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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chapter 2 - The Language of the Marketplace.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did the French Romanticists respond to Rabelais' works?
(a) With disgust and negative criticism.
(b) With complete understanding of Medieval and Renaissance culture.
(c) With an appreciation of, and interest in, the grotesque.
(d) They ignored Rabelais completely.
2. Which answer best describes "grotesque realism"?
(a) The tone of the writing is always dark, Gothic, and depressing.
(b) The writing must strive to be as mathematically or geometrically accurate as possible in its descriptions.
(c) The bodily element is universal, celebratory, positive, and exaggerated.
(d) The author's focus must be on bodily gore, blood, death, and dying.
3. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
(a) By reviving their content in new, twentieth-century forms.
(b) By trying to correctly interpret the source of the cultural laughter within them.
(c) By denouncing them as counterproductive to the ongoing Russian Revolution.
(d) By sharing them with an eager public.
4. According to Bakhtin, what is the function of art?
(a) To be beautiful in and of itself.
(b) To glorify the artist.
(c) To communicate meaningful messages.
(d) To be sold for money or services.
5. In the folklore and grotesque realism of Rabelais' works, excrement represents bodies and matter that are:
(a) Frightening and terrible.
(b) One with the earth.
(c) Generally revered.
(d) Mostly comic.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do oaths and curses have in common with town announcements and the calls of vendors?
2. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
3. During Bakhtin's time, what genre was being closely defined by the Soviet government?
4. How did Rabelais obtain the material for his writings?
5. In the seventeenth century, the decline of laughter as a primary force in folk culture resulted from:
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