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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. To what does Bakhtin compare the various cries of Paris?
(a) A sobbing child.
(b) A roaring storm.
(c) A howling wolf.
(d) A crowded kitchen.
2. What event that Rabelais relates does he assert is the origin of the name of the city of Paris?
(a) Gargantua's drenching of the city in urine.
(b) An earthquake that disrupts Carnival.
(c) Pantagruel's education in the druggists' shops.
(d) A battle won by the French against the English.
3. In Rabelais' time, why was the meaning of debasement often ambivalent?
(a) Because the debased person may choose to deflect the debasement.
(b) Because the person saying the insult never means it seriously.
(c) Because the decaying or excretory organs are closely located to the regenerative genital organs.
(d) Because the head is quite separate from all the other parts of the body, spiritually and materially.
4. Why was Rabelais linked so closely to the Lyon fairs?
(a) Rabelais was a chief organizer of these fairs.
(b) Rabelais was a performing clown for several years in these fairs.
(c) The organizers of the fairs in Lyon banned Rabelais from attending them.
(d) Lyon fairs represented one of the largest markets for publishing.
5. When the grotesque was revived in the Romantic era, what did it react against?
(a) Neoclassical, rational, Enlightenment thought.
(b) Individual, sentimental ideas.
(c) Imaginative fantasy.
(d) The rediscovered works of Shakespeare and Cervantes.
6. The episode in which Pantagruel and his companions defeat King Anarchus' knights combines:
(a) Human instinct with forethought.
(b) Love with hate.
(c) Slaughter with feasting.
(d) Nature with artifice.
7. What type of work did Rabelais often publish, especially for the fairs?
(a) Political treatises.
(b) Religious tracts.
(c) Calendars or almanacs.
(d) Biographies of public figures.
8. What common fifteenth- and sixteenth-century literary device does Bakhtin identify in the Prologue to the Third Book?
(a) Blank verse.
(b) Long lists of names and epithets.
(c) Invocations to the Muse.
(d) Complaints about love.
9. Bakhtin asserts that beatings, death, feasting, and merrymaking are all integral parts of:
(a) The Renaissance notion that all which is already established is perfect.
(b) The methods of marketplace vendors in overpricing their goods.
(c) The Renaissance system of images that is perpetually regenerative and never decaying.
(d) Rabelais' view of the proper treatment of foreigners and peasants.
10. Clowns and fools are:
(a) Present only at large fairs or gatherings.
(b) Prisoners forced to entertain others.
(c) Restricted to entertaining the royal court.
(d) Everyday representatives of the folk and of Carnival.
11. "Friar John" is heavily associated with:
(a) Food and battles.
(b) Sex and love.
(c) Intellect and spirit.
(d) Nature and the earth.
12. What are the "intelligentsia"?
(a) The bits of knowledge all people accumulate over their lifetimes.
(b) An elite spy organization.
(c) A group of exclusively male scholars.
(d) A group which provides an interpretation of the world.
13. Why, according to Bakhtin, does Rabelais treat excrement ambivalently?
(a) Because it is evidence of humankind's presence on the earth.
(b) Because it is intermediate between earth and body.
(c) Because its purpose was a mystery in the Renaissance.
(d) Because it exclusively connotes badness or evil.
14. In Rabelais' time, the word "drum" and the act of drumming connoted:
(c) Spiritual awakening.
15. Why did Bakhtin feel his times were comparable to those of the Renaissance?
(a) Both eras were times of broad social change that left people unsure of how to proceed.
(b) The literatures and cultures of both eras bore a distinct resemblance.
(c) Two political leaders of the different eras were incredibly alike.
(d) The specific threat of disease was killing many people in both times.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Bakhtin argue is the role of dialogue?
2. Bakhtin associates Friar John's beating of the men with:
3. In the folklore and grotesque realism of Rabelais' works, excrement represents bodies and matter that are:
4. How is the Rabelaisian use of tripe an excellent example of grotesque realism?
5. Why does Gargantua steal the bells of the Notre Dame cathedral?
This section contains 736 words
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