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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. With what is "folk culture" most concerned?
(a) The affairs of royalty.
(b) Foreign songs, art, and stories.
(c) Commerce and industry.
(d) The lives of ordinary people.
2. What does Bakhtin find inadequate in Veselovsky's metaphor of Rabelais as a village boy?
(a) Veselovsky's image is cynical, but Rabelais actually celebrates regenerative laughter.
(b) Veselovsky's image is too young at heart, for Rabelais wrote only with an old, tired voice.
(c) Veselovsky's image seems too urban for Rabelais, who only wrote about the countryside.
(d) Veselovsky's image excludes the seriousness of the boy as a budding scholar.
3. How does Bakhtin define the novel?
(a) As a work of pure imagination.
(b) As a single-voiced text.
(c) As a worthless type of literature.
(d) As a multiplicity of styles.
4. How is the Rabelaisian use of tripe an excellent example of grotesque realism?
(a) It is the epitome of disgusting.
(b) It combines fantasy with reality in one type of cuisine.
(c) It merges the positive and negative, or upper and lower, spheres of the body.
(d) It is a drug which offers the user a glimpse of a higher plane of existence.
5. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
(a) The biography.
(b) The lyric.
(c) The novel.
(d) The epic poem.
6. In Rabelais' time, jurons, or profanities and oaths, were most often concerned with:
(a) Monarchs who subjugated their people.
(b) Family ties, such as one's in-laws.
(c) Sacred themes, such as saints and relics.
(d) Marketplace vendors who cheated their customers.
7. Bakhtin considers "thrashing" ambivalent, rather than strictly negative, because:
(a) The act of thrashing is done out of kindness.
(b) The one who is thrashed is also decorated and celebrated.
(c) The act of thrashing is done to punish the individual.
(d) The one who is thrashed explicitly agrees to the act.
8. How are abusive and praiseful words reflective of grotesque realism?
(a) The words are spoken in a language the listener cannot understand, so they sound like gibberish.
(b) The words reflect incompatible sides of certain social classes of people.
(c) The words are carefully chosen by the speaker to disgust the listener.
(d) The words combine two sides of the same form or feeling into an ambivalent but cohesive social structure.
9. What are examples of carnivalesque victims?
(a) Peasants and tax collectors.
(b) Blushing virgins and old maids.
(c) Debased clowns and slaughtered oxen.
(d) Stray dogs and street orphans.
10. How does the Lord of Basche contrive to bring Catchpoles to his castle?
(a) By celebrating mock weddings.
(b) By offering people absolution from their sins.
(c) By giving away his possessions.
(d) By celebrating Mass.
11. What do oaths and curses have in common with town announcements and the calls of vendors?
(a) They all are forbidden during certain times of the year.
(b) They all are familiar parts of the society of the marketplace.
(c) They are the only socially acceptable methods of greeting strangers.
(d) They are all said with the same feelings in mind.
12. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
(a) An ironfisted dictator.
(b) An elderly scholar.
(c) A village boy.
(d) A pious priest.
13. Comic rituals in Medieval and Renaissance Europe were:
(a) Necessary to mercantile transactions.
(b) Taboo in all settings but the royal court.
(c) All that which linked the living to the dead.
(d) Freed of the trappings of religious dogma and mysticism.
14. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
(a) The clergy paid no attention to Rabelais' works.
(b) Rabelais follows every criticism with heartfelt praise.
(c) The Church received an annual tribute from Rabelais, so it overlooked his parodies.
(d) Rabelais maintains a comic style, so no one could mistake him for being serious.
15. Bakhtin believes that novels are:
(a) Utterly separate from the author's own life.
(b) Socially charged and polemical.
(c) Inherently confessional.
(d) Random, like stream-of-consciousness.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Rabelais obtain the material for his writings?
2. In the seventeenth century, the decline of laughter as a primary force in folk culture resulted from:
3. Bakhtin associates Friar John's beating of the men with:
4. What are the "intelligentsia"?
5. In the Renaissance, bodily excretions were closely associated with:
This section contains 780 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)