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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What do oaths and curses have in common with town announcements and the calls of vendors?
(a) They all are forbidden during certain times of the year.
(b) They all are familiar parts of the society of the marketplace.
(c) They are the only socially acceptable methods of greeting strangers.
(d) They are all said with the same feelings in mind.
2. The core images of the prologue of _Gargantua_ are:
(a) Scenes of eating and drinking.
(b) Scenes of pious worship.
(c) Scenes of travel and journeys.
(d) Scenes of violence.
3. What was the reception of Rabelais' work in the eighteenth century?
(a) Other writers strove to emulate his style.
(b) His work was viewed as unintelligible and barbaric.
(c) His work was viewed as a revival of Classical writing.
(d) Other writers used his topics as a jumping-off point for their own works.
4. Why does Friar John beat thousands of men in his abbey?
(a) As a show of force to deter invaders.
(b) To save France from atheism.
(c) Another Friar challenged him.
(d) To save the abbey's vineyards.
5. Rabelais' description of Alcibiades reflects:
(a) The abuse/praise dynamics of the marketplace.
(b) The image of Rabelais himself.
(c) The idea that ancient philosophies were incorrect.
(d) The good/evil dichotomy of mankind.
6. What event that Rabelais relates does he assert is the origin of the name of the city of Paris?
(a) A battle won by the French against the English.
(b) Gargantua's drenching of the city in urine.
(c) Pantagruel's education in the druggists' shops.
(d) An earthquake that disrupts Carnival.
7. The episode in which Pantagruel and his companions defeat King Anarchus' knights combines:
(a) Slaughter with feasting.
(b) Love with hate.
(c) Nature with artifice.
(d) Human instinct with forethought.
8. The combination of solemnity and joking in the tone of the Prologue to the Third Book indicates:
(a) The confusion the author experiences with this combination.
(b) The opinion that humor must be subordinate to seriousness.
(c) The complex explanation of the Prologue to the readers.
(d) The importance and necessity of laughter.
9. What are the "Catchpoles" of which Rabelais writes?
(a) People who earn money by allowing others to beat them.
(b) Vegetables which require being strung to a pole in order to grow.
(c) Materials used to build large meeting-houses.
(d) Animals sent into the wild as sacrifices.
10. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
(a) The most famous Russian writer ever.
(b) A fictional figure created to be the mouthpiece of an anonymous author.
(c) A somewhat mysterious but increasingly interesting literary figure.
(d) A vocal Eastern Orthodox cleric.
11. What style does Bakhtin find the prologue of _Pantagruel_ to be written in?
(a) It is dark and foreboding.
(b) It is rhetorical and persuasive.
(c) It is ironic and maliciously exaggerated.
(d) It is innocent and childlike.
12. What do some critics argue has been absent from Russian literature?
(a) Religious fervor.
(b) A particularly Western type of humor.
(c) Political dissent.
(d) Sexually-charged dialogue.
13. To what does Bakhtin compare the various cries of Paris?
(a) A sobbing child.
(b) A crowded kitchen.
(c) A howling wolf.
(d) A roaring storm.
14. What are the targets of the abusive language in Rabelais' prologue to the Third Book?
(a) Representatives of old, hypocritical, serious Medieval philosophy.
(b) Average townsfolk who have imbibed too much wine.
(c) Foreign travelers who have offended the traditions of Carnival.
(d) Members of the aristocracy whose political ideals are not in keeping with Rabelais' ideals.
15. What does Bakhtin find to be the greatest error other critics make in their studies of Rabelais' works?
(a) They treat Rabelais as a prophet of literary upheavals.
(b) They classify Rabelais as just as important as Shakespeare and Cervantes.
(c) They read Rabelais' works as allegory only.
(d) They neglect to explore the element of the Renaissance folk culture.
Short Answer Questions
1. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
2. When the grotesque was revived in the Romantic era, what did it react against?
3. Why did Bakhtin feel his times were comparable to those of the Renaissance?
4. With what is "folk culture" most concerned?
5. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
This section contains 770 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)