|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chapter 2 - The Language of the Marketplace.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In the seventeenth century, the decline of laughter as a primary force in folk culture resulted from:
(a) The need of the public for other forms of diversion.
(b) The exhaustion of any new sources of humor.
(c) The declining number of Carnival performers.
(d) An increasingly "official" culture of rationalism.
2. What does Bakhtin find to be the greatest error other critics make in their studies of Rabelais' works?
(a) They neglect to explore the element of the Renaissance folk culture.
(b) They classify Rabelais as just as important as Shakespeare and Cervantes.
(c) They treat Rabelais as a prophet of literary upheavals.
(d) They read Rabelais' works as allegory only.
3. In Rabelais' time, why was the meaning of debasement often ambivalent?
(a) Because the head is quite separate from all the other parts of the body, spiritually and materially.
(b) Because the decaying or excretory organs are closely located to the regenerative genital organs.
(c) Because the debased person may choose to deflect the debasement.
(d) Because the person saying the insult never means it seriously.
4. Bakhtin thinks that life is:
(a) Inert, chaotic, and requiring the intervention of art.
(b) Organized by human acts of behavior and cognition.
(c) Meaningless and futile.
(d) A sacrifice the soul makes to the body.
5. Medieval parodies were:
(a) Limited to religious parody.
(b) Focused on the negative aspects of society.
(c) Limited to parody of individuals.
(d) Concerned with the positive, humorous aspects of everything.
Short Answer Questions
1. In which twentieth-century movement was the grotesque especially evident?
2. Carnival allowed:
3. Bakhtin connects Medieval "seriousness" most closely to:
4. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
5. What does the "form" of any kind of art express?
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