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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chapter 2 - The Language of the Marketplace.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did Bakhtin feel his times were comparable to those of the Renaissance?
(a) The literatures and cultures of both eras bore a distinct resemblance.
(b) Two political leaders of the different eras were incredibly alike.
(c) Both eras were times of broad social change that left people unsure of how to proceed.
(d) The specific threat of disease was killing many people in both times.
2. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
(a) By sharing them with an eager public.
(b) By reviving their content in new, twentieth-century forms.
(c) By trying to correctly interpret the source of the cultural laughter within them.
(d) By denouncing them as counterproductive to the ongoing Russian Revolution.
3. After Rabelais' time, the use of laughter in literature and culture moved in which direction?
(a) From accepted to encouraged.
(b) From singular to universal.
(c) From universal to restricted.
(d) From spiritual to earthly.
4. Medieval parodies were:
(a) Limited to parody of individuals.
(b) Limited to religious parody.
(c) Focused on the negative aspects of society.
(d) Concerned with the positive, humorous aspects of everything.
5. Clowns and fools are:
(a) Prisoners forced to entertain others.
(b) Everyday representatives of the folk and of Carnival.
(c) Present only at large fairs or gatherings.
(d) Restricted to entertaining the royal court.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
2. According to Bakhtin, what is the function of art?
3. What was unique about the Russian Revolution?
4. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
5. When did the Russian Revolution occur?
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