|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
(a) The National Writers' Agency.
(b) The Post-Revolution Press
(c) The Soviet Society of National Fiction.
(d) The Russian Union of Writers.
2. What event that Rabelais relates does he assert is the origin of the name of the city of Paris?
(a) An earthquake that disrupts Carnival.
(b) Pantagruel's education in the druggists' shops.
(c) Gargantua's drenching of the city in urine.
(d) A battle won by the French against the English.
3. The core images of the prologue of _Gargantua_ are:
(a) Scenes of pious worship.
(b) Scenes of eating and drinking.
(c) Scenes of travel and journeys.
(d) Scenes of violence.
4. To what does Bakhtin compare the various cries of Paris?
(a) A crowded kitchen.
(b) A roaring storm.
(c) A sobbing child.
(d) A howling wolf.
5. What do oaths and curses have in common with town announcements and the calls of vendors?
(a) They all are familiar parts of the society of the marketplace.
(b) They are all said with the same feelings in mind.
(c) They all are forbidden during certain times of the year.
(d) They are the only socially acceptable methods of greeting strangers.
6. What are the targets of the abusive language in Rabelais' prologue to the Third Book?
(a) Members of the aristocracy whose political ideals are not in keeping with Rabelais' ideals.
(b) Foreign travelers who have offended the traditions of Carnival.
(c) Average townsfolk who have imbibed too much wine.
(d) Representatives of old, hypocritical, serious Medieval philosophy.
7. Bakhtin believes that novels are:
(a) Random, like stream-of-consciousness.
(b) Inherently confessional.
(c) Socially charged and polemical.
(d) Utterly separate from the author's own life.
8. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
(a) The lyric.
(b) The biography.
(c) The epic poem.
(d) The novel.
9. According to Bakhtin, what is the function of art?
(a) To be sold for money or services.
(b) To communicate meaningful messages.
(c) To be beautiful in and of itself.
(d) To glorify the artist.
10. Did the "unofficial" and "official" forms of speech ever coincide?
(a) Yes, except for religious holidays.
(b) No, except during times of war.
(c) No, both forms of speech were highly regulated.
(d) Yes, especially during festivals.
11. How are abusive and praiseful words reflective of grotesque realism?
(a) The words are carefully chosen by the speaker to disgust the listener.
(b) The words reflect incompatible sides of certain social classes of people.
(c) The words are spoken in a language the listener cannot understand, so they sound like gibberish.
(d) The words combine two sides of the same form or feeling into an ambivalent but cohesive social structure.
12. How is the Rabelaisian use of tripe an excellent example of grotesque realism?
(a) It is a drug which offers the user a glimpse of a higher plane of existence.
(b) It is the epitome of disgusting.
(c) It merges the positive and negative, or upper and lower, spheres of the body.
(d) It combines fantasy with reality in one type of cuisine.
13. How does the prologue of _Pantagruel_ demonstrate the connection between literature and the marketplace?
(a) It offers a pricey alternative to illiteracy.
(b) It simultaneously advertises itself and praises the public.
(c) It begins with a detailed description of the author's hometown marketplace.
(d) It exhorts its readers to record in writing their own experiences of fairs and of Carnival.
14. What is a "marketplace spectacle"?
(a) A theatrical production arranged atop a platform in the center of the marketplace.
(b) A series of booths dedicated solely to bilking customers out of their money.
(c) The mundane goings-on of a typical French Renaissance marketplace.
(d) Specifically the public whipping of a criminal in the center of the marketplace.
15. How does Bakhtin interpret the relevance of the cries of Paris to Renaissance France?
(a) The cries combine the reality of practical life with festive utopian universalism.
(b) The cries were the people's only method of exchanging ideas.
(c) The cries negate the revitalization of the marketplace.
(d) The cries suggest a deep discontent in the Parisian populace.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does Friar John beat thousands of men in his abbey?
2. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
3. Bakhtin considers "thrashing" ambivalent, rather than strictly negative, because:
4. In which twentieth-century movement was the grotesque especially evident?
5. With what portion of the body is grotesque debasement most concerned?
This section contains 786 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)