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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chapter 2 - The Language of the Marketplace.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which answer best describes "grotesque realism"?
(a) The tone of the writing is always dark, Gothic, and depressing.
(b) The bodily element is universal, celebratory, positive, and exaggerated.
(c) The author's focus must be on bodily gore, blood, death, and dying.
(d) The writing must strive to be as mathematically or geometrically accurate as possible in its descriptions.
2. In the seventeenth century, the decline of laughter as a primary force in folk culture resulted from:
(a) The exhaustion of any new sources of humor.
(b) The need of the public for other forms of diversion.
(c) The declining number of Carnival performers.
(d) An increasingly "official" culture of rationalism.
3. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
(a) By sharing them with an eager public.
(b) By denouncing them as counterproductive to the ongoing Russian Revolution.
(c) By reviving their content in new, twentieth-century forms.
(d) By trying to correctly interpret the source of the cultural laughter within them.
4. Bakhtin thinks that life is:
(a) Organized by human acts of behavior and cognition.
(b) Inert, chaotic, and requiring the intervention of art.
(c) A sacrifice the soul makes to the body.
(d) Meaningless and futile.
5. What was the reception of Rabelais' work in the eighteenth century?
(a) His work was viewed as a revival of Classical writing.
(b) Other writers used his topics as a jumping-off point for their own works.
(c) His work was viewed as unintelligible and barbaric.
(d) Other writers strove to emulate his style.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the folklore and grotesque realism of Rabelais' works, excrement represents bodies and matter that are:
2. Medieval parodies were:
3. After Rabelais' time, the use of laughter in literature and culture moved in which direction?
4. What does Bakhtin consider the most indispensable element of folk culture?
5. What in particular forms the basic elements of Rabelais' novel _Gargantua_?
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