|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did Renaissance humanists attempt to suppress oaths and profanities?
(a) They were shocked to hear the Lord's name taken in vain.
(b) They felt that if one could not say something nice, one should say nothing at all.
(c) They saw such language as relics of the superstitious Middle Ages.
(d) They viewed such language as predominantly atheistic.
2. Curses in Renaissance folk culture tended to focus most closely upon the victim's:
3. What do oaths and curses have in common with town announcements and the calls of vendors?
(a) They all are familiar parts of the society of the marketplace.
(b) They all are forbidden during certain times of the year.
(c) They are all said with the same feelings in mind.
(d) They are the only socially acceptable methods of greeting strangers.
4. According to Bakhtin, what is the function of art?
(a) To communicate meaningful messages.
(b) To be sold for money or services.
(c) To be beautiful in and of itself.
(d) To glorify the artist.
5. The purpose of "travesty" in folk festivals was to:
(a) Indicate the importance of travel to an individual's self-development.
(b) Call upon something serious and make it amusing.
(c) Reassert traditional definitions of social and spiritual life.
(d) Irreversibly denigrate everything it could.
6. Carnival allowed:
(a) The mixing of real and unreal, fantasy and fact.
(b) The peasants to sell their crops without paying taxes.
(c) The endurance of the propriety expected of all social classes.
(d) The upper class to oppress relentlessly the lower class.
7. The prologue of _Pantagruel_ is a parody and travesty of:
(a) The ignorance of the peasantry.
(b) The ecclesiastical persuasiveness of the Church.
(c) The pomp and circumstance of the aristocracy.
(d) The fables of ancient Greece.
8. With what is "folk culture" most concerned?
(a) Foreign songs, art, and stories.
(b) The lives of ordinary people.
(c) Commerce and industry.
(d) The affairs of royalty.
9. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
(a) The novel.
(b) The biography.
(c) The epic poem.
(d) The lyric.
10. What was unique about the Russian Revolution?
(a) Only the elite class was involved.
(b) It continues into the present day.
(c) People of all classes and occupations were centrally involved.
(d) It was purely a religious revolt.
11. How does Bakhtin interpret the relevance of the cries of Paris to Renaissance France?
(a) The cries combine the reality of practical life with festive utopian universalism.
(b) The cries suggest a deep discontent in the Parisian populace.
(c) The cries negate the revitalization of the marketplace.
(d) The cries were the people's only method of exchanging ideas.
12. Why does Gargantua steal the bells of the Notre Dame cathedral?
(a) To decorate the harness of his horse.
(b) To celebrate his marriage.
(c) To frighten the townsfolk of Paris.
(d) To sound the alarm for an impending invasion.
13. Comic rituals in Medieval and Renaissance Europe were:
(a) All that which linked the living to the dead.
(b) Freed of the trappings of religious dogma and mysticism.
(c) Necessary to mercantile transactions.
(d) Taboo in all settings but the royal court.
14. Bakhtin asserts that the advertisement for "pantagruelion" in the Third Book expresses:
(a) The existentialist confusion of Renaissance marketplace culture.
(b) The deep optimism inherent in Rabelais' view of marketplace culture.
(c) The natural mistrust the common folk have for druggists.
(d) The cynicism rampant in Rabelais' writing.
15. "Friar John" is heavily associated with:
(a) Nature and the earth.
(b) Food and battles.
(c) Sex and love.
(d) Intellect and spirit.
Short Answer Questions
1. When the grotesque was revived in the Romantic era, what did it react against?
2. How are abusive and praiseful words reflective of grotesque realism?
3. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
4. What style does Bakhtin find the prologue of _Pantagruel_ to be written in?
5. The combination of solemnity and joking in the tone of the Prologue to the Third Book indicates:
This section contains 777 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)