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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chapter 2 - The Language of the Marketplace.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. With what is "folk culture" most concerned?
(a) The lives of ordinary people.
(b) Commerce and industry.
(c) Foreign songs, art, and stories.
(d) The affairs of royalty.
2. Clowns and fools are:
(a) Everyday representatives of the folk and of Carnival.
(b) Present only at large fairs or gatherings.
(c) Restricted to entertaining the royal court.
(d) Prisoners forced to entertain others.
3. What does Bakhtin find inadequate in Veselovsky's metaphor of Rabelais as a village boy?
(a) Veselovsky's image excludes the seriousness of the boy as a budding scholar.
(b) Veselovsky's image is cynical, but Rabelais actually celebrates regenerative laughter.
(c) Veselovsky's image seems too urban for Rabelais, who only wrote about the countryside.
(d) Veselovsky's image is too young at heart, for Rabelais wrote only with an old, tired voice.
4. To what does Veselovsky compare Rabelais?
(a) A village boy.
(b) A pious priest.
(c) An ironfisted dictator.
(d) An elderly scholar.
5. In Rabelais' time, why was the meaning of debasement often ambivalent?
(a) Because the debased person may choose to deflect the debasement.
(b) Because the decaying or excretory organs are closely located to the regenerative genital organs.
(c) Because the head is quite separate from all the other parts of the body, spiritually and materially.
(d) Because the person saying the insult never means it seriously.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do Rabelais' various works indicate about the popular notion of urination?
2. During the "feast of fools" and the "feast of the ass," laughter:
3. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
4. The purpose of "travesty" in folk festivals was to:
5. In the seventeenth century, the decline of laughter as a primary force in folk culture resulted from:
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