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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 6, Chapter 2 - Language of the Marketplace Cont..
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why, according to Bakhtin, is Rabelais' parody of the Church not considered heresy?
(a) Rabelais follows every criticism with heartfelt praise.
(b) The Church received an annual tribute from Rabelais, so it overlooked his parodies.
(c) Rabelais maintains a comic style, so no one could mistake him for being serious.
(d) The clergy paid no attention to Rabelais' works.
2. What type of work did Rabelais often publish, especially for the fairs?
(a) Calendars or almanacs.
(b) Biographies of public figures.
(c) Political treatises.
(d) Religious tracts.
3. In which twentieth-century movement was the grotesque especially evident?
4. In the seventeenth century, the decline of laughter as a primary force in folk culture resulted from:
(a) An increasingly "official" culture of rationalism.
(b) The exhaustion of any new sources of humor.
(c) The need of the public for other forms of diversion.
(d) The declining number of Carnival performers.
5. When the grotesque was revived in the Romantic era, what did it react against?
(a) Individual, sentimental ideas.
(b) Neoclassical, rational, Enlightenment thought.
(c) The rediscovered works of Shakespeare and Cervantes.
(d) Imaginative fantasy.
Short Answer Questions
1. Bakhtin connects Medieval "seriousness" most closely to:
2. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
3. The purpose of "travesty" in folk festivals was to:
4. How did the French Romanticists respond to Rabelais' works?
5. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
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