|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What are the targets of the abusive language in Rabelais' prologue to the Third Book?
(a) Foreign travelers who have offended the traditions of Carnival.
(b) Average townsfolk who have imbibed too much wine.
(c) Representatives of old, hypocritical, serious Medieval philosophy.
(d) Members of the aristocracy whose political ideals are not in keeping with Rabelais' ideals.
2. Who is Janotus de Bragmardo?
(a) A scholar sent to recover church bells from Gargantua.
(b) A clown who mocks Gargantua at Carnival.
(c) A robber who stumbles across Gargantua's treasure.
(d) A market vendor scheming to cheat Gargantua.
3. How did Rabelais obtain the material for his writings?
(a) By attending many fairs and festivals and observing all the people there.
(b) By interviewing thousands of market vendors.
(c) By receiving a divine revelation.
(d) By studying manuscripts for long hours in monasteries.
4. In Rabelais' time, why was the meaning of debasement often ambivalent?
(a) Because the debased person may choose to deflect the debasement.
(b) Because the person saying the insult never means it seriously.
(c) Because the head is quite separate from all the other parts of the body, spiritually and materially.
(d) Because the decaying or excretory organs are closely located to the regenerative genital organs.
5. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
(a) The National Writers' Agency.
(b) The Post-Revolution Press
(c) The Soviet Society of National Fiction.
(d) The Russian Union of Writers.
6. Bakhtin believes that novels are:
(a) Utterly separate from the author's own life.
(b) Inherently confessional.
(c) Socially charged and polemical.
(d) Random, like stream-of-consciousness.
7. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
(a) A fictional figure created to be the mouthpiece of an anonymous author.
(b) A somewhat mysterious but increasingly interesting literary figure.
(c) A vocal Eastern Orthodox cleric.
(d) The most famous Russian writer ever.
8. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
(c) Death rituals.
9. Bakhtin associates Friar John's beating of the men with:
(a) The last charge of Charlemagne.
(b) Market vendors who assault non-paying customers.
(c) Juvenalian satires of public figures.
(d) The Dionysian feast of the grape harvest.
10. What were "street cries"?
(a) The calls of the city bellringer telling the time.
(b) The warnings people yell when they throw the contents of their chamber pot out the window.
(c) The sobs of orphans who live on the street.
(d) The shouted, versified advertisements of market vendors.
11. Why was Rabelais linked so closely to the Lyon fairs?
(a) The organizers of the fairs in Lyon banned Rabelais from attending them.
(b) Rabelais was a chief organizer of these fairs.
(c) Rabelais was a performing clown for several years in these fairs.
(d) Lyon fairs represented one of the largest markets for publishing.
12. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
(a) Rabelais maintains a comic style, so no one could mistake him for being serious.
(b) The clergy paid no attention to Rabelais' works.
(c) The Church received an annual tribute from Rabelais, so it overlooked his parodies.
(d) Rabelais follows every criticism with heartfelt praise.
13. How are abusive and praiseful words reflective of grotesque realism?
(a) The words are spoken in a language the listener cannot understand, so they sound like gibberish.
(b) The words are carefully chosen by the speaker to disgust the listener.
(c) The words reflect incompatible sides of certain social classes of people.
(d) The words combine two sides of the same form or feeling into an ambivalent but cohesive social structure.
14. What do some critics argue has been absent from Russian literature?
(a) Religious fervor.
(b) A particularly Western type of humor.
(c) Sexually-charged dialogue.
(d) Political dissent.
15. What do Rabelais' various works indicate about the popular notion of urination?
(a) Urination is disgusting and should be done privately.
(b) Urination is a medical mystery that baffles doctors.
(c) Urination fertilizes the earth and creates bodies of water.
(d) Urination can only be used for comic purposes.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
2. Why does Bakhtin consider oaths, curses, and profanities elements of freedom?
3. How does the prologue of _Pantagruel_ demonstrate the connection between literature and the marketplace?
4. Why did Renaissance humanists attempt to suppress oaths and profanities?
5. Comic rituals in Medieval and Renaissance Europe were:
This section contains 858 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)