|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
(a) The most famous Russian writer ever.
(b) A somewhat mysterious but increasingly interesting literary figure.
(c) A vocal Eastern Orthodox cleric.
(d) A fictional figure created to be the mouthpiece of an anonymous author.
2. What was unique about the Russian Revolution?
(a) It continues into the present day.
(b) It was purely a religious revolt.
(c) Only the elite class was involved.
(d) People of all classes and occupations were centrally involved.
3. Medieval parodies were:
(a) Limited to parody of individuals.
(b) Concerned with the positive, humorous aspects of everything.
(c) Focused on the negative aspects of society.
(d) Limited to religious parody.
4. How did Rabelais obtain the material for his writings?
(a) By studying manuscripts for long hours in monasteries.
(b) By receiving a divine revelation.
(c) By interviewing thousands of market vendors.
(d) By attending many fairs and festivals and observing all the people there.
5. In the folklore and grotesque realism of Rabelais' works, excrement represents bodies and matter that are:
(a) Generally revered.
(b) One with the earth.
(c) Mostly comic.
(d) Frightening and terrible.
6. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
(a) The Russian Union of Writers.
(b) The National Writers' Agency.
(c) The Soviet Society of National Fiction.
(d) The Post-Revolution Press
7. Carnival allowed:
(a) The upper class to oppress relentlessly the lower class.
(b) The endurance of the propriety expected of all social classes.
(c) The peasants to sell their crops without paying taxes.
(d) The mixing of real and unreal, fantasy and fact.
8. What are the targets of the abusive language in Rabelais' prologue to the Third Book?
(a) Members of the aristocracy whose political ideals are not in keeping with Rabelais' ideals.
(b) Foreign travelers who have offended the traditions of Carnival.
(c) Representatives of old, hypocritical, serious Medieval philosophy.
(d) Average townsfolk who have imbibed too much wine.
9. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
(a) By denouncing them as counterproductive to the ongoing Russian Revolution.
(b) By sharing them with an eager public.
(c) By reviving their content in new, twentieth-century forms.
(d) By trying to correctly interpret the source of the cultural laughter within them.
10. What was the reception of Rabelais' work in the eighteenth century?
(a) His work was viewed as a revival of Classical writing.
(b) Other writers strove to emulate his style.
(c) His work was viewed as unintelligible and barbaric.
(d) Other writers used his topics as a jumping-off point for their own works.
11. Why does Friar John beat thousands of men in his abbey?
(a) Another Friar challenged him.
(b) To save the abbey's vineyards.
(c) As a show of force to deter invaders.
(d) To save France from atheism.
12. The combination of solemnity and joking in the tone of the Prologue to the Third Book indicates:
(a) The complex explanation of the Prologue to the readers.
(b) The opinion that humor must be subordinate to seriousness.
(c) The confusion the author experiences with this combination.
(d) The importance and necessity of laughter.
13. What work of literature is parodied in the prologue of _Gargantua_?
(a) Malory's _Le Morte d'Arthur_
(b) Dante's _Divine Comedy_
(c) Chaucer's _Canterbury Tales_
(d) Plato's _Symposium_
14. Why, according to Bakhtin, does Rabelais treat excrement ambivalently?
(a) Because it exclusively connotes badness or evil.
(b) Because its purpose was a mystery in the Renaissance.
(c) Because it is evidence of humankind's presence on the earth.
(d) Because it is intermediate between earth and body.
15. Bakhtin asserts that beatings, death, feasting, and merrymaking are all integral parts of:
(a) Rabelais' view of the proper treatment of foreigners and peasants.
(b) The Renaissance notion that all which is already established is perfect.
(c) The methods of marketplace vendors in overpricing their goods.
(d) The Renaissance system of images that is perpetually regenerative and never decaying.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did Renaissance humanists attempt to suppress oaths and profanities?
2. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
3. How is the figure of the king treated in Rabelais' writing?
4. The figure of the Physician in the Fourth Book is closely connected with:
5. During the "feast of fools" and the "feast of the ass," laughter:
This section contains 765 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)