|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Medieval parodies were:
(a) Concerned with the positive, humorous aspects of everything.
(b) Limited to parody of individuals.
(c) Limited to religious parody.
(d) Focused on the negative aspects of society.
2. What type of work did Rabelais often publish, especially for the fairs?
(a) Biographies of public figures.
(b) Religious tracts.
(c) Calendars or almanacs.
(d) Political treatises.
3. When the grotesque was revived in the Romantic era, what did it react against?
(a) Individual, sentimental ideas.
(b) The rediscovered works of Shakespeare and Cervantes.
(c) Imaginative fantasy.
(d) Neoclassical, rational, Enlightenment thought.
4. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
(a) The Church received an annual tribute from Rabelais, so it overlooked his parodies.
(b) Rabelais follows every criticism with heartfelt praise.
(c) Rabelais maintains a comic style, so no one could mistake him for being serious.
(d) The clergy paid no attention to Rabelais' works.
5. When did the Russian Revolution occur?
6. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
(a) A village boy.
(b) An ironfisted dictator.
(c) An elderly scholar.
(d) A pious priest.
7. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
(d) Death rituals.
8. Why does Bakhtin consider oaths, curses, and profanities elements of freedom?
(a) Slaves are prohibited from using such forms of speech.
(b) Populist uprisings often have profanities and oaths in their declarations.
(c) A person can form any sound into a curse or profanity.
(d) They are contrary to official modes of speech.
9. The combination of solemnity and joking in the tone of the Prologue to the Third Book indicates:
(a) The confusion the author experiences with this combination.
(b) The opinion that humor must be subordinate to seriousness.
(c) The importance and necessity of laughter.
(d) The complex explanation of the Prologue to the readers.
10. What does Bakhtin find to be the greatest error other critics make in their studies of Rabelais' works?
(a) They treat Rabelais as a prophet of literary upheavals.
(b) They neglect to explore the element of the Renaissance folk culture.
(c) They classify Rabelais as just as important as Shakespeare and Cervantes.
(d) They read Rabelais' works as allegory only.
11. What in particular forms the basic elements of Rabelais' novel _Gargantua_?
(a) Classical myths.
(b) Predictions of the future.
(c) Historical allusions.
(d) Autobiographical observations of Rabelais' own life.
12. Bakhtin asserts that beatings, death, feasting, and merrymaking are all integral parts of:
(a) The methods of marketplace vendors in overpricing their goods.
(b) The Renaissance notion that all which is already established is perfect.
(c) The Renaissance system of images that is perpetually regenerative and never decaying.
(d) Rabelais' view of the proper treatment of foreigners and peasants.
13. Curses in Renaissance folk culture tended to focus most closely upon the victim's:
14. What do Rabelais' various works indicate about the popular notion of urination?
(a) Urination can only be used for comic purposes.
(b) Urination fertilizes the earth and creates bodies of water.
(c) Urination is disgusting and should be done privately.
(d) Urination is a medical mystery that baffles doctors.
15. What is a "marketplace spectacle"?
(a) The mundane goings-on of a typical French Renaissance marketplace.
(b) Specifically the public whipping of a criminal in the center of the marketplace.
(c) A series of booths dedicated solely to bilking customers out of their money.
(d) A theatrical production arranged atop a platform in the center of the marketplace.
Short Answer Questions
1. The verbal interactions between the Renaissance marketplace hawker and the crowd were above all:
2. Who is Janotus de Bragmardo?
3. The prologue of _Pantagruel_ is a parody and travesty of:
4. In Rabelais' time, the word "drum" and the act of drumming connoted:
5. Which answer best describes "grotesque realism"?
This section contains 688 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)