|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is a "marketplace spectacle"?
(a) Specifically the public whipping of a criminal in the center of the marketplace.
(b) A theatrical production arranged atop a platform in the center of the marketplace.
(c) A series of booths dedicated solely to bilking customers out of their money.
(d) The mundane goings-on of a typical French Renaissance marketplace.
2. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
(d) Death rituals.
3. What does Bakhtin find inadequate in Veselovsky's metaphor of Rabelais as a village boy?
(a) Veselovsky's image seems too urban for Rabelais, who only wrote about the countryside.
(b) Veselovsky's image is too young at heart, for Rabelais wrote only with an old, tired voice.
(c) Veselovsky's image is cynical, but Rabelais actually celebrates regenerative laughter.
(d) Veselovsky's image excludes the seriousness of the boy as a budding scholar.
4. "Friar John" is heavily associated with:
(a) Sex and love.
(b) Intellect and spirit.
(c) Food and battles.
(d) Nature and the earth.
5. To what does Bakhtin compare the various cries of Paris?
(a) A roaring storm.
(b) A howling wolf.
(c) A crowded kitchen.
(d) A sobbing child.
6. What does the "form" of any kind of art express?
(a) A system of values.
(b) Whatever the audience chooses.
(c) Only one possible message.
(d) The materials from which the art is constructed.
7. What does young Gargantua study in order to become acquainted with the common folk?
(a) The way young people are educated.
(b) Interactions between men and women.
(c) Herbs and medicines.
(d) Physically demanding activities.
8. What was the most prevalent medium of the culture of the common folk in the Renaissance?
(a) Printed newspapers.
(c) Semaphore signals.
(d) The spoken word.
9. Curses in Renaissance folk culture tended to focus most closely upon the victim's:
10. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
(a) Many scholars believe that Rabelais himself was bitter from publication disputes.
(b) These elements express a deep distrust of contemporary society.
(c) The Latin derivations of his scatological vocabulary mean "cynical."
(d) Many scholars interpret them only in a modern context.
11. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
(a) A pious priest.
(b) An elderly scholar.
(c) A village boy.
(d) An ironfisted dictator.
12. According to Bakhtin's semiotic understanding, what irony is inherent within the creative power of language?
(a) No word can actually ever be defined.
(b) Language does not actually express anything.
(c) All languages are one.
(d) The individual expresses him- or herself only through the words of others.
13. What event that Rabelais relates does he assert is the origin of the name of the city of Paris?
(a) Pantagruel's education in the druggists' shops.
(b) Gargantua's drenching of the city in urine.
(c) An earthquake that disrupts Carnival.
(d) A battle won by the French against the English.
14. When did the Russian Revolution occur?
15. Bakhtin associates Friar John's beating of the men with:
(a) The last charge of Charlemagne.
(b) Juvenalian satires of public figures.
(c) Market vendors who assault non-paying customers.
(d) The Dionysian feast of the grape harvest.
Short Answer Questions
1. What are the "Catchpoles" of which Rabelais writes?
2. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
3. In Rabelais' time, why was the meaning of debasement often ambivalent?
4. The prologue of _Pantagruel_ is a parody and travesty of:
5. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
This section contains 700 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)