thought and spirit.
(d) Death and birth.
10. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
(a) Many scholars interpret them only in a modern context.
(b) The Latin derivations of his scatological vocabulary mean "cynical."
(c) These elements express a deep distrust of contemporary society.
(d) Many scholars believe that Rabelais himself was bitter from publication disputes.
11. What do some critics argue has been absent from Russian literature?
(a) A particularly Western type of humor.
(b) Political dissent.
(c) Religious fervor.
(d) Sexually-charged dialogue.
12. The verbal interactions between the Renaissance marketplace hawker and the crowd were above all:
(a) Timid and quiet.
(b) Abusive and derogatory.
(c) Distantly suggestive.
(d) Free and frank.
13. What do Rabelais' various works indicate about the popular notion of urination?
(a) Urination is disgusting and should be done privately.
(b) Urination can only be used for comic purposes.
(c) Urination is a medical mystery that baffles doctors.
(d) Urination fertilizes the earth and creates bodies of water.
14. What style does Bakhtin find the prologue of _Pantagruel_ to be written in?
(a) It is dark and foreboding.
(b) It is innocent and childlike.
(c) It is ironic and maliciously exaggerated.
(d) It is rhetorical and persuasive.
15. Bakhtin thinks that life is:
(a) Inert, chaotic, and requiring the intervention of art.
(b) A sacrifice the soul makes to the body.
(c) Organized by human acts of behavior and cognition.
(d) Meaningless and futile.
Short Answer Questions
1. What work of literature is parodied in the prologue of _Gargantua_?
2. Bakhtin connects Medieval "seriousness" most closely to:
3. How is the Rabelaisian use of tripe an excellent example of grotesque realism?
4. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
5. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
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