|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Intro. cont. & Chapter 1 - Rabelais in the History of Laughter.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Carnival allowed:
(a) The mixing of real and unreal, fantasy and fact.
(b) The upper class to oppress relentlessly the lower class.
(c) The endurance of the propriety expected of all social classes.
(d) The peasants to sell their crops without paying taxes.
2. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
(a) A fictional figure created to be the mouthpiece of an anonymous author.
(b) A somewhat mysterious but increasingly interesting literary figure.
(c) A vocal Eastern Orthodox cleric.
(d) The most famous Russian writer ever.
3. What are the "intelligentsia"?
(a) An elite spy organization.
(b) The bits of knowledge all people accumulate over their lifetimes.
(c) A group which provides an interpretation of the world.
(d) A group of exclusively male scholars.
4. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
(a) By sharing them with an eager public.
(b) By trying to correctly interpret the source of the cultural laughter within them.
(c) By reviving their content in new, twentieth-century forms.
(d) By denouncing them as counterproductive to the ongoing Russian Revolution.
5. Bakhtin believes that novels are:
(a) Inherently confessional.
(b) Socially charged and polemical.
(c) Random, like stream-of-consciousness.
(d) Utterly separate from the author's own life.
Short Answer Questions
1. What repressive organization was Bakhtin forced to join in order to continue writing?
2. After Rabelais' time, the use of laughter in literature and culture moved in which direction?
3. How does Bakhtin define the novel?
4. What do some critics argue has been absent from Russian literature?
5. What does the "form" of any kind of art express?
This section contains 320 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)