|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What do Rabelais' various works indicate about the popular notion of urination?
(a) Urination fertilizes the earth and creates bodies of water.
(b) Urination can only be used for comic purposes.
(c) Urination is disgusting and should be done privately.
(d) Urination is a medical mystery that baffles doctors.
2. Why did Bakhtin feel his times were comparable to those of the Renaissance?
(a) Two political leaders of the different eras were incredibly alike.
(b) The specific threat of disease was killing many people in both times.
(c) The literatures and cultures of both eras bore a distinct resemblance.
(d) Both eras were times of broad social change that left people unsure of how to proceed.
3. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
(a) By sharing them with an eager public.
(b) By denouncing them as counterproductive to the ongoing Russian Revolution.
(c) By reviving their content in new, twentieth-century forms.
(d) By trying to correctly interpret the source of the cultural laughter within them.
4. What do some critics argue has been absent from Russian literature?
(a) Sexually-charged dialogue.
(b) Political dissent.
(c) Religious fervor.
(d) A particularly Western type of humor.
5. In the folklore and grotesque realism of Rabelais' works, excrement represents bodies and matter that are:
(a) Mostly comic.
(b) Generally revered.
(c) Frightening and terrible.
(d) One with the earth.
6. What type of work did Rabelais often publish, especially for the fairs?
(a) Political treatises.
(b) Calendars or almanacs.
(c) Biographies of public figures.
(d) Religious tracts.
7. In Rabelais' time, jurons, or profanities and oaths, were most often concerned with:
(a) Marketplace vendors who cheated their customers.
(b) Monarchs who subjugated their people.
(c) Sacred themes, such as saints and relics.
(d) Family ties, such as one's in-laws.
8. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
(a) The most famous Russian writer ever.
(b) A vocal Eastern Orthodox cleric.
(c) A fictional figure created to be the mouthpiece of an anonymous author.
(d) A somewhat mysterious but increasingly interesting literary figure.
9. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
(a) A village boy.
(b) An ironfisted dictator.
(c) A pious priest.
(d) An elderly scholar.
10. The combination of solemnity and joking in the tone of the Prologue to the Third Book indicates:
(a) The opinion that humor must be subordinate to seriousness.
(b) The confusion the author experiences with this combination.
(c) The importance and necessity of laughter.
(d) The complex explanation of the Prologue to the readers.
11. "Tripe" literally refers to:
(a) A type of freshwater fish.
(b) The stomach and bowels of cattle.
(c) A type of songbird.
(d) The main blood vessel in the brain of a human.
12. How is the Rabelaisian use of tripe an excellent example of grotesque realism?
(a) It is a drug which offers the user a glimpse of a higher plane of existence.
(b) It is the epitome of disgusting.
(c) It merges the positive and negative, or upper and lower, spheres of the body.
(d) It combines fantasy with reality in one type of cuisine.
13. Bakhtin believes that novels are:
(a) Socially charged and polemical.
(b) Utterly separate from the author's own life.
(c) Inherently confessional.
(d) Random, like stream-of-consciousness.
14. How are Bakhtin and Rabelais similar?
(a) They live in the same country.
(b) They both write mostly novels.
(c) They both subvert the social prohibition on laughter, satire, and irony.
(d) They both directly challenge the government by running for political office.
15. Comic rituals in Medieval and Renaissance Europe were:
(a) All that which linked the living to the dead.
(b) Freed of the trappings of religious dogma and mysticism.
(c) Necessary to mercantile transactions.
(d) Taboo in all settings but the royal court.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is "man's second nature," according to Renaissance Christian doctrine?
2. The core images of the prologue of _Gargantua_ are:
3. Who is Janotus de Bragmardo?
4. Rabelais expresses the debasement of suffering and fear by associating them with:
5. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
This section contains 725 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)